The parti bleu formed an alliance with Tories in Upper Canada in the legislative assembly of the united Province of Canada, and later joined with them to form the Conservative Party of Canada. Its leaders included George-Étienne Cartier.
The party initially derived much of its support from ultramontanists in the Roman Catholic Church. By the 1870s, however, figures such as Ignace Bourget had lost confidence in the "bleus", and were promoting a new conservative faction known as the "castors". Both of these groups sought to dominate the Quebec Conservative Party during the late 19th century.
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