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Encyclopedia > Parthian style (Iranian architecture)

The "Parthian style" (شیوه معماری پارتی) is a style (sabk) of architecture when categorizing Iranian architecture development in history. Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan, is the second largest square in the world and arguably the gem of Persian architectural masterpieces. ...


This style of architecture comprehensively covers designs from the Seleucid, Parthian, and Sassanid eras.


This style of architecture reached its apex of fruition and development by the Sassanid era. Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate...


Examples of this style are Nysa, Anahita Temple[1], Khorheh, Hatra, the Ctesiphon vault of Kasra, Bishapur, and Palace of Ardashir in Ardeshir Khwarreh (Firouzabad). Nisa (also Parthaunisa) was an ancient city, located near modern-day Bagir village, 18 km southwest of Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. ... Temple of Anahita, Goddess of ancient Persia, Iran. ... Khorheh ruins near Mahallat. ... Hatra (al-aar الحضر) is an ancient ruined city in the former Iranian province of Khvarvaran, today part of Iraq, located at 35°34′ N 42°42′ E. It was an important fortified city of the Iranian Parthian Empire, and withstood repeated attacks by the Roman Empire. ... Ctesiphon, 1932 Ctesiphon (Parthian and Pahlavi: Tyspwn as well as Tisfun, Persian: ‎, also known as in Arabic Madain, Maden or Al-Madain: المدائن) is one of the great cities of ancient Mesopotamia and the capital of the Parthian Empire and its successor, the Sassanid Empire, for more than 800 years... Bishapur (or Bishâpûr) is an ancient city situated south of modern Faliyan, Iran on the ancient road between Persis and Elam. ... Aerial view of Ardeshirs castle ruins, built by Ardashir I of the Sassanian dynasty of Persia. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Firouzabad. ...

References

  1. ^ Pīrniyā, Muammah Karīm (2005). Sabk Shināsī-i miʻmārī-i Īrānī (Study of styles in Iranian architecture). Tehran: Surush-i Dānish. p.105-106

Further reading

  • Pīrniyā, Muammah Karīm (2005). Sabk Shināsī-i miʻmārī-i Īrānī (Study of styles in Iranian architecture). Tehran: Surush-i Dānish. 
  • Kawami, T.; Keall, E. J.; Huff, D. et al.. (1987). "Architecture". Encyclopedia Iranica 2: 326-355. New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 

See also


 
 

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