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Encyclopedia > Parsley
Parsley
Parsley
Parsley
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Petroselinum
Species
Parsley (raw)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 40 kcal   150 kJ
Carbohydrates     6.3 g
- Sugars  0.9 g
- Dietary fiber  3.3 g  
Fat 0.8 g
Protein 3.0 g
Thiamin (Vit. B1)  0.1 mg   8%
Riboflavin (Vit. B2)  0.2 mg   13%
Niacin (Vit. B3)  1.3 mg   9%
Pantothenic acid (B5)  0.4 mg  8%
Vitamin B6  0.1 mg 8%
Folate (Vit. B9)  152 μg  38%
Vitamin C  133.0 mg 222%
Calcium  138.0 mg 14%
Iron  6.2 mg 50%
Magnesium  50.0 mg 14% 
Phosphorus  58.0 mg 8%
Potassium  554 mg   12%
Zinc  1.1 mg 11%
Percentages are relative to US
recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient database

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a bright green, biennial herb, also used as spice. It is very common in Middle Eastern, European, and American cooking. Parsley is used for its leaf in much the same way as coriander (which is also known as Chinese parsley or cilantro), although it has a milder flavor. Two forms of parsley are used as herbs: curly leaf and Italian, or flat leaf (P. neapolitanum). Curly leaf parsley is often used as a garnish. Many people think flat leaf parsley has a stronger flavor, and this opinion is backed by chemical analysis which finds much higher levels of essential oil in the flat-leaved cultivars[citation needed]. One of the compounds of the essential oil is apiol. Parsley the Lion is a Fictional Characer from the BBC1 childrens Show Created by Michael Bond called The Herbs. ... Image File history File links Koeh-103. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Orders See text. ... Families Apiaceae (carrot family) Araliaceae (ginseng family) Pittosporaceae Griseliniaceae Torriceliaceae The Apiales are an order of flowering plants. ... Genera See text Ref: Hortiplex 2003-11-14 The Apiaceae, the carrot or parsley family, are a family of usually aromatic plants with hollow stems, including parsley, carrot, and other relatives. ... Parsley (Petroselinum crispum and Petroselinum neapolitanum) is a bright green, biennial herb that is very common in Middle Eastern, European, and American cooking. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Lactose is a disaccharide found in milk. ... Dietary fibers are the indigestible portion of plant foods that move food through the digestive system, absorbing water and making defecation easier. ... In chemistry, especially biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid often with a long unbranched aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... Thiamine mononitrate Thiamine or thiamin, also known as vitamin B1, is a colorless compound with chemical formula C12H17ClN4OS. It is soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol. ... Riboflavin (E101), also known as vitamin B2, is an easily absorbed micronutrient with a key role in maintaining health in animals. ... Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid or vitamin B3, is a water-soluble vitamin whose derivatives such as NADH, NAD, NAD+, and NADP play essential roles in energy metabolism in the living cell and DNA repair. ... Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5 (a B vitamin), is a water-soluble vitamin required to sustain life (essential nutrient). ... Pyridoxine Pyridoxal phosphate Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin. ... Folic acid (the anion form is called folate) is a B-complex vitamin (once called vitamin M) that is important in preventing neural tube defects (NTDs) in the developing human fetus. ... This article is about the nutrient. ... For other uses, see Calcium (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Iron (disambiguation). ... Introduction Magnesium is an essential element in biological systems. ... General Name, symbol, number phosphorus, P, 15 Chemical series nonmetals Group, period, block 15, 3, p Appearance waxy white/ red/ black/ colorless Standard atomic weight 30. ... General Name, symbol, number potassium, K, 19 Chemical series alkali metals Group, period, block 1, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 39. ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily dietary intake level of a nutrient considered sufficient to meet the requirements of nearly all (97–98%) healthy individuals in each life-stage and gender group. ... For other uses, see Green (disambiguation). ... A Biennial plant is a plant that takes between twelve and twenty-four months to complete its lifecycle. ... Herbs: basil Herbs (IPA: hÉ™()b, or É™b; see pronunciation differences) are seed-bearing plants without woody stems, which die down to the ground after flowering. ... For other uses, see Spice (disambiguation). ... The term Middle Eastern cuisine refers to the various cuisines of the Middle East. ... See the individual entries for: // Belarusian cuisine Bulgarian cuisine Czech cuisine Hungarian cuisine Jewish cuisine Polish cuisine Romanian cuisine Russian cuisine Slovak cuisine Slovenian cuisine Ukrainian cuisine British cuisine English cuisine Scottish cuisine Welsh cuisine Anglo-Indian cuisine Modern British cuisine Nordic cuisine Danish cuisine Finnish cuisine Icelandic cuisine Lappish... Cooking is the act of preparing food. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Binomial name L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Garnish is a substance used primarily as an embellishment or decoration to a prepared food or drink item. ... An essential oil is a concentrated, hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aromatic compounds from plants. ... This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ... Apiol is an organic chemical compound, 1-Allyl-2,5-dimethoxy-3,4-methylenedioxybenzene, also known as parsley apiol or parsley camphor. ...


Another type of parsley is grown as a root vegetable. This type of parsley produces much thicker roots than types cultivated for their leaves. Although little known in Britain and the United States, root parsley is very common in Central and Eastern European cuisine, where it is used in most soups or stews. Though it looks similar to parsnip it tastes quite different. Root vegetables are underground plant parts used as vegetables. ... Binomial name Pastinaca sativa L. The parsnip (Pastinaca sativa) is a root vegetable related to the carrot. ...


The use of curly leaf parsley is often favored, because it cannot be confused with poison hemlock, like flat leaf parsley or chervil. Binomial name Conium maculatum L. Conium is a genus of 2-3 species of perennial herbaceous plants in the family Apiaceae. ... Binomial name Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm. ...

Contents

Cultivation

Parsley's germination is notoriously difficult. Tales have been told concerning its lengthy germination, with some suggesting that "germination was slow because the seeds had to travel to hell and back two, three, seven, or nine times (depending on sources) before they could grow."[1] Germination is inconsistent and may require 3-6 weeks.[1] Not to be confused with Gemination in phonetics. ...


Furanocoumarins in parlsey's seed coat may be responsible for parsley's problematic germination. These compounds may inhibit the germination of other seeds, allowing parsley to compete with nearby plants. However, parsley itself may be affected by the furanocoumarins. Soaking parsley seeds overnight before sowing will shorten the germination period.[1] Furanocoumarins, or furocoumarins, are a class of organic chemical compounds produced by a variety of plants. ... This writeup is about biological seeds; for other meanings see Seed (disambiguation). ... Trees in this Bangladesh forest are in competition for light. ... Sowing is the process of planting seeds. ...


Parsley grows well in a deep pot, which helps accommodate the long taproot. Parsley grown indoors requires at least five hours of sunlight a day. This article is about the plant root system. ...


In parts of Europe, and particularly in West Asia, many foods are served with chopped parsley sprinkled on top. The fresh flavor of parsley goes extremely well with fish. Parsley is a key ingredient in several West Asian salads, e.g., tabbouleh which is the national dish of Lebanon. In Southern and Central Europe, parsley is part of bouquet garni, a bundle of fresh herbs used to flavor stocks, soups, and sauces. Additionally, parsley is often used as a garnish. Persillade is mixture of chopped garlic and chopped parsley. Gremolata is a mixture of parsley, garlic, and lemon zest.  Southwest Asia in most contexts. ... Syrian style Tabbouleh with lettuce and lemons Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on Tabbouleh Tabouleh (Arabic: ; also Tabbouleh or Tabouli) is a Mediterranean salad dish, often used as part of a mezze. ... A national dish is a dish, food or a drink that represents a particular country, nation or region. ... Bouquet garni of thyme, bay leaves, and sage, tied with a string. ... Stock is a flavoured liquid. ... Soup is a savoury liquid food that is made by boiling ingredients, such as meat, vegetables and beans in stock or hot water, until the flavor is extracted. ... For the computer protocol, see SAUCE In cooking, a sauce is a liquid served on or used in the preparation of food. ... A garnish is a substance used primarily as an embellishment or decoration to a prepared food or drink item. ... Persillade [pehr-see-YAHD] is the culinary term for a chopped mixture of garlic and parsley, usually in equal parts by volume. ... Gremolata (or gremolada) is a traditional accompaniment to the Italian dish Osso buco (veal shanks). ...


Medicinal uses

  • Tea may be used as an enema. Chinese and German herbologists recommend parsley tea to help control high blood pressure, and the Cherokee Indians used it as a tonic to strengthen the bladder. It is also often used as an emmenagogue.[citation needed]
  • Parsley also appears to increase diuresis by inhibiting the Na+/K+-ATPase pump in the kidney, thereby enhancing sodium and water excretion while increasing potassium reabsorption.[2] It is also valued as an aquaretic.
  • When crushed and rubbed on the skin, parsley can reduce itching in mosquito bites.[citation needed]

Herbal tea An herbal tea, tisane, or ptisan is an herbal infusion not made from the leaves of the tea bush (Camellia sinensis). ... It has been suggested that Clyster be merged into this article or section. ... Dioscorides’ Materia Medica, c. ... Arterial hypertension, or high blood pressure is a medical condition where the blood pressure is chronically elevated. ... Alternate meanings: Cherokee (disambiguation) The Cherokee are a people native to North America who first inhabited what is now the eastern and southeastern United States before most were forcefully moved to the Ozark Plateau. ... Tonic may mean: A concept from musical harmony and musical theory: see Tonic (music); A carbonated beverage flavoured with quinine, used in cocktails: see Tonic water. ... In anatomy, the urinary bladder is a hollow, muscular, and distensible (or elastic) organ that sits on the pelvic floor in mammals. ... Emmenagogues are herbs which stimulate blood flow in the pelvic area and uterus. ... Diuresis is the production of urine by the kidney. ... Simplified Diagram of the sodium pump Na+/K+-ATPase (also known as the Na+/K+ pump or Na+/K+ exchanger) is an enzyme (EC 3. ... For sodium in the diet, see Edible salt. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... General Name, symbol, number potassium, K, 19 Chemical series alkali metals Group, period, block 1, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 39. ... Aquaretics is a term referring to herbal diuretics. ... For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ...

Health risks

  • Parsley should not be consumed by pregnant women. Parsley as an oil, root, leaf, or seed could lead to uterine stimulation and preterm labor.[3]
  • Parsley is high (1.70 g per 100 g, [1]) in oxalic acid, a compound involved in the formation of kidney stones and nutrient deficiencies.
  • Parsley oil contains furanocoumarins and psoralens which leads to extreme photosensitivity if used orally.[citation needed]

BIC pen cap, about 1 gram. ... Oxalic acid (IUPAC name: ethanedioic acid, formula C2H2O4) is a dicarboxylic acid with structure (HOOC)-(COOH). ... “Bladder stone” redirects here. ... Furanocoumarins, or furocoumarins, are a class of organic chemical compounds produced by a variety of plants. ... Psoralen (also called psoralene) is the parent compound in a family of natural products known as furocoumarins. ... Photosensitivity is the amount to which an object reacts upon receiving photons of light. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Parsley

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c John W. Jett. "That Devilish Parsley." West Virginia University Extension Service. Last retrieved April 26, 2007.
  2. ^ Kreydiyyeh S, Usta J (2002). "Diuretic effect and mechanism of action of parsley". Journal of ethnopharmacology 79 (3): 353-7. PMID 11849841. 
  3. ^ Parsley information on Drugs.com.

Gallery


  Results from FactBites:
 
Parsley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (443 words)
Parsley is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the Mouse Moth and The Nutmeg.
Parsley is valued as a breath-freshener, due to its high concentration of chlorophyll.
Parsley is high in oxalic acid, a compound involved in the formation of kidney stones and nutrient deficiencies.
Rod Parsley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1057 words)
Parsley, a social conservative, is a frequent critic of liberal positions on social issues and has appeared at public events with Ohio Secretary of State Kenneth Blackwell, U.S. Senator Zell Miller, Ann Coulter, Columbus Mayor Michael Coleman, and others.
Parsley's extreme conservative standpoints and preachings calling for an end to the religion of Islam have led critics to label him a bigot.
Critics state that this is simply a means for Parsley to benefit at the expense of his donors, and cite Ohio state records that suggest his personal fortune sharply contrasts that of many of his viewers, including adjacent $1 million estates for both him and his father as well as a private jet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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