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Encyclopedia > Parsha

In Jewish services, a Parsha or Parshah or Parashah, פרשה, meaning "Portion" in Hebrew, is the weekly Torah reading text selection. It is also known as the Parshat HaShavuah ("Weekly Portion") or the Sidra. The plural is Parshiyot. Each Parsha usually takes its name from the first unique word or words in the Hebrew text. Jewish services are the communal prayer recitations which form part of the observance of Judaism. ... Hebrew (עִבְרִית ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than seven million people in Israel, the West Bank, the United States, and by Jewish communities around the world. ... Torah reading (in Hebrew: Kriat HaTorah or Reading [of] the Torah) has followed a steady pattern for the past two thousand years following the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem and is still practiced by Orthodox Judaism and its adherents. ... The incipit of a text, such as a poem, song, or book, is its first few words. ...


Table of Parshiot

The following are the 54 weekly Torah portions. They are usually read in an annual cycle, beginning and ending on the Holiday of Simchat Torah. The lunisolar Hebrew calendar contains up to 54 weeks, the exact number varying between leap years and regular years. In years with less than 54 weeks, some readings are combined to achieve the needed number of weekly readings. In the table, parshiot which may be combined with the subsequent portion are marked with an asterisk. Torah () is a Hebrew word meaning teaching, instruction, or law. ... Simchat Torah (שמחת תורה) is a Hebrew term which means rejoicing with/of the Torah. It is a festivity that takes place on the Jewish holiday of Shemini Atzeret, or Eighth (day) of Assembly, which falls immediately after the 7-day holiday of Sukkot in the autumn (mid- to late-October). ... A lunisolar calendar is a calendar whose date indicates both the moon phase and the time of the solar year. ... The Hebrew calendar (Hebrew: ) or Jewish calendar is the annual calendar used in Judaism. ...

Book Parsha Name Parsha Portion
Bereishit (Genesis) Bereishit, בראשית Gen. 1:1-6:8
Noach, נח 6:9-11:32
Lech-Lecha, לך לך 12:1-17:27
Vayeira, וירא 18:1-22:24
Chayei Sarah, חיי שרה 23:1-25:18
Toledot, תולדות 25:19-28:9
Vayetze, ויצא 28:10-32:3
Vayishlach, וישלח 32:4-36:43
Vayeshev, וישב 37:1-40:23
Miketz, מקץ 41:1-44:17
Vayigash, ויגש 44:18-47:27
Vayechi, ויחי 47:28-50:26
Shemot (Exodus) Shemot, שמות Ex. 1:1-6:1
Va'eira, וארא 6:2-9:35
Bo, בא 10:1-13:16
Beshalach, בשלח 13:17-17:16
Yitro, יתרו 18:1-20:23
Mishpatim, משפטים 21:1-24:18
Terumah, תרומה 25:1-27:19
Tetzaveh, תצווה 27:20-30:10
Ki Tisa, כי תשא 30:11-34:35
*Vayakhel, ויקהל 35:1-38:20
Pekudei, פקודי 38:21-40:38
Vayikra (Leviticus) Vayikra, ויקרא Lev. 1:1-5:26
Tzav, צו 6:1-8:36
Shemini, שמיני 9:1-11:47
*Tazria, תזריע 12:1-13:59
Metzora, מצורע 14:1-15:33
*Acharei, אחרי מות 16:1-18:30
Kedoshim, קדושים 19:1-20:27
Emor, אמור 21:1-24:23
*Behar, בהר 25:1-26:2
Bechukotai, בחוקותי 26:3-27:34
Bamidbar (Numbers) Bamidbar, במדבר Num. 1:1-4:20
Naso, נשא 4:21-7:89
Behaalotecha, בהעלותך 8:1-12:16
Shlach, שלח לך 13:1-15:41
Korach, קרח 16:1-18:32
*Chukat, חקת 19:1-22:1
Balak, בלק 22:2-25:9
Pinchas, פנחס 25:10-30:1
*Matot, מטות 30:2-32:42
Massei, מסעי 33:1-36:13
Devarim (Deuteronomy) Devarim, דברים Deut. 1:1-3:22
Va'etchanan, ואתחנן 3:23-7:11
Eikev, עקב 7:12-11:25
Re'eh, ראה 11:26-16:17
Shoftim, שופטים 16:18-21:9
Ki Teitzei, כי תצא 21:10-25:19
Ki Tavo, כי תבוא 26:1-29:8
*Nitzavim, ניצבים 29:9-30:20
Vayelech, וילך 31:1-31:30
Haazinu, האזינו 32:1-32:52
V'Zot HaBerachah, וזאת הברכה 33:1-34:12

Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin) is the first book of the Torah (five books of Moses) and hence the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of the Christian Old Testament. ... Bereishit or Bereshit is the first weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. ... Noach is the second weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. ... Lech-Lecha or Lekh-Lekha is the third weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. ... Vayeira or Vayera is the fourth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. ... Chayei Sarah (Hebrew for “life of Sarah”) is the fifth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. ... Toledot or Toldot (Hebrew for “line” or “story”) is the sixth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. ... Vayetze, Vayeitzei, or Vayetzei (Hebrew for “and he left”) is the seventh weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. ... Vayishlach or Vayishlah (וישלח – Hebrew for “and he sent,” the first word of the parshah) is the eighth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. ... Vayeshev or Vayeishev (וישב – Hebrew for “and he lived,” the first word of the parshah) is the ninth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. ... Miketz or Mikeitz (Hebrew for “at the end,” the second word – and first distinctive word – of the parshah) is the tenth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. ... Vayigash (ויגש – Hebrew for “and he went up” or “then he went up,” the first word of the parshah) is the eleventh weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. ... Vayechi or Vayehi (ויחי – Hebrew for “and he lived”) is the twelfth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the last in the book of Genesis. ... Exodus is the second book of the Torah (the Pentateuch) and also the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible), and the Christian Old Testament. ... Shemot or Shemoth (שמות – Hebrew for “names,” the second word – and first distinctive word – of the parshah) is the thirteenth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the first in the book of Exodus. ... Vaeira, Vaera, or Vaera (וארא – Hebrew for “and I appeared” the first word that God speaks in the parshah, in Exodus 6:3) is the fourteenth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the second in the book of Exodus. ... Bo (בא – Hebrew for “go,” the first word that God speaks in the parshah, in Exodus 10:1) is the fifteenth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the third in the book of Exodus. ... Beshalach, Beshallach, or Beshalah (בשלח – Hebrew for “when [he] let go,” the second word and first distinctive word in the parshah) is the sixteenth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the fourth in the book of Exodus. ... Yitro (יתרו – Hebrew for Jethro, the second word and first distinctive word in the parshah) is the seventeenth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the fifth in the book of Exodus. ... Mishpatim (Hebrew for “laws”) is the eighteenth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the sixth in the book of Exodus. ... Terumah or Trumah (תרומה – Hebrew for gift or “offering,” the twelfth word and first distinctive word in the parshah) is the nineteenth weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the seventh in the book of Exodus. ... Tetzaveh, Tetsaveh, Ttzaveh, or Ttzavveh (תצווה – Hebrew for you command,” the second word and first distinctive word in the parshah) is the 20th weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the eighth in the book of Exodus. ... Ki Tisa, Ki Tissa, Ki Thissa, or Ki Sisa (×›×™ תשא – Hebrew for when you take,” the sixth and seventh words, and first distinctive words in the parshah) is the 21st weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the ninth in the book of Exodus. ... Vayakhel, VaYakhel, Va-Yakhel, Vayak’hel, Vayak’heil, or Vayaqhel (ויקהל – Hebrew for and he assembled,” the first word in the parshah) is the 22nd weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the 10th in the book of Exodus. ... Pekudei, Pekude, Pekudey, P’kude, or P’qude (פקודי – Hebrew for amounts of,” the second word, and the first distinctive word, in the parshah) is the 23nd weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the 11th and last in the book of Exodus. ... Leviticus is the third book of the Hebrew Bible, also the third book in the Torah (five books of Moses). ... Vayikra, VaYikra, or Va-yikra (ויקרא – Hebrew for and He called,” the first word in the parshah) is the 24th weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the first in the book of Leviticus. ... Tzav, Tsav, Zav, or Sav (צו – Hebrew for command,” the sixth word, and the first distinctive word, in the parshah) is the 25th weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the second in the book of Leviticus. ... Shemini, Sh’mini, or Shmini (שמיני – Hebrew for eighth,” the third word, and the first distinctive word, in the parshah) is the 26th weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the third in the book of Leviticus. ... Tazria, Thazria, Thazri’a, or Ki Tazria’ (תזריע – Hebrew for she conceives,” the 13th word, and the first distinctive word, in the parshah) is the 27th weekly parshah or portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the fourth in the book of Leviticus. ... Tzaraas (tzaraat, tsaraas, tsaraat; Hebrew צרעת) was a disease mentioned in Tanach and other Jewish sources, starting in Leviticus chapters 13–14. ... The Book of Numbers is the fourth of the books of the Pentateuch, called in the Hebrew ba-midbar במדבר, i. ... Species Naso annulatus Naso brachycentron Naso brevirostris Naso caesius Naso hexacanthus Naso lituratus Naso maculatus Naso unicornis Naso vlamingi For the Ancient Roman author, see Ovid. ... People named Korah or Kórach (קֹרַח Baldness; ice; hail; frost, Standard Hebrew Qóraḥ, Tiberian Hebrew Qōraḥ) in the Bible: One of Esaus sons. ... Balak was king of Moab around 1200 BC. When the Israelites reached Moab, Balak ordered Balaam, a prophet, to curse Israel. ... This entry incorporates text from Eastons Bible Dictionary, 1897, with some modernisation. ... Matos (Matot) is a section of the Torah (Parsha). ... Masei is a section of the Torah (Parsha). ... Deuteronomy is the fifth book of the Hebrew Bible. ...

See also

Cantillation (Hebrew: ta`amei ha-mikra or just te`amim; Yiddish trope is also commonly used in English) comprises special signs or marks in the Masoretic text of the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh) which complement the letters and vowel points. ... The haftarah (haftara, haphtara, haphtarah, Hebrew הפטרה‎; plural haftarot, haftaros, haphtarot, haphtaros) is a text selected from the books of Neviim (The Prophets) that is read publicly in the synagogue after the reading of the Torah on each Sabbath, as well as on Jewish festivals and fast days. ... Humash or Chumash (Hebrew: חומש) is one name given to the Pentateuch in Judaism. ... 11th century Targum Tanakh [תנ״ך] (also Tanach, IPA: or ) is an acronym that identifies the Hebrew Bible. ... A tikkun is a necessary book one would use when learning to chant a certain portion of the Torah. ... Torah reading (in Hebrew: Kriat HaTorah or Reading [of] the Torah) has followed a steady pattern for the past two thousand years following the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem and is still practiced by Orthodox Judaism and its adherents. ... Sefer Torah being read during weekday service. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Parsha (183 words)
Mesorah Publications / ArtScroll, from "Rabbi Frand on the Parsha".
Words of Torah on the parsha from Rabbi Yossi Jankovits, of PATH (Project for the Advancement of Torah in Hollywood Florida)
Weekly Parsha study in depth, with Rashi, and Chassidic views.
Israel and The Sin of Expulsion » Blog Archive » Parsha Balak: The Ba’al Peor and It’s Parallel ... (1083 words)
Parsha Balak: The Ba’al Peor and It’s Parallel in Modern B’nai Yisrael …
And in the merit of Pinchas’; act, we learn further in Parsha Pinchas that he is honored by Hashem in having the parsha named for him, in having the Kehuna conveyed upon him and in being granted eternal life.
Our Parsha this year arrives as efforts are being enhanced to confront and hopefully, to squash and eliminate plans for a “Gay Pride Festival” in August which epitomizes and glorifies a similar type of physical lust which crosses over the “red line”, the bounds of what is appropriate, to that which is evil.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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