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Encyclopedia > Paros
Paros  (Πάρος)
Location
Coordinates 37°5′N 25°9′E / 37.083, 25.15Coordinates: 37°5′N 25°9′E / 37.083, 25.15
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 0-771 m (-2,530 ft)
Government
Country: Greece
Periphery: South Aegean
Prefecture: Cyclades
Population statistics (as of 2001)
Municipality
 - Population: 12,853
Codes
Postal codes: 844 00
Area codes: 22840
License plate codes: ΕΜ
Website
paros.gr

Paros (Greek: νήσος Πάρος; Venetian: isola di Paro) is an island of Greece in the central Aegean Sea, in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. One of the Cyclades island group, it lies to the west of Naxos, from which it is separated by a channel about 8 km (5 mi) wide. It lies approximately 100 nautical miles (185km) south-east of Piraeus. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 685 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (800 × 700 pixel, file size: 27 KB, MIME type: image/png) Other versions Adapted from Image:Greece outline map. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... The peripheries (περιφέρειες) are the subnational divisions of Greece. ... Categories: Greece geography stubs ... Greece consists of 13 administrative regions known as Peripheries of Greece, which are further subdivided into 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular - nomos, Greek: νομοί, νομός)): See also List of the prefectures of Greece by area List of the prefectures of Greece by population density List of the prefectures of Greece by population External... The Cyclades (Greek Κυκλάδες) are a Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. ... This is an alphabetical list of municipalities and communities in Greece. ... Here are list of postal codes in Greece. ... This is a list of dialing codes in Greece. ... Greek car number plates are composed of three letters and four digits per plate (e. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Cyclades (Greek Κυκλάδες) are a Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... Naxos (Greek: Νάξος; Italian: Nicsia; Turkish: NakÅŸa) is a Greek island, the largest island (428 km²) in the Cyclades island group in the Aegean. ... A nautical mile is a unit of distance, or, as physical scientists like to call it, length. ... It has been suggested that Kaminia (Piraeus), Greece be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

Geography and Sights

Paros' geographic co-ordinates are 37° N. lat, and 25° 10' E. long. The area is 165 km². Its greatest length from N.E. to S.W. is 13 miles (20.8 km)., and its greatest breadth 10 miles (16 km). The island is of a round, plump-pear shape. It is formed of a single mountain about 800 m (2500 ft) high, sloping evenly down on all sides to a maritime plain, which is broadest on the north-east and south-west sides. The island is composed of marble, though gneiss and mica-schist are to be found in a few places. Lyskamm, 4 527 m, Pennine Alps A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... Venus de Milo, front. ... Gneiss Gneiss (IPA: ) is a common and widely distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from preexisting formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks. ... Schist The schists form a group of medium-grade metamorphic rocks, chiefly notable for the preponderance of lamellar minerals such as micas, chlorite, talc, hornblende, graphite, and others. ...


To the west of Paros lies its smaller sister island Antiparos. At its narrowest, the channel between the two islands is less than 2km wide. A car-carrying shuttle-ferry operates all day (to and from Pounda, 3 miles south of Parikia). In addition a dozen smaller islets surround Paros. Antiparos (Greek:Αντιπαρος, anc. ...


The island is famed for its beaches. The largest is Chrissí Aktí (Golden Beach, Greece), near Drios on the east coast, facing Naxos. The constant strong wind in the strait between Paros and Naxos makes it a favoured windsurfing location. Other fine sand beaches are to be found (anti-clockwise from Golden Beach) at Pounda, Logaras, Piso Livadi, Naoussa bay, Parikía and Agía Irini. Golden Beach Golden Beach is a 700 meter long beach on the south eastern part of the island of Paros. ... The primary use of “Naxos” is as the name of a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... A windsurfer with modern gear tilts the rig and carves the board to perform a planing gybe (downwind turn) close to shore in Maui, Hawaii, one of the popular destinations for windsurfing. ... Naoussa is also a village in the island of Paros in the Cyclades, see Naoussa (Paros), Greece. ...


The capital, Parikía (Italian, Parechia) (Fig.2), situated on a bay on the north-west side of the island, occupies the site of the ancient capital Paros. The bay at San Sebastián, Spain A headland is an area of land adjacent to water on three sides. ...


Parikía harbour ia a major hub for Aegean islands ferries and catamarans, with several sailings each day for Piraeus (the port of Athens), Heraklion (the capital of Crete) and other islands such as Naxos, Ios, Santorini, and Mykonos (Fig.4). The harbour approaches are notoriously hazardous due to the presence of a group of isolated rocks. The most recent and deadly shipwreck off Paros was that of the car ferry MV Express Samina. It ran onto the rocks and sank in a storm on the night of 26 Sept 2000. This resulted in the drowning of 80 passengers. A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... The Aegean Islands (Greek: Αιγαίον Πέλαγος, Aigaíon Pélagos; Turkish: Ege Adaları) are a group of islands in the Aegean Sea, with mainland Greece to the west and north and Turkey to the east; the island of Crete delimits the sea to the south. ... The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and possibly their vehicles, on a relatively short-distance, regularly-scheduled service. ... Two Hobie catamarans, showing the typical Hobie raised platform joining the two hulls, and tall mast. ... It has been suggested that Kaminia (Piraeus), Greece be merged into this article or section. ... Heraklion or Iraklion (Greek: Ηράκλειο Italian: Candia), is the largest city and the capital of Crete. ... For the famous World War II battle, see: Battle of Crete For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... The primary use of “Naxos” is as the name of a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Cisco IOS (originally Internetwork Operating System) is the operating system used on Cisco Systems routers and some network switches (those which dont use CatOS). ... Santorini (Greek Σαντορίνη, IPA: ) is a small, circular group of volcanic islands located in southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km south-east from Greeces mainland. ... Coordinates 37°27′ N 25°20′ E Country Greece Periphery South Aegean Prefecture Cyclades Population 9,320 source (2001) Elevation 35 m Postal code 846 00 Area code 22890 Licence plate code ΕΜ Website mykonos. ... Shipwreck of the SS American Star Shipwreck in the Saugatuck River mouth in Westport, Connecticut A shipwreck or sunken ship can refer to the remains of a wrecked ship or to the event that caused the wreck, such as the striking of something that causes the ship to sink, the... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A shelf cloud associated with a heavy or severe thunderstorm over Enschede, Netherlands A storm is any disturbed state of an astronomical bodys atmosphere, especially affecting its surface, and strongly implying severe weather. ...

Fig.1: Windmill in Parikía. Traditional Cyclades design
Fig.2: Village of Naoussa, north Paros coast


In Parikía town, houses are built and decorated in the traditional Cycladic style with flat roofs, whitewash walls and blue-painted doors and window frames and shutters (Fig.1). Shadowed by luxuriant vines, and surrounded by gardens of oranges and pomegranates, the houses give the town a picturesque and pleasing aspect. On a rock beside the sea are the remains of a medieval castle, built almost entirely of the marble remains of an ancient temple. Similar traces of antiquity, in the shape of bas-reliefs, inscriptions, columns, & etc., are numerous. On a rock shelf to the south are remains of a precinct which was dedicated to Asclepius. In addition, close to the modern harbour, the remains of an ancient cemetery are visible, since being discovered recently during non-archaeological excavations. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 448 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Paros Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 448 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Paros Metadata This file contains additional... The Cyclades (Greek Κυκλάδες) are a Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 489 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Paros Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 489 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Paros Metadata This file contains additional... Naoussa is also a village in the island of Paros in the Cyclades, see Naoussa (Paros), Greece. ... Whitewash, or calcimine, kalsomine, or calsomine is a type of inexpensive paint made from slaked lime (calcium hydroxide) and chalk (whiting). ... Binomial name (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ... Binomial name Punica granatum L. The Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5–8 m tall. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Pierrefonds Castle, France. ... The times before writing belong either to protohistory or to prehistory. ... Bas relief is a method of sculpting which entails carving or etching away the surface of a flat piece of stone or metal. ... Inscriptions are words or letters written, engraved, painted, or otherwise traced on a surface and can appear in contexts both small and monumental. ... Asclepius (Greek also rendered Aesculapius in Latin and transliterated Asklepios) was the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek mythology, according to which he was born a mortal but was given immortality as the constellation Ophiuchus after his death. ...


In Parikía's main square is the town's principal church, the Ekatontapiliani (literally: "church of the hundred doors"). Its oldest features almost certainly predate the adoption of Christianity as the state religion of the Roman Empire (391 A.D.). It is said to have been founded by the mother of the Roman Emperor Constantine I the Great (ruled 306 - 337 A.D.), Saint Helen, during her pilgrimage to the Holy Land. There are two adjoining chapels, one of very early form, and also a baptistery with a cruciform font. Nations with state religions:  Buddhism  Islam  Shia Islam  Sunni Islam  Orthodox Christianity  Protestantism  Roman Catholic Church A state religion (also called an official religion, established church or state church) is a religious body or creed officially endorsed by the state. ... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on... st Helena was a great gal she was really great ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Holy Land (Biblical). ... In Christian architecture the baptistery or baptistry (Latin baptisterium) is the separate centrally-planned structure surrounding the baptismal font. ...


On the north side of the island is the bay of Naoussa (Naussa) or Agoussa (Fig.2), forming a safe and spacious harbour. In ancient times it was closed by a chain or boom. Another good harbour is that of Drios on the south-east side, where the Turkish fleet used to anchor on its annual voyage through the Aegean during the period of Ottoman rule over Paros (1537 - 1832).


The three villages of Dragoulas, Mármara and Tsipidos situated on an open plain on the eastern side of the island, and rich in remains of antiquity, probably occupy the site of an ancient town. They are known together as the "villages of Kephalos" after the steep and lofty hill of Kephalos. On this hilltop stands the abandoned monastery of Agios Antonios (St Anthony). Around it are the ruins of a medieval castle which belonged in the late Middle Ages to the Venetian noble family of the Venieri. They gallantly but vainly defended it against the Turkish admiral Barbarossa in 1537. Monastery of St. ... Saint Anthony may be: Saints Anthony the Great (251-356) Anthony of Padua (also of Lisbon) (1195-1231) Place names United Kingdom: St. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia, Latin: Venetia) is a city in northern Italy, the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... In 1204, during the Fourth Crusade, the Marchese Marco Venieri was given command of the Greek island of Kythera. ... Khair ad Din A statue in Barbaros Park near the ferry stop in BeÅŸiktaÅŸ Khair ad Din (circa 1475-1546) was an Ottoman-Turkish admiral and privateer who served in the Ottoman Empire and in the Barbary Coast. ... Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ...


Parian marble, which is white and translucent (semi-transparent), with a coarse grain and a very beautiful texture, was the chief source of wealth for the island. The celebrated marble quarries lie on the northern side of the mountain anciently known as Marpessa (afterwards Capresso), a little below a former convent of St Mina. The marble, which was exported from the 6th century BC onwards, was used by Praxiteles and other great Greek sculptors (Fig.3). It was obtained by means of subterranean quarries driven horizontally or at a descending angle into the rock. The marble thus quarried by lamplight was given the name of Lychnites, Lychneus (from lychnos, a lamp), or Lygdos [1]. Several of these tunnels are still to be seen. At the entrance to one of them is a bas-relief dedicated to Pan and the Nymphs. Several attempts to work the marble have been made in modern times, but it has not been exported in any great quantities. Parian marble is a fine-grained semitranslucent pure-white marble quarried during the classical era on the Greek island of Paros. ... This article is about an abbey as a religious building. ... St Mina the Wonders Maker Saint Mina, who is called the blessed faithful, was martyred on Hathor 15 (November 24). ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 6th century BC started on January 1, 600 BC and ended on December 31, 501 BC. // Monument 1, an Olmec colossal head at La Venta The 5th and 6th centuries BC were a time of empires, but more importantly, a time... Praxiteles of Athens, the son of Cephisodotus, was the greatest of the Attic sculptors of the 4th century BC, who has left an imperishable mark on the history of art. ... A sculpture is a three-dimensional object, which for the purposes of this article is man-made and selected for special recognition as art. ... Marble sculpture of Pan copulating with a goat, recovered from Herculaneum Pan (Greek Παν, genitive Πανος) is the Greek god who watches over shepherds and their flocks. ... In Greek mythology, a nymph is any member of a large class of female nature entities, either bound to a particular location or landform or joining the retinue of a god or goddess. ...


Parikía town has a small but interesting archaeological museum housing some of the many finds from sites in Paros. The best pieces, however, are in the Athens National Archaeological Museum. The Paros museum contains a fragment of the Parian Chronicle, a remarkable chronology of ancient Greece. Inscribed in marble, its entries give time elapsed between key events from the most distant past (1500 B.C.) down to 264 B.C.[2] Façade of the National Archaeological museum of Athens. ... The Parian Marble or Parian Chronicle is a Greek chronological table, covering the years from 1581BC to 264BC. It is currently broken into two fragments: The larger fragment was brought to the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford in 1627, where it currently resides. ...

Fig.3: Venus de Milo. Sculpture executed in Parian marble. c.100 B.C. Musee du Louvre, Paris
Fig.3: Venus de Milo. Sculpture executed in Parian marble. c.100 B.C. Musee du Louvre, Paris
Fig.4: Location of Paros island in the Aegean Sea

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1944 × 2592 pixel, file size: 2 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) En: the Venus de Milo in the Louvre, Paris, France Copyright © 2003 David Monniaux File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1944 × 2592 pixel, file size: 2 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) En: the Venus de Milo in the Louvre, Paris, France Copyright © 2003 David Monniaux File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this... Venus de Milo on display at the Louvre The Aphrodite of Milos, better known as the Venus de Milo, is an ancient Greek statue and one of the most famous works of ancient Greek sculpture. ... Parian marble is a fine-grained semitranslucent pure-white marble quarried during the classical era on the Greek island of Paros. ... This article is about the museum. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

History

The story that Paros was colonized by one Paros of Parrhasia, who brought with him a colony of Arcadians to the island [3] is one of those etymological fictions which abound in Greek legend. Ancient names of the island are said to have been Plateia (or Pactia), Demetrias, Strongyli (meaning round due to the round shape of the island), Hyria, Hyleessa, Minoa and Cabarnis [4]. Arcadia or Arkadía (Greek Αρκαδία; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a region of Greece in the Peloponnesus. ...


From Athens the island later received a colony of Ionians [5] under whom it attained a high degree of prosperity. It sent out colonies to Thasos [6] and Parium on the Hellespont. In the former colony, which was planted in the 15th or 18th Olympiad, the poet Archilochus, native of Paros, is said to have taken part. As late as 385 BC the Parians, in conjunction with Dionysius of Syracuse, founded a colony on the Illyrian island of Pharos (Hvar)[7]. Athens (Greek: Αθήνα - Athína) is the largest city and capital of Greece, located in the Attica periphery of central Greece. ... Location of Ionia Ionia (Greek Ιωνία; see also list of traditional Greek place names) was an ancient region of southwestern coastal Anatolia (in present-day Turkey, the region nearest Ä°zmir,) on the Aegean Sea. ... Coordinates 40°43′ N 24°46′ E Country Greece Periphery East Macedonia and Thrace Prefecture Kavala Population 13,765 source (2001) Area 380. ... Parium is a Roman Catholic titular see, suffragan of Cyzicus in the Roman province of Hellespontus. ... The Helespont/Dardanelles, a long narrow strait dividing the Balkans (Europe) along the Gallipoli peninsula from Asia Anatolia (Asia Minor). ... An Olympiad is a period of four years, associated with the Olympic Games. ... Archilochus (or Archilochos) (ca. ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC - 380s BC - 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC Years: 390 BC 389 BC 388 BC 387 BC 386 BC - 385 BC - 384 BC 383 BC... This page is about Dionysius the tyrant of Syracuse. ... Location of Illyria Illyria (Albanian Iliria Land of the Free; Ancient Greek ; Latin Illyria [1] (see also Illyricum) was in Classical antiquity a region in the western part of todays Balkan Peninsula, founded by the tribes and clans of Illyrians, an ancient people who spoke the Illyrian languages. ... Hvar on the map of Croatia Coat of arms For the acronym, see HVAR. Hvar (Italian Lesina) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off the Dalmatian coast. ...


Shortly before the Persian War Paros seems to have been a dependency of Naxos [8]. In the first Greco-Persian War (490 B.C.), Paros sided with the Persians and sent a trireme to Marathon to support them. In retaliation, the capital Paros was besieged by an Athenian fleet under Miltiades, who demanded a fine of 100 talents talent (weight). But the town offered a vigorous resistance, and the Athenians were obliged to sail away after a siege of 26 days, during which they had laid the island waste. It was at a temple of Demeter Thesmophoros in Paros that Miltiades received the wound of which he afterwards died [9]. By means of an inscription Ross was enabled to identify the site of the temple; it lies, as Herodotus suggests, on a low hill beyond the boundaries of the town. It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... Combatants Greek city states, particularly Athens and Sparta Persian Empire Commanders Miltiades Themistocles Leonidas I Pausanias Kimon Pericles Mardonius Datis Artaphernes Xerxes I Megabyzus The Greco-Persian Wars or Persian Wars were a series of conflicts between the Greek world and the Persian Empire that started about 500 BC and... A Greek trireme. ... Marathon (Demotic Greek: Μαραθώνας, Marathónas; Attic/ Katharevousa: Μαραθών, Marathón) is a town in Greece, the site of the battle of Marathon in 490 BC, in which the Athenian army defeated the Persians. ... Miltiades Miltiades (c. ... A talent is an ancient unit of mass. ... Ceres (Demeter), allegory of August: detail of a fresco by Cosimo Tura, Palazzo Schifanoia, Ferrara, 1469-70. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Paros also sided with shahanshah Xerxes I of Persia against Greece in the second Greco-Persian War (480 - 479 B.C.), but after the battle of Artemisium the Parian contingent remained inactive at Kythnos watching the progress of events [10] For their support of the Persians, the islanders were later punished by the Athenian war leader Themistocles, who exacted a heavy fine [11]. Darius the Great, the first to bear the title Shahanshah. ... Xerxes I (خشایارشاه), was a Persian king (reigned 485 - 465 BC) of the Achaemenid dynasty. ... Combatants Greek city-states Persia Commanders Eurybiades of Sparta Themistocles of Athens Adeimantus of Corinth Unknown Strength 333 ships 500 ships Casualties Half of Fleet (Herodotus) Unknown The naval Battle of Artemisium took place, according to tradition, on the same day as the Battle of Thermopylae on August 11, 480... Kythnos or Kithnos (Greek: Κύθνος) is a Greek island in the Western Cyclades between Kea and Serifos. ... This article cites its sources but does not provide page references. ...


Under the Delian League, the Athenian-dominated naval confederacy (477 - 404 B.C.), Paros paid the highest tribute of all the island members: 30 talents annually, according to the estimate of Olympiodorus (429 B.C.) [12]. This implies that Paros was then one of the wealthiest islands in the Aegean. Little is known of the constitution of Paros, but inscriptions seem to show that it was modeled on Athenian democracy, with a senate- Boule (ancient Greece)- at the head of affairs [13]. In 410 BC the Athenian general Theramenes found an oligarchy governing Paros; he deposed it and restored the democracy [14]. Paros was included in the second Athenian confederacy (the Second Athenian Empire 378 - 355 B.C.). In c.357 B.C., along with Chios, it severed its connection with Athens. Delian League (Athenian Empire), right before the Peloponnesian War in 431 BC. Corcyra was not part of the League The Delian League was an association of Greek city-states in the 5th century BC. It was led by Athens. ... A tribute (from Latin tribulum, contribution) is wealth one party gives to another as a sign of respect or, as was often case in historical contexts, of submission or allegiance. ... The speakers platform in the Pnyx, the meeting ground of the assembly where all the great political struggles of Athens were fought during the Golden Age. Here Athenian statesmen stood to speak, such as Pericles and Aristides in the 5th century BC and Demosthenes and Aeschines in the 4th... In the cities (Gr. ... Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC - 410s BC - 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 415 BC 414 BC 413 BC 412 BC 411 BC - 410 BC - 409 BC 408 BC 407... The speakers platform of the Pnyx in Athens, upon which Theramenes and other politicians stood while speaking. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Oligarchy (Greek , Oligarkhía) is a form of government where political power effectively rests with a small, elite segment of society (whether distinguished by wealth, family or military prowess). ... The Second Athenian Empire was a maritime confederation of Aegean city-states from 378 BC-355 BC and headed by Athens primarily for self-defense against the growth of Sparta and secondly, the Persian Empire. ... Chios (Greek: , alternative transliterations Khios and Hios, see also List of traditional Greek place names; Ottoman Turkish: صاقيز Sakız; Genoese: Scio) is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea five miles off the Turkish coasts. ...


From the inscription of Adule we learn that the Cyclades, presumably including Paros, were subject to the Ptolemies, the Hellenistic dynasty that ruled Egypt (305 - 30 B.C.). Paros then became part of the Roman Empire and later of its Greek-speaking successor state, the Byzantine Empire. cleopatra ruled seneca for 10 years before she ruled Egypt. ... The term Hellenistic (established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen) in the history of the ancient world is used to refer to the shift from a culture dominated by ethnic Greeks, however scattered geographically, to a culture dominated by Greek-speakers of whatever ethnicity, and from the political dominance... // For other uses, see Dynasty (disambiguation). ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ...


In 1204, the soldiers of the Fourth Crusade seized Constantinople and overthrew the Byzantine Empire. Although a residual Byzantine state known as the Empire of Nicaea survived the Crusader onslaught and eventually recovered Constantinople (1261), many of the original Byzantine territories, including Paros, were lost permanently to the crusading powers. Paros became subject to the Duchy of the Archipelago, a fiefdom made up of various Aegean islands ruled by a Venetian duke as nominal vassal of a succession of crusader states. In practice, however, the duchy was always a client state of the Republic of Venice. The Entry of the Crusaders into Constantinople (Eugène Delacroix, 1840). ... Map of Constantinople. ... The Empire of Nicaea was the largest of the states founded by refugees from the Byzantine Empire after Constantinople was conquered during the Fourth Crusade. ... This article is about historical Crusades . ... The Duchy of Naxos and states in the Morea, carved from the Byzantine Empire, as they were in 1265 (William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1911) The Republic of Venices Duchy of the Archipelago (also called Egeon Pelagos in Greek) was a maritime state created in the Cyclades islands of... Under the system of feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud, feoff, or fee, often consisted of inheritable lands or revenue-producing property granted by a liege lord in return for a form of allegiance, originally to give him the means to fulfill his military duties when called upon. ... A duke is a nobleman, historically of highest rank and usually controlling a duchy. ... Look up vassal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... According to the notion of client states, just as a client of a corporation remains dependent on the corporation for a continued supply of products, and just as it is in the companys interest to make expendable products which need to be replaced regularly, client states of the two... Borders of the Republic of Venice in 1796 Capital Venice Language(s) Italian, Latin Religion Roman Catholic Government Republic Doge  - 1789-1797 Ludovico Manin History  - Established 727 (697)  - Treaty of Zara June 27, 1358  - Treaty of Leoben April 17, 1797 Map of the Venetian Republic, circa 1000. ...


In 1537 Paros was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and remained under the Ottoman Empire until the Greek War of Independence (1821 - 29). Under the Treaty of Constantinople (1832), Paros became part of the newly independent Kingdom of Greece, the first time the Parians were ruled by fellow Greeks for over six centuries. At this time, Paros became the home of a heroine of the nationalist movement, Manto Mavrogenous, who had both financed and fought in the war for independence. Her house, near Ekatontapiliani church, is today a historical monument. Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish (official); spoken languages include Abkhazian, Adyghe, Albanian, Arabic, Aramaic, Armenian, Azerbaijani... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish (official); spoken languages include Abkhazian, Adyghe, Albanian, Arabic, Aramaic, Armenian, Azerbaijani... Combatants Greek revolutionaries United Kingdom Kingdom of France Russian Empire Ottoman Empire Egyptian Khedivate Commanders Theodoros Kolokotronis Alexander Ypsilanti Georgios Karaiskakis Omer Vryonis Mahmud Dramali Pasha ReÅŸid Mehmed Pasha Ibrahim Pasha. ... The Τreaty of Constantinople was the product of the Constantinople Conference which opened in February 1832 with the participation of the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, France and Russia) on the one hand and the Ottoman Empire on the other. ... Capital Athens Language(s) Greek Religion Greek Orthodox Government Constitutional Monarchy King  - 1832-1862 Otto  - 1863-1913 George I  - 1913-1917 Constantine I  - 1917-1920 Alexander  - 1920-1922 Constantine I  - 1922-1924 George II Historical era Enlightenment Era  - London Protocol August 30, 1832  - Military junta April 21, 1967 The Kingdom... Manto Mavrogenous Manto Magdalena Mavrogenous (Greek: Μαντώ Μαγδαληνή Μαυρογένους), (1796-July 1840) was a Greek heroine of the Greek War of Independence in 1821. ...


Islands of Paros

  • Gaiduronisi - north of Xifara
  • Portes Island - west of the town of Paros
  • Tigani Island - southwest of Paros
  • Drionisi -southeast of Paros

Other

Paros has schools, a few lyceums (secondary schools), a church, a post office and a few squares (plateies). It also has a large number of hotels and bars. In the summer months it is heavily frequented by tourists, especially young backpackers on island-hopping tours of Greece. Plateia (πλατεία) is the Greek word for town square. ... Backpacking is traveling long distances with a backpack. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Pliny the Elder Historia Naturalis XXXVI. 5, 14; Plato Eryxias, 400 D; Athenodorus V.205 f; Diodorus Siculus 2.52
  2. ^ Inscriptiones Graecae XII.100 seqq.
  3. ^ Heraclides De rebus publicis 8
  4. ^ Stephanos Byz.
  5. ^ Schol. Dionys. Perieg. 525; Herodian I.171
  6. ^ Thucydides Peloponnesian War IV.104; Strabo Geography 487
  7. ^ Diodorus Siculus XV.13
  8. ^ Herodotus Histories V.31
  9. ^ Herodotus op.cit. VI.133-136
  10. ^ Herodotus op.cit. VIII.67
  11. ^ Herodotus op.cit. VIII.112
  12. ^ Olympiodorus 88.4
  13. ^ Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum 2376-2383; Ross, Inscr. med. II.147, 148
  14. ^ Diodorus Siculus XIII.47

Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ... PLATO was one of the first generalized Computer assisted instruction systems, originally built by the University of Illinois (U of I) and later taken over by Control Data Corporation (CDC), who provided the machines it ran on. ... Heraclides Ponticus (387 - 312 BCE), also known as Heraklides, was a Greek philosopher who lived and died at Heraclea, now Eregli, Turkey. ... Herodian or Herodianus of Syria (c. ... Bust of Thucydides residing in the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. ... The Greek geographer Strabo in a 16th century engraving. ... Diodorus Siculus (c. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Olympiodorus was an historical writer and notable astrologer (5th century AD), born at Thebes in Egypt, who was sent on a mission to the Huns on the Black Sea by emperor Honorius in 412, and later lived at the court of Theodosius. ...

See also

Marble sculpture is the art of creating three-dimensional forms from marble. ... ...

References

Find more information on Paros by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
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Learning resources from Wikiversity
  • Paros travel guide from Wikitravel
  • J.P. de Tournefort Voyage du Levant I.232 seqq. (Lyon, 1717)
  • Clarke Travels III (London, 1814)
  • Leake Travels in Northern Greece III.84 seqq. (London, 1835)

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

External links

  • Travel, to Paros Island Blog
  • Church of Ekatontapyliani (Church of a Hundred Doors) Paros
  • Complete Paros Island Directory
  • Paros travel guide

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. The Cyclades (Greek Κυκλάδες) are a Greek island group in the Aegean Sea, south-east of the mainland of Greece; and an administrative prefecture of Greece. ... Amorgos (Greek: Αμοργος) is the easternmost island of the Greek Cyclades island group. ... Andros, or Andro (Greek: Άνδρος), an island of the Greek archipelago, the most northerly of the Cyclades, approximately 10 km (6 miles) south east of Euboea, and about 3 km (about 2 miles) north of Tinos. ... Ano Syros (Άνω Σύρος) is a municipality on the island of Syros, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Drymalia (Δρυμαλία) is a municipality on the island of Naxos, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Ermoupoli (Greek: Ερμούπολη - Ermoúpoli), also known as Syros is a town in eastern Greece. ... Exomvourgo (Εξώμβουργο) is a municipality on the island of Tinos, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Ios (Greek: Ίος) is an island in the Cyclades group in the Aegean Sea. ... Kea, also known as Gia (Κέα / Τζια in Greek), Tzia and Keos (Ancient: Κέως), is an island of the Cyclades archipelago, in the Aegean sea, in Greece. ... Korthio (Κόρθιο) is a municipality on the island of Andros, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Kythnos or Kithnos (Greek: Κύθνος) is a Greek island in the Western Cyclades between Kea and Serifos. ... Coordinates 36°44′ N 24°25′ E Country Greece Periphery South Aegean Prefecture Cyclades Population 4,771 source (2001) Area 160. ... Coordinates 37°27′ N 25°20′ E Country Greece Periphery South Aegean Prefecture Cyclades Population 9,320 source (2001) Elevation 35 m Postal code 846 00 Area code 22890 Licence plate code ΕΜ Website mykonos. ... Naxos (Greek: Νάξος; Italian: Nicsia; Turkish: NakÅŸa) is a Greek island, the largest island (428 km²) in the Cyclades island group in the Aegean. ... Paestum is the classical Roman name of a major Graeco-Roman city in the Campania region of Italy. ... Santorini (Greek Σαντορίνη, IPA: ) is a small, circular group of volcanic islands located in southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km south-east from Greeces mainland. ... Seriphos (or Serifos) is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea, located in the western Cyclades, south of Kythnos and northwest of Siphnos. ... Sifnos (Greek: Σίφνος) is an island in the Cyclades complex in Greece. ... Tinos (Greek: Τήνος; Italian: Tine) is a Greek island situated in the Aegean Sea. ... Ydrousa (Υδρούσα) is a municipality on the island of Andros, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Petaloudes (Πεταλούδες) is a municipality on the island of Rhodes, in the Dodecanese, Greece. ... Rhodes (Greek: Ρόδος - Ródos) is the main city of the Greek island of Rhodes, in the Aegean Sea. ... South Rhodes (Νότια Ρόδος) is a municipality on the island of Rhodes, in the Dodecanese, Greece. ... Yialos, Symi Harbour, seen from Chorio Symi (Greek: Σύμη, also transliterated Syme or Simi; Turkish Sömbeki; see also list of traditional Greek place names) is a small but historic Greek island. ... View over Livadhia, the port and main village on Tilos Tílos (Greek: Τήλος; ancient form: Telos, Turkish: Ä°lyaki; Italian: Piscopi) is a small Greek island located in the Aegean Sea. ... Anafi is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Antiparos (Greek:Αντιπαρος, anc. ... Donoussa was an ancient village in the prefecture of Achaea Donoussa (Greek: Δονούσα) or Donousa, also Denousa or Denoussa, Donoussa in the ancient times, Stenosa or Spinosa. ... Pholegandros, or Folegandros, is a small Greek island of the Aegean Sea, which, together with Sikinos, Ios, Anafi and Santorini, forms the southern part of the Cyclades. ... Irakleia (Ηράκλεια) is an island and a community in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Kimolos is an island in the Aegean Sea, at the south-west part of Cyclades at a distance of 1,6 km north-east of Milos, has 769 inhabitants (2001 Greek Census) and includes administratively the uninhabited islands Polyaigos (literally translated Many-Goats), Agios Georgios and Agios Efstathios. ... Pori The Beach Of Pori Windmill // History There are two versions, as far as the name of the island is concerned. ... Santorini Oia Coast by day Oia (Οία) (pronounced Ia) is a community on the island of Thera, Santorini, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Panormos (Πάνορμος) is a community on the island of Tinos, in the Cyclades, Greece. ... Schoinoussa is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Sikinos is a Greek island in the Cyclades. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


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