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Encyclopedia > Parnell Edwards

Parnell Steven "Stacks" Edwards (January 15, 1947 Baton Rouge, Louisiana-December 18, 1978 Queens, New York) was an African-American petty thief and supporter of the Black Panther Party who became associated with the infamous Jimmy Burke during the 1978 Lufthansa Heist. In addition, mobster Henry Hill used to use him in his credit card fraud operations. He was eventually assassinated by Tommy DeSimone and Angelo John Sepe for not fulfilling his role in the heist properly. Parnell Edwards is portrayed by Samuel L. Jackson. His girlfriend is played by Berlinda Tolbert. January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Nickname: Red Stick Motto: Authentic Louisiana at every turn Coordinates: Country United States State Louisiana Parish East Baton Rouge Parish Founded 1699 Incorporated 16 January 1817  - Mayor Melvin Kip Holden (D) Area    - City 204. ... In the Gregorian Calendar, December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years), at which point there will be 13 days remaining to the end of the year. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Queens is geographically the largest of the five boroughs of New York City in the United States, and the most ethnically diverse county in the U.S. It is coterminous with Queens County in the State of New York and is located on western Long Island. ... An African American (also Afro-American or Black American) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... This article is about the American political organization. ... Mugshot of James Jimmy the Gent Burke taken on April 12, 1979 not long after the Lufthansa Heist Jimmy Burke (July 5, 1931 – April 13, 1996), was an Irish-American gangster who is believed to have organized the Lufthansa heist in 1978. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Henry Hill (born June 11, 1943) is a famous former FBI informant whose life was immortalized in the book Wiseguy by crime reporter Nicholas Pileggi. ... Credit card fraud is a kind of fraud where a merchant (business, service provider, seller, etc. ... Thomas Tommy DeSimone (c1950 - 1979) was a New York gangster and an associate of the Luchesse Mafia Family. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21, 1948) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Berlinda Tolbert (born November 4, 1949 in Charlotte, North Carolina) best known as Jenny Willis Jefferson on The Jeffersons. ...


There is some dispute about the spelling of Parnell's nickname, Volkman and Cummings, two experts, spelled the name 'Stax'. Wiseguy author Nicholas Pileggi spelled it "Stacks," as did Hill's later co-author Gus Russo.

Contents

Biography

Parnell was a long-time friend of Henry Hill involved in credit card fraud and hijacking together. He was a Ozone Park, Queens born mulatto-skinned black man who was said to have been quite tall. Parnell was a heavy drug-user and was addicted to marijuana and sometime in the 1970's started injecting heroin. Parnell moved from Baton Rouge as a child to New York city with his family. As a child growing up he was a large fan of jazz, jump blues and black gospel music. Growing up he his interest in music increased and he learned how to play the acustic guitar. He was introduced into the life of crime by Tommy DeSimone. As Edwards got older his tastes turned to Fats Domino, Clarence "Frogman" Henry, Frankie Ford, Irma Thomas, The Neville Brothers and Dr. John. When rythm and blues became outdated he listened to Ray Charles, Sam Cooke and James Brown. Jimmy Burke hired him on occasion to play at his Robert's Lounge, and later at The Suite for Henry Hill. Henry Hill (born June 11, 1943) is a famous former FBI informant whose life was immortalized in the book Wiseguy by crime reporter Nicholas Pileggi. ... Credit card fraud is a kind of fraud where a merchant (business, service provider, seller, etc. ... Hijacking or highjacking is the forcible robbery from, or seizure of, a vehicle in transit. ... Ozone Park is a New York City neighborhood located in the southwestern part of the borough of Queens bordering Woodhaven, Richmond Hill, Howard Beach, and the borough of Brooklyn, about 8 miles east, southeast of Midtown Manhattan. ... Dame Kelly Holmes is half Black (Jamaican) and half White (English). ... A Cannabis sativa plant The drug cannabis, also called marijuana, is produced from parts of the cannabis plant, primarily the cured flowers and gathered trichomes of the female plant. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Heroin, also known as diamorphine (BAN) or diacetylmorphine (INN), is a semi-synthetic opioid. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... NY redirects here. ... Jazz is a musical art form that originated in New Orleans at around the start of the 20th century. ... Jump blues is a type of up-tempo blues music influenced by big band sound. ... Gospel music may refer to religious music in general, to the religious music that first came out of African-American churches in the first quarter of the twentieth century or, more loosely, to both black gospel music and to the religious music composed and sung by white southern Christian artists. ... Thomas Tommy DeSimone (c1950 - 1979) was a New York gangster and an associate of the Luchesse Mafia Family. ... Antoine Dominique Fats Domino (born February 26, 1928 in New Orleans, Louisiana), is a classic R&B and rock and roll singer, songwriter and pianist. ... Clarence Henry (born January 19, 1937 in Algiers, LA) Fats Domino and Professor Longhair were young Clarence Henrys main influences while growing up. ... Frankie Ford (born date?) is a rock & roll and rhythm & blues singer. ... A soul Queen from New Orleans. ... The Neville Brothers, an R&B, Soul and a Jazz group, was formed in 1976 in New Orleans, LA. Group Members Aaron Neville Art Neville Charles Neville Cyril Neville Ivan Neville Discography The Neville Brothers (March 1978) Fiyo on the Bayou (April 1981) Nevillization I (September 1982) Nevillization II (February... Dr. John is the stage name of Malcolm John Rebennack Jr. ... Ray Charles was the stage name of Raymond Charles Robinson (September 23, 1930 – June 10, 2004). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006), commonly referred to as The Godfather of Soul and The Hardest Working Man in Show Business, was an American entertainer recognized as one of the most influential figures in 20th century popular music. ... Jimmy Burke may refer to: Jimmy Burke (gangster) — Irish American gangster Jimmy Burke (baseball) — American baseball player Jim Burke James Burke Category: ... The Suite was a nightclub on Queens Boulevard, in Queens, New York. ... Henry Hill (born June 11, 1943) is a famous former FBI informant whose life was immortalized in the book Wiseguy by crime reporter Nicholas Pileggi. ...


Involvement in "Black Nationalism" and The Black Panthers

Sometime after Malcolm X's assasination in 1965 Parnell became one of the million of supporters across the States concerned with the civil rights movement and became a supporter of the Black Panther Party. It was at this time that the Panthers were becoming radical. He followed the new leaders, Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton's beliefs in rejecting the previous intergrationist stance of Martin Luther King and rejected compromise with what the Party called the "power struggle". At the time of Edward's membership, Bobby Seale was attempting to reform the Black Panthers to an institution for world-wide social justice regardless of the nationality or ethnicicity of the oppressed people. The supporters eventually rejected "cultural nationalists" as "black racists". Parnell's involvement in the counter culture movement of the 1960's obviously angered Jimmy Burke and fellow mobsters that caused him to be a further outcast among the fellow robbers. By 1979 Parnell was a firm radical believer in the Black Panther Party he adopted the party's radical views on Caucasian people, complaining of suffering from racism at the hands of his fellow Italian mobsters. His black nationalist views were displayed to the fellow hijackers while he was attending a Christmas Day celebration at Robert's Lounge in Queens, New York that was being thrown by Jimmy Burke. Edwards attended the party even after it was known that the authorities had found the truck he was supposed to dispose of including fingerprints on a wallet stolen from one of the Lufthansa employees that was attacked during the robbery. Henry Hill would later recall the attendance of Edwards at the party, "We were all having a good time when "Stacks" sees Henry Hill's, {my} amount of money on me, and started to do his "black dude" number, "How come I'm fucking broke and all you whities got the money?" And then Edwards would persist in making racial jokes about the "May-fia guys who got all those millions from the airport." Henry recalled later in an interview that, "I {he} knew that Stacks had signed his death warrant that day." His black nationalism, and increasing addiction to heroin, and ontop of that with his bungling of his part in the Lufthansa heist pushed Burke and the fellow gangsters to the limit, he was murdered a short time afterward. Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, also known as Detroit Red and Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Omaha, Nebraska, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965 in New York City) was a Muslim Minister and National Spokesman for the Nation of Islam. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Historically, the civil rights movement was a concentrated period of time around the world of approximately one generation (1924-1980) wherein there was much worldwide civil unrest and popular rebellion. ... This article is about the American political organization. ... Look up Radical in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Bobby Seale Bobby Seale (born October 22, 1936) is an American civil rights activist, who along with Huey P. Newton co-founded the Black Panther Party in 1966. ... Dr. Huey Percy Newton (February 17, 1942 – August 22, 1989), was co-founder and inspirational leader of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense, a black nationalist/racial equality organization that began in October 1966. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr, Ph. ... Bobby Seale Bobby Seale (born October 22, 1936) is an American civil rights activist, who along with Huey P. Newton co-founded the Black Panther Party in 1966. ... The Black Panther Party (originally called the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was a revolutionary Black nationalist organization in the United States that formed in the late 1960s and grew to national prominence before falling apart due to factional rivalries stirred up by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... Social justice refers to conceptions of justice applied to an entire society. ... During the 1960s the term underground acquired a new meaning in that it referred to members of the so-called counterculture, i. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Jimmy Burke may refer to: Jimmy Burke (gangster) — Irish American gangster Jimmy Burke (baseball) — American baseball player Jim Burke James Burke Category: ... Mobster is a slang term for a person who participates in organized crime, which is known as belonging to the Mob. In western stories and movies, cowboys as mobsters are known as outlaws. ... Outcast is an action-adventure computer game by Belgian developer Appeal, released in 1999 by publisher Infogrames. ... For the Smashing Pumpkins song, see 1979 (song). ... This article is about the American political organization. ... Look up Caucasian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Gay bashing Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Hate groups White/Black/Latino supremacy Radical Islam · Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage Childrens rights... Joseph and Mary with baby Jesus, at the first Christmas Christmas (literally, the Mass of Christ) is a holiday in the Christian calendar, usually observed on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... Queens is geographically the largest of the five boroughs of New York City in the United States, and the most ethnically diverse county in the U.S. It is coterminous with Queens County in the State of New York and is located on western Long Island. ... Jimmy Burke may refer to: Jimmy Burke (gangster) — Irish American gangster Jimmy Burke (baseball) — American baseball player Jim Burke James Burke Category: ... The tip of a finger showing the friction ridge structure. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest German airline, and the second-largest in Europe (behind Air France-KLM, but before British Airways). ... Henry Hill (born June 11, 1943) is a famous former FBI informant whose life was immortalized in the book Wiseguy by crime reporter Nicholas Pileggi. ... Henry Hill (born June 11, 1943) is a famous former FBI informant whose life was immortalized in the book Wiseguy by crime reporter Nicholas Pileggi. ... Black nationalism is a political and social movement arising in the 1960s and early 70s mostly among African Americans in the United States. ... Heroin, also known as diamorphine (BAN) or diacetylmorphine (INN), is a semi-synthetic opioid. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Robert's Lounge and the Lufthansa Heist

Stacks' ambition was to be a successful Blues singer and as such he performed at Jimmy Burke's bar in Ozone Park, New York. He gradually became involved in many schemes, including buying goods on stolen credit cards. He also acted as a chauffeur for members of Burke's crew and was usually paid in stolen goods. Ozone Park is a New York City neighborhood located in the southwestern part of the borough of Queens bordering Woodhaven, Richmond Hill, Howard Beach, and the borough of Brooklyn. ...


In 1978 Henry Hill, working from a tip-off from bookmaker Martin Krugman, told Jimmy Burke of vast sums of cash being held overnight in a safe at the Lufthansa cargo terminal at JFK airport in New York. Burke analysed the possibilities and drew the conclusion that about 6 men, according to airport insider Lou Werner, and two panel trucks would be needed to successfully steal the cash. The money was in the millions and was in totally untraceable money, i.e. once they had the money they could, within limits, spend it without question. This was the first stage of the Lufthansa Heist. Martin Marty Krugman Martin Krugman (born December 30, 1919; disappeared January 4, 1979; declared legally dead 1986) was an associate of the Lucchese crime family and the basis for the character Morrie Kessler as depicted by Chuck Low in the 1990 film Goodfellas. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Burke assembled a crew, involving Joe Manri, Robert McMahon, Louis Cafora, Tommy DeSimone, Paolo LiCastri Martin Krugman, Teressa Ferrara and Angelo John Sepe, including Parnell Edwards. Edwards' job was to take the panel truck used in the heist and drive it to a junkyard in New Jersey, where mafia contacts would compact it and the evidence would be destroyed. Joseph Joe Buddha Manriquez-Manri (December 1st, 1932 Barcelona, Spain- May 16th, 1979 Queens, New York). ... Robert Frenchy McMahon (July 24, 1936 - May 16, 1979) was the night-shift cargo supervisor for Air France and a hijacker/robber, having been the inside man on the Air France Robbery of 1967 and of another robbery in 1972. ... Louis Cafora (died 1979) was an American criminal from Brooklyn, New York. ... Thomas Tommy DeSimone (c1950 - 1979) was a New York gangster and an associate of the Luchesse Mafia Family. ... Martin Marty Krugman Martin Krugman (born December 30, 1919; disappeared January 4, 1979; declared legally dead 1986) was an associate of the Lucchese crime family and the basis for the character Morrie Kessler as depicted by Chuck Low in the 1990 film Goodfellas. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


The heist worked out better than Burke could have imagined, but Parnell had neglected his duty and had used marijuana, visited his girlfriend and fallen asleep. Unfortunately for Parnell the police had found the panel truck, with a muddy boot print (matching a pair of shoes owned by Parnell) and fingerprints had been taken from the wheel.


Death

Being a friend of Edwards, when Tommy DeSimone was handed the contract from mobster Joseph DiPalermo, he was torn apart, at first, about killing one of his best friends. Although DeSimone had killed 8 or 9 people up to that point in his life he was still, he felt, no closer to being a made-man and as such wasn't pleased about killing Stacks, but DiPalermo sneakily told him that he could be 'made' by this murder. A made man is someone who has been inducted into Cosa Nostra (The Mafia). ...


Stacks had gone into hiding in an Ozone Park apartment and had been sitting at his kitchen table eating his breakfast one morning when Tommy walked in and fired several shots into Stacks' head and chest using a .32 silencer-equipped pistol, killing him.


As a gesture of good will Henry Hill spent the week before Christmas of 1978 with the distraught family of Edwards at his wake; curiously DeSimone, supposedly a loyal friend, never attended.


In popular culture

  • In the 1990 film GoodFellas Parnell Edwards was played by actor Samuel L. Jackson
  • In the 2001 film for TV The Big Heist, he was portrayed by Bo Rucker.

Goodfellas (also spelt GoodFellas) is a 1990 film directed by Martin Scorsese, based on the book Wiseguy by Nicholas Pileggi, the true story of mob informer Henry Hill. ... Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21, 1948) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ...

References

  • Wiseguy written by Nicholas Pileggi and Henry Hill
  • Gangsters and GoodFellas Henry Hill as told by Gus Russo

External links


 
 

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