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Encyclopedia > Parlophone
Parlophone Records
Parent company EMI
Founded 1896
Founder Carl Lindström
Distributing label Parlophone Records (In the UK)
Genre Various
Country of origin UK
Official website http://www.emimusic.co.uk/04/parlophone.htm

Parlophone is a record label, founded in Germany in 1896 by the Carl Lindström Company. The trademark may resemble the British pound sign (£), but it is actually a German L, for Lindström. During the First World War, the Transoceanic Trading Company was set up in the Netherlands to look after its overseas assets. In 1923, the British branch of Parlophone was established, led by Oscar Preuss as its A&R manager. Parlophone established a master leasing arrangement with co-owned United States based Okeh Records, making Parlophone a leading jazz label in the UK (as of today, despite changes in ownership of CBS in the US, this agreement still stands). In 1927, Columbia Graphophone Company of the United Kingdom acquired a controlling interest in the Carl Lindström Company and thereby in Parlophone. In 1931, Columbia merged with the Gramophone Company to form Electric & Musical Industries Ltd (EMI). Image File history File links Parlophone. ... For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ... Parlophon ad from 1927, Berlin Carl Lindström A.G. was a global record company founded in 1893 and based in Berlin, Germany. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... // Events February 1 - Giacomo Puccinis La bohème debuts in Turin March - Leo Stern plays in the premiere of Dvoraks second cello concerto in London Engelbert Humperdinck is created a professor of music by the Kaiser. ... Parlophon ad from 1927, Berlin Carl Lindström A.G. was a global record company founded in 1893 and based in Berlin, Germany. ... The Pound sign (£) is the symbol for Pound sterling, the currency of the United Kingdom, and some other currencies of the same name in other countries. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Okeh Records began as an independent record label based in the United States of America in 1918; from the late 1920s on was a subsidiary of Columbia Records. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Columbia Graphophone Company was one of the earliest gramophone companies in the United Kingdom. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Gramophone Company, based in the United Kingdom, was one of the early recording companies. ... For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ...


Under EMI, Parlophone initially maintained its status as a jazz label. As time went on, the label also released speciality music, spoken-word and novelty/comedy material, such as the comedy recordings of The Goons. In 1950, Preuss hired 24-year-old George Martin as his assistant. In 1955, Preuss retired and Martin succeeded him. Leading Parlophone artistes at the time included Germany's Obernkirchen Children's Choir, Scottish musician Jimmy Shand and the pianist Mrs Mills. For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Spoken word is a form of literary art or artistic performance in which lyrics, poetry, or stories are spoken rather than sung. ... The Goons are a small internet community. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see George Martin (disambiguation). ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... James Shand (January 28, 1908—December 23, 2000) was a Scottish musician who played traditional Scottish dance music on the accordion. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Under the original agreement between Parlophone and US OKeh, worldwide rights to pre-1935 US OKeh product was and continues to be handled by Parlophone, now EMI. This arrangement continues despite US OKeh's ownership changes (Columbia, ARC, CBS, Sony, Sony/BMG).[citation needed]


At the dawn of the rock era, Parlophone artists such as Humphrey Lyttelton, The Vipers, Jim Dale, Keith Kelly, the Temperance Seven and Shane Fenton would sporadically reach the British Top 20 chart. However, their only consistent chart action until the "Beat Boom" would be that of teen idol Adam Faith, who was not a Martin discovery: Faith was assigned to the label via EMI's A&R man-without-portfolio, Norman Newell. Treading a path similar to other British labels of the era, Parlophone released all manner of domestic and foreign licensed product (including James Brown), but had little success in comparison to EMI siblings HMV and Columbia. Humphrey Lyttelton at the Landmark Arts Centre, 22 April 2006. ... The Vipers were one of the leading Irish new wave groups of the late 1970s. ... Jim Dale and Glenn Close in 2006 performing Busker Alley. ... The Temperance Seven was a British band specializing in 1920s-style jazz music. ... Alvin Stardust (born on 27 September 1942) is a vocalist and stage actor, born Bernard William Jewry, in Muswell Hill, London, UK. // Career He made his stage debut in pantomime at the age of four. ... Terence (Terry) Nelhams-Wright, known as Adam Faith (June 23, 1940—March 8, 2003) was an English singer and actor. ... Norman Newell (January 25, 1919 – December 1, 2004), OBE was a successful British record producer in the 1950s and 1960s , as well as the co-writer of many notable songs. ... For other persons named James Brown, see James Brown (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The label's fortunes began to rise in 1962, when Martin signed a rising new Liverpool pop band, The Beatles. Along with Brian Epstein-managed stablemates Cilla Black, Billy J. Kramer and the Fourmost, they soon turned Parlophone into one of the world's most famous and prestigious record labels. The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Brian Samuel Epstein (IPA: ) (born in Liverpool, England; 19 September 1934 – 27 August 1967) was the manager of The Beatles. ... Cilla Black OBE (born 27 May 1942) is an English singer-songwriter and television personality, born Priscilla Maria Veronica White to a Protestant father and a Catholic mother in Liverpool. ... Billy J. Kramer (born William Howard Ashton, 19 August 1943, in Bootle, Liverpool, England) was a British Invasion / Merseybeat singer. ... The Fourmost were a British merseybeat band from the 1960s. ...


After Martin decided to become an independent producer in 1965, the Parlophone Company was absorbed into EMI's Gramophone Company unit with the label intact. Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... The Gramophone Company, based in the United Kingdom, was one of the early recording companies. ...


Thanks to the Beatles' recordings, Parlophone claimed the best selling UK single "She Loves You" (until 1977), and the best selling UK album "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band". She Loves You is a hit song written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, originally recorded by the The Beatles for release as a single in 1963. ... For other uses, see Sgt. ...


The label also placed a tally of seven singles at number 1 during 1964, when it also claimed top spot in the album charts for 40 of the 52 weeks.


Parlophone is still a leading EMI label, while of its contemporary labels HMV became solely a classical music label and Columbia was replaced by the EMI label. Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... The EMI Group is a major record label, based in the United Kingdom and with operations in over 25 other countries. ...


In the U.S., there was a short-lived Parlophone label (prefix PNY-), which in 1929 issued exact couplings from OKeh, using the OKeh catalog number. Then OKeh started a separate series for Parlophone (34000 series). This series (along with the Odeon ONY-36000 series) were both discontinued in 1930. No one has been able to determine where these two labels were intended to be sold, although since many surviving copies are in new condition, speculation among collectors have been that these records were found unused in a warehouse.)

Contents

Notable acts

Since The Beatles, many other pop/rock artists have signed to the label, including:

Recently the label's line-up has included acts such as: “Hollies” redirects here. ... // Emerging from the Belfast punk scene , The Setz changed musical direction in 1982 and re-named themselves Silent Running. ... Gentle Giant was a British progressive rock band with strong classical influences that emerged from Simon Dupree and the Big Sound in 1970 and existed continuously until 1980. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, singer Freddie Mercury and drummer Roger Taylor, with bassist John Deacon joining the following year. ... The Easybeats were a rock and roll band from Australia. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist who first gained worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. ... Duran Duran are an English pop group notable for a long series of popular singles and vivid music videos. ... The Church are an Australian rock band formed in Sydney in 1980. ...

Parlophone record labels

The labels shown here include those used for 78s and LPs. The label design for 7" singles had the same standard template as several other EMI labels, with the large "45" insignia to the right. In recent years, design uniformity has relaxed from release to release.


See also

This is a list of record labels. ...

External links

  • Parlophone MySpace page

  Results from FactBites:
 
Parlophone - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (314 words)
Parlophone is a record label which was founded in Germany prior to World War I by the Carl Lindstrom Company.
In 1923, the British branch of Parlophone was established, led by Oscar Preuss as AandR manager.
Parlophone's fortunes began to rise in 1962, when Martin signed a rising new Liverpool pop band, The Beatles, who soon turned Parlophone into one of the world's most famous and sought-after record labels.
Parlophone (102 words)
Parlophone is a record label which was founded in Germany prior to World War I.
In 1927, Columbia Graphophone[?] of the U.K. acquired a controlling interest in its successor and thereby in Parlophone.
Under EMI, Parlophone was mainly a novelty/comedy label until the rock-and-roll era.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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