FACTOID # 26: Delaware is the latchkey kid capital of America, with 71.8% of households having both parents in the labor force.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Parking lot

Parking lot is the North American term that refers to a cleared area that is more or less level and is intended for parking vehicles. Usually, the term refers to a dedicated area that has been provided with a durable or semi-durable surface. North American English is a collective term used for the varieties of the English language that are spoken in the United States and Canada. ... For other uses, see Parking (disambiguation). ...

Parking lot showing diagonal parking pattern designed for one-way traffic.
Parking lot showing diagonal parking pattern designed for one-way traffic.

In North America, where cars are the dominant mode of transportation, parking lots are a feature of every city and suburban area. Shopping malls, sports stadiums, megachurches and similar venues often feature lots of immense area. Image File history File linksMetadata P3030027ParkingLot_wb. ... Image File history File linksMetadata P3030027ParkingLot_wb. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see mall. ... The Athens Olympic Stadium Typical stadium seating consists of terraces, such as shown here at Sarajevos Stadium Kosevo. ... The interior of Rev. ...


In British and other dialects of English, parking lots are known as car parks which is usually applied to a surface car park, as opposed to a multi-storey car park. The latter, in North America, goes by several names, the most common being parking garage. “Parking garage” redirects here. ...

Contents

General information

Parking lot in the Finnish city of Kotka.
A parking lot for bicycles in Niigata, Japan.
A multi-storey car park in Kingston, Ontario.
A multi-storey car park in Kingston, Ontario.

The usual parking lot in North America and Europe is paved with asphalt. Some are paved with concrete. Many are gravel lots. A few of the newer lots are surfaced with permeable paving materials. Parking lot in the Finnish city of Kotka. ... Parking lot in the Finnish city of Kotka. ... The centre of Kotka Kotka (Finnish word for Eagle) is a town and municipality of Finland. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1792x1200, 528 KB) Summary A parking lot for bicycles in Niigata,_Niigata, Japan. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1792x1200, 528 KB) Summary A parking lot for bicycles in Niigata,_Niigata, Japan. ... Niigata ) is the capital and the most populous city of Niigata Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 622 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 622 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Murney Tower, Kingston The Fort Henry Guard performing an historical demonstration The Prince George Hotel. ... Asphalt As shown in this cross-section, many older roadways are smoothed by applying a thin layer of asphalt concrete to the existing portland cement concrete. ... This article is about the construction material. ... Gravel (largest fragment in this photo is about 4 cm) Gravel is rock that is of a certain particle size range. ... Permeable paving, also called pervious paving or porous pavement, is a term used to describe paving methods for roads, parking lots and walkways that allow the movement of water and air through the paving material. ...


Parking lots have their own special type of engineering. While parking lots have traditionally been an overlooked element of development projects by governmental oversight, the recent trend has been to provide regulations for the configuration and spacing of parking lots, their landscaping, and drainage and pollution abatement issues. Engineering is the applied science of acquiring and applying knowledge to design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ... Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including but not limited to: living elements, such as flora or fauna; or what is commonly referred to as Gardening efforts in the gestalt, the art and craft of growing plants with a goal of...


Parking lots can be small, with just parking spaces for a few vehicles, very large with spaces for thousands of vehicles, or any size in between. Small parking lots are usually near buildings for small businesses or a few apartments, although many other locations are possible. Larger parking lots can be for larger businesses or those with many customers, institutions such as schools, churches, offices, or hospitals, museums or other tourist attractions, rest areas, strip malls, or larger apartment buildings. For the record label, see Hospital Records. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Some such businesses, institutions, or other buildings may have several parking lots if a single large lot cannot accommodate their parking needs. Large and very large parking fields can be for stadiums, airports, malls or shopping centers with multiple businesses, large schools or universities, convention centers or fair grounds, theaters, workplaces with many employees such as factories, plants, etc., or other large institutions. Often several businesses, offices, apartment buildings, or other institutions may use one or more parking lots in common for their convenience. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Exhibition Hall of the Makaryev Fair. ...


Parking lots near businesses, buildings, or institutions are often implicitly understood or explicitly labelled to be for the use of their respective customers or visitors, often with special vehicle spaces for the owners and employees. Parking lots around apartment buildings are often exclusively intended for parking use of their residents, although sometimes separate spaces may be provided for visitors. Such parking for businesses, offices, and residences is often free to the customers, patrons, or residents.


Parking at malls and shopping centers is often free to the patrons, owners, and employees also. However, in many cases, especially in areas where parking is scarce, one must pay to park in a parking lot. Entry and exit access is often controlled at these type of lots to ensure those parking pay the required fee.


In many congested areas where some businesses lack their own parking areas, there are parking lots where practically any drivers can pay a fee to park. These types of parking lots are often effectively businesses in themselves. Some parking lots have parking meters into which coins must be paid to park in the adjacent space. A traditional style parking meter A parking meter is a device used to collect money in exchange for the right to park a vehicle in a particular place for a limited amount of time. ...

Handicapped sign seen in some parking lots
Handicapped sign seen in some parking lots

Some spaces in a parking lot may be marked as Reserved for certain people. There are often one or more parking spaces for handicapped people, which may be slightly wider, close to the point of entry for the corresponding store or building. It is not uncommon to see handicapped spots empty in a full parking lot, which makes some people think that there are too many handicapped spots. Vehicles with handicapped tags may park there, but the non-handicapped are not allowed to. Image File history File links Handicapped_Accessible_sign. ... Image File history File links Handicapped_Accessible_sign. ... Handicapped may refer to: Disability, a human condition. ...


Although many parking lots are rectangularly-shaped, there are parking lots of all sorts of shapes. A parking lot can be in front or back, on the side of the building it services, or any combination of these, including all around the building, often depending on local building codes. In a very large parking field, it is easy to get lost or have trouble finding one's vehicle. Such large parking lots often have various sections marked, for example by numbers or letters, to help identify the location. A building code, or building control, is a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety for constructed objects such as buildings and nonbuilding structures. ...


The area in parking lots is organized into parking spaces, which are generally marked with paint lines for each vehicle and often contain a turtarrier, and driving lanes in between so that vehicles can drive into and out of the spaces. The arrangement of the parking spaces relative to the driving lanes can feature perpendicular parking spaces, angle parking (most common, especially in large lots), or parallel parking (least common in parking lots, and usually only for a few spaces), or possibly some combination of these. A parking space is a location that is designated for parking. ... // The name turtarrier is a hybrid of the words turtle and parking and barrier. The term came into use in the mid 2000s due to peoples discouragement at the fact that no official name existed for a turtarrier, just names which were nothing but descriptions of the device. ...


Large parking lots have multiple lanes with rows of parking spaces between each one. Except for rather small lots, the location of the parking spaces for each vehicle are usually indicated with pavement markings or lines, similar to center lines on streets. A very common arrangement in large parking lots is angle parking for two rows of vehicles between driving lanes, with the parked vehicles facing front to front between the two rows. At the sides of the parking lot, other driving lanes connect these lanes perpendicularly so that a vehicle can drive into and out of the parking lot at designated locations.

Diagram of example parking lot layout with angle parking as seen from above. White arrows show direction of allowed travel in each lane. Several parking spaces closest to the building entrance are reserved for the handicapped. Cars of various colors are shown parked in some of the spaces. The obtusely pointed end indicates the front end of each car.
Diagram of example parking lot layout with angle parking as seen from above. White arrows show direction of allowed travel in each lane. Several parking spaces closest to the building entrance are reserved for the handicapped. Cars of various colors are shown parked in some of the spaces. The obtusely pointed end indicates the front end of each car.

There may be speed limits, stop signs, and crosswalks for pedestrians in large parking lots. Tall overhead lights may illuminate some parking lots at night. Image File history File links Angle_parking_lot_diagram. ... A road speed limit is the maximum speed allowed by law for road vehicles. ... Stop sign used in English-speaking countries, as well as in the European Union Former British stop sign consisting of red Give Way triangle inside a circle. ...


Most spaces in normal parking lots available to the public are sized for vehicles about the size of a car. The spaces are usually arranged assuming the vehicle can back out of the parking space. In many rest areas on highways, long parking spaces are also available for trucks or other vehicles with trailers, into which they can enter at one end and leave at the opposite end to avoid potentially cumbersome reverse driving. Rest stop redirects here. ... “Lorry” redirects here. ... Utility trailer A Trailer is generally an unpowered vehicle pulled by a powered vehicle. ...


A common arrangement in paid parking lots is to have a vehicle entry point with a cross gate where an entering driver presses a button to take a stub with the entry time and to open the cross gate for access to the lot. When leaving, the driver would pay at an exit point according to how much time was spent in the lot as determined from the stub.


In order to keep unauthorized people from parking in lots, towing crews sometimes patrol parking lots after business closing hours, especially at night, to tow away vehicles which should not be parked there. After snowfalls in winter, vehicles with snow plows often clear snow from parking lots, usually after business closing hours and often during the night. A small sidewalk clearing plow in Ottawa, Canada A snowplow (or snow plow) is a vehicle or device used for removing snow from roadways, driveways, runways, and other surfaces. ...


In response the worldwide intelligent transport system initiative, Parking Guidance and Information systems have been developed for use in urban areas. These systems use variable-message signs to direct drivers to car parks with available spaces. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Parking Guidance and Information variable-message sign Parking Guidance and Information (PGI) systems, or Car Park Guidance Systems, present drivers with dynamic information on parking within controlled areas. ... Sign on Interstate 880 (California) in Oakland, California Sign in Penn Station railway station, New York City A variable- (also changeable-, electronic-, or dynamic-) message sign, often abbreviated VMS, CMS, or DMS, is an electronic traffic sign often used on roadways to give travelers information about special events. ...


Much of the above discussion also applies to large parking garages and multi-level parking areas. A multi-storey car park is a building or part thereof which is designed specifically to be for vehicle parking and where there are a number of floors on which parking takes place. ...


Environmental considerations

Runoff handling

Parking lots have certain characteristics that set them apart from roadways in terms of their engineering and operating requirements. The first is that they often cover large contiguous areas with impermeable paving surface. This means that virtually all of the rain (minus evaporation) that falls becomes runoff. The parking lot must be built to effectively channel and collect that runoff. Traditionally, the runoff has been shunted directly into storm sewers, streams, or even sanitary sewers. However, most larger municipalities now require retention basins to catch runoff to reduce the stress on sewer systems or streamways. A storm drain, storm sewer, or stormwater drain (in Australia) system is designed to drain excess rain and ground water from an area. ... Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ... A sanitary sewer (also called, especially in the UK, a foul sewer) is a type of underground carriage system for transporting sewage from houses or industry to treatment or disposal. ...


Water pollution

Parking lot in Manhattan, New York City with capacity increased by lifts
Parking lot in Manhattan, New York City with capacity increased by lifts

Parking lots also tend to be subject to contamination with concentrated spots of pollutants such as motor oil. While motor vehicles on roadways may drip oil, they do so over a large area. Oil drips on parking lots are concentrated enough that they can have a deleterious effect on the water quality of the runoff. Other pollutants, even brake-lining dust, rust particles, and other particulate materials that settle on the parking lot surface, can be a similar problem. Therefore, an important second function of the retention basin for parking lots is to act as a temporary storage impoundment to allow particulate materials to settle out and to slow or even prevent the release of other pollutants into waterways. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 301 KB) Summary I took this picture myself on Monday February 14th 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 301 KB) Summary I took this picture myself on Monday February 14th 2005. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A blacksmith removing rust with sand prior to welding Rust damage in automobiles can create hidden dangers. ...


In some places, the water is not channeled into retention basins, but into dry wells. Dry well refers to an underground storage facility for water, typically storm water runoff. ...


Alternative paving

An alternative solution today is to use permeable paving surfaces, such as brick, stone, special paving blocks, or tire-tread woven mats. The intent of these is to allow precipitation falling on the surface to soak into the ground through the spaces inherent in the parking lot surface. The ground then may become contaminated in the surface of the parking lot, but this tends to stay in a small area of ground, which effectively filters water before it seeps away. This can however create problems if contaminants seep into groundwater, especially where there is groundwater abstraction 'downstream' for potable water supply. Permeable paving, also called pervious paving or porous pavement, is a term used to describe paving methods for roads, parking lots and walkways that allow the movement of water and air through the paving material. ... For other uses, see Brick (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rock (disambiguation). ... This article is about pneumatic tires. ...


Landscaping

Underground Carpark
Underground Carpark

Many areas today also require minimum landscaping in parking lots. This usually principally means the planting of trees to provide shade. Customers have long preferred shaded parking spaces in the summer, but parking lot providers have long been antagonistic to planting trees because of the extra cost of cleaning the parking lot. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 376 KB) Underground carpark - Parliament House, Canberra File links The following pages link to this file: Parking lot ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 376 KB) Underground carpark - Parliament House, Canberra File links The following pages link to this file: Parking lot ... Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including but not limited to: living elements, such as flora or fauna; or what is commonly referred to as Gardening efforts in the gestalt, the art and craft of growing plants with a goal of... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ...


However, parking lots represent significant heat islands and, indeed, heat sinks in urban areas. The heat from paved areas in urban zones has been shown to even have the power to change the weather locally. By providing trees or other means of shading parking lots, the heat and glare resulting from them can be significantly reduced. An urban heat island (UHI) is a metropolitan area which is significantly warmer than its surroundings. ... For the geological process, see Weathering or Erosion. ...


Parking standards

A sign outside an underground carpark, warning drivers of the maximum height.
A sign outside an underground carpark, warning drivers of the maximum height.

Many municipalities have established minimum numbers of parking spaces as part of zoning, depending on the floor area in a store, or the number of bedrooms in an apartment complex. Minimum spacing standards are also set for parallel, pull-in, or diagonal parking, depending on what types of vehicles are allowed to park in the lot or a particular section of it. At least one entity prohibits backing in to certain spaces[1]. More recently with the drive to sustainable communities, authorities in the UK have moved to maximum standards to discourage car use and other negative environmental consequences associated with parking lots. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... A typical zoning map; this one identifies the zones, or development districts, in the city of Ontario, California Zoning is a North American term for a system of land-use regulation. ...


Legal

In the United Kingdom there are two types of car parking: either on public or on private land. The difference is that the police will investigate any reported accident on public land but have no legal obligation and will not do it on private land. Public road is defined by the Road Traffic Act 1988 [2]as: "Road", in relation to England and Wales, means any highway and any other road to which the public has access, and includes bridges over which a road passes. There is also a House of Lords judgement to this matter [3]. An accident on private land is entirely a private matter and needs to be investigated privately. However, CCTV-footage and possible access barrier recording does not need to be handed to a private victim of an accident. The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and is also commonly referred to as the Lords. The Sovereign, the House of Commons (which is the lower house of Parliament and referred to as the Commons), and the Lords together comprise the Parliament. ... Surveillance cameras. ...


In the United States, each state's Department of Transportation sets the proper ratio for handicapped spaces, while certain circumstances may demand more. Those in possession of the proper ID tags or license plates are also free from parking violation tickets for running over their metered time or parking in an inappropriate place, as some disabilities may prohibit the use of regular spaces. The Department of Transportation (DOT) is the most common name for a government agency in North America devoted to transportation. ...


References

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Carpark

  Results from FactBites:
 
Parking Lot Security, Family Planning, security consultant, Chris McGoey, parking lot security expert (1262 words)
Parking lots come in all shapes and sizes from the gigantic high-rise or subterranean multi-level structures to the flat lots of a small retail strip-center with only a few stores.
Flat parking lots are preferable to thieves because of ease of visibility and ease of escape.
Parking lot robbers are usually opportunists who look for the easiest person to victimize.
Parking lot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2112 words)
Parking lot in the Finnish city of Kotka.
While parking lots have traditionally been an overlooked element of development projects by governmental oversight, the recent trend has been to provide regulations for the configuration and spacing of parking lots, their landscaping, and drainage and pollution abatement issues.
Parking lots around apartment buildings are often for the implicit or explicit parking use of their residents, although sometimes extra spaces may be available for visitors.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m