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Encyclopedia > Park and ride
A road sign for park and ride.
A road sign for park and ride.

Park and ride terminals are public transport stations that allow commuters to leave their personal vehicles in a parking lot and transfer to a bus, rail system (usually light rail or commuter rail) or carpool for the rest of their trip. The vehicle is stored in the lot during the day and retrieved when the commuter returns. Park and rides are generally located in the suburbs of metropolitan areas or on the outer edges of large cities. ImageMetadata File history File links ParkAndRideSignOxford20050910. ... ImageMetadata File history File links ParkAndRideSignOxford20050910. ... Skytrain Bangkok. ... See: Station (telecommunication) Radio station Television station Station (network) Primary station Control station Slave station Station (Australian ranch) (the Australian equivalent of the North American Ranch) Public transport railway station or train station metro station (underground or elevated ) bus station Ground station Space station Gas station Power station (see Battersea... Commuting is the process of travelling between a place of residence and a place of work. ... Parking lot is the American English term that refers to a cleared area that is more or less level and is intended for parking vehicles. ... TheBus, established by Mayor Frank Fasi, is Honolulus only public transit system. ... Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... Carpooling is shared use of a car, in particular for commuting to work, often by people who each have a car but travel together to save costs. ... It has been suggested that Suburbia be merged into this article or section. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ...

A park-and-ride carpark in Oxford seen from a park-and-ride bus.
A park-and-ride carpark in Oxford seen from a park-and-ride bus.

Partly because of the concentration of riders, these terminals often have express transit service, with a limited number of stops and possibly taking a faster route if available. The service may only take passengers in one direction in the morning (typically toward a central business district) and in the opposite direction in the evening, with a typically limited number of trips available in the middle of the day. Overall, these attributes vary from region to region; it is often not allowed to park at these locations overnight. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1760x1168, 433 KB) Summary Pear Tree park-and-ride carpark seen from a park-and-ride bus. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1760x1168, 433 KB) Summary Pear Tree park-and-ride carpark seen from a park-and-ride bus. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... Express is also a free daily newspaper in Washington, D.C. Express is an American clothing company owned by Limited Brands. ... Montreal skyline Central business district (CBD) and downtown are terms referring to a commercial heart of a city. ...


Park and ride lots allow commuters to avoid the stress of driving a congested part their journey and/or facing scarce, expensive downtown parking. It is hoped that the lots will reduce both of these problems by making it easier for people to take the bus or train into town. Sometimes, even these lots become too busy, and people sometimes organize to carpool to the station to combat crowding. Stress (roughly the opposite of relaxation) is a medical term for a wide range of strong external stimuli, both physiological and psychological, which can cause a physiological response called the general adaptation syndrome, first described in 1936 by Hans Selye in the journal Nature. ...


As of 2005, Norwich has the biggest Park & Ride in the UK, operating from six separate sites around the city. Norwich (pronounced variously Norritch or Norridge) is a city in East Anglia, in Eastern England, and the regional administrative centre and county town of Norfolk. ...

A park-and-ride bus in Oxford.
A park-and-ride bus in Oxford.

In the United States it is common for outlying rail stations to include automobile parking, often hundreds of spaces. Boston, for example, has built several large parking facilities at its commuter rail and metro stations near major highways around the periphery of the city: Alewife, Braintree, Quincy Adams, Riverside, Route 128, Wellington, Woburn. The local transit operator, the MBTA, has almost 46000 park and ride spaces. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1760x1168, 593 KB) a park and ride bus in Oxford, 2005-01-29. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1760x1168, 593 KB) a park and ride bus in Oxford, 2005-01-29. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... Boston is a town and small port c. ... [[image:Madrid-metro-1. ... T sign and top of glass pyramid from roof-level parking deck of Alewife Station, September 2004 Alewife Station, located at the intersection of Alewife Brook Parkway and Cambridgepark Drive in Cambridge, Massachusetts, is a local intermodal transportation hub. ... Braintree Station Braintree Station, located at Ivory and Union Streets in Braintree, Massachusetts 42. ... Quincy Adams Station garage Quincy Adams Station, located at Burgin Parkway and Centre Street, in Quincy, Massachusetts 42. ... The Riverside stop is the western terminus of the MBTA Green Line D branch. ... Amtrak waiting area Route 128 Station, located at Exit 13 off Interstate 95/US 1 (known locally as Route 128), in Westwood, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston. ... Wellington Station is a MBTA station on the Orange Line, located in Medford on the Revere Beach Parkway (a. ... Anderson Regional Transportation Center (RTC) is located at 100 Atlantic Ave. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a a body politic and corporate, and a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts [1] formed in 1964 to finance and operate most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts, USA area. ...


Kiss and ride

Kiss and ride at Alewife near Boston.
Kiss and ride at Alewife near Boston.

Many train stations with good road connections include a separate area where cars can discharge passengers in the morning and pick them up in the evening, allowing the driver, often a spouse and possibly after a kiss, to quickly return to the highway. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1638x1005, 546 KB) Passenger dropoff at en:Alewife (MBTA station), en:Cambridge, Massachusetts I took the picture on July 5, 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1638x1005, 546 KB) Passenger dropoff at en:Alewife (MBTA station), en:Cambridge, Massachusetts I took the picture on July 5, 2005. ... T sign and top of glass pyramid from roof-level parking deck of Alewife Station, September 2004 Alewife Station, located at the intersection of Alewife Brook Parkway and Cambridgepark Drive in Cambridge, Massachusetts, is a local intermodal transportation hub. ... Boston is a town and small port c. ...


Controversy

Park and ride systems are not without their critics, who observe that whatever their effects on congestion, they do little to reduce some forms of air pollution, as automobiles produce the most pollution shortly after they're started (the catalytic converter is ineffective until it is heated). However emission of carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas, is not reduced by the catalytic converter and is proportional to fuel consumption, and hence distance traveled. Environmental Pollution is the release of harmful environmental contaminants, or the substances so released. ... A catalytic converter is a device used to reduce the emissions from an internal combustion engine. ... Carbon dioxide is an atmospheric gas comprised of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. ... Top: Increasing atmospheric CO2 levels as measured in the atmosphere and ice cores. ...


Park and rides are ideally suited for zero emission vehicles, which often have reduced range. In addition, some transit operators use park and ride facilities to encourage more efficient driving practices by reserving parking spaces for low emission designs, high occupancy vehicles, or car sharing. Zero emission refers to a motor or engine that, by virtue of being powered by electricity or more exotic means, generates no by-products other than water. ... A permanent, separated high-occupancy vehicle lane on I-91 in Connecticut A high occupancy vehicle (or HOV) is any vehicle with a driver and one or more (or sometimes two or more, or three or more) passengers. ... Car sharing is a system where a fleet of cars (or other vehicles) is owned by a company or cooperative, which are available for use by members of the car share. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Park-and-ride lot to relieve traffic (572 words)
A couple of the facilities are seeing their parking spaces maxed out during the morning rush hour.
Park-and-ride lots allow commuters to park free of charge and pay to catch an express, rapid transit or local bus to their workplace or other destination.
Other materials include decomposed granite and corrugated fiberglass panels to be used in parking canopies and shelter areas.
Park and ride - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (541 words)
Park and ride terminals are public transport stations that allow commuters to leave their personal vehicles in a parking lot and transfer to a bus, rail system (usually light rail or commuter rail) or carpool for the rest of their trip.
Park and rides are generally located in the suburbs of metropolitan areas or on the outer edges of large cities.
Park and ride systems are not without their critics, who observe that whatever their effects on congestion, they do little to reduce some forms of air pollution, as automobiles produce the most pollution shortly after they're started (the catalytic converter is ineffective until it is heated).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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