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Encyclopedia > Park
Central Park, New York, the most visited city park in the United States
Central Park, New York, the most visited city park in the United States

A park is a bounded area of land, usually in its natural or semi-natural (landscaped) state and set aside for some purpose, usually to do with recreation. Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Park may refer to: Park, an area of land with a recreational or other specific purpose National park, a reserve of land protected from most human development and pollution Park (Korean name), a popular Korean family name Park (2006 film), a forthcoming 2006 American romantic comedy film Park (band), an... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (866x531, 951 KB)Central Park (New York City, New York, USA). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (866x531, 951 KB)Central Park (New York City, New York, USA). ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres or 3. ... NY redirects here. ...

Contents

History

The first parks were land set aside for hunting by the aristocracy in medieval times. They would have walls or thick hedges around them to keep game in and other people out.


These evolved into the landscaped parks set around aristocratic houses from the sixteenth century onwards. These may have served as hunting grounds but they also proclaimed the owner's wealth and status. An aesthetic of landscape design began in these parks where the natural landscape was enhanced by designers such as Capability Brown. Capability Brown, by Nathaniel Dance, ca. ...


With the Industrial revolution parks took on a new meaning as areas set aside to preserve a sense of nature in the large industrial cities. Sporting activity came to be a major use for these urban parks. Areas of outstanding natural beauty were also set aside as national parks to prevent them being spoilt by uncontrolled development. A Watt steam engine. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ...


In the twentieth century a number of meanings arose which associated the "designed " landscape of a park with other uses such as business parks, theme parks and parkways. A business park in Santa Barbara County, California A business park or business estate is an area of land in which many office buildings are grouped together. ... Theme Park is a simulation computer game designed by Bullfrog Productions, released in 1994, in which the player designs and operates an amusement park. ... For other uses, see Parkway (disambiguation). ...


Public parks

Public park in Tours, France.
Public park in Tours, France.
Laleh Park's southwestern entrance with a statue of Biruni, a medieval Persian astronomer. Tehran, Iran.
Laleh Park's southwestern entrance with a statue of Biruni, a medieval Persian astronomer. Tehran, Iran.

A park is an area of open space provided for recreational use, usually owned and maintained by a local government. Parks commonly resemble savannas or open woodlands, the types of landscape that human beings find most relaxing. Grass is typically kept short to discourage insect pests and to allow for the enjoyment of picnics and sporting activities. Trees are chosen for their beauty and to provide shade. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x816, 230 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Tours Park User:Silversmith/Images ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x816, 230 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Tours Park User:Silversmith/Images ... Tours is a city in France, the préfecture (capital city) of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river Loire, between Orléans and the Atlantic coast. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Laleh_park_jonub. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Laleh_park_jonub. ... Laleh Parks southwestern entrance with a statue of Biruni, a medieval Persian astronomer. ... Biruni commemorated on a Soviet stamp for his millennial anniversary. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Savanna at Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania. ... Limber Pine woodland, Toiyabe Range, central Nevada Biologically, a woodland is a treed area differentiated from a forest. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Natural vegetation dominated by grasses Grass is a common word that generally describes a monocotyledonous green plant in the family Poaceae. ... {{Taxobox | color = pink | name = Insects | fossil_range = Carboniferous - Recent | image = European honey bee extracts nectar. ... Friends and family gather for a picnic in a public park in Columbus, Ohio, c. ... Shade is the blocking of sunlight (in particular direct sunshine) by any object, and also the shadow created by that object. ...


Park uses are often divided into two categories: active and passive recreation. Active recreation is that which require intensive development and often involves cooperative or team activity, including playgrounds and ball fields. Passive recreation is that which emphasizes the open-space aspect of a park and which involves a low level of development, including picnic areas and trails. People participating in summer luge as a form of recreation, in the Vosges. ... Combination playground structure for small children; slides, climbers (stairs in this case), playhouse A playground is an area designed for children to play freely. ...


Many smaller neighborhood parks are receiving increased attention and valuation as significant community assets and places of refuge in heavily populated urban areas. Neighborhood groups around the world are joining together to support local parks that have suffered from urban decay and government neglect. Urban decay and renewal in Cincinnati Urban decay is the popular term for both the physical and social degeneration of cities and large towns. ...


A linear park is a park that has a much greater length than width. A typical example of a linear park is a section of a former railway that has been converted into a park (i.e. the tracks removed, vegetation allowed to grow back). Parks are sometimes made out of oddly shaped areas of land, much like the vacant lots that often become city neighborhood parks.


National parks

Main article: National park

In the United States the concept of preserving unique landscapes for the pleasure of the people of the entire nation was established on June 30, 1864, when President Abraham Lincoln signed the bill creating the Yosemite Grant. A policy of preservation, rather than co-usage as in the National Forests, where grazing, farming and logging are licensed, was implemented four decades later during the presidential administration of Teddy Roosevelt, and Yosemite became a National Park. Tourism and, later, recreation were the intended purposes of the lands Roosevelt set aside in the system. John Muir was instrumental in this effort. These parks were ultimately termed national parks and today constitute the U.S. National Park Service. Similarly, U.S. state governments have also set aside and continue to set aside lands of various sizes to preserve them for the enjoyment of the public. National and regional parks are found in many other countries, and vary greatly in the sort of management and administration which they enjoy. There are also national parks in many other countries; the usage of the term varies greatly from one country . Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 2400 pixel, file size: 969 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming, USA. Taken by Andrew Yool on the 4 September 2003 from a position slightly east of the Monument. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 2400 pixel, file size: 969 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming, USA. Taken by Andrew Yool on the 4 September 2003 from a position slightly east of the Monument. ... Devils Tower is a monolith (more technically, an igneous intrusion) or volcanic neck located near Hulett and Sundance in eastern Wyoming, above the Belle Fourche River. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Yosemite National Park (pronounced Yo-SEM-it-ee, IPA: ) is a national park located largely in Mariposa and Tuolumne Counties, California, United States. ... This article is on national forests in the United States. ... John Muir appears on the California quarter John Muir (April 21, 1838 – December 24, 1914) was one of the first modern preservationists. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States government agency that deals with U.S. National Parks and U.S. National Monuments. ...


Private parks

Private parks are owned by individuals or businesses and are used at the discretion of the owner. There are a few types of private parks, and some which once were privately maintained and used have now been made open to the public. The concept of the commons is somewhat related to the origin of modern park systems. In England and Wales, a common is a piece of land over which other people -- often neighbouring landowners -- could exercise one of a number of traditional rights, such as allowing their cattle to graze upon it. ...

Deer in Richmond Park, London. Originally a Royal hunting park , today it is open to the public.
Deer in Richmond Park, London. Originally a Royal hunting park , today it is open to the public.

Hunting parks originally referred to an area maintained as open space where residences, industry and farming were not allowed, often originally so that nobility might have a place to hunt. These were known for instance, as deer parks (deer being originally a term meaning any wild animal). Many country houses in Great Britain and Ireland still have parks of this sort, which since the 18th century have often been carefully landscaped for aesthetic effect. They are usually a mixture of open grassland with scattered trees and sections of woodland, and are often enclosed by a high wall. The area immediately around the house is the garden. In some cases this will also feature sweeping lawns and scattered trees; the basic difference between a country house's park and its garden is that the park is grazed by animals, but they are excluded from the garden. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3504x2336, 1959 KB) Summary Photo by and (C) User:amertner. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3504x2336, 1959 KB) Summary Photo by and (C) User:amertner. ... A corner of the Isabella Plantation in Richmond Park Richmond Park is the largest of the Royal Parks in London. ... A country house is a large dwelling, such as a mansion, located on a country estate. ...


In some countries, especially the United Kingdom, the concept of the country park was popular in the 1970s, and many such parks were established with government support during that time. Country parks are often located near to urban populations, and provide recreational facilities typical of the countryside rather than the town. A country park is an area designated for people to visit and enjoy recreation in a countryside environment. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Frazier Park News - Topix (543 words)
A Frazier Park woman was killed during a riding session Saturday evening after her horse slipped and fell down a hill and trampled her, sheriff's officials said.
County supervisors threw their support behind the Frazier Park library project Tuesday morning, approving work by a new architect and calling on patience from the state of California, which provided $3.4...
Supervisors threw their support behind the Frazier Park library project Tuesday morning, approving work by a new architect and calling on patience from the state of California, which provided $3.4 million in...
Park - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (709 words)
In some countries, especially the United Kingdom, the concept of the country park was popular in the 1970s, and many such parks were established with government support during that time.
There are also national parks in many other countries; the usage of the term varies greatly from one country to another.
A car park is an area of land or a building in which cars are parked.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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