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Encyclopedia > Parjanya

In Hinduism, Parjanya (parjánya) is the Vedic Sanskrit for "rain" or "raincloud". Personified, it is the deity of rain, often identified with Indra, the "Bull" of the Rigveda, but also associated with Varuna as a deity of clouds and as punishing sinners. Two hymns of the the Rigveda, 5.63 and 7.101, are dedicated to Parjanya. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For the band Monsoon see Sheila Chandra Monsoon in the Vindhya, a mountain chain in central India A monsoon is a periodic wind, especially in the Indian Ocean and southern Asia. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... Hinduism (Sanskrit/Hindi: हिन्दु धर्म; also known as Sanātana Dharma - सनातन् धर्म, and Vaidika Dharma - वैदिक धर्म) is a worldwide religious tradition that is based on the Vedas, and is the direct descendant of the Vedic religion. ... Vedic Sanskrit is the language of the Vedas, the earliest sacred texts of India. ... Rain falling For other uses see Rain (disambiguation). ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Bull or bull has various meanings: Look up bull in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Rigveda (Sanskrit: , a tatpurusha compound of praise, verse and knowledge) is a collection of hymns (, plural ) counted among the four Hindu religious texts known as the s, and contains the oldest texts preserved in any Indo-Iranian language. ... This article is about the god. ...


He is one of the 12 Adityas, a Gandharva and a Rishi in the Harivamsa. The name may be cognate with Lithuanian perkunas "god of thunder", Gothic fairguni "mountain", see Perkwunos.. In Hinduism, the Adityas are a group of solar deities, sons of Aditi and Kasyapa. ... In Hinduism, the Gandharvas are male nature spirits, husbands of the Apsaras. ... In Hinduism, a Rishi () is a sage and/or seer who heard (cf. ... The Harivamsa (Skt. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The Gothic language (*gutiska razda, *𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺𐌰 𐍂𐌰𐌶𐌳𐌰) is an extinct Germanic language that was spoken by the Goths and specifically by the Visigoths. ... The name of an Indo-European thunder god may be reconstructed as *Perkwunos or *Perkunos. ...


RV 5.63 in the translation of Griffith: Ralph Thomas Hotchkin Griffith (1826-1906), scholar of indology, translated the vedic scriptures into English. ...

1a áchā vada tavásaṃ gīrbhír ābhí stuhí parjányaṃ námasâ vivāsa
1c kánikradad vṛṣabhó jīrádānū réto dadhāty óṣadhīṣu gárbham
Sing with these songs thy welcome to the Mighty, with adoration praise and call Parjanya.
The Bull, loud roaring, swift to send his bounty, lays in the plants the seed for germination.
2a ví vṛkṣân hanty utá hanti rakṣáso víśvam bibhāya bhúvanam mahâvadhāt
2c utânāgā īṣate vŕṣṇyāvato yát parjánya stanáyan hánti duṣkŕtaḥ
He smites the trees apart, he slays the demons: all life fears him who wields the mighty weapon.
From him exceeding strong flees e'en the guiltless, when thundering Parjanya smites the wicked.
3a rathîva káśayâśvāṁ abhikṣipánn āvír dūtân kṛṇute varṣyāaàṁ áha
3c dūrât siṁhásya stanáthā úd īrate yát parjányaḥ kṛṇuté varṣyàṃ nábhaḥ
Like a car-driver whipping on his horses, he makes the messengers of rain spring forward.
Far off resounds the roaring of the lion, what time Parjanya fills the sky with rain-cloud.
4a prá vâtā vânti patáyanti vidyúta úd óṣadhīr jíhate pínvate svàḥ
4c írā víśvasmai bhúvanāya jāyate yát parjányaḥ pṛthivîṃ rétasâvati
Forth burst the winds, down come the lightning-flashes: the plants shoot up, the realm of light is streaming.
Food springs abundant for all living creatures, what time Parjanya quickens earth with moisture.
5a yásya vraté pṛthivî nánnamīti yásya vraté śaphávaj járbhurīti
5c yásya vratá óṣadhīr viśvárūpāḥ sá naḥ parjanya máhi śárma yacha
Thou at whose bidding earth bows low before thee, at whose command hoofed cattle fly in terror,
At whose behest the plants assume all colours, even thou Parjanya, yield us great protection.
6a divó no vṛṣṭím maruto rarīdhvam prá pinvata vŕṣṇo áśvasya dhârāḥ
6c arvâṅ eténa stanayitnúnéhy apó niṣiñcánn ásuraḥ pitâ naḥ
Send down for us the rain of heaven, ye Maruts, and let the Stallion's flood descend in torrents.
Come hither with this thunder while thou pourest the waters down, our heavenly Lord and Father.
7a abhí kranda stanáya gárbham â dhā udanvátā pári dīyā ráthena
7c dŕtiṃ sú karṣa víṣitaṃ nyàñcaṃ samâ bhavantūdváto nipādâḥ
Thunder and roar: the germ of life deposit. Fly round us on thy chariot waterladen.
Thine opened water-skin draw with thee downward, and let the hollows and the heights be level.
8a mahântaṃ kóśam úd acā ní ṣiñca syándantāṃ kulyâ víṣitāḥ purástāt
8c ghṛténa dyâvāpṛthivî vy ùndhi suprapāṇám bhavatv aghnyâbhyaḥ
Lift up the mighty vessel, pour down water, and let the liberated streams rush forward.
Saturate both the earth and heaven with fatness, and for the cows let there be drink abundant.
9a yát parjanya kánikradat stanáyan háṁsi duṣkŕtaḥ
9c prátīdáṃ víśvam modate yát kíṃ ca pṛthivyâm ádhi
When thou, with thunder and with roar, Parjanya, smitest sinners down,
This universe exults thereat, yea, all that is upon the earth.
10a ávarṣīr varṣám úd u ṣû gṛbhāyâkar dhánvāny átyetavâ u
10c ájījana óṣadhīr bhójanāya kám utá prajâbhyo 'vido manīṣâm
Thou hast poured down the rain-flood now withhold it. Thou hast made desert places fit for travel.
Thou hast made herbs to grow for our enjoyment: yea, thou hast won thee praise from living creatures.

Verse 2 and 9 describe Parjanya as a violent god, slaying demons and chastising the wicked. Verses 3 to 5 describe thunderstorm and torrential rain (Monsoon) as a gift from a benevolent god, feeding plant and animal life, and "liberating the streams", an important mythological motive of the Rigveda, again connected with Indra. In verse 10, Parjanya having bestowed the beneficient rain is asked to cease again. For the band Monsoon see Sheila Chandra Monsoon in the Vindhya, a mountain chain in central India A monsoon is a periodic wind, especially in the Indian Ocean and southern Asia. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Glory of Krsna's Birth (1130 words)
Parjanya's auspicious birth, which identified him with the twice born as well as the cowherds, is confirmed in the Bhagavata in the words of his son, Nanda, wherein he told Gargacarya to perform the sacrament of the twice born for his own son (SB 10.8.10).
Parjanya was as magnanimous as his namesake, the cloud, for he bestowed charity in the form of his wealth of milk products in all directions, as does the cloud pour rain indiscriminately.
So it was that when Parjanya appropriately passed the kingdom of the cowherds to his eldest son, Upananda, he in turn, as the very first act of his rein, crowned his brother Nanda, claming himself to be but a “little (upa) Nanda.” This act met with the approval of all.
Parjanya - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (688 words)
In Hinduism, Parjanya (parjánya) is the Vedic Sanskrit for "rain" or "raincloud".
Personified, it is the deity of rain, often identified with Indra, the "Bull" of the Rigveda, but also associated with Varuna as a deity of clouds and as punishing sinners.
Verses 3 to 5 describe thunderstorm and torrential rain (Monsoon) as a gift from a benevolent god, feeding plant and animal life, and "liberating the streams", an important mythological motive of the Rigveda, again connected with Indra.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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