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Encyclopedia > Paris Observatory

Coordinates: 48°50′11.18″N, 2°20′11.42″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Paris Observatory
Paris Observatory

The Paris Observatory (in French, Observatoire de Paris or Observatoire de Paris-Meudon) is the foremost astronomical observatory of France, and one of the largest astronomical centers in the world. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A giant Hubble mosaic of the Crab Nebula, a supernova remnant Astronomy (also frequently referred to as astrophysics) is the scientific study of celestial objects (such as stars, planets, comets, and galaxies) and phenomena that originate outside the Earths atmosphere (such as the cosmic background radiation). ...


Administratively, it is a "great establishment" of the ministry charged with higher education, with a status close to that of a public university. Its missions include: The grands établissements (Great Establishments) are French public institutions under ministerial charter within the Ministry of National Education, Advanced Instruction, and Research. ... Categories: French government | France-related stubs | Education in France ...

  • research in astronomy and astrophysics;
  • education (four graduate programs, Ph.D. studies);
  • diffusion of knowledge to the public.

It maintains a solar observatory at Meudon ( 48°48′18.32″N, 2°13′51.61″E) and a radio astronomy observatory at Nançay. It was also the home to the International Time Bureau until its dissolution in 1987 (Guinot, 2000). Spiral Galaxy ESO 269-57 Astrophysics is the branch of astronomy that deals with the physics of the universe, including the physical properties (luminosity, density, temperature, and chemical composition) of celestial objects such as stars, galaxies, and the interstellar medium, as well as their interactions. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... Meudon is a suburb of Paris in the department of Hauts-de-Seine in northern France. ... Nançay Radio Telescope primary mirror. ... The Bureau International de lHeure (BIH) or the International Time Bureau, seated at the Paris Observatory, was the international bureau responsible for combining different measurements of Universal Time. ...

Contents

History

Meridian Room (or Cassini Room) at the Paris Observatory. The Paris Meridian is traced on the floor.
Meridian Room (or Cassini Room) at the Paris Observatory. The Paris Meridian is traced on the floor.

Its foundation lies in the ambitions of Jean-Baptiste Colbert to extend France's maritime power and international trade in the 17th Century. Louis XIV promoted its construction starting in 1667, its being completed in 1671. The architect was probably Claude Perrault whose brother, Charles, was secretary to Colbert and superintendent of public works. Optical instruments were supplied by Giuseppe Campani. The buildings were extended in 1730, 1810, 1834, 1850, and 1951. The last extension incorporates the spectacular Meridian room designed by Jean Prouvé. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 230 KB) Salle Méridienne (dite salle Cassini), Observatoire de Paris File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Paris Observatory Paris Meridian Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 230 KB) Salle Méridienne (dite salle Cassini), Observatoire de Paris File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Paris Observatory Paris Meridian Metadata This file contains additional... Meridian Room (or Cassini Room) at the Paris Observatory. ... Jean-Baptiste Colbert Jean-Baptiste Colbert (August 29, 1619 – September 6, 1683) served as the French minister of finance from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV. He achieved a reputation for his work of improving the state of French manufacturing and bringing the economy back from... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... “Sun King” redirects here. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... Events May 9 - Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London. ... An architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person who is involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... Though Claude Perrault (Paris, 1613 - Paris, 1688) is best known as the architect of the eastern range of the Louvre in Paris, he also achieved success as physician and anatomist, and as an author, who wrote treatises on physics and natural history. ... Charles Perrault, 1665 Charles Perrault (January 6, 1628 – May 16, 1703) was a French author who laid foundations for a new literary genre, the fairy tale, and whose best known tales include Le Petit Chaperon rouge (Little Red Riding Hood), La Belle au bois dormant (Sleeping Beauty), Le Chat bott... Jean-Baptiste Colbert Jean-Baptiste Colbert (August 29, 1619 – September 6, 1683) served as the French minister of finance from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV. He achieved a reputation for his work of improving the state of French manufacturing and bringing the economy back from... Giuseppe Campani (1635-1715) was an Italian optician and astronomer who lived in Rome during the latter half of the 17th century. ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births April 16 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The world's first national almanac, the Connaissance des temps was published by the observatory in 1679, using eclipses in Jupiter's satellites to aid sea-fairers in establishing longitude. In 1863, the observatory published the first modern weather maps. In 1882, a 33 cm astrographic lens was constructed, an instrument that catalysed the ill-fated, international Carte du Ciel project. Events January 24 - King Charles II of England disbands Parliament August 7 - The brigantine Le Griffon, which was commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes. ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 70 kPa Hydrogen ~86% Helium ~14% Methane 0. ... Longitude is the east-west geographic coordinate measurement most commonly utilized in cartography and global navigation. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... These symbols, showing various weather fronts, might be found on a weather map. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... A 13-inch, f/5. ... A lens. ... Carte du Ciel (Map of the Sky) was an international project to map the positions of millions of stars — that is to say, of all stars to the 11th or 12th magnitude. ...


In November 1913, the Paris Observatory, using the Eiffel Tower as an antenna, exchanged sustained wireless (radio) signals with the United States Naval Observatory to determine the exact difference of longitude between the two institutions.[1] Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris, France. ... A Yagi-Uda beam antenna Short Wave Curtain Antenna (Moosbrunn, Austria) A building rooftop supporting numerous dish and sectored mobile telecommunications antennas (Doncaster, Victoria, Australia) An antenna is a transducer designed to transmit or receive radio waves which are a class of electromagnetic waves. ... Aerial view of USNO. The United States Naval Observatory (USNO) is one of the oldest scientific agencies in the United States. ...


Former directors

Giovanni Domenico (Jean-Dominique) Cassini Portrait Giovanni Domenico Cassini (June 8, 1625–September 14, 1712) was an Italian astronomer, engineer, and astrologer. ... // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... Jacques Cassini (February 8, 1677 - April 18, 1756) was a French astronomer, son of Giovanni Domenico Cassini Cassini was born at the Paris Observatory. ... 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... César-François Cassini de Thury (June 17, 1714 – September 4, 1784) was a French astronomer, son of Jacques Cassini. ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Jacques Dominique, comte de Cassini (June 30, 1748 – October 18, 1845) was a French astronomer, son of César-François Cassini de Thury. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Joseph Jérôme Lefrançais de Lalande (July 11, 1732 – April 4, 1807) was a French astronomer. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF... Pierre François André Méchain (August 16, 1744 – September 20, 1804) was a French astronomer. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre (September 19, 1749 in Amiens – August 19, 1822 in Paris) was a French mathematician and astronomer. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Alexis Bouvard (June 27, 1767 - June 7, 1843) was a French astronomer, born in Contamines, France. ... Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... François Arago François Jean Dominique Arago (February 26, 1786 – October 2, 1853) was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, and politician. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Urbain Le Verrier. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Charles-Eugène Delaunay (April 9, 1816 – August 5, 1872) was a French astronomer and mathematician. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Urbain Le Verrier. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Amédée Ernest Barthélemy Mouchez (August 24, 1821 – June 29, 1892) was a 19th century French naval officer who became director of the Paris Observatory and launched the ill-fated Carte du Ciel project in 1887. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... François Félix Tisserand (January 13, 1845 - October 20, 1896) was a French astronomer. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... Maurice (Moritz) Loewy (April 15, 1833 – October 15, 1907) was a French astronomer. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image:BenjaminBaillaud. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Henri Alexandre Deslandres (July 24, 1853 – January 15, 1948) was a French astronomer, director of the Meudon and Paris Observatories. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ernest Benjamin Esclangon (March 17, 1876 – January 28, 1954) was a French astronomer and mathematician. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... André-Louis Danjon (April 6, 1890 – April 21, 1967) was a French astronomer born in Caen, France. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...

Facilities

Paris

Meudon

Nançay

Saint-Véran

Also known as the Observatoire du Pic de Château Renard, the Observatoire de Saint-Véran was built in 1974 on top of the Pic de Château Renard (2900 m), on the commune of Saint-Véran in the Haut Queyras (Hautes Alpes département). A coronograph was in operation there for ten years; the dome was moved there from the Perrault building of the Observatoire de Paris. A blonde haired, very skilled worker with a 70s look. ... Saint-Véran is a village and commune of the Hautes-Alpes département, in France. ... Hautes-Alpes is a département in southeastern France named after the Alps mountain range. ...


Nowadays, the AstroQueyras amateur astronomy association operates the facility, using a 60 cm telescope on loan from the Observatoire de Haute Provence. Numerous asteroids have been discovered there. [1] The Observatoire de Haute-Provence (OHP, Haute-Provence Observatory in English) was established in 1937 as a national facility for French astronomers. ... 253 Mathilde, a C-type asteroid. ...


See also

  • Grands établissements

The grands établissements are French public institutions under ministerial charter. ...

External links

  • Official website
  • Observatoire de Paris

References

  1. ^ "Paris Time By Wireless," New York Times, Nov 22, 1913, pg 1.

Sources


  Results from FactBites:
 
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United States Naval Observatory a federal astronomical observatory, located in Washington, D. It evolved from the Navy's oldest scientific institution, the Depot of Charts and Instruments, founded in 1830; the observatory was completed in 1844 and moved to its present site in 1893.
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