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Encyclopedia > Parents Music Resource Center
Tipper Gore, founder of the Parents Music Resource Center
Tipper Gore, founder of the Parents Music Resource Center

The Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC) was an American committee formed in 1985 by four women: Tipper Gore, wife of Senator and later Vice President Al Gore; Susan Baker, wife of Treasury Secretary James Baker; Pam Howar, wife of Washington realtor Raymond Howar; and Sally Nevius, wife of Washington City Council Chairman John Nevius. They were known as the "Washington wives" — a reference to their husbands' connections with the federal government. The Center eventually grew to include 22 directors. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Tgore. ... Image File history File links Tgore. ... Mary Elizabeth Aitcheson Gore (born August 19, 1948), known as Tipper Gore, is the wife of former Vice President Al Gore and was the Second Lady of the United States from 1993 until 2001. ... Mary Elizabeth Aitcheson Gore (born August 19, 1948), known as Tipper Gore, is the wife of former Vice President Al Gore and was the Second Lady of the United States from 1993 until 2001. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... The Vice President of the United States[1] (sometimes referred to as VPOTUS[2] or Veep) is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. ... This article is about the former Vice President of the United States. ... The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, concerned with finance and monetary matters, and, until 2003, some issues of national security and defense. ... James Addison Baker III (born April 28, 1930) served as the Chief of Staff in President Ronald Reagans first administration, Secretary of the Treasury from 1985 to 1988 in the second Reagan administration, and Secretary of State in the administration of President George H. W. Bush. ... ... The Council of the District of Columbia is the legislative branch of the local government of Washington, D.C.. As such, it is analogous to the city councils of other cities in the United States, but in some manners it is also analogous to state legislatures. ...


The PMRC claimed that popular music, and especially hard rock, punk rock and heavy metal music, was partially responsible for the perceived contemporary increase in violence, rape, teenage pregnancy, and teen suicide. The group's mission was "to educate and inform parents" about "the growing trend in music towards lyrics that are sexually explicit, excessively violent, or glorify the use of drugs and alcohol," and to seek the rating of music. Even though the PMRC was meant to do damage to record sales of the artist who made the songs with explicit lyrics, Bret Michaels, of Poison, Nikki Sixx of Mötley Crüe, and Frankie Banali of Quiet Riot all stated on Vh1's "Heavy: The Story of Metal"" that the PMRC was one of the best things to happen to rock music since it almost guaranteed that disgruntled children would buy the record in question. For the music genre, see Pop music. ... Hard Rock redirects here. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... Look up lyrics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sexually explicit material (video, photography, creative writing) presents sexual content without deliberately obscuring or censoring it. ... For other uses, see Violence (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Bret Michael Sychak, also known as Bret Michaels, (born March 15, 1963 in Butler, Pennsylvania) is best known as the lead vocalist of the glam metal band Poison and stars in the reality show Rock of Love with Bret Michaels on VH1. ... Poison is an American glam metal band which originally achieved popular success in the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Nikki Sixx (born Frank Carlton Serafino Feranna, Jr. ... Mötley Crüe (pronounced Motley Crew) is an American heavy metal band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1980. ... Frankie Banali has been one of the former drummers of the heavy metal band Quiet Riot. ... Quiet Riot is an American heavy metal band, whose 1983 & 1984 success contributed to launching the 1980s glam metal scene. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994 and VH1: Music First until 2003) is an American digital television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently...

Contents

Background and formation

In October 1984, the National Parent-Teacher Association (PTA) sent a letter to 30 record labels and to the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), proposing the music industry label records that contained "explicit lyrics or content", in order to "take the element of surprise out of buying an album". However, initially none of the record companies agreed to the PTA's proposal. A response letter from RIAA President Stanley Gortikov stated that: "There are wide variations, company to company, within our industry in respect to artists, contractual relationships, marketing considerations and product services." A Parent-Teacher Association (PTA) is a voluntary organization bringing together parents and teachers of pupils in a particular school or school district, usually for fund-raising, building parental involvement at school and other activities relating to the welfare of the school, rather than the progress of individual pupils. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... RIAA redirects here. ...


The formation of the PMRC began in 1984 after Tipper Gore, along with her daughter Karenna, heard Prince's song "Darling Nikki." This track, which appears on the soundtrack to the film Purple Rain, contains references to sex and masturbation ("I knew a girl named Nikki/I guess you could say she was a sex fiend/I met her in a hotel lobby/Masturbating with a magazine"). The Artist redirects here. ... Darling Nikki is a song written and originally released by Prince on his Grammy nominated 1984 album Purple Rain. ... Purple Rain is a 1984 feature film directed by Albert Magnoli and written by Magnoli and William Blinn. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Woman masturbating, 1913 drawing by Gustav Klimt. ...


Gore watched other rock music videos and concluded: "The images frightened my children, they frightened me! The graphic sex and the violence were too much for us to handle." Susan Baker became alarmed when she heard her seven-year-old daughter singing along with Madonna songs that Baker considered "suggestive." Gore and Baker, along with Howar and Nevius, formed the PMRC in May 1985. A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... This article is about the American entertainer. ...


The PMRC claimed that the change in rock music was attributable to the decay of the nuclear family in America.[1] Gore asserted that families are "haven[s] of moral stability" which protect children from outside influence, and that without the family structure rock music was "infecting the youth of the world with messages they cannot handle." The term nuclear family developed in the western world to distinguish the family group consisting of parents (usually a father and mother) and their children, from what is known as an extended family. ...


Actions

As a method of combating this alleged problem, the PMRC suggested a voluntary move by the RIAA and the music industry to develop "guidelines and/or a rating system" similar to the MPAA film rating system. Additional suggestions from the PMRC that appeared in an article in the Washington Post included: printing warnings and lyrics on album covers, forcing record stores to put albums with explicit covers under the counters, pressuring television stations not to broadcast explicit songs or videos, "reassess[ing]" the contracts of musicians who performed violently or sexually in concert, and creating a panel to set industry standards. This article led to the removal of rock music and magazines from American stores including Wal-Mart, J.C. Penney, Sears, and Fred Meyer. RIAA redirects here. ... The MPAA film rating system is a system used in the United States and territories and instituted by the Motion Picture Association of America to rate a movie based on its content. ... ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... This article is about the department store chain. ... Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ... An unrelated hypermarket chain is Meijer. ...


The PMRC also released the "Filthy Fifteen", a list of the fifteen songs they found most objectionable:

# Artist Song title Lyrical content
1 Prince "Darling Nikki" Sex/Masturbation
2 Sheena Easton "Sugar Walls" Sex
3 Judas Priest "Eat Me Alive" Sex
4 Vanity "Strap on Robbie Baby" Sex
5 Mötley Crüe "Bastard" Violence
6 AC/DC "Let Me Put My Love into You" Sex
7 Twisted Sister "We're Not Gonna Take It" Violence
8 Madonna "Dress You Up" Sex
9 W.A.S.P. "Animal (Fuck Like a Beast)" Sex/Language
10 Def Leppard "High 'n' Dry (Saturday Night)" Drug and Alcohol Use
11 Mercyful Fate "Into the Coven" Occult
12 Black Sabbath "Trashed" Drug and Alcohol Use
13 Mary Jane Girls "In My House" Sex
14 Venom "Possessed" Occult
15 Cyndi Lauper "She Bop" Sex/Masturbation

The PMRC also advocated against supposed subliminal backmasking in records,[2] and accused bands including Styx, Rush, Pink Floyd, Van Halen, Kiss, and Queen of backmasking to promote Satanism and drug use.[3] Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... Darling Nikki is a song written and originally released by Prince on his Grammy nominated 1984 album Purple Rain. ... Woman masturbating, 1913 drawing by Gustav Klimt. ... Sheena Easton (born Sheena Shirley Orr on April 27, 1959, Bellshill, North Lanarkshire, Scotland) is a Scottish two time Grammy Award-winning pop singer and theatre & television actress. ... second single from Sheena Easton that also reached the Filthy Fifteen in 1985 ... For other uses, see Judas priest (curse). ... Defenders of the Faith is the 10th album by British heavy metal band Judas Priest. ... Vanity is the most popular stage name used by singer/actress/model Denise Katrina Matthews (born January 4, 1959 in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada). ... Mötley Crüe (pronounced Motley Crew) is an American heavy metal band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1980. ... Bastard is a song by the rock band Mötley Crüe, from the album Shout At The Devil released in 1983. ... This article is about the band. ... This song, written by AC/DC, was listed as number seven of the filthy fifteen list put out by the PMRS. ... Twisted Sister is an American hard rock band from New York City. ... Were Not Gonna Take It is a 1984 hit song by the band Twisted Sister from their album Stay Hungry. ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... Like a Virgin track listing Love Dont Live Here Anymore (5) Dress You Up (6) Shoo-Bee-Doo (7) Dress You Up is a 1984 song by Madonna, composed by Andrea LaRusso and Peggy Stanziale. ... W.A.S.P. is an American heavy metal band formed in 1982. ... Animal (Fuck Like A Beast) is a song by Blackie Lawless, released as the first single by W.A.S.P.. History Recorded in early 1984, the debut single intended for the self-titled album of W.A.S.P. was close to not being released at all after being... Def Leppard are an English hard rock band from Sheffield who formed in 1977 as part of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal movement. ... High n Dry (Saturday Night) is the 1981 title track by British hard rock band Def Leppard from their multi-platinum album High n Dry. ... Mercyful Fate is an influential Danish heavy metal group who are often cited among the influences in the black metal, thrash metal, power metal, and progressive metal genres. ... In 1983 danish Heavy/Black Metal band Mercyful Fate released their stunning debut Melissa. ... For other uses, see Occult (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Black Sabbath (disambiguation). ... Born Again is Black Sabbaths eleventh studio album, released in August 1983. ... The Mary Jane Girls are a popular American R&B, Soul, Funk and Pop group from the 1980s. ... The Mary Jane Girls are a popular American R&B, Soul, Funk and Pop group from the 1980s. ... Venom are a heavy metal band, formed in late 1979 in Newcastle upon Tyne, England. ... Possessed is the fourth album by Venom Track Listing Powerdrive Flytrap Satanachist Were Gonna Burn This Place To The Ground Harmony Dies Possessed Hellchild Moonshine Suffer Not The Children Voyeur Mistique Too Loud (For The Croud) Personnel Cronos - Vocals, Bass Guitar Mantas - Guitar Abaddon - Drums Categories: | | ... Cynthia Ann Stephanie Cyndi Lauper (born June 22, 1953) is an American Grammy Award- winning singer, MTV VMA-winning video and Emmy Award-winning film, television and theatre actress. ... She Bop was the third commercially released solo single by singer Cyndi Lauper. ... Backmasking (also known incorrectly as backward masking)[1] is a recording technique in which a sound or message is recorded backwards onto a track that is meant to be played forwards. ... Styx (pronounced sticks) is an American rock band that was popular in the 1970s and 1980s, with such hits as Come Sail Away, Babe, Lady, Suite Madame Blue, Mr. ... Rush is a Canadian rock band originally formed in August 1968, in the Willowdale neighbourhood of Toronto, Ontario; presently comprised of bassist, keyboardist, and lead vocalist Geddy Lee, guitarist Alex Lifeson, and drummer and lyricist Neil Peart. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... This article is about the band Van Halen. ... Kiss is an American rock band formed in New York City in January 1973. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bassist John Deacon joining the following year. ...


Senate hearing

  • Transcript

[4] In August 1985, 19 record companies agreed to put "Parental Guidance: Explicit Lyrics" labels on albums to warn of explicit lyrical content. However, before the labels could be put into place, the Senate agreed to hold a hearing on so-called "porn rock". This began on 19 September 1985, when representatives from the PMRC, three musicians, and Senators Paula Hawkins and Al Gore testified before the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee on "the subject of the content of certain sound recordings and suggestions that recording packages be labeled to provide a warning to prospective purchasers of sexually explicit or other potentially offensive content." Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Paula Hawkins (born January 24, 1927) is an American politician from Florida. ... This article is about the former Vice President of the United States. ... The Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation is a standing committee of the United States Senate in charge of all senate matters related to the following subjects: Coast Guard Coastal zone management Communications Highway safety Inland waterways, except construction Interstate commerce Marine and ocean navigation, safety, and transportation Marine...


Supporting witnesses

Paula Hawkins presented three record covers (Pyromania by Def Leppard, W.O.W. by Wendy O. Williams and Animal (Fuck Like a Beast) by W.A.S.P.) and the music videos for "Hot for Teacher", by Van Halen, and "We're Not Gonna Take It", by Twisted Sister, commenting: "Much has changed since Elvis' seemingly innocent times. Subtleties, suggestions, and innuendo have given way to overt expressions and descriptions of often violent sexual acts, drug taking, and flirtations with the occult. The record album covers to me are self-explanatory." Paula Hawkins (born January 24, 1927) is an American politician from Florida. ... Pyromania is the third album by British hard rock band Def Leppard, released in 1983. ... Def Leppard are an English hard rock band from Sheffield who formed in 1977 as part of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal movement. ... Wendy O. Williams W.O.W. album, produced by Gene Simmons in 1984. ... Animal (Fuck Like A Beast) is a song by Blackie Lawless, released as the first single by W.A.S.P.. History Recorded in early 1984, the debut single intended for the self-titled album of W.A.S.P. was close to not being released at all after being... W.A.S.P. is an American heavy metal band formed in 1982. ... Hot For Teacher is a song on Van Halens successful MCMLXXXIV album. ... This article is about the band Van Halen. ... Were Not Gonna Take It is a 1984 hit song by the band Twisted Sister from their album Stay Hungry. ... Twisted Sister is an American hard rock band from New York City. ...


Susan Baker testified that "There certainly are many causes for these ills in our society, but it is our contention that the pervasive messages aimed at children which promote and glorify suicide, rape, sadomasochism, and so on, have to be numbered among the contributing factors." Tipper Gore asked record companies to voluntarily "plac[e] a warning label on music products inappropriate for younger children due to explicit sexual or violent lyrics."


National PTA Vice President for Legislative Activity Millie Waterman related the PTA's role in the debate, and proposed printing the symbol "R" on the cover of recordings containing "explicit sexual language, violence, profanity, the occult and glorification of drugs and alcohol," and providing lyrics for "R"-labeled albums.


In addition, Dr. Joe Stuessy, a professor at the University of Texas at San Antonio, spoke regarding the power of music to influence behavior. He argued that heavy metal was different from earlier forms of music such as jazz and rock and roll because it was "mean-spirited" and "had as one of its central elements the element of hatred." Dr. Paul King, a child and adolescent psychiatrist, testified on the deification of heavy metal musicians, and to the presentation of heavy metal as a religion. He also stated that many adolescents read deeply into song lyrics. UTSA is San Antonios largest university. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... For other uses, see Psychiatrist (disambiguation). ... Apotheosis - the posthumous transformation of a Roman emperor into a god, Theosis - being unified with God in East Orthodox theology of salvation, Assigning divine qualities to any mortal and, usually, worshipping that person as if they were a supernatural being. ...


Opposing witnesses

During his statement, musician and producer Frank Zappa asserted that "the PMRC proposal is an ill-conceived piece of nonsense which fails to deliver any real benefits to children, infringes the civil liberties of people who are not children, and promises to keep the courts busy for years dealing with the interpretational and enforcemental problems inherent in the proposal's design." He went on to state his suspicion that the hearings were a front for H.R. 2911, a proposed blank tape tax: "The major record labels need to have H.R. 2911 whiz through a few committees before anybody smells a rat. One of them is chaired by Senator Thurmond. Is it a coincidence that Mrs. Thurmond is affiliated with the PMRC?" Zappa had earlier stated about the Senate's agreement to hold a hearing on the matter that "A couple of blowjobs here and there and Bingo! — you get a hearing."[5] In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Frank Vincent Zappa[1] (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, musician, and film director. ... A private copying levy (also known as blank media tax or levy) is a government-mandated scheme in which a special tax or levy (additional to any general sales tax) is charged on purchases of recordable media. ... James Strom Thurmond (December 5, 1902 – June 26, 2003) was an American politician who served as governor of South Carolina and as a United States Senator representing that state. ... Oral sex consists of all the sexual activities that involve the use of the mouth, tongue, etc. ...


Folk rock musician John Denver stated he was "strongly opposed to censorship of any kind in our society or anywhere else in the world", and that in his experience censors often misinterpret music, as was the case with his song "Rocky Mountain High". In addition, Denver expressed his belief that censorship is counterproductive: "That which is denied becomes that which is most desired, and that which is hidden becomes that which is most interesting. Consequently, a great deal of time and energy is spent trying to get at what is being kept from you." Incidentally, when John came up to give his speech, many on the PMRC board expected him to side with them thinking he would be offended by the lyrics as well but instead defended them. Bob Dylans folk-rock album, Blonde on Blonde Folk-rock is a musical genre, combining elements of folk music and rock music. ... John Denver (December 31, 1943 â€“ October 12, 1997), born Henry John Deutschendorf, Jr. ... Rocky Mountain High is a folk-rock song written by John Denver and Mike Taylor about Colorado,and should be considered as Colorados Official state song, although lawmakers have yet to make this decision. ...


Dee Snider, frontman and lead singer of hair metal band Twisted Sister, testified that he "[did] not support [...] Mr. Gortikov's unnecessary and unfortunate decision to agree to a so-called generic label on some selected records".[6] Like John Denver, Snider felt that his music had been misinterpreted. He defended the Twisted Sister songs "Under the Blade", which had been interpreted as referring to sadomasochism, bondage, and rape, and "We're Not Gonna Take It", which had been accused of promoting violence. Snider said about "Under the Blade", a song Snider claimed was written about an impending surgery, that "the only sadomasochism, bondage, and rape in this song is in the mind of Ms. Gore." He stated, "Ms. Gore was looking for sadomasochism and bondage, and she found it. Someone looking for surgical references would have found it as well." Snider concluded that "The full responsibility for defending children falls on the shoulders of my wife and I, because there is no one else capable of making these judgments for us." David Daniel Dee Snider (born March 15, 1955) is an American musician, radio personality, and actor. ... Frontman (also front man) is a term referring to the lead singer or band leader of a music group. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Classic Metal. ... Twisted Sister is an American hard rock band from New York City. ... Under the Blade was a single released by American heavy metal band Twisted Sister in 1979. ... Flogging demonstration at Folsom Street Fair 2004. ... A model in bondage cuffs with a leg spreader In the context of BDSM, bondage involves people being tied up or otherwise restrained for pleasure. ... Were Not Gonna Take It is a 1984 hit song by the band Twisted Sister from their album Stay Hungry. ...


Notable snippets of audio from the hearing found their way into Zappa's audiocollage "Porn Wars", released on the Frank Zappa Meets the Mothers of Prevention album. Senators Gore, Hollings, Gorton, Hawkins, and others appeared. The album cover featured a parody of the RIAA warning label. The LP included a note to listeners to send to Zappa's Barking Pumpkin Records for a free "Z-PAC", a printed information package that included transcripts of the committee hearing, and a letter from Zappa encouraging young people to register to vote. Frank Zappa Meets the Mothers of Prevention is a 1985 album by Frank Zappa. ... This article is about the former Vice President of the United States. ... Ernest Frederick Fritz Hollings (born January 1, 1922) was a Democratic United States Senator from South Carolina from 1966 to January 3, 2005. ... Slade Gorton Thomas Slade Gorton III (born January 8, 1928) is an American politician. ... Paula Hawkins (born January 24, 1927) is an American politician from Florida. ... A 12-inch record (left), a 7-inch record (right), and a CD (above) Two 7 singles (left), two colored 7 singles (middle), and two 7 singles with large spindle holes (right). ... Barking Pumpkin Records was created by Frank Zappa in 1981 after leaving Mercury Records because they wouldnt release his single “I Don’t Wanna Get Drafted” in 1980. ...


The Tipper Sticker

Main article: Parental Advisory

On November 1, 1985, before the hearing ended, the RIAA agreed to put "Parental Advisory: Explicit Lyrics" labels on selected releases at their own discretion. The labels were generic, unlike the original idea of a descriptive label categorizing the explicit lyrics. For the book of the same name, see Parental Advisory: Music Censorship in America. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The RIAA Logo. ...


Many record stores refused to sell albums containing the label (most notably Wal-Mart), and others limited sales of those albums to minors. The label became known as the "Tipper sticker". Some politicians attempted to criminalize the sale of explicit records to minors, while others attempted to completely ban such records.[citation needed] Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... For the book of the same name, see Parental Advisory: Music Censorship in America. ...


Many musicians have criticized or parodied the PMRC and Tipper Gore:

  • The song 'Rock You To Hell' off of the album of the same name by HM band GRIM REAPER is a protest song against the PMRC's attempts to censor music.
  • As an early parody of the PMRC "explicit lyrics" warning labels, many prints of Metallica's 1986 release of their album Master Of Puppets sported a sticker on the front in the shape of a stop-sign saying:

"THE ONLY TRACK YOU PROBABLY WON'T WANT TO PLAY IS "DAMAGE, INC." DUE TO THE MULTIPLE USE OF THE INFAMOUS "F" WORD. OTHERWISE, THERE AREN'T ANY "SHITS," "FUCKS," "PISSES," "CUNTS," "MOTHERFUCKERS," OR "COCKSUCKERS" ANYWHERE ON THIS RECORD" Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... For the Metallica song of the same name, see Master of Puppets (song). ...

Yo Tip, what's the matter? You ain't gettin' no dick?
You're bitchin' about rock'n'roll, that's censorship, dumb bitch
The Constitution says we all got a right to speak
Say what we want Tip, your argument is weak NOFX is an American punk rock band formed in Los Angeles, California (now based in San Francisco), in 1983. ... The P.M.R.C. Can Suck on This! is an EP by punk band NOFX recorded in 1986 for a 1987 release. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Megadeth is an American heavy metal band led by founder, frontman, guitarist, and songwriter Dave Mustaine. ... So Far, So Good. ... The adjective Orwellian describes the situation, idea, or societal condition that George Orwell identified as being inimical to the welfare of a free-society. ... This article is about the Orwell novel. ... In My Darkest Hour is a song on Megadeths third album, So Far, So Good. ... Megadeth is an American heavy metal band led by founder, frontman, guitarist, and songwriter Dave Mustaine. ... David Ellefson (born November 12, 1964 in Jackson, Minnesota) is a bass guitar player who is best known as a former member of the thrash metal band Megadeth. ... Tracy Marrow (born February 16, 1958)[1], better known by stage name Ice-T, and nickname is an American rapper, rock musician, author, former United States Army soldier, and actor. ... The Iceberg/Freedom of Speech. ...

In his book The Ice Opinion, Ice-T wrote, "Tipper Gore is the only woman I ever directly called a bitch on any of my records, and I meant that in the most negative sense of the word".[8] On "You Shoulda Killed Me Last Year", his spoken-word outro to his classic O.G. Original Gangster album, he curses the CIA, the LAPD, FBI, George Bush Sr. and Tipper Gore.
  • The liner notes of Sonic Youth's 1990 album Goo include a cartoon with the caption "SMASH THE PMRC".[9]
  • The song Shelter Me, from glam metal group Cinderella's 1990 album Heartbreak Station, contained a lyric which mockingly noted that "Tipper led the war against the record industry/She said she saw the devil on her MTV."
  • In 1990, thrash/hardcore group Suicidal Tendencies released a song called "Lovely" on their Lights...Camera...Revolution! album, which has a mockingly clean/positive atmosphere to it and even addresses Tipper Gore by name.
  • A minute-long track tagged onto the end of Warrant's 1990 Cherry Pie was titled "Ode to Tipper Gore" and featured nothing but various swear words recorded in rapid-fire order from past concerts.
  • US Thrash Metal band Flotsam and Jetsam (band) recorded the song "Hard On You" on their 1988 album No Place For Disgrace which deals openly with the topic and accuses the PMRC of limiting their artistic right without mentioning the PMRC or Tipper Gore directly. Lines like "One that's young sees the circled "R", does he buy it?" and "If your committee is so damn right, why did we write this song?" leave no room for misinterpretation though.
  • The Ramones' 1992 album Mondo Bizarro contained the song "Censorshit", which proposes that the sticker is "just a smoke screen for the real problems. S&L deficit, the homeless, the environment."
  • Anthrax's "Startin' Up a Posse", from their 1991 release Attack of the Killer B's, states that "These seven words you're trying to take / Shit, fuck, satan, death, sex, drugs, rape / Right or wrong it's our choice to make".

let's kill the cops, the C.I.A
the F.B.I, the P.T.A
the N.F.L, the P.M.R.C
let's kill you and let's kill me
O.G. Original Gangster is the fourth album by Ice T. Released in 1991, the album has been praised by many as the artists best album. ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... The Los Angeles Police Department (usually known as the LAPD) is the police department of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... Order: 41st President Term of Office: January 20, 1989–January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts Date of death: Place of death: First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican Vice President: Dan Quayle George... Mary Elizabeth Aitcheson Gore (born August 19, 1948), known as Tipper Gore, is the wife of former Vice President Al Gore and was the Second Lady of the United States from 1993 until 2001. ... Sonic Youth is an American alternative rock band formed in New York City in 1981. ... Goo is an album by alternative rock band Sonic Youth, released on June 26, 1990. ... Shelter Me was the lead single from Cinderellas third album, Heartbreak Station. ... Glam metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music that arose in the late 1970s - early 1980s in the United States. ... Cinderella is an American blues based hard rock and glam metal band most known during the 1980s and early 1990s. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. ... Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... Suicidal Tendencies is an American hardcore punk / crossover thrash band formed in 1981 in Venice, California. ... Singles from Released: 1990 Released: 1990 Released: 1991 Lights. ... Warrant is an American glam metal band from Van Nuys, California which enjoyed its greatest success in the late 1980s and early 1990s with several multi-platinum albums, particularly the single and album Cherry Pie. ... Cherry Pie is the second music album by American glam metal band Warrant. ... Flotsam and Jetsam is a thrash metal band formed in Phoenix, Arizona in 1983. ... This article is about the band. ... Mondo Bizarro is an album by the punk rock group The Ramones, released in 1992 (see 1992 in music). ... Attack of the Killer Bs is the name of the fourth EP by the Thrash Metal band Anthrax. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Lollapaloozaratm. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Lollapaloozaratm. ... Rage Against the Machine is an American rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1991. ... Lollapalooza is an American music festival featuring rock, alternative rock, hip hop, and punk rock bands, dance and comedy performances, and craft booths. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Rage Against the Machine is an American rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1991. ... Lollapalooza is an American music festival featuring rock, alternative rock, hip hop, and punk rock bands, dance and comedy performances, and craft booths. ... A roll of silver duct tape. ... Audio feedback (also known as the Larsen effect after the Danish scientist, Søren Larsen, who first discovered its principles) is a special kind of feedback which occurs when a sound loop exists between an audio input (for example, a microphone or guitar pickup) and an audio output (for example... Tom Morello (born May 30, 1964, as Thomas Baptist Morello) is a Grammy Award-winning American guitarist of the band Rage Against the Machine. ... Tim Robert Commerford (born February 26, 1968 in Irvine, California), also known by his various monikers/stage names (Y. tim K. , Timmy C. , Simmering T, Tim Bob, and tim. ... On a firearm, a pistol grip is a portion of the gun which is held by the hand that orients the hand in a manner similar to the position one would take with a conventional pistol such as a Colt 1911. ... Leftöver Crack is a band that rose from the remains of the seminal ska/punk band Choking Victim, which released a small number of very-low budget albums in the mid-90s. ... Mediocre Generica is an album released by skacore band Leftöver Crack. ...

Is this the PMRC
Or is this the DEA
Or is this the CIA
I thought it was the USA
Anarchy in the U.K. is the title track of the first single by Sex Pistols, released on November 26, 1976. ... Mötley Crüe (pronounced Motley Crew) is an American heavy metal band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1980. ... DEA is an abbreviation of the following, among others: Dance Educators of America Drug Enforcement Administration (USA) TheDEA.org, a harm reduction web site. ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...

  • On the 2001 Dead Kennedys live album Mutiny on the Bay, during their song "M.T.V. - Get off the Air", lead singer Jello Biafra tells the audience to "buy a homemade [record] instead, before the PMRC closes the stores down that sell 'em". Biafra had earlier been brought to trial on charges of "distributing harmful matter to minors" in an incident involving the 1986 Dead Kennedys album Frankenchrist, which featured an insert of H R Giger's Penis Landscape and a parody sticker on the front cover reading:

"WARNING: The inside fold out to this record cover is a work of art by H.R. Giger that some people may find shocking, repulsive or offensive. Life can sometimes be that way."[11] The Dead Kennedys are a hardcore punk band from San Francisco, California. ... Mutiny on the Bay is a live album by the Dead Kennedys. ... Eric Reed Boucher (born June 17, 1958) is more widely known by the stage name Jello Biafra. ... The Dead Kennedys are a hardcore punk band from San Francisco, California. ... Frankenchrist was the third album released by the Dead Kennedys in 1985 on Alternative Tentacles. ... Birth machine Hans Ruedi Giger (IPA: ) (born at Chur, Grisons canton, February 5, 1940) is an Academy Award-winning Swiss painter, sculptor, and set designer best known for his design work on the film Alien. ... The Frankenchrist poster Penis Landscape, or Work 219: Landscape XX is a painting by H. R. Giger ,also known as Matt Rich. ...

  • On the song "Voldemort Can't Stop the Rock!" released on the 2004 album of the same name by Harry and the Potters contains the lyrics "And we won't let the Dark Lord ruin our party/ Just like Tipper Gore tried with the PMRC."

The power of the PMRC has greatly declined in recent years, especially with the growing popularity of rap and heavy metal (popular targets of the PMRC).[citation needed] Releases by independent, non-RIAA labels do not carry the sticker (often proudly). Still, the RIAA encourages the labeling of any album containing explicit lyrics. Harry and the Potters are an indie rock band and pioneers of wizard rock from Norwood, Massachusetts consisting of brothers Joe and Paul DeGeorge. ... This article is about the band Aerosmith. ... F.I.N.E. is a song by American hard rock band Aerosmith. ... This article is about the musical group. ... Cop Killer is a controversial song by a North American Rapmetal and Hardcore punk band Body Count. ... Cinderella is an American blues based hard rock and glam metal band most known during the 1980s and early 1990s. ... Shelter Me was the lead single from Cinderellas third album, Heartbreak Station. ... The Dead Milkmen was a satirical punk rock/pop band that formed in 1983 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem or Slim Shady, is a Grammy and Academy Award-winning American rapper, record producer and actor from the Detroit, Michigan area. ... Frank Vincent Zappa[1] (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, musician, and film director. ... Fishbone is an alternative rock band that plays a fusion of funk, ska, punk rock, reggae, heavy metal and more. ... Harry and the Potters are an indie rock band and pioneers of wizard rock from Norwood, Massachusetts consisting of brothers Joe and Paul DeGeorge. ... KMFDM is an industrial rock band and the brainchild of founding member Sascha Konietzko. ... Sucks is a KMFDM single released prior to the 1993 album Angst. ... Manic Street Preachers (often known colloquially as The Manics) are a Welsh rock band often associated with the Britpop scene, who gained mainstream popularity in the UK in the late 1990s. ... Ministry is an influential, Grammy-nominated American industrial metal band founded by frontman Al Jourgensen in 1981. ... Stigmata is a song by Industrial Metal band Ministry, released as a single from their 1988 album The Land of Rape and Honey. ... Mojo Nixon (born Neill Kirby McMillan, Jr. ... Sandy Pinkard and Richard Bowden are an American Country Music comedy duo (in the vein of Homer and Jethro), famous mostly for their parodies of popular country songs, some cowritten with Tim Wilson. ... This article is about the band. ... Censorshit is a song writen by Joey Ramone from The Ramones for their album Mondo Bizzaro. ... Suicidal Tendencies is an American hardcore punk / crossover thrash band formed in 1981 in Venice, California. ... You Cant Bring Me Down is a song by Suicidal Tendencies, released in 1990 on the Lights. ... Todd Harry Rundgren (born June 22, 1948 in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, USA), is an American musician, singer, songwriter and record producer. ... Warrant is an American glam metal band from Van Nuys, California which enjoyed its greatest success in the late 1980s and early 1990s with several multi-platinum albums, particularly the single and album Cherry Pie. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... In popular music, indie music (from independent) is any of a number of genres, scenes, subcultures and stylistic and cultural attributes, characterised by perceived independence from commercial pop music and mainstream culture and an autonomous, do-it-yourself (DIY) approach. ...


It is uncertain whether the Tipper sticker is effective in preventing children from being exposed to explicit content.[12] Some suggest that the sticker actually increases record sales. Philip Bailey stated that "For the most part [the sticker] might even sell more records in some areas - all you've got to do is tell somebody this is a no-no and then that's what they want to go see."[12] Ice-T's "Freedom of Speech" states that "Hey PMRC, you stupid fuckin' assholes/The sticker on the record is what makes 'em sell gold./Can't you see, you alcoholic idiots/The more you try to suppress us, the larger we get." And the Furnaceface song "We Love You, Tipper Gore", from 1991's album Just Buy It, suggests that the label "only whets my appetite ... only makes us want to hear it that much more". Philip Bailey (born May 8, 1951, Denver, Colorado) is an American R&B, soul, gospel and funk singer, best known as one of the longtime members of Earth, Wind & Fire. ... Furnaceface are a Canadian indie rock band. ...


See also

  • Warning: Parental Advisory
  • Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal (ISBN 0380811278), by Ian Christe, specifically Chapter 7: "The PMRC's Antimetal Panic" (summary)

Ian Christe (born 1970 in Biel/Bienne, Switzerland) is a writer. ...

References and external articles

Citations and notes

  1. ^ Short history of the PMRC by Censor This
  2. ^ Olcott, Ev. "Backwards Messages". Music And Technology. First Avenue. Retrieved on 2007-03-13.
  3. ^ Hunter, Jeff. Ridiculous claims from the PMRC. TOTSE. Retrieved on 2007-03-13.
  4. ^ United States Senate (1985): Record Labeling: Hearing before the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. United States Senate, Ninety-ninth Congress, First Session on Contents of Music and the Lyrics of Records (September 19, 1985). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  5. ^ Lyons, Steve; Batya Friedman (January-February 1987). "Winter in America". Option. Retrieved on 2007-04-07.
  6. ^ Snider's testimony is also available at VH1.
  7. ^ http://www.megadeth.com/_sections/scorpion/10_04_04.html
  8. ^ Ice-T: The Ice Opinion, page 98
  9. ^ http://www.sonicyouth.com/mustang/lp/lp08h.jpg
  10. ^ a b Micallef, Ken (March 1996), Rage Against The Machine's Brad Wilk, Modern Drummer. Retrieved February 17, 2007.
  11. ^ http://www.alternativetentacles.com/bandinfo.php?band=deadkennedys&page=2
  12. ^ a b http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/music/2010641.stm

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... TOTSE (IPA: , commonly mispronounced as IPA: and IPA: ) is a San Francisco Bay Area website and former BBS. The name is an acronym for Temple of the Screaming Electron. // TOTSE was started by Jeff Hunter (a founding member of NIRVANAnet)[specify] in 1989 as a dial-up BBS originally named... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Option (subtitled Music Alternatives, then Music Culture) was a music magazine based in Los Angeles, California. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Modern Drummer is the oldest magazine (still being published) devoted to the subject of drumming and percussion. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

General information

Websites

December 6, 2004 edition of Crossfire. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tipper Gore -- Gore-LIEberman 2000 unofficial campaign web site (2806 words)
In 1985, Tipper Gore made a name for herself as a crusader against "porn rock." She was a founding member of the Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC), a group which emerged overnight on the national media scene.
The PMRC’s mission was to clean up the sexually explicit music industry and it led to the September 1985 Senate rock hearing, at which Tipper appeared as a witness.
The music industry, rock stars and fans all squared off with Tipper, calling her an array of names, including a "cultural terrorist." Future Bill Clinton defender and porn publisher, Larry Flynt publisher of Hustler magazine, referred to her in manner that was unprintable by common decency standards.
Music Censorship- laws (568 words)
Therefore, when we speak of music censorship, we are usually referring to community or corporate attempts to regulate the society according to what they deem appropriate based on their standards and beliefs.
In 1990, The Parents' Music Resource Center (PMRC) and a serious of Senate hearings pressured the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) to introduce a uniform labeling system using the logo, "Parental Advisory- Explicit Lyrics." However, the RIAA did not give any standards, criteria or guidelines for determining which albums should be labeled.
Organizations that are involved in music censorship are radio stations, MTV, companys such as Walmart, and organizations such as the Parents' Music Resource Center (PMRC) are responsible for censoring and labeling albums.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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