FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
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Encyclopedia > Pardo
Pardo-Brazilian Flag of Brazil
Marina Silva • RonaldinhoRonaldoJuliana PaesZeca Pagodinho • Xanddy
Total population

79.782 milion or 42.6% of Brazilians[1] Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 419 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (889 × 1,272 pixels, file size: 835 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) العربية | | Deutsch | English | Español | فارسی | Français | Italiano | | | | Nederlands | Polski | Português | | Svenska | | | | +/- File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (768 × 1,024 pixels, file size: 479 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Category:Soccer players from Brazil File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (828x960, 83 KB) cropped from by me File links The following pages link to this file: Ronaldo ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 413 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (663 × 963 pixels, file size: 465 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) العربية | | Deutsch | English | Español | فارسی | Français | Italiano | | | | Nederlands | Polski | Português | | Svenska | | | | +/- File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other persons named Ronaldinho, see Ronaldinho (disambiguation). ... Ronaldo Luis Nazário de Lima (born September 22, 1976), is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Brazil and the Italian Serie A club AC Milan. ... Juliana Couto Paes (born March 26, 1979 in Rio Bonito, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) is a Brazilian actress of Black African and Brazilian Indian ancestry [1]. 2006 Pé na Jaca - Guinevere 2005 Taking the Life - Grace (special) 2005 America - Creusa 2003 Celebrity - Jackie Joy (Jaqueline Pig) 2003 A Casa das... Zeca Pagodinho performing Zeca Pagodinho (b. ...

Regions with significant populations
All Brazil
Language(s)
Predominantly Portuguese
Religion(s)
Roman Catholicism, Protestantism

In Brazil, the Pardos are a mixture of Europeans, Blacks and Amerindians, varying from light to dark complexion, as used by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in censuses since 1950. The word is Portuguese for "brown" or "grey-brown". The other classifications are "branco" (White), "negro" (Black), "amarelo" (yellow) (Asian), and "indígena" (Amerindian). The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... The European peoples are the various nations and ethnic groups of Europe. ... Afro-Brazilian or African Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or part-black, yet it is rarely used in Brazil. ... The Indigenous peoples in Brazil (provoke indía gnas in Portuguese) comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who inhabited the countrys present territory prior to its discovery by Europeans around 1500. ... IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ... For the ethnic group, see White people. ... Though most indigenous Africans possess relatively dark skin, they exhibit much variation in physical appearance. ... Asian people[1] is a demonym for people from Asia. ... Native Americans redirects here. ...


Pardo is a broad classification that encompasses Brazilians of mixed race ancestry, mulattos, and assimilated indigenous people ("caboclos").[2][3] Mulatto (Spanish mulato, small mule, person of mixed race, mulatto, from mulo, mule, from Old Spanish, from Latin mūlus. ... A Caboclo is a person of mixed Brazilian Indian and European ancestry. ...


Pardo began as a miscellany, or "none of the above" racial category. The first census of the 20th century to ask a colour question was the census of 1940. Colour was determined by the census enumerator, and the three options were white, black, and yellow. If the respondent did not fit into any of the categories, the enumerator simply drew a horizontal line. When the census data came to be tabulated, all responses with horizontal lines were collected into the single category of "pardo". The IBGE excluded pardo as an answer in response to the rise of European fascism at the time, as an assurance to the public that census data would not be used for discriminatory purposes.[3]


In the 1950 census, "pardo" was actually added as a choice of answer, and colour was chosen by the respondent instead of being determined by the enumerator.[3]


Unofficially, Brazilians also use a racial classification of "moreno", a word that also means "brown". In a 1995 survey, 32% of the population self-identified as "moreno", with a further 6% self-identifying as "moreno claro" ("light brown"). 7% self-identified as "pardo". Telles describes both classifications as "biologically invalid", but sociologically significant.[2] Moreno is Spanish and Portuguese for a tanned or dark or brown-skinned person. ...


References

  1. ^ Demographics
  2. ^ a b Edward Eric Telles (2004). "Racial Classification", Race in Another America: the significance of skin color in Brazil. Princeton University Press, 81–84. ISBN 0691118663. 
  3. ^ a b c David I. Kertzer and Dominique Arel (2002). Census and Identity: The Politics of Race, Ethnicity, and Language in National Censuses. Cambridge University Press, 63–64. ISBN 0521004276. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bright Weavings: The Worlds of Guy Gavriel Kay - Reading Passage from Lord of Emperors (Book 2 of The Sarantine Mosaic) (3631 words)
Pardos had felt unclean and ashamed—bitterly aware that he was Antae and shared the blood, and even the tribe, as it happened, of the foul-tongued man who had stood up with his forbidden sword, smeared the young queen with ugly, vicious words, and then died there with those he’d killed.
Pardos simply hoped she was all right,wherever she was, and that she would come back.
Pardos sat huddled in his cloak, leaning against his pack and the rough shelter of the wall, and looked up at the far stars and the one white moon and thought about where he was in Jad’s creation.
SPANISH ENVOY TACKLES TOBIN, CANADA ON INTERNET (1211 words)
Pardos is a multilingual whirlwind in person and a demon on the Internet, where he employs a dramatic, inventive and sometimes ungrammatical vocabulary to chronicle Canadian attempts to stop Spanish overfishing: Brian Tobin was "impertinent" and "tactless"; Canadian diplomats were "useless"; the Canadian public was "manipulated".
Pardos, upon hearing the news of the "New-Net-Show-bin", went ballistic, believing this was simply a move to heighten Tobin's "politically near-sighted glory".
Pardos is confident he is handing his successor a country where all "the bitterness and hate" towards Spain has ended.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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