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Encyclopedia > Parang

Parang is a musical style which fuses together Venezuelan and Calypso influences to create up beat tempos with a Spanish style and is popular in Trinidad & Tobago and various areas of Venezuela.


Parang is derived from the Spanish word parranda which means "the action of merry making, group of serenaders." Parang is usually associated with Christmas Festivities. Traditionally the parrandero, which refers to the singers and the instrument players, travelled from house-to-house in the community and was often joined by friends and neighbors using whatever instruments(which were usually string instruments) were at hand, including violin, guitar, claves (locally known as toc-toc), box bass (an indigenous instrument), flute, mandolin, bandolin, caja (a percussive box instrument), and marimbola (an Afro-Venezuelan influence). In exchange for the entertainment, traditional parranderos would be given food and drink rum or ponche de creme (an alcohol-rich eggnog). It is typically played with cuatro (a four-string small guitar), maracas (locally known as shak-shaks), and is often sung in Spanish. A violin The violin is a bowed stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a perfect fifth apart. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Claves is a percussion instrument, consisting of a pair of short, thick wooden dowels. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Carved and round backed mandolins (front) A mandolin is a small, plucked, stringed musical instrument, descended from the mandora. ... Caribbean rum, circa 1941 For other uses, see Rum (disambiguation). ... The name cuatro can refer to any of several Latin American instruments of the guitar or lute family. ... Maracas are simple percussion instruments (idiophones), usually played in pairs, consisting of a dried gourd shell (cuia - kOO-ya) filled with seeds or dried beans. ...



Although it is much less common in modern times, musicians called Parranderos still roam the streets playing this music and serenading people with both sacred and non-sacred repertoire. Song types include aguinaldo (relating to the stories of the Nativity or birth of Christ), guarapo(more secular and the content/length of the song varies according to the preference of the lead singer and his skill of developing rhyming verses), estribillo (a sing along song which is very lively and is sang in a call and answer fashion), manzanares(a Venezuelan Waltz which celebrates the different aspects of the Manzanare river of Cumana, Venezuela), joropo (a song whose style is similar to the Spanish waltz), galeron, picon, serenal (a song in which the parranderos state their arrival and seek to enter one's house), and despedida(usually the last or farewell song which is sang by the panderros when they are about to leave one's home or when they are about to pause). Although the repertoire is influenced by nearby Venezuela's traditions, it has largely developed into an indigenous performance genre in Trinidad. While the traditional house-to-house caroling tradition is still practiced by small groups and larger organized groups, the music has also developed into a season of staged performances called "parang fiestas," held from October through January each year, culminating in a final national parang competition. A carol is a festive song, generally religious but not necessarily connected with church worship, and often with a dance-like or popular character. ...


The origins of the presence of parang music in Trinidad and Tobago is controversial. There are two theories which describe how parang music may have came about in Trinidad and Tobago. The first theory is that Spanish monks who were present in Trinidad to lecture people about Catholicism were the first individuals to introduce the music which is now known as parang. The second theory is that Venezuelans brought the first elements of parang with them when they migrated to Trinidad to escape the Bolivain Revolution.


Notable parang 'bands' and artists include Daisy Voisin, Henry Perreira, Sharlene Flores, Leon Caldero,Lara Brothers, Los Tocadores, Los Parranderos de UWI, Los Alumnos de San Juan and Del Caribe. Alexandra Daisy Voisin (b. ... Sharlene Flores, born in Trinidad and Tobago, is a singer of parang music. ...


As the genre popularized since the 1950s, parang has evolved and many soca music artists have generated a cross-over music called "soca parang" which is a fusion of calypso and soca whose lyrics are sang in English and are inspired by the "Americanized" Christmas often referring to such symbols as Santa Claus. Noted parang-soca artists include Scrunter, Crazy and Big B. Chutney(a singing artform of t he indeginous people of Trinidad which have influences from Indian rhythms and are someitmes sung in Hindi) melodies have also been fused in with Parang and there are even parang versions of Latin hit songs which have been created in recent years. Soca is a dance music which is a mix of Trinidads calypso and Indian music and rhythms, especially chutney music -- it is not, as is often said, a fusion of soul and calypso. ... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: crazy Crazy may refer to: Insanity, a form of mental illness Crazy (magazine), a comic magazine Crazy (documentary), a 1999 documentary by Heddy Honigmann Crazy (film), a 2000 German coming-of-age film directed by Hans-Christian Schmid C.R.A.Z.Y... Amitabh Bachchan (born October 11, 1942, Allahabad, India) also known as Big B, is an Indian actor. ...


The practice of paranging remains an important element of not only the Trinidadian rituals during the Christmas season but also in the rituals of other islands such as Grenada and the Dominican Republic and other countries such as Venezuela. Parang is especially vibrant in Trinidad & Tobago communities such as Paramin, Lopinot and Arima.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Soca Islands Presents - Parang Music! (817 words)
Parang as a word is an interpretation of the word "Parranda" - this means basically "the action of merry-making, group of serenaders".
Parang season began in early November and lasted until the sixth of January, the date of the the Feast of the Epiphany (also known in T&T as "Dia de Los Reyes" or "Les Rois") - sometimes until the beginning of February (the feast of Purification on the 2nd).
The usual instruments that were (and are still) used in Parang were mainly string-instruments, such as the Guitar, the Cuatro (a four-stringed small Guitar), the Violin, the Mandolin and the Bandolin, accompanied by some light rhythm-instruments such as the Chac-chac (or Maracas) and possibly some other light rattlers to keep the beat.
TriniView.com - Origins and Nature of Parang Music (1040 words)
Traditional parang bands made up of parenderos consist of singers and musicians who play the guitar, the mandolin, the cuatro, the violin, the maracs, the clapper, the box bass, the tambourine, the scratcher (g├╝iro) and the toc-toc (claves).
Lezama explained that because of the up-tempo beat of parang it is unlikely that the Spanish monks brought parang to Trinidad, but that they influenced the artform, especially in terms of enunciation and the message of parang which was to teach Biblical scriptures in song.
Interestingly, he emphasized that while the official position of the National Parang Association is that pan should be excluded from parang, his personal position is that it should be included, and the sooner the better.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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