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Encyclopedia > Paramarine
Paramarine in training at NAS Lakehurst in 1942
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Paramarine in training at NAS Lakehurst in 1942

The Paramarines (also known as Marine paratroopers) was a short-lived specialized unit of the United States Marine Corps, trained to be dropped by parachute. The first Paramarines were trained in October 1940, but the unit was disbanded in 1944. This article is becoming very long. ... The Apollo 15 capsule landed safely despite a parachute failure. ...


The first cohort of Marines paratroopers trained at NAS Lakehurst in New Jersey in October 1940, followed by a second group in December 1940, forming the 2nd Marine Parachute Battalion. A third class trained at Camp Kearney in Santee near San Diego in early 1941, eventually forming the 2nd Marine Parachute Battalion. After the US joined the Second World War, the training program was stepped up, and a special training camp was opened temporarily at Camp Elliot in May 1942, next to Camp Kearney, moving to purpose-built accommodation nearby at Camp Gillespie in September 1942. A second training camp opened at Hadnot Point on the New River in North Carolina in June 1942, but closed in July 1943. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Santee can refer to: Several towns in the United States Santee, California Santee, Nebraska Santee, South Carolina Two different ships The USS Santee (1855) The USS Santee (CVE-29) The Santee River This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The New River may refer to: The New River, a man-made watercourse in England The New River that flows into the Atlantic Ocean in southeastern North Carolina in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 560 miles (901 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 9. ...


Paramarines received a significantly increased salary after completing their training, so there was no shortage of volunteers, although all were required to be unmarried. Standards of fitness were high, and 40% failed the course. The unit ended up as a regiment-sized unit, the 1st Marine Parachute Regiment, with around 3,000 men in three battalions, in I Marine Amphibious Corps. However, the need for a parachute corps in the Marines was questioned, as was its cost. The Marine Corps also lacked the transport aircraft required for a massed parachute drop. The Commandant ordered 1st Marine Parachute Regiment to be disbanded on December 30, 1943, and it officially ceased to exist on February 29, 1944. A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a group of battalions, usually four and commanded by a colonel. ... The Commandant of the United States Marine Corps is the highest ranking officer of the United States Marine Corps, who is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and reports to the Secretary of the Navy but not to the Chief of Naval Operations. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... February 29 is the 60th day of a leap year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 306 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


Apart from a small group who were parachuted into France as part of an Office of Strategic Services team to support the French Resistance, the Paramarines were never dropped by parachute into combat, but were utilized during beach raids in the Pacific campaign, including at Guadalcanal. The men at San Diego were transferred to the 5th Marine Division, and landed at Iwo Jima. Two, Corporals Harlon H. Block and Ira H. Hayes, famously assisted in the raising of the US flag on Mount Suribachi on February 23, 1945, depicted in Joe Rosenthal's iconic photograph, and a third, Sergeant Henry O. "Hank" Hansen, was involved in the first flag-raising earlier that day. Five of the 81 Marines to receive the Medal of Honor in World War Two were Paramarines; all were honored for their actions on Iwo Jima. The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was a United States intelligence agency formed during World War II. It was the wartime (but not direct) precursor to the Central Intelligence Agency. ... Bold textItalic textLink title // Headline text Headline text Headline text == The cross of Lorraine used by the French Resistance as a symbolic reference to Joan of Arc. ... Operation Watchtower On August 7, 1942, the 1st Marine Division performed an amphibious landing east of the Tenaru River. ... The 5th Marine Division of the United States Marine Corps was created during World War II for the Battle of Iwo Jima and the planned invasion of the Japanese home islands. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Holland Smith Tadamichi Kuribayashi† Strength 100,000 Marines 20,700 infantry Casualties 6,821 dead 20,000 wounded 18,000 dead 216 captured The Battle of Iwo Jima (Operation Detachment) was fought between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan... Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, by Joe Rosenthal / The Associated Press Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima is an iconic photograph taken on February 23, 1945 by Joe Rosenthal. ... Iwo Jima (Japanese 硫黄島 Iōjima, meaning sulfur island) is a volcanic island in Japan, part of the Volcano Islands (also known as the Ogasawara Islands), approximately 650 miles (1046 km) south of Tokyo (24. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... (Joe Rosenthal / ©Associated Press) Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima Joe Rosenthal (born October 9, 1911) was a Jewish American photographer, who received the Pulitzer Prize for his iconic World War II portrait of American troops raising the flag on Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima. ... This article is about the U.S. military award. ... This article is becoming very long. ... For the battle, see Battle of Iwo Jima Landsat photo of Iwo Jima, circa 2000 Iwo Jima   (Japanese 硫黄島 Iōtō, or Iōjima, meaning sulfur island) is a volcanic island in Japan, part of the Volcano Islands (the southern part of the Ogasawara Islands), approximately 650 nautical miles (1200 km...


The Marine Corps still trains parachutist Marines. Once a Marine has completed Airborne School with the sister services, they are authorized to wear the coveted "Jump Wings" on their camouflage utilities while in garrison. Marines who earn Jump Wings often do so as part of their MOS/billet training, as Marine Recon, EOD, Air deployment, or as part of a reenlistment incentive. Airborne School is an advanced Infantry School for training of airborne infantry. ... The Parachutist Badge is a military badge awarded by the Armed Forces of most countries in the world to soldiers who receive the proper parachute training and accomplish the required number of jumps. ...


Paramarines in fiction

Though never actually used as such in reality, the Paramarines were mentioned in the 1965 John Wayne movie In Harm's Way. In the movie, a Paramarine airborne assault on a fictional Pacific island sets up the climactic battle at the end. John Wayne (May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), popularly known as The Duke, [1] was an Academy Award winning, American film actor whose career began in silent movies in the 1920s. ... In Harms Way is a 1965 film, produced and directed by Otto Preminger and distributed by Paramount Pictures. ...


See also

United States Marine Corps Portal

Source: http://www. ... This is a list of current United States Marine Corps battalions, sorted by Marine Divisions: // 1st Marine Division Headquarters Battalion, 1st Marine Division 1st Marine Regiment Headquarters Battalion 1st Marines 1st Battalion 1st Marines 2nd Battalion 1st Marines 3rd Battalion 1st Marines 1st Battalion 4th Marines 5th Marine Regiment Headquarters...

References

  • Marine Corps Auxilary Air Facility, Gillespie, from California State Military Museum
  • ParaMarines
  • SILK CHUTES AND HARD FIGHTING: US Marine Corps Parachute Units in World War II

  Results from FactBites:
 
Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal (679 words)
The Paramarines (also known as Marine paratroopers) was a short-lived specialized unit of the United States Marine Corps, trained to be dropped by parachute.
The first Paramarines were trained in October 1940, but the unit was disbanded in 1944.
Though never actually used as such in reality, the Paramarines were mentioned in both the 1944 RKO film Marine Raiders and the 1965 John Wayne movie In Harm's Way.
WW2paramarine (200 words)
The only combat jump by the Paramarines was in Southern France when a group of Marines jumped as part of an Office of Startegic Services (OSS) team to aid the French Resistance.
For the remainder of the war, the Paramarines were employed as regular infantry in the Pacific.
Paramarines wore the Army M1C paratrooper helmet and Army jump boots as well as a slightly different Marine-only version without toe caps.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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