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Encyclopedia > Parallelism (grammar)

In grammar, parallelism is a balance of two or more similar words, phrases, or clauses. The application of parallelism in sentence construction improves writing style and readability. Parallelism may also be known as parallel structure or parallel construction. See also parallelism (rhetoric). Grammar is the study of rules governing the use of language. ... A word is a unit of language that carries meaning and consists of one or more morphemes which are linked more or less tightly together, and has a phonetical value. ... Look up phrase in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In grammar, a clause is a word or group of words with a subject and a verb. ... An English writing style is a way of using the English language. ... Parallelism means to give two or more parts of the sentences a similar form so as to give the whole a definite pattern. ...


Examples

Compare the following examples:

  • Lacking parallelism: She likes cooking, jogging, and to read.
  • Parallel: She likes cooking, jogging, and reading.

In the above example, the first sentence has two gerunds and one infinitive. To make it parallel, the sentence was rewritten with three gerunds instead. In linguistics a gerund is a kind of verbal noun. ... In grammar, the infinitive is the form of a verb that has no inflection to indicate person, number, mood or tense. ...

  • Lacking parallelism: The dog ran across the yard, jumped over the fence, and down the alley he sprinted.
  • Parallel: The dog ran across the yard, jumped over the fence, and sprinted down the alley.
  • Lacking parallelism: Corey admires people with integrity and who have character.
  • Parallel: Corey admires people who have integrity and who have character.
  • Parallel: Corey admires people who have integrity and character.
  • Parallel: Corey admires people with integrity and character.

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
LEO: Parallelism (489 words)
Parallel structure is really a matter of balance.
To be parallel, each phrase should follow the pattern of the first one in the series.
A slightly different parallelism involves the common connectors-- either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also.
Parallelism (rhetoric) Information (238 words)
Parallelism means to give two or more parts of the sentences a similar form so as to give the whole a definite pattern.
Parallelisms of various sorts are the chief rhetorical device of Biblical poetry in Hebrew.
In a parallel couplet not only must the content, the parts of speech, the mythological and historico- geographical allusions, be all separately matched and balanced, but most of the tones must also be paired reciprocally.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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