The Roman Catholic Church bases Papal Authority on two sources: Matthew 16:18 of the Christian Bible and Adversus Haereses by Irenaeus. The Roman Catholic Church, (also known as the Catholic Church), is the Christian Church led by the Bishop of Rome (Pope), currently Benedict XVI, and whose adherents constitute almost half of all Christians worldwide. ... The Bible (From Greek βιβλια—biblia, meaning books, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported papyrus) is the sacred scripture of Christianity. ... Adversus Haereses (Against Heresies) is the standard name of two books on Gnosticism and other Christian heresies. ... Saint Irenaeus (ca. ...
Matthew 16:17-19: The Gospel of Matthew (literally: according to Matthew, Greek: ÎÎ±ÏÎ± ÎÎ±Î¸Î¸Î±Î¹Î¿Î½ ) is one of the four Gospel accounts of the New Testament. ...
And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
Adversus Haereses, III, iii, 3: Adversus Haereses (Against Heresies) is the standard name of two books on Gnosticism and other Christian heresies. ...
After the Holy Apostles (Peter and Paul) had founded and set the Church in order (in Rome) they gave over the exercise of the episcopal office to Linus. The same Linus is mentioned by St. Paul in his Epistle to Timothy. His successor was Anacletus.
The titles "Primate of Italy", "Archbishop and Metropolitan of the Roman province", and "Sovereign of the State of the Vatican City" are references to the legal and canonical authority of the Pope as defined by the laws of the Church and the Lateran Treaties of 1929.
The status and authority of the pope in the Catholic Church was dogmatically defined by the First Vatican Council in its Dogmatic Constitution of the Church of Christ (July 18, 1870).
However, the pope's authority is not undisputed outside the Catholic Church; these objections differ from denomination to denomination, but can roughly be outlined as (1) objections to the extent of the primacy of the pope; and (2) objections to the institution of the Papacy itself.
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