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Encyclopedia > Panzer IV
Panzer IV (Ausf. H)

Syrian Panzer IV captured by Israel in the Six-Day War
Type Medium tank
Place of origin Flag of Germany Nazi Germany
Service history
In service 1939 - 1945 (Nazi Germany)
Used by Flag of Germany Nazi Germany
Romania
Hungary
Bulgaria

Flag of Finland Finland
Flag of Spain Spain
Flag of Syria Syria Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1236x831, 187 KB) Summary Description: PzKpfw IV Ausf G, captured from the Syrian Army in the Six Day War, in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel. ... Combatants Israel Egypt Syria Jordan Iraq Saudi Arabia Commanders Yitzhak Rabin, Moshe Dayan, Uzi Narkiss, Israel Tal, Mordechai Hod, Ariel Sharon Abdel Hakim Amer, Abdul Munim Riad, Zaid ibn Shaker, Hafez al-Assad Strength 264,000 (incl. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Axis Powers Flag of Romania Categories: Flag images ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary_1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(1878-1944). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt_1972. ...

Wars World War II
Syrian-Israeli Water War
Six-Day War
Production history
Designed 1934
Produced 1937 - 1945
Number built 9,000+
Specifications
Weight 25 tonnes
Length 7.02 m (gun forward)
Width 2.88 m (3.33 m with side skirts)
Height 2.68 m
Crew 5 (commander, gunner, loader, driver, radio operator/bow machine-gunner)

Armor 10 - 80 mm
Primary
armament
7.5 cm KwK 40 L/48
87 rounds
Secondary
armament
7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34
3,150 rounds
Engine 12-cylinder Maybach HL 120 TRM
300 PS (296 hp, 220.6 kW)
Power/weight 12.0 PS/t (8.8 kW/t)
Suspension leaf spring
Operational
range
210 km
Speed 40 km/h (road)
18 km/h (off-road)

Panzer IV is the common name of a medium tank that was developed in the late 1930s by Nazi Germany and used extensively in World War II. The official German designation was Panzerkampfwagen IV (abbreviated PzKpfw IV) and the tank also had the ordnance inventory designation SdKfz 161. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants Israel Egypt Syria Jordan Iraq Saudi Arabia Commanders Yitzhak Rabin, Moshe Dayan, Uzi Narkiss, Israel Tal, Mordechai Hod, Ariel Sharon Abdel Hakim Amer, Abdul Munim Riad, Zaid ibn Shaker, Hafez al-Assad Strength 264,000 (incl. ... Military vehicles are commonly armoured to withstand the impact of shrapnel, bullets or shells, protecting the soldiers inside from enemy fire. ... The 7. ... The 8 mm Mauser cartridge next to a United States 5 cent coin. ... The Maschinengewehr 34, or MG 34, was a German machine gun that was first produced and accepted for service in 1934, and first issued to units in 1935. ... Several Maybach 57 and 62 models at the 2005 Concours dElegance in Pebble Beach, CA. Maybach-Motorenbau GmbH (IPA: ), founded by Wilhelm Maybach and his son Karl, was a German manufacturer of engines for Zeppelins and later, large and luxurious automobiles. ... A traditional leaf spring arrangement. ... Tank classification can be done either by weight or by role. ... Face The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Sonderkraftfahrzeug (abbreviated Sd. ...


It was initially designed as an infantry-support medium tank (Begleitwagen, mittlerer Panzer), to work in conjunction with the Panzer III which was intended to engage enemy armor. Later in the war it was up-gunned and up-armored and took over the tank-fighting role while Panzer IIIs were either put into infantry support duties or converted into other vehicles. The Panzer IV was the most common German tank of World War II, and was used as the base for many other fighting vehicles, such as tank destroyers and self-propelled anti-aircraft guns. The Panzer IV has the distinction of being the only German tank to remain in continuous production throughout all of World War II, with over 9,000 produced from 1939 to 1945. The Panzerkampfwagen III (PzKpfw III), more commonly referred to as the Panzer III, was a tank developed in the 1930s by Nazi Germany and used extensively in World War II. It was designed to fight other armoured fighting vehicles, serving alongside the infantry-support Panzer IV. It soon became obsolete... A self-propelled anti-tank gun, or tank destroyer, is a type of armoured fighting vehicle. ... A self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon (SPAA, also self-propelled air defense, SPAD) is an anti-aircraft gun or surface-to-air missile launcher mounted on a mobile vehicle chassis. ...

Contents

History

The Panzer IV was the workhorse of the German tank corps, being produced and used in all theatres of combat throughout the war. The design was upgraded repeatedly to deal with the increasing threats from enemy forces.


On January 11, 1934, following specifications laid down by Heinz Guderian, the Army Weapons Department drew up plans for a medium tank with a maximum weight of 24,000 kg and a top speed of 35 km/h. It was intended in a support and anti-infantry role, using a low-velocity, large-caliber gun firing high-explosive shells. It was not required to deal with enemy tanks on equal terms. is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Heinz Wilhelm Guderian (17 June 1888 – 14 May 1954) was a military theorist and innovative General of the German Army during the Second World War. ...


Krupp, Rheinmetall, and MAN all produced prototypes, which were tested in 1935. As a result of the trials, the Krupp design was selected for full-scale production. The first Panzer IV Ausf. A came off the assembly line in October 1937, with a total of 35 being produced over the next six months. For the U.S. town, see Krupp, Washington. ... Rheinmetall AG is a German automotive and defense company with factories in Düsseldorf, Kassel and Unterlüß. It has a long tradition of making guns and artillery pieces. ... MAN AG (formerly called Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg AG, ISIN: DE0005937007) is a German transportation company. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Between 1937 and 1940, attempts were made to standardize parts between Krupp's Panzer IV and Daimler-Benz's Panzer III. The Panzer IV featured a relatively crude leaf spring suspension, unlike the then-new torsion bar suspension system on the Panzer III. There were several proposals to upgrade the suspension over the years, but none left the drawing board as the Germans dared not interrupt Panzer IV production. There was some resistance to using torsion bar suspensions as evidenced by the consideration of the leaf sprung Daimler-Benz (DB) Panther tank design. Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Daimler-Benz AG was founded on May 1, 1924 by the merger of Benz & Cie. ... The Panzerkampfwagen III (PzKpfw III), more commonly referred to as the Panzer III, was a tank developed in the 1930s by Nazi Germany and used extensively in World War II. It was designed to fight other armoured fighting vehicles, serving alongside the infantry-support Panzer IV. It soon became obsolete... Torsion beam suspension, also known as a torsion bar or torsion spring suspension, is a vehicle suspension system. ...


The Panzer IV was originally intended principally to deal with infantry and fortifications, while the Panzer III dealt with enemy armoured units. To this end it was equipped with the 75 mm KwK 37 L/24 gun, which was effective against soft targets but lacked much armour penetration. It had poor accuracy, because the barrel was short (1.8 m), giving a low muzzle velocity. Firing a Panzergranate 39 round the muzzle velocity was 430 m/s, penetrating 40 mm of 30° steel plate at a range of 700 m. For comparison the L/48 gun has a barrel 3.6 m long.


During the invasion of France the Panzer IV did face tank-to-tank combat, the L/24 was found effective against the French Renault and Somua tanks, but notably useless when fired at either the Char Bl or the British Matilda with its front armor of 60 mm. This combat weakness was noted again in Africa later in 1940 during the fighting around Sidi Barrani and then Tobruk. The Somua S-35 was a French cavalry tank of the Second World War. ... The Char B1 was a French heavy tank manufactured before the Second World War. ... The Tank, Infantry, Mk II, Matilda II (A12) (sometimes referred to as Senior Matilda) was a British tank of World War II. In a somewhat unorthodox move, it shared the same name as the Tank, Infantry, Mk I (A11). ... Sidi Barrani is a village in Egypt, ~95km from the border with Libya, and ~240km from Tobruk. ... Tobruk or Tubruq (Arabic: طبرق; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Ţubruq, Tobruck ) is a town, seaport, municipality, and peninsula in eastern Libya in Northern Africa. ...


In March 1941 a prototype Panzer IV Ausf. D was fitted with a Krupp 50 mm L/60, the same type of gun as the Panzer III. However the Panzer III was already unable to deal with enemy tanks at long range. The prototype did not enter production. Krupp already had a 75 mm L/40 which had 175% better penetration than the L/24. In obedience to the Waffenamt dislike of an overhanging gun this was shortened to produce the 75 mm KwK L/34.5. It was fitted in a single prototype in December, but the reduced performance with the barrel changes and the failure to develop the promised Triebspiegelgeschoss (discarding sabot round) again meant that no production variants were made.


In June 1941 the invasion of the Soviet Union introduced the German tanks to their Russian opponents. The 100 mm plus armor on the KV-1 and the heavily angled 47 mm of the T-34 were both strongly resistant to German fire. The Panzerkommission which was dispatched to examine this problem resulted in the specifications for the Panzer V Panther; it also recommended new suspension, increased armor and a more powerful main gun for the struggling Panzer IIIs and IVs. The interruption to supply that such changes would cause meant the immediate change would be only the Panzer IV's gun. In November 1941, a 75 mm gun to match the performance of the Rheinmetall's PaK 40 L/46 (80 mm penetrated at 1,000 m with a standard 6.8 kg Panzergranate 39 APCBC shell) was demanded for the Panzer IV from Krupp - with the first models to be in production by March 1942. The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank first produced in 1940. ... The Panther ( ) was a tank fielded by Nazi Germany in World War II that served from mid-1943 to the end of the European war in 1945. ...


The rifled barrel was identical to the Rheinmetall gun at 2.47 m, but it needed both a shorter recoil and shorter rounds in order to fit in the Panzer IV turret and be operable. A larger, but shorter, loading chamber and fatter rounds produced the KwK 40 L/43. To further retard the recoil a distinctive two-port muzzle brake was also standard. The first production guns were finished in late March, although just eighteen examples were made in that month.


The up-gunned Panzer IV was needed as soon as possible so, instead of waiting for production start of the new Ausf. G in autumn 1942, production was ordered to start immediately within the Ausf. F production contract. This required a change in naming conventions: the new Version with the long 75 mm KwK 40 L/43 gun was named Panzer IV Ausf. F2 (Sd. Kfz. 161/1) and the previous one with the short L/24 gun Ausf. F1. The Ausf. F2 was later renamed Ausf. G and production continued under this designation with minor improvements. The KwK 40 L/43 armed tanks did not have an especially long production life, in March 1943 a new version of the KwK 40 with a 48 caliber barrel was fitted to new models, the 75 mm KwK 40 L/48. Early model Panzer IV tanks were often upgraded for increased combat efficiency. From 1943, for example, surviving Panzer IV models E/F were given additional armor and the 75 mm KwK 40 L/48 gun.


The aforementioned upgrades allowed the Panzer IV to keep pace with newer designs such as the M4 Sherman and the T-34. Production continued and was stepped up even while the more effective Panther medium tank was in service, because of the Panzer IV's low cost and greater reliability; since the design was already in use and tested in the battlefield they could be upgraded and problems removed, while the Panther was a relatively new model. The M4 Sherman was the primary tank produced by the United States for its own use and the use of its Allies during World War II. Production of the M4 Medium tank exceeded 50,000 units, and its chassis served as the basis for thousands of other armored vehicles such...


Small numbers of Panzer IV were supplied by Germany to its allies. Hungary received ten and Romania eleven in September 1942. Italy twelve and Turkey fifteen in May 1943. Spain was gifted twenty in November 1943. From February 1943 to August 1944 Bulgaria received a total of 91 vehicles, enough to equip an entire battalion, and used them against Germans in late 1944. Romania was given a further 127 Panzer IVs in the same period as the supplies to Bulgaria. In the final months of 1944 another 52 were sent to Hungary.


Finland bought 22 Panzer IV Ausf. Js, of which 15 arrived, all too late to fight against the Soviets in the Continuation War (1941-44) or against German troops in the following Lapland War (1944-45) and served as training vehicles until 1962. Combatants  Finland Germany  Soviet Union Commanders C.G.E. Mannerheim Kirill Meretskov Leonid Govorov Strength 530,000 Finns[1] 220,000 Germans 900,000–1,500,000[2] Casualties 58,715 dead or missing 158,000 wounded 1,500 civilian dead[3] 200,000 dead or missing 385,000 wounded... Combatants Germany Finland Commanders Lothar Rendulic Hjalmar Siilasvuo Strength 200,000 60,000 Casualties 950 killed 2,000 wounded 1,300 captured 774 killed 3,000 wounded 262 missing The Lapland War (Finnish: ; German: ; Swedish: ) is a name used for the hostilities between Finland and Germany between September 1944 and...


In 1950s/1960s Syria bought several dozens of Panzer IVs from the USSR, France, Czechoslovakia and Spain and employed them in the 1965 conflict over Jordan headwaters (often referred to as Water War) and in the Six Days War (1967). The 1967 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Six-Day War or June War, was fought between Israel and its Arab neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. ...


Production

Maybach HL 120 engine used in the Panzer IV
Maybach HL 120 engine used in the Panzer IV

Three firms assembled Panzer IVs, Krupp (Magdeburg), Vomag (Plauen), and Nibelungenwerk (St. Valentin). Turrets and armoured hulls were supplied to the assembly firms by Krupp (Essen), Eisenwerke Oberdonau (Linz) and Boehler (Kapfenberg). The engines came from Maybach in Friedrichshafen, but were also assembled by MAN, MBA, and Nordbau. Transmissions were built by three ZF factories. The gun was largely constructed by Krupp, but ten other firms were involved in various parts of the complete gun unit. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...


In 1941 production averaged 39 units per month, this increased to 83 in 1942 but it was not until 1943 that production was properly managed. During that year production averaged 252 per month. This peaked at 300 per month in mid-1944; Krupp ceased Panzer IV manufacture in December 1943 and Vomag in early 1944, leaving just Nibelungenwerk. It was not until late 1944 that production began to be disrupted, Nibelungenwerk was heavily damaged by bombing in October 1944 and steel supplies had begun to fall. Production fell to 170 in January 1945 and in March-April 1945 total production was around 100 units.


Armor

The Panzer IV Ausf. A had 30 mm of slightly sloped (10-25°s) homogeneous steel armor on the turret front and hull front, with 15 mm on the turret and hull sides, 10 mm of armor on the turret top and 10 mm on the belly. This was deemed sufficient, as the Panzer IV was intended for anti-infantry work, while Panzer IIIs were to deal with opposing tanks. RHA stands for Rolled Homogeneous Armour. ...


In practice, Panzer IVs would frequently face enemy tanks and anti-tank guns unsupported, and the armor was upgraded to 30 mm on the front hull of the Ausf. B, 50 mm in the Ausf. E, and 50+30 mm in the Ausf. G, with armor on the sides and rear being increased as well. From June, 1943 all new Panzer IVs, Ausf H and later, were produced with 80 mm of front armor, rather than having additional plates added, though the turret armor remained 50mm thick. Panzer IVs frequently had armor skirting (Schürzen) or additional layers of armor added in the field. From late 1943 until September 1944, Zimmerit anti-magnetic paste was also a common addition. Zimmerit was an anti-magnetic mine coating produced for German armored fighting vehicles during World War II. It was created by the German company Chemische Werke Zimmer AG. The coating worked by providing a non-conducting, irregular surface that would reduce the area of contact between a mine and the...


Armament

As the Panzer IV was intended to fill an anti-infantry combat role, early models were fitted with a low-velocity 7.5 cm KwK 37 L/24 gun, firing high-explosive shells. After the Germans encountered the Soviet T-34, the Panzer IV Ausf. F2 and G were armed with the high-velocity 7.5 cm KwK 40 L/43 tank gun. Later IV G models, and all subsequent Panzer IVs, were armed with the longer 7.5 cm KwK 40 L/48 tank gun. The gun could be manually elevated between -10° to +20°, with the turret, under hand or electrical power, have a full 360° traverse. The gunner aimed through an articulated telescope with a limited 25 ° view and 2.5x magnification. The German army considered the gun to be effective up to 1,000 m, expecting 70% first-shot hits at this range and 100% hits at 500 m. Firing at extreme range, 3,000 m, 4% of shots were expected to hit (in controlled tests only 17% of shots struck their target at 3,000 m as opposed to 99% at 1,000 m) The 7. ... This article is concerned solely with chemical explosives. ... The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank first produced in 1940. ... The 7. ... The 7. ...


All models of the Panzer IV had a Maschinengewehr 34 7.92 mm coaxial machine gun mounted in the turret. All except the Ausf. B and C also had a second MG34 in a ball mount in the front plate, it had elevation similar to the main gun but could traverse only 15° to left or right. The Maschinengewehr 34, or MG 34, was a German machine gun that was first produced and accepted for service in 1934, and first issued to units in 1935. ... The 8 mm Mauser cartridge next to a United States 5 cent coin. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ...


With the KwK 40 L/43 and L/48 the tank carried 87 rounds. The standard Panzergranate 39 APCBC shell weighed 6.8 kg, had a muzzle velocity of 750 m/s and could penetrate 85 mm of rolled homogeneous armor plate at 60 degrees from horizontal at 1,000 m. The specialised anti-tank tungsten-core Panzergranate 40 APCR shot weighed 4.1 kg had a muzzle velocity of 930 m/s and could penetrate 100 mm of angled plate at 1,000 m. The recommended ammunition load-out was, in 1943, 50/50 between anti-tank and high-explosive (later a combined role hollow-charge shell was available, the Gr.38 HL). The expensive Panzergranate 40 was rarely available to the Panzer IV.


For the two machine guns 3,000 rounds were carried, divided into 150-round bags.


Mobility

The Panzer IV A was powered by a 250 PS (247 hp, 184 kW), 12-cylinder Maybach HL 108 TR engine. All later models were powered by the 300 PS (296 hp, 221 kW), 12-cylinder Maybach HL 120 TRM engine. It was found that the engines would often overheat in tropical climates and so a modifcation called the HL-120 TRM-T (tropische) diverted about 10 HP from the rated output of the motor to provide additional cooling. The power was distributed through a six-speed Zahnradfabrik Friedrichshafen SSG 76 transmission to the front-mounted drive sprockets. The tracks were 380 mm wide in early versions, giving a ground pressure of 0.89 kg/cm². Several Maybach 57 and 62 models at the 2005 Concours dElegance in Pebble Beach, CA. Maybach-Motorenbau GmbH (IPA: ), founded by Wilhelm Maybach and his son Karl, was a German manufacturer of engines for Zeppelins and later, large and luxurious automobiles. ... Several Maybach 57 and 62 models at the 2005 Concours dElegance in Pebble Beach, CA. Maybach-Motorenbau GmbH (IPA: ), founded by Wilhelm Maybach and his son Karl, was a German manufacturer of engines for Zeppelins and later, large and luxurious automobiles. ...


Top speed varied among models, depending on the transmission, armor, and gun. Early models could reach up to 30 km/h on a road, while later models reached around 40 km/h. The radius of action was 130 km cross-country and up to 210 km on roads. The Ausf J, with an additional fuel tank giving 680 litres total capacity, added 100 km to either of these ranges. The tank could cross a 2.3 m trench and climb a 30° slope.


Like all of Germany's World War II tanks, the Panzer IV used gasoline (petrol) engines.

Panzer IV (Ausf J) in Finnish Tank Museum, Parola.
Panzer IV (Ausf J) in Finnish Tank Museum, Parola.
British officers inspecting knocked out Panzer IV in Normandy.
British officers inspecting knocked out Panzer IV in Normandy.

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 424 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 636 pixel, file size: 512 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) German Panzer IV Ausf. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 424 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 636 pixel, file size: 512 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) German Panzer IV Ausf. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (700x655, 86 KB) Description: Officers inspect a German Mk IV tank knocked out by the Durham Light Infantry - 11 June 1944. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (700x655, 86 KB) Description: Officers inspect a German Mk IV tank knocked out by the Durham Light Infantry - 11 June 1944. ... Flag of Normandy Normandy (in French: Normandie, and in Norman: Normaundie) is a geographical region in northern France. ...

Variants

"Ausf" is an abbreviation of Ausführung, which means "version".

  • Ausf. A (1937-1938, 35 produced)
  • Ausf. B (1938, 42 produced): Thicker armor, larger engine.
  • Ausf. C (1938-1939, 138 produced): Minor improvements.
  • Ausf. D (1939-1940, 229 produced): Thicker side armor. First model intended for combat.
  • Ausf. E (1940-1941, 223 produced): Thicker front and side armor.
  • Ausf. F1 (1941-1942, 462 produced): Simplified construction.
  • Ausf. F2 (1942, 175 produced): Armed with a new, longer-barreled 7.5 cm KwK 40 L/43 gun.
  • Ausf. G (1942-1943, 1687 produced): Thicker turret armor, winter combat modifications. Some late Ausf. Gs were fitted with 'Schürzen', side skirts, thin metal plates attached to the hull sides and turret via mounting brackets for protection against Soviet anti-tank rifles.
  • Ausf. H (1943-1944, 3774 produced): Longer 7.5 cm KwK 40 L/48 gun and thicker armor. Radio antenna moved to left rear of hull.
  • Ausf. J (1944-1945, 1758 produced): Turret traverse engine replaced with an extra fuel tank. later ausf Js had simplified vertical exhaust mufflers and the use of 3 instead of 4 track return rollers. Very late ausf J's used wire mesh side-skirts (Drahtgeflecht Schürzen) in place of solid metal plates to conserve strategic materials and reduce overall weight.
  • Tauchpanzer (1940, 42 converted): A "diving tank". Ausf. D converted in anticipation of Operation Sealion. All openings were sealed, commander's cupola, gun mantlet and machine gun mount covered with rubber sheeting, turret ring protected by inflatable rubber ring. Exhausts were fitted with non-return valves. Air was supplied via a flexible 18-meter hose held on the surface by a buoy. Maximum safe depth was about 15 meters, maximum underwater speed about 3 mph (5 km/h). Some were used by the 18th Panzer Regiment during River Bug crossing in Operation Barbarossa.
  • Panzerbefehlswagen IV (PzBefWg. IV) (1944, 97 converted): Ausf H converted to command vehicle, were fitted with second radio.
  • Panzerbeobachtungwagen IV (PzBeogWg. IV) (1944-1945, 96 converted): Pz IV, mostly Ausf. J, converted to Panzerartillerie Forward Observation Officer's vehicle. Were fitted with additional periscope to the left of the commander's cupola and with additional radios.

Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 7. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The 7. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Operation Sealion (Unternehmen (Undertaking) Seelöwe in German) was a World War II German plan to invade the United Kingdom. ... Combatants Germany, Romania, Finland, Italy, Hungary, Slovakia  Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Fedor von Bock Gerd von Rundstedt Heinz Guderian Günther von Kluge Franz Halder Maresal Ion Antonescu C.G.E. Mannerheim Giovanni Messe, CSIR Italo Gariboldi, ARMIR Joseph Stalin Kliment Voroshilov Semyon Timoshenko Fyodor...

Designs based on chassis

  • Sturmpanzer IV: Heavy assault gun with 15 cm sIG 33 infantry gun.
  • Jagdpanzer IV: Tank destroyer armed with 7.5 cm L/48 (early) and L/70 (later) guns
  • Sturmgeschütz IV: Assault gun based on Ausf H/J chassis with a modified StuG III superstructure.
  • Möbelwagen: 3.7 cm Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun in an open-topped superstructure.
  • Wirbelwind: Quad 2 cm Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun in a fully rotating open turret.
  • Ostwind: 3.7 cm Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun in a fully rotating open turret.
  • Kugelblitz: Twin 3 cm Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun in an enclosed ball turret. Very limited production.
  • 10.5 cm K18 auf Panzer Selbstfahrlafette IVa: Assault gun / tank destroyer. Two prototypes built were used on the Eastern Front.
  • 10.5 cm leFH 18/1 (Sf) auf Geschützwagen IVb (SdKfz 165/1) (1942): 10.5 cm self-propelled howitzer. The howitzer was mounted in an open-topped turret with traverse 70 degrees to each side on a shortened Panzer IV chassis. Eight prototypes were produced by Krupp in November 1942 and sent to the Eastern Front for trials.
Heuschrecke on display at the US Army Ordnance Museum in Aberdeen.
Heuschrecke on display at the US Army Ordnance Museum in Aberdeen.
  • 10.5 cm leFH 18/1 L/28 auf Waffenträger GW IVb, nicknamed Heuschrecke (Grasshopper) (1943, 3 prototypes built): 105 mm self-propelled howitzer. The howitzer was mounted in a turret with full-round traverse on a slightly lengthened Panzer IV chassis. The turret could be removed by means of a lifting gantry and placed on a concrete base or on a wheeled carriage carried on the vehicle, while the vehicle itself could act as an ammunition carrier.
  • Brückenlegepanzer IV / Brückenleger IV: Bridgelayer based on Ausf. C/D. Nine-meter bridge had a 28-ton capacity. The vehicle was found to be too heavy for the suspension and the design was canceled in 1941. 20 units produced were used by the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and 10th Panzer Divisions in the 1940 campaign.
  • Infanterie Sturmsteg: Infantry Assault Bridge, Panzer IV chassis carrying a telescopic catwalk. 2 units produced were used during the 1940 campaign and during the Operation Barbarossa.
  • Munitionspanzerwagen IV: Ammunition carrier.
  • Munitionsschlepper für Karlgerät: Ammunition carrier rounds for the Karl 600 mm mortar based on Ausf D. Could carry 3 rounds. Was fitted with a 3-ton electric crane.
  • Bergepanzer (1944, 36 produced): A recovery vehicle, essentially a turretless Panzer IV chassis fitted with a crane.
  • Land-Wasser Schlepper / Panzerfähre: An amphibious tractor based on Panzer IV chassis which carried a large pontoon and a cabin.
  • Geschützwagen III/IV, a lengthened chassis based on that of Panzer IV with Panzer III components, was used for the Nashorn tank destroyer, Hummel 15 cm self-propelled howitzer and Leichte PzH 18/40/2 auf Geschützwagen III/IV (Sf) 10.5 cm self-propelled howitzer.
  • SG-122A: one Panzer IV was rebuilt as a Soviet prototype self-propelled artillery, equipped with 122 mm howitzer[1]

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The sIG 33 (schweres Infanterie Geschütz 33) was a German 150 mm close support infantry gun used in the Second World War. ... Jagdpanzer IV/48 Jagdpanzer IV/70 (V) Jagdpanzer IV/70 (A) Prototype The Jagdpanzer IV, Sd. ... The Sturmgeschütz IV (Sd. ... StuG III Ausf G The Sturmgeschütz III (StuG III) assault gun was one of Germanys most produced AFVs during World War II. It was built on the chassis of the Panzer III. Initially intended as a mobile, armoured light gun for infantry support, the StuG was continually... The Flakpanzer IV (Sd. ... SPAAG stands for Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun. ... Wirbelwind at CFB Borden Wirbelwind at CFB Borden The Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind (Whirlwind in German) was an anti-aircraft vehicle based on the Panzer IV. It was developed in 1944 as a successor to the earlier AA tank Möbelwagen. ... The Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz was a German anti-aircraft (AA) tank from World War II, which was still at the prototype stage at the end of the war. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Karl series of mortars (Mörser Karl) (Gerät 040) were built by the Germans during the Second World War and designed to take out heavily fortified positions. ... Nashorn (Ger. ... The Hummel (‘Bumble Bee’) was a self-propelled artillery unit based on the Geschutzwagen III/IV chassis, armed with a 150 mm howitzer. ...

References

  1. ^ SG-122(A) Self-Propelled Gun battlefield.ru
  • Bryan Perrett, Jim Laurier - Panzerkampfwagen IV Medium Tank, 1936–45, 1999, Osprey Publishing (New Vanguard 28), ISBN 1-85532-843-7.
  • Hilary Doyle, Tom Jentz - Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf. G, H and J, 1942-45, 2001, Osprey Publishing (New Vanguard 39) ISBN 1-84176-183-4

is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

France Tanks AMR-33, AMR-35 (323) Bataille B1 (~400) Hotchkiss H-35 (~400) Hotchkiss H-38 (~800) Hotchkiss H-39 (~1200) Renault FT-17 (~2500) Renault Char B1 (350+) Renault R-35 (~1800) Renault R-40 Somua S-35 (~500) Germany Tanks Panzer I (3,970) Panzer II (3... By name 2 cm FlaK 30 auf Fahrgestell Zugkraftwagen 1t (designation of the SdKfz 10/4) 2 cm FlaKv 38 auf Fahrgestell Panzerkampfwagen IV (Sf) (quad 20 mm version of the Möbelwagen) 2 cm FlaKv 38 auf Fahrgestell Zugkraftwagen 8t (designation of the SdKfz 7/1]]) 3. ... SdKfz designations were assigned to armored vehicles and other vehicles put in military service for a specific purpose. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Tanks Panzer I The Panzer I wasnt intended as a combat vehicle, but more to familiarise industry and the army with tanks. ... The Panzerkampfwagen I, or Sonderkraftfahrzeug (SdKfz) 191, abbreviated PzKpfw I and more commonly referred to as the Panzer I, was a light tank produced by Germany in the 1930s. ... The Panzer II was a German tank used in World War II. Designed as a stopgap while other tanks were developed, it played an important role in the early years of World War II, during the Polish and French campaigns. ... The Panzerkampfwagen III (PzKpfw III), more commonly referred to as the Panzer III, was a tank developed in the 1930s by Nazi Germany and used extensively in World War II. It was designed to fight other armoured fighting vehicles, serving alongside the infantry-support Panzer IV. It soon became obsolete... The Panther ( ) was a tank fielded by Nazi Germany in World War II that served from mid-1943 to the end of the European war in 1945. ... Tiger I ( ) is the common name of a German heavy tank of World War II. The initial official German designation was Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausführung H (abbreviated PzKpfw VI Ausf. ... Tiger II is the common name of a a German heavy tank of the Second World War. ... The LT-35 or LT vz. ... The Panzerkampfwagen 38(t) was a Czechoslovakian tank used by Germany during World War II. (The Czechoslovak military designation was LT vz. ... A U.S. M109A6 Paladin self-propelled howitzer Self-propelled artillery (also called mobile artillery or locomotive artillery) vehicles are a way of giving mobility to artillery. ... The Wespe (German for wasp) was a German self-propelled artillery vehicle during World War II based on the Panzer II tank. ... The Hummel (‘Bumble Bee’) was a self-propelled artillery unit based on the Geschutzwagen III/IV chassis, armed with a 150 mm howitzer. ... The Grille series of self propelled artillery vehicles were used by Germany during World War II. The Grille series was based on the Czech Panzer 38(t) tank and used a 15 cm sIG 33 infantry gun. ... Panzerwerfer alias Maultier Panzerwerfer is the name for two different types of half-tracked multiple rocket launchers employed by Germany during the Second World War. ... The sIG 33 (schwere InfanterieGeschütz 33) was a German 150 mm close support gun used in the Second World War. ... The Wurfrahmen 40 was a German World War II artillery unit. ... German StuG III with high-velocity 75 mm gun, 1943 An assault gun is a gun or howitzer mounted on a motor vehicle or armored chassis, designed for use in the direct fire role in support of infantry when attacking other infantry or fortified positions. ... The Sturmgeschütz III (StuG III) assault gun was Nazi Germanys most produced armoured fighting vehicle during World War II. It was built on the chassis of the Panzer III tank. ... The Sturmgeschütz IV (Sd. ... The Sturmgeschütz III (StuG III) assault gun was Nazi Germanys most produced armoured fighting vehicle during World War II. It was built on the chassis of the Panzer III tank. ... General characteristics Length 5. ... The Tiger-Mörser, 38 cm RW61 auf Sturm(panzer)mörser Tiger, or Sturmmörser Tiger, more commonly known as the Sturmtiger or Sturmpanzer VI, was a World War II German assault gun built on the Panzer VI Tiger I chassis armed with a large naval mortar, the 38cm... A self-propelled anti-tank gun, or tank destroyer, is a type of armoured fighting vehicle. ... The first of many tank destroyers, the Panzerjäger I (tank hunter I) was based on the chassis of the Panzer I ausf B and was armed with the Skoda 47 mm Pak L/43 anti-tank gun. ... Marder I on Tracteur Blinde 37L chassis The Marder I was a German World War II tank destroyer, armed with a 75 mm anti tank gun. ... The Marder II was a German tank destroyer of World War II based on the Panzer II chassis. ... The Marder III is the name for a series of World War II German tank destroyers built on the chassis of the Panzer 38(t). ... The Jagdpanzer 38(t) (Sd. ... Jagdpanzer IV/48 Jagdpanzer IV/70 (V) Jagdpanzer IV/70 (A) Prototype The Jagdpanzer IV, Sd. ... The Jagdpanther (Hunting Panther) was a tank destroyer built by Nazi Germany during World War II based on the chassis of the Panther tank. ... Nashorn (Ger. ... The Jagdtiger (Sd. ... The Panzerjäger Tiger (P) Elefant (Sd. ... M3 Half-track A half-track is a civilian or military vehicle with regular wheels on the front for steering, and caterpillar tracks on the back to propel the vehicle and carry most of the load. ... SdKfz2 The SdKfz 2, better known as the Kleines Kettenkraftrad or short Kettenkrad (Ketten = tracks, krad = military short form for motorcycle), started its life as a light tractor for airborne troops. ... The SdKfz 4 Gleissketten-Lastkraftwagen (track chain truck) or Maultier was a family of halftracks developed in the The Second World War by Germany which, between 1933 and 1945, was the leader in production of these vehicles [1]. The SdKfz 4 was developed after the 1941 invasion of Russia as... In World War II, the SdKfz 6 was a large half track for towing artillery pieces. ... The SdKfz 7 is a half-track military vehicle used by the German Army in WWII. SdKfz 7 Development of the SdKfz 7 can be traced back to a 1934 requirement for an eight-tonne (7. ... The SdKfz 10 was a German half-track that saw limited use in World War II, it could carry eight infantry and tow anti-tank guns. ... The SdKfz 11 (Sonderkraftfahrzeug 11) is a half-track military vehicle used by the German Wehrmacht during the Second World War. ... The SdKfz 250 was an armoured half track, similar in appearance to the larger Sdkfz 251, used by Nazi Germany in World War II. The 250 had 4 roadwheel axles, compared to 6 for the 251. ... Sd. ... The SdKfz 252 leichte Gepanzerte Munitionskraftwagen was an Axis powers armoured ammunition half-track used in France in 1940. ... SdKfz 253 leichter Gepanzerter Beobachtungskraftwagen was a German light observation vehicle that was used by artillery forward observers to accompany tank and mechanized infantry units. ... The Sdkfz 254 was a german fully tracked scout car during WWII From 1936, the RK-7 was developed by Saurer as an artillery tractor for the Austrian army. ... Polish armored car Ursus which saw combat during the Polish-German War of 1939. ... The Leichter Panzerspähwagen (roughly Light Amoured Reconnaissance Vehicle) were a series of light 4 x 4 armoured cars produced by Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1944. ... The term Schwere Panzerspähwagen (Heavy Armoured Vehicle), covers the 6 and 8 wheel armoured cars Germany used in World War II. In the German Army, armoured cars were intended for the vital role of reconnaissance, scouting ahead of the Panzer tank units to assess enemy strength and intentions. ... The ADGZ was original developed as a heavy armoured car for the Austrian army from 1934 and delivered from 1935-37. ... A self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon (SPAA, also self-propelled air defense, SPAD) is an anti-aircraft gun or surface-to-air missile launcher mounted on a mobile vehicle chassis. ... The Flakpanzer IV (Sd. ... Wirbelwind at CFB Borden Wirbelwind at CFB Borden The Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind (Whirlwind in German) was an anti-aircraft vehicle based on the Panzer IV. It was developed in 1944 as a successor to the earlier AA tank Möbelwagen. ... The Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz was a German anti-aircraft (AA) tank from World War II, which was still at the prototype stage at the end of the war. ... History The Flakpanzer (shortened from Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer) 38(t) was designed around the chassis of the Czech-built LT-38 tracked vehicle and was first built in 1943, entering limited service in 1944. ... The Panzerkampfwagen VIII Maus (Sd. ... The Entwicklung series, more commonly known as the E- series, was a late-World War II attempt by Germany to produce a standarised series of tank designs. ... The Panther ( ) was a tank fielded by Nazi Germany in World War II that served from mid-1943 to the end of the European war in 1945. ... // The Waffenträger, or Weasels, 1 is, with only 2. ... The German Neubaufahrzeug series of tank prototypes were a first attempt to create a heavy tank for the Wehrmacht after Adolf Hitler had come to power. ... The 12. ... The German Panzerkampfwagen VII Löwe (Lion) was a WW II design by Krupp to give the Germans a superheavy tank. ... The Panzerkampfwagen IX and Panzerkampfwagen X were theoretical projects using the latest developments of Panzerkapfwagen Armors, intended to enter in action in 1946-47. ... The Panzerkampfwagen IX and Panzerkampfwagen X were theoretical projects using the latest developments of Panzerkapfwagen Armors, intended to enter in action in 1946-47. ... The Landkreuzer P. 1000 Ratte (Rat) was to have been an extremely large tank for use by Nazi Germany during World War II. It was designed in 1942 by Krupp with the approval of Adolf Hitler, but the project was canceled by Albert Speer in early 1943 and none were... The Landkreuzer P 1500 Monster was a German pre-prototype ultra heavy tank designed during World War II - representing the apex of the Nazis extreme tank designs. ... This article lists German AFV production during World War II. Where figures for production in 1939 are given, they refer to September 1939 onwards; that is, they only count wartime production. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Achtung Panzer! - Jagdpanzer IV (2356 words)
Jagdpanzer IV was an improved and modified version of Stug III, designed as eventual replacement for it.
The general layout of Jagdpanzer IV remained unchanged in all variants as the fighting compartment was at the front of the vehicle and engine compartment at rear.
Jagdpanzer IV was issued to Panzerjager Abteilungs of Panzer and Panzer Grenadier Divisions from March of 1944 onwards.
Panzer IV Information (1756 words)
The Panzer IV was the workhorse of the German tank corps, being produced and used in all theatres of combat throughout the war.
In practice, Panzer IVs would frequently face enemy tanks and anti-tank guns unsupported, and the armor was upgraded to 30 mm on the front hull of the Panzer IV B, 50 mm in the IV E, and 80 mm in the IV H, with armor on the sides and rear being increased as well.
The howitzer was mounted in a turret with full-round traverse on a slightly lengthened Panzer IV chassis.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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