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Encyclopedia > Pannonian plain

The Pannonian Plain is a large plain in Central Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. In geography, a plain is a large area of land with relatively low relief. ... Regions of Europe Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... The Pliocene epoch (spelled Pleiocene in some older texts) is the period in the geologic timescale that extends from 5. ...


The river Danube divides the plain roughly in half. The Pannonian Plain is a geomorphological subsystem of the Alps-Himalaya system. The Danube bend at Visegrád is a popular destination of tourists The Danube (ancient Danuvius) is Europes second-longest river (after the Volga). ... Surface of the Earth Geomorphology is the study of landforms, including their origin and evolution, and the processes that shape them. ...

Contents


Characteristics

The plain is roughly bounded by the Carpathian mountains, the Alps, the Dinaric Alps and the Balkan mountains. Because of the long Carpathian border, it can also be referred to as the Carpathian Basin (especially in Hungarian texts). It consists mainly of the Great Alföld (in the south and east) and the Little Alföld (in the northwest). The former Hungarian Kingdom was centered around the plain and included almost all of it. The basin forms a topographically discrete unit set in the European landscape, surrounded by imposing geographic boundaries that have created a fairly unified cultural area that looks more towards the south and east than to the north and west. Satellite image of the Carpathians The Carpathian Mountains are the eastern wing of the great Central Mountain System of Europe, curving 1500 km (~900 miles) along the borders of Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia and northern Hungary. ... The West face of the Petit Dru above the Chamonix valley near the Mer de Glace. ... Mt Orjen at the Bay of Kotor is the heaviest karstified range of the dinarids View of the central part of the Dinaric Alps (north=down) The Dinaric Alps or Dinarides (Italian: Alpi Dinariche; Croatian and Serbian: Dinaridi or Dinarsko gorje/Динариди or Динарско горје; Slovenian: Dinarsko gorstvo) form a mountain chain in... Stara Planina, Rhodope, Rila and Pirin Mountains The Balkan mountain range (Bulgarian: Stara Planina, Old Mountain) is an extension of the Carpathian mountain range, separated from it by the Danube River. ... The Great Alföld, Alföld, or Great Hungarian Plain (in Hungarian: Alföld or Nagyalföld, in Slovak Veľká dunajská kotlina, in Romanian Câmpia Tisei, in Serbian/Croatian simply known as Panonski basen, Pannonian Plain) is a plain/basin occupying the southern and eastern part of Hungary... The Little Alföld or Little Hungarian Plain (Hungarian: Kisalföld, Slovak Malá dunajská kotlina, German Kleine Ungarische Tiefebene) is a plain/basin of appr. ... The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ...


Although rain is not plentiful, it usually falls when necessary and the plain is a major agricultural area; it is sometimes said that these fields of rich loamy loess soil could feed the whole of Europe. For its early settlers, the plain offered few sources of metals or stone. Thus when archaeologists come upon objects of obsidian or chert, copper or gold, they have almost unparalleled opportunities to interpret ancient pathways of trade. Rain falling For other uses see Rain (disambiguation). ... Loess in Hungary has travelled by wind from Asia This article is about the geologic material, for the statistical technique see Loess curve. ...


Countries

Today the plain is divided among Austria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Serbia and Montenegro, and Ukraine. The peripannonian lands, areas around this plain but not elevated like the surrounding mountains, also spread into Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Division

Pannonian plain is divided into two parts along the Transdanubian Medium Mountains (Hungarian: Dunántúli-középhegység), which is sometimes considered part of it. The northwestern part is called Western Pannonian plain (or province) and the southeastern part Eastern Pannonian plain (or province). They build up from the following sections:

  • Western Pannonian Plain (province):
  • Eastern Pannonian Plain (province):
    • Great Alföld
    • Pannonian Island Mountains (Serbian: Panonske ostrvske planine)
    • Transdanubian Hills (Hungarian: Dunántúli-dombság)

Note: The Transylvanian Plateau and the Lučenec-Košice Depression (both parts of the Carpathians) and some other lowlands are sometimes also included in the Pannonian Plain in non-geomorphological or older divisions. The Viennese Basin (German: Wiener Becken, Czech: Vídenská kotlina, Slovak: Viedenská kotlina) is a tectonic basin between the Alps and the Carpathian Mountains. ... The Little Alföld or Little Hungarian Plain (Hungarian: Kisalföld, Slovak Malá dunajská kotlina, German Kleine Ungarische Tiefebene) is a plain/basin of appr. ... The Great Alföld, Alföld, or Great Hungarian Plain (in Hungarian: Alföld or Nagyalföld, in Slovak Veľká dunajská kotlina, in Romanian Câmpia Tisei, in Serbian/Croatian simply known as Panonski basen, Pannonian Plain) is a plain/basin occupying the southern and eastern part of Hungary... Transylvanian Plateau is an plateau in central Romania almoast entirely surrounded by the Eastern, Southern and Romanian Western branches of the Carpathian Mountains. ... This is about the terrestrial mountain range. ...


Regions

Large areas of the plain that do not necessarily correspond to national borders include:

Baranya county within Hungary Osijek-Baranja county within Croatia Baranya (in Hungarian) or Baranja (in Croatian and Serbian, also Cyrillic Барања) is a geographical region between the Danube and the Drava rivers. ... Bačka (Serbian: Бачка or Bačka, Hungarian: Bácska, Croatian: Bačka, Slovak: Báčka, German: Batschka) is an area of the Pannonian plain lying between the rivers Danube and Tisa. ... Banat (Romanian: Banat; Serbian: Банат or Banat; German: Banat; Hungarian: Bánát or Bánság; Slovak: Banát) is a geographical and historical region in Southeastern Europe divided among three countries: the eastern part belongs to Romania (the counties of TimiÅŸ, CaraÅŸ-Severin, Arad, and MehedinÅ£i), the western... Burgenland (Hungarian Várvidék, Őrvidék or FelsÅ‘Å‘rvidék, Croatian Gradišće, Slovenian Gradiščansko) is the easternmost state or Land of Austria. ... CriÅŸana is a region of west Romania, near the border with Hungary, named after the three CriÅŸ rivers that flow through it. ... The Little Alföld or Little Hungarian Plain (Hungarian: Kisalföld, Slovak Malá dunajská kotlina, German Kleine Ungarische Tiefebene) is a plain/basin of appr. ... The Little Alföld or Little Hungarian Plain (Hungarian: Kisalföld, Slovak: Malá dunajská kotlina, German: Kleine Ungarische Tiefebene) is a plain (tectonic basin) of appr. ... Macva District in Central Serbia Mačva (Serbian: Mačva or Мачва, Hungarian: Macsó) is a region in the northwest of Central Serbia. ... Moravia in relation to the current kraje of the Czech Republic Moravia (Czech and Slovak: Morava, German: ( ), Hungarian: Morvaország, Polish: Morawy) is a historical region in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Moslavina is a region in Croatia, administratively divided into the counties of Zagreb, Sisak-Moslavina and Bjelovar-Bilogora. ... Podravina is the name for the Drava river basin in Croatia. ... Drave (German: Drau, Slovenian and Croatian: Drava, Hungarian: Dráva) is a river in southern Central Europe, flowing East from Alto Adige, Italy through Carinthia, Austria, and Slovenia (145 km) then southeast, forming most of the Croatian-Hungarian border before joining the Danube near Osijek. ... Podunavlje District in Central Serbia proposed Podunavlje Region Podunavlje is a geographical region in Serbia around Danube River. ... The Danube bend at Visegrád is a popular destination of tourists The Danube (ancient Danuvius) is Europes second-longest river (after the Volga). ... Kupa (Slovenian Kolpa) is a river in Croatia and on the border with Slovenia. ... Posavina is the name for the Sava river basin in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia and Montenegro. ... Sava also Save (German Save, Hungarian Száva) is a river in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, a right side tributary of Danube at Belgrade. ... Potisje is the name of the Tisa river basin parts located in Serbia and Montenegro, in the autonomous province of Vojvodina. ... The Tisza (in Hungarian, Ukrainian: Tysa/Тиса, Russian: Tisa/Тиса, Romanian, Slovak and Serbian: Tisa, German: Theiß, Latin: Tissus, Tisia or Pathissus) is a river, tributary of the Danube and one of the major rivers of Central Europe, passing through Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine and Serbia and Montenegro. ... Å ajkaÅ¡ka (Шајкашка) is a geographical region in Serbia. ... Semberija is a geographical region in north-eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina (notably in Republika Srpska). ... Coat of arms Slavonia is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Srem District in Vojvodina Vukovar-Srijem county within Croatia Syrmia (Serbian: Срем or Srem, Croatian: Srijem, Hungarian: Szerémség or Szerém, Slovak: Sriem, German: Syrmien, from Latin: Syrmia or Sirmium) is a fertile region of the Pannonian plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. ... This article is about Transdanubia, the region in Hungary. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia      â€“ Vojvodina   â€“ Montenegro Kosovo (UN administration) Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... Counties of Hungary Hungary is subdivided administratively into 43 regions. ... The seven statistical regions of Hungary were created in 1999 with the Law 1999/XCII which is the amendment of modification Law 1996/XXI. The regional division is expected to replace the former administrational divisions, the 19 counties. ... These traditional regions of Slovakia are mostly former counties of the Kingdom of Hungary, but also some other regions. ... Slovakia is subdivided into 8 kraje (singular - kraj, usually translated as regions, but actually meaning rather county), each of which is named after their principal city. ...

Pannonian Sea

The precursor to the present plain was a shallow sea that reached its greatest extent during the Pliocene, when three to four kilometres of sediments were deposited. The Pliocene epoch (spelled Pleiocene in some older texts) is the period in the geologic timescale that extends from 5. ...


See also

Position of the Roman province of Pannonia Pannonia is an ancient country bounded north and east by the Danube, conterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia. ...

External links

  • Körös Regional Archaeological Project: Neolithic and Copper Age archaeology in the Pannonian plain

  Results from FactBites:
 
MORPHOLOGY & CLIMATE (0 words)
The Alps in the west, the Dinaric-Balkan mountain chains in the south and the Carpathian mountain bow in the eastern center are distinctive morphological and climatic regions and barriers.
The Southern Morava valley (Serbia/Kosovo) is a relatively dry, north-south directed barrier (average rainfall at 700 mm, evapotranspiration at 550 mm) between the Bosnian mountains and the Banat/Western Balkan mountains.
East of the Carpathians, the huge plain of the Romanian Lowlands and the Moldova hills are subject to a temperate-continental dry climate along the lower Danube resp.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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