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Encyclopedia > Pannonian Rusyns

Pannonian Rusyns or simply Rusyns (Ruthenians) is the name of a Slavic minority in Serbia and Croatia. They are officially considered a separate nationality in Serbia and Croatia, but are also considered to be a part of the northern Rusyns (Ruthenians) who live mostly in Ukraine, but also in Slovakia, Poland, and Hungary. Motto: none Anthem: Bože Pravde Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 850   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878   - Serbia and Montenegro union... Rusyns, also called Ruthenians, Ruthenes, Rusins, Carpatho-Rusins, and Russniaks, are a modern group of ethnic groups that speak the Rusyn language and are descended from the minority of Ruthenians who did not adopt a Ukrainian national identity and become Ukrainians in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. ...


The main difference between Pannonian Rusyns and northern Rusyns is language: the language of the Pannonian Rusyns has more Western Slavic features than the language of the northern Rusyns.

Contents


Location

Rusyn Church in Đurđevo
Rusyn Church in Đurđevo

The Pannonian Rusyns mostly live in the autonomous province of Vojvodina in Serbia. There are 15,626 declared ethnic Rusyns in Vojvodina (2002 census) and their language is one of the six official languages of Vojvodina province. The village of Ruski Krstur in the Kula municipality is the cultural centre of the Pannonian Rusyns. Other villages with Rusyn majority are Kucura in the Vrbas municipality and Bikić Do in the Šid municipality. Some Pannonian Rusyns also live in Slavonia (Croatia), forming majority in village of Petrovci in Bogdanovci municipality, Vukovar-Srijem county. Image File history File linksMetadata Sajkasgy1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Sajkasgy1. ... Main street and the Uniate Church map of the Žabalj municipality and Å ajkaÅ¡ka region, showing the location of ĐurÄ‘evo ĐurÄ‘evo (Serbian Cyrillic: Ђурђево, Rusyn: Дюрдьов) is a village located in the Žabalj municipality, in the South Bačka District of Serbia. ... Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože Pravde Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 850   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878   - Serbia and Montenegro union... Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... Ruski Krstur (Serbian: Руски Крстур or Ruski Krstur, Rusyn: Руски Керестур) is a village in Serbia and Montenegro, in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. ... Kula is a town and municipality in West Backa District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... Kucura (Куцура) is a village in Serbia and Montenegro, in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. ... Vrbas (Serbian: Врбас or Vrbas, Hungarian: Verbász, Croatian: Vrbas) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 45. ... Å id (Шид) is a town and municipality in Srem District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... Coat of arms Slavonia is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Vukovar-Srijem county - Vukovarsko-srijemska županija is the easternmost Croatian county which includes southeastern parts of Slavonia, western parts of Srijem, and the lower Sava river basin (Posavina). ...


History

Along with many Slovaks, they emigrated from eastern Slovakia and Carpathian Ruthenia in the 18th century. Other Ruthenians, together with many Slovaks, went to present-day Croatia or remained in eastern Slovakia and Carpathian Ruthenia. Carpathian Ruthenia (Ukrainian Карпатська Русь, Karpatska Rus ) or Carpatho-Ukraine or Carpathian Ukraine is a name for a small part of Central Europe that was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (since 1526 under Habsburg rule). ...


Language

They speak the Pannonian Rusyn language (as opposed to the northern Rusyn or Russian), which is often considered only a microlanguage or dialect. Those considering the Pannonian Rusyns distinct from the northern Rusyns argue that their language is a Western Slavic language, as opposed to the northern Rusyn language, which is an Eastern Slavic language. However, both, the language of the Pannonian Rusyns and of the western part of the northern Rusyns (in Slovakia, Poland, etc.) is a mixture of features of Western and Eastern Slavic languages. The Rusyn language spoken in the Pannonian plain, or more conretely in north-western Serbia and eastern Croatia (therefore also called Yugoslavo-Rusyn, Vojvodina-Rusyn or Bačka-Rusyn) is closer to West Slavic languages, to Slovak in particular. ... Rusyn, though by most outsiders considered one language and even having only one SIL code rue, is in fact the name of two independent languages spoken by Rusyns: Carpatho-Rusyn (also called Ruthenian) Pannonian-Rusyn (also called Rusnak) Carpatho-Rusyn (Ruthenian) The Rusyn language of the Carpathian Mountains is an...


See also


 
 

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