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Encyclopedia > Panicum italicum
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Foxtail millet
Immature seedhead
Immature seedhead
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Genus: Setaria
Species: S. italica
Binomial name
Setaria italica
(L.) P. Beauv.

Panicum italicum L.
Chaetochloa italica (L.) Scribn. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 22 KB) Name Setaria italica Family Poaceae Image no. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ... Liliopsida is the botanical name for a class. ... families see text Poales is a botanical name at the rank of order. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... Subdivisions See text Panicoideae is a subfamily of the true grass family. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[1] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... In scientific nomenclature, synonyms are different scientific names used for a single taxon. ...

Foxtail millet (botanic name Setaria italica) is the second most widely planted species of millet, and the most important in East Asia. It has the longest history of cultivation among the millets, having been grown in China since sometime in the sixth millennium BC. Other names for foxtail millet include Italian millet, German millet, Chinese millet, and Hungarian millet. Pearl millet in the field The millets are a group of small-seeded species of cereal crops, widely grown around the world for food and fodder. ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia that can be defined in either geographical or cultural terms. ... During the 6th millennium BC, agriculture spreads from the Balkans to Italy and Eastern Europe and from Mesopotamia to Egypt. ...

Foxtail millet has slim, vertical, leafy stems, and can reach a height of 120-200 cm. The seedhead is a dense, hairy panicle 5-30 cm long. The seeds, around 2 mm in diameter, are encased in a thin, papery hull which is easily removed in threshing. Seed color varies greatly between varieties. White-fruited Rowan (Sorbus glabrescens) corymb; note the branched structures holding the fruits. ... Threshing is the process of beating cereal plants in order to separate the seeds or grains from the straw. ...

Foxtail millet
Foxtail millet

In China, foxtail millet is the most common millet and one of the main food crops, especially among the poor in the dry northern part of that country. In Europe and North America it is planted at a moderate scale for hay and silage, and to a more limited extent for birdseed. World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... A birdfeeder, bird feeder, or bird table is a device placed out-of-doors to supply food to birds. ...

It is a warm season crop, typically planted in late spring. Harvest for hay or silage can be made in 65-70 days (typical yield is 15,000-20,000 kg/ha of green matter or 3,000-4,000 kg/ha of hay), and for grain in 75-90 days (typical yield is 800-900 kg/ha of grain). Its early maturity and efficient use of available water make it suitable for raising in dry areas. Hay is dried grass or legumes cut and used for animal feed. ... Silage (hay) somewhere in Allschwil or Schönenbuch, near Basel, Switzerland. ... This article is about cereals in general. ...

Diseases of foxtail millet include leaf and head blast disease caused by Magnaporthe grisea, smut disease caused by Ustilago crameri, and green ear caused by Sclerospora graminicola. The unharvested crop is also susceptible to attack by birds and rodents. Binomial name Magnaporthe grisea (T.T. Hebert) M.E. Barr Synonyms Pyricularia grisea Magnaporthe grisea, also commonly know as rice blast fungus, is a plant-pathogenic fungus that causes a disease affecting rice, and can also infect a number of other agriculturally important cereals including wheat, rye and barley, causing... The smuts are fungi, mostly Ustilaginomycetes (of the class Teliomycetae, subphylum Basidiomycota), that cause plant disease. ... Aves redirects here. ... Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents. ...

External links

  • Alternative Field Crops Manual: Millets



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