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Encyclopedia > Panendeism

Panendeism is simply Deism together with the belief that the universe is a part of God, but not all of God. Some panendeists have established numerous additional beliefs, some of which are quite detailed, and use more specialized terminology to describe their beliefs. However, any deist who believes that the universe is a part (but not the whole) of God, can be considered a panendeist. Historical and modern Deism are defined by the view that reason should be the basis of belief rather than revelation or tradition. ...

Contents

Origin of the term

Traditionally, monotheism refers to belief in a god that is a separate entity within the universe, whereas pantheism (all is God) refers to the belief that God and the universe are identical. The German philosopher Karl Christian Friedrich Krause (1781-1832) sought to reconcile the two beliefs and coined the term panentheism (all in God). This conception of God influenced New England Transcendentalists such as Ralph Waldo Emerson. The term is best known for its use by Charles Hartshorne in his discussions of Process Theology and has also been adopted by proponents of various New Thought beliefs. Monotheism (in Greek monon = single and Theos = God) is the belief in a single, universal, all-encompassing deity. ... Pantheism (Greek: pan = all and Theos = God) literally means God is All and All is God. It is the view that everything is of an all-encompassing immanent God; or that the universe, or nature, and God are equivalent. ... Karl Christian Friedrich Krause (May 4, 1781 - September 27, 1832), German philosopher, was born at Eisenberg. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Panentheism (Greek words: pan=all, en=in and Theos=God) is the view that God is immanent within all Creation and that the universe is part of God or that God is the animating force behind the universe. ... Transcendentalism was the name of a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture and philosophy which emerged in New England in the early- to mid-nineteenth century. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was a famous American essayist and one of Americas most influential thinkers and writers. ... Charles Hartshorne (June 5, 1897 - October 9, 2000) was a prominent philosopher who concentrated primarily on the Philosophy of Religion and Metaphysics. ... Process theology (also known as Neoclassical theology) is a school of thought influenced by the metaphysical process philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead (1861 - 1947). ... The New Thought Movement describes a set of religious developments that occurred in the United States during the late 19th century, originating with Phineas Quimby. ...


Around the beginning of the 21st century, self-described Deists who shared this belief in God sought to distinguish themselves from their theist counterparts. Several such individuals independently coined the term panendeism to emphasize the Deistic characteristics of their beliefs. These individuals have since expanded the familiarity of the term in online communities. Today, panendeism is acquiring increasing acceptance and respect in the Deist community.


Is Panendeism monotheistic?

Panendeism is monotheistic simply because it is not polytheistic. However, many panentheists consider panentheism as transcending the one vs. many dichotomy. They regard panentheism as wholly distinct from monotheism, pantheism, and polytheism. Accordingly, the classical forms of Deism may be regarded as monodeistic to distinguish them from newer forms of pandeism and panendeism, reserving the term Deism to describe all such belief systems that rely on reason and reject revealed religion. Polytheism is belief in, or worship of, multiple gods or divinities. ... Pandeism (or a Pandæan religion) was a term originally used by Godfrey Higgins, a historian of religions, [1] to describe a religious society that he purported had existed from ancient times, and at one time had been known throughout the entire world. ... For information on the last book of the New Testament see the entry on the Book of Revelation. ...


How does the Panendeistic God step away from his creation?

While this "watchmaker" conception of God was prevalent among many early Deists, it is not a requirement of modern Deism. (In fact, even early Deists disagreed on God's role in the universe; compare English Deism with French Deism.) In panendeism, there may even arise doubts that the universe was "created". Deism is a dynamic category of beliefs that can change with time. What is most important in Deism is the belief in God through reason and experience, and the rejection of revealed religion. Since Panendeists agree with these underlying principles, they are Deists, even if their conception of God differs with that of Classical Deists.


See also

Agnosticism is the philosophical and theological view that spiritual truth, such as the existence of God, gods or deities, is either unknown or inherently unknowable. ... American Unitarian Conference The American Unitarian Conference (AUC) was founded in 2000 as a successor to the American Unitarian Association (AUA). ... Atheism is the state either of being without theistic beliefs, or of actively disbelieving in the existence of deities. ... The cosmological argument is an argument for the existence of God. ... Historical and modern Deism are defined by the view that reason should be the basis of belief rather than revelation or tradition. ... Freethought is a characteristic of individuals whose opinions are formed on the basis of an understanding and rejection of tradition, authority or established belief. ... Panentheism (Greek words: pan=all, en=in and Theos=God) is the view that God is immanent within all Creation and that the universe is part of God or that God is the animating force behind the universe. ... Pantheism (Greek: pan = all and Theos = God) literally means God is All and All is God. It is the view that everything is of an all-encompassing immanent God; or that the universe, or nature, and God are equivalent. ... Pandeism (or a Pandæan religion) was a term originally used by Godfrey Higgins, a historian of religions, [1] to describe a religious society that he purported had existed from ancient times, and at one time had been known throughout the entire world. ... Philosophical theism is a belief that God exists (or must exist), independent of the teaching or relevation of any particular religion. ... Transcendentalism was the name of a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture and philosophy that advocates that there is an ideal spiritual state that transcends the physical and empirical and is only realized through a knowledgeable intuitive awareness that is conditional upon the individual. ...

Links

http://dynamicdeism.org/


 
 

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