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Encyclopedia > Pandurang Shastri Athavale
Pandurang Shastri Athavale
Pandurang Shastri Athavale
Born October 19, 1920
Roha, Maharashtra, India
Died October 25, 2003
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Spouse Nirmala Tai
Parents Vaijnath Shastri
Children Jayshree Talwalkar (adopted)

Pandurang Shastri Vaijnath Athavale (Gujarati: પાંડુરંગ શાસ્ત્રી આઠવલે, Marathi: पांडुरंग शास्त्री आठवले) (October 19, 1920October 25, 2003), known as dada (Gujarati: દાદા, Marathi: दादा), meaning elder brother in marathi) A philosopher and social reformer who gave discourses upon Srimad Bhagawad Geeta and Upnishads. He motivated his followers to move in society and spread the thoughts of Geeta. He is pioneer of Swadhyay Movement Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Roha is a small town 120 KM south east of Bombay (Mumbai), India. ... Maharashtra   (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , English: , IPA: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Bombay” redirects here. ... Maharashtra   (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , English: , IPA: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... is an Indo-Aryan language, part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India (Maharashtrians). ... October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is an Indo-Aryan language, part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India (Maharashtrians). ... For other uses, see Swadhyay (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Youth

Athavale was born on October 19, 1920 in the village of Roha near Mumbai. His grandfather, Laxman Rao, was a renowned scholar and brahmin in the area and regularly, against the public opinion, visited Dalits to explain the Bhagavad Gita. Athavale, then 5, saw his grandfather taking a bath upon returning from such a trip. Athavale was surprised and posed the question that if in the Bhagavad Gita the Lord exclaims that God exists within all human hearts then how can anyone including the so-called 'untouchables' be considered inferior to anyone else? He became determined to see the God within others and from thenceforth became the proponent of "In-dwelling God." October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Roha is a small town 120 KM south east of Bombay (Mumbai), India. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai (Bombay) This article is about the city formerly known as Bombay. ... A Brahmin (anglicised from the Sanskrit word IAST ; Devanagari ), also known as Vipra, Dvija, Dvijottama (best of the Dvijas), (god on Earth) is the highest caste in Indian caste system within Hindu society. ... In South Asias caste system, a Dalit; often called an untouchable; is a person of shudra; the lowest of the four castes. ...


When Athavale was twelve years old, his grandfather set up an independent course of study for the young boy with individual tuition. Thus, Athavale was taught in a system very similar to that of the Tapovan system of ancient India. In 1942, he started to give discourses at the Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Pathshala, a centre set up by his father. Tapovan ( sanskrit) comes from the two root words Tapasya - meaning specifically austerity, and more generally spiritual practice, and Vana, meaning forest, or wilderness. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ...


The start of the Swadhyay Movement

In 1954, he attended the Second World Religions Conference, held in Japan. There, Athavale gave a superb deliverence on the concepts of Vedic ideals and the teachings of the Bhagawad Geeta. However, many people refused his ideas and wanted evidence of such thoughts being practiced in towns across India. But a man named Dr. Wilson Compton was impressed with Athavale's ideas and offered him a post in the USA, where he could spread his ideas. Athavale politely declined, saying that he had work to accomplish if he wanted to show the world a model community peacefully practicing and spreading the divine Vedic thoughts and the message of the Bhagawad Geeta.


From then on, he worked to spread the ideas of the Bhagawad Geeta to the masses. His movement was known as Swadhyay; literally "self study". The movement had its main influence not only in the Indian states viz. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, but also all across the world, where Athavale used to frequently visit to spread his work;


"Swadhyayees", as the family members of the Swadhyay Pariwar are called, are not just people of the lower or poor class; they also include those of the upper classes as well. Athavale's idea of "brotherhood under the fatherhood of God" is followed in the many Swadhyay "kendras", or "gathering"; no one is given a distinction and everyone refers to each other as brothers or sisters. Many Swadhyayees also devote their time to go to various places around the country or world to spread the ideas that Athavale once did himself. They are known as "krutisheels" or people of action.


Giving the right direction to the age old traditions which seemed to exist only for the namesake and which seemed to have lost its significance and true meaning, Dadaji brought 'true light' in the lives of lakhs of people. He not only explained the 'tatva - philosophy' behind concepts like 'Mandir(Temple)', 'Ekadashi (11th day of full moon or no moon)', 'Moortipuja (idol worship), 'bhakti (devotion)' but enabled bringing into practise the 'Bhagwat Geeta'. Be it a common fisherman or the person in the most important position, 'bhakti' can be practised in its truest sense by one and all. 'Bhakti is a social force'. Temple of Hephaestus, an Doric Greek temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ...


Recognition by the international community

Athavale has had many recognitions by many various dignitaries of the world. In 1996, he was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award, in Manila, Philiphines. This award is given to people who demonstrate community leadership. In 1997, he was awarded the prestigious Templeton Prize in a ceremony at Westminister Abbey in London. The prize money of $100,000 was never claimed to be his own, instead distributing the money among the many communities in which the Swadhyay movement exists. He was also awarded numerous awards in India, gaining recognition from many intellectuals and dignitaries in India. Pandurang Shashtri had declared that the amount of templeton prize will be used for Swadhyay. In 1998, he received Padma Vibhushan award in recognition of his efforts towards social reform. The Ramon Magsaysay Award was established in April 1957 by the trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF) based in New York City. ... The Templeton Prize for Progress Toward Research or Discoveries about Spiritual Realities was until 2001 awarded for Progress in Religion. ... The Abbeys western facade The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to as Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral, in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Athavale passed away on October 25, 2003, in Mumbai, India[1]. His death deeply affected many of his followers and admirers, many quoting that they had "lost a dear brother". His body was viewed at the institution that he had set up 50 years before, Tatvagyan Vidhyapeeth, in which many of his followers saw their first and only close-up glimpse of Athavale, before he was cremated the evening of October 26. His work is currently being carried on by his adopted daughter, Jayshree Talwalkar. It is regrettable that media took a poor note of Pandurang Shastri's death on account of plenty of cases filed against media and property of media was vandalised. October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 66 days remaining. ...


Tatvagyan Vidhyapeeth is an institution set up by Athavale 50 years earlier, in which he, himself, often gave discourses to the many youths that studied there. The youths study a broad variety of religious and spiritual subjects and live as they would have in a "tapovan" thousands of years ago. They cook their own food, clean their own clothes and take care of themselves without the many amneties seen in a regular home.


References

  1. ^ Social reformer Pandurang Shastri Athavale dead

External Links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Northpinellas: Hindu movement cultivates peace from within (1064 words)
Athavale, born in 1920 in a village near Bombay, India, is known to devotees as Dadaji, which means elder brother.
Athavale teaches that those who believe God is in others are able to develop a loving relationship with everyone around them.
In 1997, Athavale was awarded the Templeton Prize for progress in religion, joining a distinguished group that includes Mother Teresa, the Rev. Billy Graham, Alexander Solzhenitsyn, and Bill Bright, founder of Campus Crusade for Christ International.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     

narsimulu
7th May 2010
sri
jay you gasavaer

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