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Encyclopedia > Pancreatic lipase

Pancreatic lipase is an enzyme (more specifically, a lipase) secreted from the pancreas that uses hydrolysis to break apart fat molecules. Bile salts secreted from the gallbladder are released into the duodenum where they coat fat droplets. Because the droplets are small, their surface area is greater, allowing the lipase to break apart the fat more effectively. The resulting monomers are then moved by way of peristalsis along the small intestine to be absorbed into the lymphatic system by a specialized vessel called a lacteal. Neuraminidase ribbon diagram An enzyme (in Greek en = in and zyme = leaven) is a protein, or protein complex, that catalyzes a chemical reaction and also controls the 3D orientation of the catalyzed substrates. ... A Lipase is a water-soluble enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ester bonds in water–insoluble, lipid substrates. ... The pancreas is a retroperitoneal organ that serves two functions: exocrine - it produces pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes endocrine - it produces several important hormones Anatomy The pancreas is a retroperitoneal organ located posterior to the stomach on the posterior abdominal wall. ... Hydrolysis is a chemical process in which a molecule is cleaved into two parts by the addition of a molecule of water. ... In biochemistry, fat is a generic term for a class of lipids. ... In science, a molecule is the smallest particle of a pure chemical substance that still retains its chemical composition and properties. ... Bile is also another name for Belenus, a god in Brythonic mythology. ... The gallbladder (or cholecyst) is a pear-shaped organ that stores bile (or gall) until the body needs it for digestion. ... In anatomy of the digestive system, the duodenum is a hollow jointed tube that connects the stomach to the jejunum. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a Physical quantity. ... In chemistry, a monomer (from Greek mono one and meros part) is a small molecule that may become chemically bonded to other monomers to form a polymer. ... Peristalsis is the process of involuntary wave-like successive muscular contractions by which food is moved through the digestive tract. ... Diagram showing the small intestine In biology the small intestine is the part of the gastrointestinal tract between the stomach and the large intestine (colon). ... In mammals including humans, the lymphatic vessels (or lymphatics) are a network of thin tubes that branch, like blood vessels, into tissues throughout the body. ... Lacteal is found in the small intestine. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lipase - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (647 words)
A lipase is a water-soluble enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ester bonds in water–insoluble, lipid substrates.
Lipoprotein lipase deficiency is caused by mutations in the gene encoding lipoprotein lipase [1].
A pancreatic lipase with a phospholipase A1 activity: crystal structure of a chimeric pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 from guinea pig.
Pnlip - pancreatic lipase (415 words)
Pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 is the major colipase-dependent pancreatic lipase in suckling mice.
Chromosomal localization of lipolytic enzymes in the mouse: pancreatic lipase, colipase, hormone-sensitive lipase, hepatic lipase, and carboxyl ester lipase.
Pnlip is a homologue of PNLIP (pancreatic lipase) from Homo sapiens.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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