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Encyclopedia > Panama City
Panama City
Ciudad De Panamá
View of Panama City's skyline at night
Official flag of Panama City
Flag
Official seal of Panama City
Seal
Province Panama
Districts 23 Panama boroughs
Founded August 15, 1519
Seat of the Government November 3, 1903
Capital of the Nation November 3, 1903
Government
 - Type Constitutional Democracy
 - Mayor Juan Carlos Navarro (PRD)
Area
 - Total 275 km² (106.2 sq mi)
 - Metro 2,560.8 km² (988.7 sq mi)
Elevation 5.1 m (17 ft)
Population (2000)
 - Total 1,063,000
 - Density 275/km² (129/sq mi)
HDI (2000 - 2007) 0.937 – high
Website: http://www.municipio.gob.pa
Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

Balboa Monument
State Party Flag of Panama Panama
Type Touristic, Cultural
Criteria II, IV, VI
Reference 790
Region Latin America and The Caribbean
Inscription History
Inscription 1997  (21st Session)
Extensions 2003
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
Region as classified by UNESCO.

Panama City (Spanish: Ciudad de Panamá) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Panama. It has a population of 708,738, with a total metro population of 1,063,000, and it is located at the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal, at 8°58′N, 79°32′W. Panama City is the political and administrative center of the country. Juan Carlos Navarro is the current mayor of the city. Panama (or Panamá) may mean: Places: Panama, a country in Central America Panama City, the capital of the Republic of Panama Panama City, Florida, a city in Florida, US Panamá, Goiás a city in Goiás State, Brazil Panama, IL Panama, IA Panama, NE Panama, OK Other uses: Panama... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ciudad_de_Panamá.png‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Panama City ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Districts are a form of local government in several countries. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... It has been suggested that constitutional republic and republican democracy be merged into this article or section. ... Juan Carlos Navarro is the mayor of Panamas District. ... The Democratic Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Democrático, or PRD) is a Panamanian political party. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2006). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1132x836, 186 KB) The Monumento a Balboa in Panamá City, with the new city highrise in the background Original filename: 040418_9413. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Panama. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Not to be confused with capitol. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... Two Panamax running the Miraflores Locks The Panama Canal (Spanish: ) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... Juan Carlos Navarro is the mayor of Panamas District. ...


Panama City was chosen to be the American Capital of Culture for the year 2003 (jointly, with Curitiba, Brazil). The NGO American Capital of Culture Organization selects one American city annually to serve as the American Capital of Culture for a period of one year. ... Nickname: Motto: A cidade sorriso (The smiley city) Location of Curitiba Country Region State Paraná Founded 29 March 1693 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Mayor Carlos Alberto Richa (PSDB) Area  - City 430. ...

Contents

History

The city was founded on August 15, 1519, by Pedro Arias de Ávila. Within years of its founding, the city became a launching point for the exploration and conquest of Peru and a transit point for gold and silver headed towards Spain through the Isthmus. In 1671, the English pirate Henry Morgan, with the help of a band of 1400 men, attacked and looted the city, which was subsequently destroyed by fire. The ruins of the old city still remain and are a popular tourist attraction known as Panamá la Vieja (Old Panama). It was rebuilt in 1673 in a new location approximately 5 miles southwest of the original city. This location is now known as the Casco Viejo (Old Quarter) of the city. is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... Pedrarias Davila (Pedro Arias de Avila) ( Segovia, Castille, c. ... Sir Henry Morgan (Hari Morgan in Welsh), (ca. ...


One year before the start of the California Gold Rush, the Panama Railroad Company was formed,[1] but the railroad did not begin operation until 1855.[2] Between 1848 and 1869, the year the first transcontinental railroad was completed in the United States, about 375,000 persons crossed the isthmus from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and 225,000 in the opposite direction. That traffic greatly increased the prosperity of the city during that period. The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began shortly after January 24, 1848 (when gold was discovered at Sutters Mill in Coloma). ... The Panama Railway or Panama Railroad was the worlds first transcontinental railroad. ... The Atlantic Ocean, not including Arctic and Antarctic regions. ... Pacific redirects here. ...

View of Panama City at night

The construction of the Panama Canal was of great benefit to the infrastructure and economy. Of particular note are the improvements in health and sanitation brought about by the American presence in the Canal Zone. These include the eradication of yellow fever and malaria and the introduction of a first-rate water supply system. However, most of the laborers for the construction of the canal were brought in from the Caribbean, which created unprecedented racial and social tensions in the city. [citation needed] Image File history File links Panamacity_night. ... Image File history File links Panamacity_night. ... The Panama Canal Zone (Spanish: ), was a 553 square mile (1,432 km²) territory inside of Panama, consisting of the Panama Canal and an area generally extending 5 miles (8. ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites. ... Control room and schematics of the water purification plant to Bret lake. ...


During World War II, construction of military bases and the presence of larger numbers of U.S. military and civilian personnel brought about unprecedented levels of prosperity to the city.[citation needed] Panamanians had limited access, or no access at all, to many areas in the Canal Zone neighboring the Panama City metropolitan area. [citation needed] Some of these areas were military bases accessible only to United States personnel. Some tensions arose between the people of Panama and the U.S. citizens living in the Panama Canal Zone. This erupted in the January 9, 1964 events, known as Martyrs' Day. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Martyrs Day is a Panamanian holiday which commemorates the January 9, 1964 riots over sovereignty of the Panama Canal Zone. ...

The bay of Panama.

In the late 1970s through the 1980s Panama City became an international banking center, bringing a lot of undesirable attention as an international money-laundering center. In 1989 after nearly a year of tension between the United States and Panama, President George H. Bush ordered the invasion of Panama to depose the leader of Panama, General Manuel Noriega. As a result of the action a portion of the El Chorrillo neighborhood, which consisted mostly of old wood-framed buildings dating back to the 1900s (though still a large slum area), was destroyed by fire. Eventually, the U.S. helped finance the construction of large cinderblock apartment buildings to replace the destroyed structures. Panama City remains a banking center, although with very visible controls in the flow of cash. Shipping is handled through port facilities in the area of Balboa operated by the Hutchison Whampoa Company of Hong Kong and through several ports on the Caribbean side of the isthmus. Balboa, which is located within the greater Panama City metropolitan area, was formerly part of the Panama Canal Zone, and in fact the administration of the former Panama Canal Zone was headquartered there. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ... George H. W. Bush - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Combatants Panama United States Commanders Manuel Noriega Maxwell R. Thurman Strength 16,000+ 27,684+ Casualties 100-1,000 killed 24 Killed 325 Wounded 300-3,000 civilians killed Rangers from Charlie Company, 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment prepare to take La Comandancia in the El Chorrillo neighborhood of Panama... For other persons named Noriega, see Noriega (disambiguation). ... Balboa is a district of Panama City, located at the Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal. ... Hutchison Whampoa Limited or HWL (Traditional Chinese: , SEHK: 0013) of Hong Kong is a Fortune 500 company and one of the largest companies listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. ...


Panama City as a tourism destination

A Panamanian colonial village in Casco Viejo
A Panamanian colonial village in Casco Viejo
Casco Viejo, seen from Cerro Ancón
Casco Viejo, seen from Cerro Ancón

The city has numerous tourist attractions including world-class hotels and restaurants. Particularly interesting for tourists are various sites located in the old quarter (also commonly referred to as "Casco Viejo", "Casco Antiguo" or "San Felipe"), including Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1112x825, 187 KB) A plaza in Casco Viejo in Panamá City. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1112x825, 187 KB) A plaza in Casco Viejo in Panamá City. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1136x716, 168 KB) Casco Viejo in Panamá City, seen from Cerro Ancón. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1136x716, 168 KB) Casco Viejo in Panamá City, seen from Cerro Ancón. ...

  • Las Bóvedas,[3] literally The Vaults, a waterfront promenade jutting out into the Pacific;
  • The National Institute of Culture Building and across from it, the French Embassy;
  • The Cathedral on Plaza de la Catedral;
  • Teatro Nacional, a recently renovated performance center, with outstanding natural acoustics; It provides an intimate performance environment and seating for about 800 guests.
  • Museo del Canal Interoceánico (Interoceanic Canal Museum);
  • Numerous restaurants located near the French embassy.
  • Palacio de las Garzas (Heron's Palace), the official name of the presidential palace. There are real herons in the compound.

Further southwest one can climb Ancon Hill and get an overview of the city (see photograph at the end of the article) with the well-known Bridge of the Americas spanning over the Panama Canal. There is only one other bridge over the Panama Canal, the Centennial Bridge, which was completed in 2003 and is now becoming an attraction. For other uses, see Heron (disambiguation). ... Ancon Hill is a steep 654-foot hill which overlooks Panama City, Panama. ... The Bridge of the Americas (Spanish: Puente de las Américas; originally known as the Thatcher Ferry Bridge) is a road bridge in Panama, which spans the Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal. ... Panamas Centennial Bridge (Spanish: Puente Centenario) is a major bridge crossing the Panama Canal, and hence connecting North and South America. ...

Downtown Panama, seen from the pier of the yacht club
Downtown Panama, seen from the pier of the yacht club

Recently relocated to the entrance of Curundu Heights in the former Panama Canal Zone is the Museo Antropológico Reina Torres de Araúz (Reina Torres de Arauz Anthropological Museum) — better known by its Spanish acronym MARTA — with precious metal artifacts from pre-Columbian Panama. rgmojgektjffiirjjgiijuirkidikdkejukgifoooooorirt0000000000[irpwfopri[o The area immediately east of the Pacific entrance of the canal--known as the Amador Causeway[4]-- is currently being developed as a major tourist center with many North American style malls, hotels, nightclubs, and restaurants. Currently the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute operates a station and a small museum open to the public on Culebra Island, just off the island of Naos (See inset). A new museum, The Bridge of Life Museum, is currently under construction on the causeway. The Bridge of Life Museum was designed by the American architect Frank Gehry famous for the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao and the Disney Concert Center in Los Angeles and it is scheduled to be completed in 2007.[5] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1041x666, 129 KB) Brown Pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis) in the Bahía de Panamá against a backdrop of Central Panamá highrise, seen from the pier of La Marina (the Panamá Yacht Club). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1041x666, 129 KB) Brown Pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis) in the Bahía de Panamá against a backdrop of Central Panamá highrise, seen from the pier of La Marina (the Panamá Yacht Club). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Backronym and Apronym (Discuss) Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations, such as NATO, laser, and ABC, written as the initial letter or letters of words, and pronounced on the basis of this abbreviated written form. ... http://www. ... Frank Owen Gehry, CC (born Ephraim Owen Goldberg, February 28, 1929) is a Pritzker Prize winning architect based in Los Angeles, California. ... The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, along the Nervión River in downtown Bilbao, with the Maman, a huge spider by Louise Bourgeois The Guggenheim museum in Bilbao, Spain, which is made of glass, titanium, and limestone. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


The city is growing as a haven for seniors from the United States due to low-tax incentives and a tropical climate. The demand for space in Panama City has sparked a construction boom and skyscrapers are being to built as condos to supply the number of people entering the city. Taipei 101, the worlds tallest skyscraper by roof height on high rise. ...


Photographs of the city

Urban Problems

Due to many years of urban growth without any planning, Panama City is now facing several urban problems. With the large number of skyscrapers being built, population density is increasing far beyond previously expected. Neighborhoods like El Cangrejo and El Carmen, first designed for a density of 10 000 inhabitants/km² are now reaching 35 000 inhabitants/km². The city's downtown streets are overcrowded with cars, creating many traffic problems for commuters. Panama City's existing water supply piping system isn't getting enough maintenance and this is causing several water pollution-related problems.


Another important problem is the shape of the city. Instead of the usual circular shape, Panama City has assumed the form of a narrow strip along the coast, expanding into the northeast. This is mainly because Panama City is limited in the south by the Pacific Ocean, in the north by the protected lands of the Metropolitan Park and other parks of the Panama Canal Basin, and in the west boundary by the Panama Canal itself with more protected land areas beyond it. Subsequently Panama City has expanded mostly eastwards.


Drugs

The entrance to the Parque Natural Metropolitano.
The entrance to the Parque Natural Metropolitano.
Beautiful flower found inside the Parque Natural Metropolitano, in Panama City.
Beautiful flower found inside the Parque Natural Metropolitano, in Panama City.
A view of Panama City from inside the Parque Natural Metropolitano.
A view of Panama City from inside the Parque Natural Metropolitano.

Panama City is located between the Pacific Ocean and many tropical rain forests. The Parque Natural Metropolitano (Metropolitan Nature Park), stretching from Panama city along the Panama Canal, has several unique bird species and other animals such as tapir, puma, alligators, etc. At the Pacific entrance of the canal is the Centro de Exhibiciones Marinas (Marine Exhibitions Center), a research center for those interested in tropical marine life and ecology. Centro de Exhibiciones Marinas is managed by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 445 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (448 × 604 pixel, file size: 107 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Beautiful flower found inside the Parque Natural Metropolitano, in Panama City File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 445 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (448 × 604 pixel, file size: 107 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Beautiful flower found inside the Parque Natural Metropolitano, in Panama City File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Two Panamax running the Miraflores Locks The Panama Canal (Spanish: ) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... http://www. ...


Tropical forests around Panama City are vital for the functioning of the Panama Canal. These forests provide the canal with the watershed required for its operation (a rare example of a vast engineering project in the middle of the forest which actually helped preserve that very nature). Due to the importance of the Canal to the Panamanian economy, tropical forests around the canal have been kept in an almost pristine state. Along the western side of the Canal is the Parque Nacional Soberania (Sovereignty National Park) which includes Summit botanical gardens and a zoo. In this national park, the best known trail is the Pipeline Road, very popular among birdwatchers.[6]


Transportation

Panama City's international airport, Tocumen International Airport, located on the eastern outskirts of the city, is easily accessible. There are direct flights between Tocumen and New York, Newark, Washington D.C., Los Angeles, Houston, Orlando, Miami, Atlanta, Madrid and all major cities in the Caribbean area, Central America and South America. Panama City also has a regional airport Marcos A. Gelabert, located in an area once occupied by Albrook Air Force Base. Marcos A. Gelabert Airport is the main hub for regional flights within Panama and the Pearl Islands in the Pacific. Tocumen International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de Tocumen) is an international airport located 15 miles (24 km) from Panama City, Panama. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Nickname: Map of Newark in Essex County County Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Government  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]  - City 67. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Houston redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State Counties Orange Government  - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area  - City 101 sq mi (261. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... Albrook Air Force Base was one of two main United States Air Force bases located inside Panama, in the area of the Panama Canal Zone (the other was Howard AFB). ... Pearl Islands (or Archipelago de las Perlas in Spanish) is a group of islands on the Pacific side of Panama, the most notable of which is Contadora Island known for its resorts. ...


Panama City has an extensive and efficient, yet confusing to tourists, form of public transportation consisting of colorful painted buses colloquially known as diablo rojo. A diablo rojo is usually "customized" or painted with bright colors, usually depicting famous actors, politicians or singers. It is now popular all over the city (and also in neighboring towns) for bus drivers to personally customize the interior and exterior of their diablo rojo. There is also a bus terminal near the Marcos A. Gelabert airport which together with the airport serves as the main transport hub for the rest of the country.


Panama City is in the process of implementing a more modern bus system (bus rapid transit) that will roughly cost US$100 million. Construction works (additional bus lanes, bus stops) are now progressing and should be completed in the first quarter of 2009 according to "La Prensa" newspaper.[citation needed] Busways redirects here. ...


Sports

  • Association Football
    • Panama City is home to three professional teams in the country's top football league, ANAPROF:
    • Panama City is also home to two professional teams in the country's second level league, Primera A (Segunda Division):
      • Deportivo Italia
      • Rio Abajo F.C.

ANAPROF (Asociación Nacional Pro Fútbol) is the top soccer league in Panama. ... Club Deportivo Policía Nacional is a Panamanian football team playing at Segunda Division. ... Plaza Amador is a Panamanian soccer club, that currently plays in ANAPROF. // The Social Club and Plaza Amador were founded in 1955 by a legendary figure of Panamanian sports, León Cocoliso Tejada (1927-1982), whom through the years developed a team designed to educate and train players that brought... Tauro FC is a professional soccer club located in Panama City, Panama that plays in ANAPROF, the top Panamanian soccer league. ...

See also

This is a list of cities in Panama. ...

References

  1. ^ The Panama Railroad from Trainweb
  2. ^ Harper's New Monthly Magazine March 1855, Volume 10, Issue 58, p.543
  3. ^ Las Bovedas: Casco Viejo Bar
  4. ^ Jogging in Paradise...but where is everbody? The Panama Report
  5. ^ Panama:Bridge of Life|Biodiversity Museum
  6. ^ Canopy Tower, a famous birdwatchers hotel

External links

Panama Portal

  Results from FactBites:
 
Panama City - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1778 words)
Panama City (Spanish: Ciudad de Panamá), population 708,738, is the capital of Panama, located at the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal, at 8°58′N 79°32′W.
Panama City is the political, administrative and cultural center of the country.
Panama City's international airport is Tocumen International Airport located on the eastern outskirts of the city and easily accessible by a modern toll road from the financial district.
Encyclopedia4U - Panama City - Encyclopedia Article (156 words)
Panama City, population 584,803 (1990), is the capital of Panama.
The city was founded on August 15, 1519 by Pedro Arias de Avila, and flourished during Spanish colonial times as a major port.
Panama City is no longer a port; commerce is handled through neighboring Balboa.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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