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Encyclopedia > Pamir Mountains

Coordinates: 39°00′N 72°00′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

A photograph of Ismail Samani Peak (then known as Peak Communism) taken in 1989.
A photograph of Ismail Samani Peak (then known as Peak Communism) taken in 1989.

Located in Central Asia, the Pamir Mountains are formed by the junction or "knot" of the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush ranges. They are among the world’s highest mountains. They are also known by the Chinese name of Congling 葱嶺 or 'Onion Mountains.' Image File history File links Download high resolution version (877x593, 141 KB) Summary Peak Communism (now Ismail Samani Peak) in Tajikistan, photograph taken in 1989. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (877x593, 141 KB) Summary Peak Communism (now Ismail Samani Peak) in Tajikistan, photograph taken in 1989. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... The Tian Shan (Chinese: 天山; Pinyin: Tiān Shān; celestial mountains) mountain range is located in Central Asia, in the border region of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of western China. ... Located in the mountainous regions of Gilgit, Ladakh & Baltistan, Gilgit and Baltistan are in Pakistan, the Karakoram is one of the great Himalayan mountain ranges, with many of the highest and most daunting peaks of the world. ... Region containing Kunlun Mountains The Kunlun mountain range (崑崙山) is one of the longest mountain chains in Asia, extending more than 3000 km. ... The Hindu Kush or Hindukush (هندوکش in Persian) is a mountain range in Afghanistan as well as in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ...

The Pamir region is centered in the Tajikistani region of Gorno-Badakhshan. Parts of the Pamir also lie in the countries of Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. South of Gorno-Badakhshan, the Wakhan Corridor runs through the Pamir region, which also includes the northern extremes of the North-West Frontier Province and the northern extremes of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (GBAR) is a mountainous province (region) of Tajikistan. ... The Wakhan Corridor or Wakhan Salient (also spelt as Vakhan; وخان in Persian) is a narrow (in some places less than 10 mi. ... The North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is the smallest in size of the four provinces of Pakistan and is home to the Pashtuns and various other groups. ... The Northern Areas (Urdu: شمالی علاقے ) or Gilgit-Baltistan is the northernmost region of Pakistani-administered Kashmir. ...



Its three highest mountains are Ismail Samani Peak (known from 19321962 as Stalin Peak, and from 19621998 as Communism Peak), 24,590 ft (7,495 m); Independence Peak, 23,508 ft (7,165 m); and Pik Korzhenevskoi, 23,310 ft (7,105 m). Ismail Samani Peak (Russian: Pik Imeni Ismaila Samani, Tajik: Qullai Ismoili Somoni) is the highest mountain in Tajikistan and in the former Soviet Union, named after Ismail Samani. ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Independence Peak (Qulla-i Istiqlol), known as Lenin Peak before July 2006 and Mount Kaufmann in the 1920es, is the highest mountain in the Trans-Alay Range of central Asia and the third highest peak in the Pamir Mountains, exceeded only by Ismail Samani Peak (7,495m) and and Pobeda... Pik Korzhenevskoi is the third highest peak in the Pamir Mountains of Tajikistan. ...

There are many glaciers in the Pamir Mountains, including the 45-mile-long (72 km) Fedchenko Glacier, the longest in the former USSR and the longest glacier outside the Polar region. A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity and undergoes internal deformation. ... The Fedchenko Glacier (Russian Федченко, also transliterated Fedcenko) is a large glacier in the Pamir Mountains of central Tajikistan. ... Location of the polar regions Earths polar regions are the areas of the globe surrounding the poles, north of the Arctic circle, or south of the Antarctic Circle. ...


Covered in snow throughout the year, the Pamirs have long and bitterly cold winters, and short, cool summers. Annual precipitation is about 5 inches (130 mm), which supports grasslands but few trees. Animation of snowcover changing with the seasons. ... For other senses of this word, see winter (disambiguation). ... For other senses of this word, see Summer (disambiguation). ... An Inner Mongolian Grassland. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ...


Coal is mined in the west, though sheep herding in upper meadowlands are the primary source of income for the area. Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (surface mining). ... Species See text. ... Montane grasslands and shrublands is a biome defined by the World Wildlife Fund. ...


In the early 1980s, a deposit of gemstone-quality clinohumite was discovered in the Pamir Mountains. It was the only such deposit known until the discovery of gem-quality material in the Taymyr region of Siberia in 2000. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A selection of gemstone pebbles made by tumbling rough rock with abrasive grit, in a rotating drum. ... Clinohumite is an uncommon member of the humite group of minerals, a magnesium silicate according to the chemical formula (Mg,Fe)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2. ... Taymyr Peninsula is a peninsula in Siberia that forms the most northern part of mainland Asia. ... Siberian Federal District (dark red) and the broadest definition of Siberia (red) Udachnaya pipe Siberia (Russian: , Sibir; Tatar: ) is a vast region of Russia constituting almost all of Northern Asia. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...


At the southeastern edge of the Pamir region, in China, the highest international highway in the world, the Karakoram Highway, connects Pakistan to China. The Pamir Highway, the world’s second highest, runs from Dushanbe in Tajikistan to Osh in Kyrgyzstan through the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region and is the isolated region’s main supply route. Karakoram Highway route map The highest point on the highway: the Khunjerab Pass The Karakoram Highway in the Xinjiang region of China. ... The Pamir Highway travels through the Central Asian nations of Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan. ... Dushanbe (Душанбе), population 562,000 people (2000 census), is the capital of Tajikistan. ... For the home improvement store, see Orchard Supply Hardware. ... Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (GBAR) is a mountainous province (region) of Tajikistan. ...

Further reading

  • Curzon, George Nathaniel. 1896. The Pamirs and the Source of the Oxus. Royal Geographical Society, London. Reprint: Elibron Classics Series, Adamant Media Corporation. 2005. ISBN 1-4021-5983-8 (pbk; ISBN 1-4021-3090-2 (hbk).
  • Gordon, T. E. 1876. The Roof of the World: Being the Narrative of a Journey over the high plateau of Tibet to the Russian Frontier and the Oxus sources on Pamir. Edinburgh. Edmonston and Douglas. Reprint by Ch’eng Wen Publishing Company. Taipei. 1971.
  • Toynbee, Arnold J. 1961. Between Oxus and Jumna. London. Oxford University Press.
  • Wood, John, 1872. A Journey to the Source of the River Oxus. With an essay on the Geography of the Valley of the Oxus by Colonel Henry Yule. London: John Murray.
  • Horsman, S. 2002. Peaks, Politics and Purges: the First Ascent of Pik Stalin in Douglas, E. (ed.) Alpine Journal 2002 (Volume 107), The Alpine Club & Ernest Press, London, pp 199-206.
  • Leitner, G. W. 1890. Dardistan in 1866, 1886 and 1893: Being an Account of the History, Religions, Customs, Legends, Fables and Songs of Gilgit, Chilas, Kandia (Gabrial) Yasin, Chitral, Hunza, Nagyr and other parts of the Hindukush. With a supplement to the second edition of The Hunza and Nagyr Handbook. And an Epitome of Part III of the author’s “The Languages and Races of Dardistan”. First Reprint 1978. Manjusri Publishing House, New Delhi.
  • Strong, Anna Louise. 1930. The Road to the Grey Pamir. Robert M. McBride & Co., New York.
  • Slesser, Malcolm "Red Peak: A Personal Account of the British-Soviet Expedition" Coward McCann 1964
  • Tilman, H. W. "Two Mountains and a River" part of "The Severn Mountain Travel Books". Diadem, London. 1983

See also

The Pamir languages of the Pamir Mountains of Central Asia are Shughni, Sarikoli, Yazgulyam, Munji, Sanglechi-Ishkashimi, Wakhi, and Yidgha. ... Wakhan is a very mountainous and rugged part of the Pamir region. ... Highest peaks of Pakistan as seen from space Highest Karakoram peaks as seen from International Space Station Pakistan is home to more than sixty peaks above 7,000m (22,960 feet). ... K2, the 2nd highest of the world Broad Peak, the 12th highest of the world Pakistan contains five of the highest fourteen independent peaks in the world (the eight-thousanders) and many other high peaks, in the Himalaya, Karakoram, Hindu Kush, and Hindu Raj ranges. ... This is a list of mountain ranges organized alphabetically by continent. ... Mount Everest, the worlds highest mountain The following is a list of the worlds 100 highest mountains, all of which are located in Asia. ...

External links

  • Information and photos
  • The Pamirs. 1:500.000 - A tourist map of Gorno-Badkshan-Tajikistan and background information on the region. Verlag „Gecko-Maps“, Switzerland 2004 (ISBN 3-906593-35-5)

  Results from FactBites:
Pamir. Elbrus ski-tour free ride photo Vladimir Kopylov. Кавказ - Эльбрус со знаком плюс. ... (866 words)
In 1866 the first Russian expedition arrived in Pamir, led by the naturalist and explorer fedchenko, who explored the Zaalaiyskiy Mts.and discovered the immense glacier named after him that until recently was considered the largest in the world.
The Pamir is basically composed of Zaalaiysliy range with Lenin (7134 m) peak, Central part with Communism (7495 m) peak dominating - the most high point and Revolution (6974 m) peak part, and finally south-western Pamir with Engels (6510 m) and Marx rock towers grandeur.
South-Western Pamir is situated in the border between Tadzhikistan and Afghanistan along the ancient Silk road.
Pamirs - the roof of the world (334 words)
This website is dedicated to the children and other people of the Pamirs, a region they know as POMIR – “the roof of the world”, although some claim that POMIR means “feet of the sun”.
The Pamirs are one of the last "undiscovered" tourist destinations.
This mountainous area, a large part of which is located in Gorno-Badakhshan in Tajikistan, is one of the most inaccessible in the world.
  More results at FactBites »



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