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Encyclopedia > Palpatine
Star Wars character
Palpatine/Darth Sidious

Position Senator of Chommell Sector, Supreme Chancellor of the Galactic Republic, Emperor of the Galactic Empire, Dark Lord of the Sith
Homeworld Naboo
Species Human
Gender Male
Affiliation Galactic Republic, Confederacy of Independent Systems, Galactic Empire, Sith
Portrayed by The Empire Strikes Back:
Clive Revill (original voice)
Ian McDiarmid (Special Edition)
Return of the Jedi and the prequel trilogy:
Ian McDiarmid
Star Wars: Clone Wars:
Nick Jameson (voice)

Palpatine is a fictional character in George Lucas' science fiction saga Star Wars. He was introduced in the films Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi (1983) as the Emperor of the Galactic Empire, an aged, cowled, and pale-faced figure who walks with a cane. Palpatine appears in the prequel trilogy as a middle-aged politician in the Galactic Republic who rises to power through deception and treachery. The character is featured in the animated miniseries Star Wars: Clone Wars (20032005) and in Star Wars literature. Scottish actor Ian McDiarmid portrays the character in the Star Wars feature films. This article is about the series. ... Image File history File links Palpatine_ROTJ.jpg‎ Summary The Emperor (Ian McDiarmid) from the film Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi (1983). ... A sector in the fictional Star Wars universe is a region of space that has 50 star systems within its boundaries, though some sectors have more than this number. ... Supreme Chancellor (usually just Chancellor) is the title of the Head of State of the Galactic Republic of the fictional Star Wars universe. ... - Senator Palpatine Form of Government Federal Republic Official language Basic Capital Coruscant Head of Government Chancellor Establishment c. ... An emperorrefers to Nick Herringshaw, a title, empress may only indicate the wife of an emperor (empress consort. ... The Galactic Empire is one of the main factions in the Star Wars universe. ... Dark Lord of the Sith is a fictional title created by George Lucas for his Star Wars universe. ... Naboo is a fictitious planet in the fictional Star Wars universe with a mostly green terrain and which is the homeworld of two societies: the Gungans who dwell in underwater cities and the humans who live in colonies on the surface. ... In George Lucas fictional Star Wars universe, Humans are the most numerous and dominant species, with apparently millions of major and minor colonies galaxywide. ... - Senator Palpatine Form of Government Federal Republic Official language Basic Capital Coruscant Head of Government Chancellor Establishment c. ... In the fictional Star Wars universe, the Confederacy of Independent Systems (CIS) is an organization that existed in the latter years of the Republic. ... The Galactic Empire is one of the main factions in the Star Wars universe. ... Within the Star Wars universe, the term Sith is used to describe two separate but related groups. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ... Clive Selsby Revill (born April 18, 1930 in Wellington, New Zealand) is an experienced character actor who has made more than 50 films and TV movies and whose work has ranged from theatrical blockbusters to stage classics. ... Ian McDiarmid (born August 11, 1944) is a Tony Award-winning Scottish actor born in Carnoustie. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, is a science fiction film that debuted in 1983, and re-released with changes in 1997 and 2004. ... Revenge of the Sith is the third film of the prequel trilogy. ... Star Wars: Clone Wars (November 7, 2003 - present) is an animated Star Wars television series that chronicles the Clone Wars between the Republic under Chancellor Palpatine and the Confederacy of Independent Systems under Count Dooku. ... Nick Jameson is an American character and voice actor. ... Alice, a fictional character based on a real character from the work of Lewis Carroll. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... This article is about the series. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, is a science fiction film that debuted in 1983, and re-released with changes in 1997 and 2004. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... An emperorrefers to Nick Herringshaw, a title, empress may only indicate the wife of an emperor (empress consort. ... The Galactic Empire is one of the main factions in the Star Wars universe. ... Revenge of the Sith is the third film of the prequel trilogy. ... The Galactic Republic is the name of the interplanetary government used in the fictional Star Wars universe prior to the establishment of the Galactic Empire. ... A miniseries (sometimes mini-series), in a serial storytelling medium, is a production which tells a story in a limited number of episodes. ... Star Wars: Clone Wars (November 7, 2003 - present) is an animated Star Wars television series that chronicles the Clone Wars between the Republic under Chancellor Palpatine and the Confederacy of Independent Systems under Count Dooku. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ... Ian McDiarmid (born August 11, 1944) is a Tony Award-winning Scottish actor born in Carnoustie. ...


Palpatine is a major antagonist in Star Wars fiction. Born on the planet Naboo 82 years before the events of Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977),[2] he is a key politician in the Republic who claims to represent peace and democracy. In reality, Palpatine is Darth Sidious, a powerful Sith Lord who practices the dark side of the Force. He initiates and manipulates the Clone Wars to destroy the Jedi and establish the totalitarian Galactic Empire. For other uses, see Antagonist (disambiguation). ... Naboo is a fictitious planet in the fictional Star Wars universe with a mostly green terrain and which is the homeworld of two societies: the Gungans who dwell in underwater cities and the humans who live in colonies on the surface. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Within the Star Wars universe, the term Sith is used to describe two separate but related groups. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “May The Force Be With You” redirects here. ... A scene from Attack of the Clones depicting the Battle of Geonosis, the first battle of the Clone Wars The Clone Wars (also known as the Clone War) are a series of fictional intragalactic battles in George Lucass science fiction saga Star Wars. ... Jedi Knights and Jedi Knight redirect here. ... The concept of Totalitarianism is a typology or ideal-type used by some political scientists to encapsulate the characteristics of a number of twentieth century regimes that mobilized entire populations in support of the state or an ideology. ... The Galactic Empire is one of the main factions in the Star Wars universe. ...


George Lucas's original scripts of Star Wars characterize Palpatine as a cunning but weak politician under the control of powerful bureaucrats. However, in Return of the Jedi, the trilogy of prequel films, and Star Wars literature, the character is depicted as the personification of evil. Palpatine was incorporated into the Star Wars merchandising campaigns that corresponded with the theatrical release of Return of the Jedi and the prequel films. He has since become a symbol of evil and sinister deception in popular culture, particularly in the United States. The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This article is about the sociological concept. ... Revenge of the Sith is the third film of the prequel trilogy. ... For other uses, see Evil (disambiguation). ... Popular culture, sometimes abbreviated to pop culture, consists of widespread cultural elements in any given society. ...

Contents

Appearances

Palpatine is a major character in Star Wars fiction. He appears in all of the Star Wars films except A New Hope and is featured in the Clone Wars miniseries. The character has a recurring role in Expanded Universe novels and comics, where his background and influence in the Star Wars galaxy outside the films are explained. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Star Wars Galaxy. ...


Star Wars films

Prequel trilogy

In his 1999 prequel film Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, Lucas introduced Palpatine as an austere, middle-aged man and senior senator from the planet Naboo. Set 32 years before A New Hope, the film explains that the Trade Federation blockades and invades Naboo, forcing its queen — Padmé Amidala (Natalie Portman) — to flee to the galactic capital of Coruscant to receive counsel from the senator. Palpatine warns Amidala that the Senate is controlled by ineffective bureaucrats. He persuades her to make a motion in the Senate to have Supreme Chancellor Finis Valorum (Terence Stamp) removed from office. Once this is accomplished, Palpatine is elected in his place. He promises to fight corruption and weaken the influence of bureaucrats in the government. As the mysterious Darth Sidious (a plot twist not revealed until Episode III), Palpatine secretly manipulates the Trade Federation. He sends his Sith apprentice, Darth Maul (Ray Park), to Naboo to oversee the invasion and find the queen. The invasion, however, is thwarted by Jedi Qui-Gon Jinn (Liam Neeson) and Obi-Wan Kenobi (Ewan McGregor). Qui-Gon and Darth Maul are killed in a lightsaber duel; after Qui-Gon's funeral, Palpatine tells nine-year-old Anakin Skywalker (Jake Lloyd), "We'll be watching your career with great interest."[3] Before his rise to power, Palpatine was an unassuming yet ambitious Senator in the Galactic Republic. ... Before his rise to power, Palpatine was an unassuming yet ambitious Senator in the Galactic Republic. ... Ian McDiarmid (born August 11, 1944) is a Tony Award-winning Scottish actor born in Carnoustie. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 film by George Lucas starring Liam Neeson, Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, and Jake Lloyd. ... Film poster for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 film by George Lucas starring Liam Neeson, Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, and Jake Lloyd. ... The Trade Federation invasion, and later occupation, force marches on Theed The Trade Federation is a fictional organization that exists in the Star Wars universe at the time of the Galactic Republic. ... Combatants Naboo Royal Security Forces Gungan Grand Army Galactic Republic Trade Federation Droid Army Commanders Queen Padmé Amidala (Ruler of the Naboo) Captain Tarpals (Gungan Captain) Captain Panaka (Royal Security Captain) Qui-Gon Jinn† (Jedi Master) Obi-Wan Kenobi (Jedi Apprentice/Knight) Jar Jar Binks (Gungan General) Ric Olie (Bravo... Padmé Amidala is a fictional character in George Lucas science fiction saga Star Wars. ... Natalie Portman (‎; born June 9, 1981) is a Golden Globe-winning, Academy Award-nominated Israeli-American actress. ... Coruscant Coruscant (pronounced //) is a fictional planet in the Star Wars universe. ... A motion is a formal step to introduce a matter for consideration by a group. ... Supreme Chancellor (usually just Chancellor) is the title of the Head of State of the Galactic Republic of the fictional Star Wars universe. ... Finis Valorum (92 BBY - 22 BBY) is a fictional character from Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. ... Terence Stamp (born July 22, 1939) is an English actor. ... A Plot twist is a change (twist) in the direction or expected outcome of the plot of a film or novel. ... Darth Maul is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ... Raymond Park (born August 23, 1974), better known as Ray Park, is a British stunt man and actor. ... Qui-Gon Jinn is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe, portrayed by Liam Neeson in Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. ... William John Liam Neeson OBE (born June 7, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated Irish actor. ... Obi-Wan Kenobi is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ... Ewan Gordon McGregor (born March 31, 1971) (IPA pronunciation: [1]) is a Scottish actor who has had significant success in mainstream, indie and art house films. ... For this fictional characters widely known appearance in the Star Wars original trilogy, see the article on Darth Vader. ... Jacob Christopher Jake Lloyd (born March 5, 1989) is an American actor who gained worldwide fame when he was chosen by George Lucas to play the young Anakin Skywalker in Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, the first film in the Star Wars prequel trilogy. ...


Lucas gave Palpatine a minor role in Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002), set 10 years after The Phantom Menace, but the character's actions are consequential. The galaxy is on the verge of civil war, with several thousand planets seceding from the Republic to form the Confederacy of Independent Systems, known as the Separatists. They are led by former Jedi Count Dooku (Christopher Lee), Darth Sidious' new apprentice. After Obi-Wan discovers a secret battle droid factory on the Separatist planet Geonosis, Palpatine uses the situation to have himself granted emergency powers. Palpatine tells the Senate, "It is with great reluctance that I have agreed to this calling. I love democracy ... I love the Republic." He promises, "The power you give me I will lay down once this crisis has abated." His first act is to create a Grand Army of the Republic to counter the Separatist threat. The Separatist crisis and ensuing Clone Wars are both orchestrated by Palpatine as the Sith Lord. At the same time, he recommends that Senator Padmé Amidala be placed under the protection of Obi-Wan and his padawan Anakin (Hayden Christensen) following a failed assassination attempt. This leads to Anakin and Padmé's marriage at the end of the film.[4] Film poster for Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002) is the fifth Star Wars science fiction movie released and the second part of the prequel trilogy which began with Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. ... A civil war is a war in which parties within the same culture, society or nationality fight against each other for the control of political power. ... For other uses, see Secession (disambiguation). ... In the fictional Star Wars universe, the Confederacy of Independent Systems (CIS) is an organization that existed in the latter years of the Republic. ... Count Dooku (also known as Darth Tyranus) is a fictional character from the Star Wars universe. ... For other persons named Christopher Lee, see Christopher Lee (disambiguation). ... Security Battle Droids shooting at Obi-Wan Kenobi and Qui-Gon Jinn. ... Geonosis is a planet from Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones. ... A state of emergency is a governmental declaration that may suspend certain normal functions of government, may work to alert citizens to alter their normal behaviors, or may order government agencies to implement emergency preparedness plans. ... Clonetroopers at the Battle of Geonois. ... Jedi Knights and Jedi Knight redirect here. ... Hayden Christensen (born April 19, 1981) is a Canadian actor. ...


Palpatine's final feature film appearance as the main antagonist is in Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (2005), set three years after Attack of the Clones. He is captured by Separatist commander General Grievous (Matthew Wood) during the Battle of Coruscant. Palpatine is rescued by Obi-Wan and Anakin, but not before the Jedi confront Count Dooku; Anakin decapitates the Sith apprentice in cold blood during the lightsaber duel at Palpatine's urging. The Supreme Chancellor has by this point become very powerful and remained in office long after his term expired due to his emergency powers. The Jedi Council is troubled by Palpatine's power and fears he will not relinquish it when the Clone Wars end. Palpatine raises their suspicions further by interfering in Jedi affairs, by requesting that Anakin be placed on the council as his personal representative. He and Anakin have become close friends over the years, and the Council wants to use the relationship to spy on the Chancellor. Uneasy about deceiving his friend, Anakin reveals the Jedi's plan to Palpatine, who warns that it is the Jedi who are afraid to give up their power. Palpatine then tells Anakin the story of Darth Plagueis the Wise, a powerful Sith Lord who was able to create life and stop death but was killed by his apprentice (later revealed to be Darth Sidious).[5] Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is the third episode of the Star Wars film series (but the sixth film to be produced), to be released on Thursday, May 19, 2005. ... General Grievous is a fictional character from the Star Wars universe. ... For the English cricketers named Matthew Wood, see Matthew Wood (Yorkshire cricketer) and Matthew Wood (Somerset cricketer). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Jedi Council decides the fate of Anakin Skywalker The Jedi High Council is an institution from the Star Wars series of films. ... Darth Plagueis (the Wise) is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe, who is mentioned in passing during Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith. ...


Palpatine informs Anakin Skywalker that he is Darth Sidious, the Sith Lord for which the Jedi have been searching; he tempts Anakin with promises of power over life and death. Palpatine knows that Anakin has been having visions of his wife, Padmé, dying in childbirth and offers to teach him the secrets of Darth Plagueis to save her life. Anakin informs Jedi Master Mace Windu (Samuel L. Jackson) that Palpatine is a Sith Lord. When Windu and three other Jedi masters (Agen Kolar, Saesee Tiin, and Kit Fisto) attempt to arrest the Chancellor, Palpatine engages them in lightsaber combat, quickly dispatching all but Windu. During the conflict, Palpatine is disfigured by his own Force lightning. Just as Windu has Palpatine at his mercy, however, Anakin interferes, as Palpatine predicted (hence the 'weak' act as he threw his saber out the window), on Palpatine's behalf, allowing the Sith to kill Windu with a blast of Force lightning. Anakin becomes Palpatine's new apprentice, Darth Vader, and is sent to destroy the Jedi Temple and the Separatist leaders at Mustafar. Childbirth (also called labour, birth, partus or parturition) is the culmination of a human pregnancy with the emergence of a newborn infant from its mothers uterus. ... “Windu” redirects here. ... “Samuel Jackson” redirects here. ... This article is about minor Jedi characters in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... Saesee Tiin is a fictional character from the Star Wars universe. ... Kit Fisto is a Jedi master from the Star Wars universe, who was portrayed in the films Attack of the Clones and Revenge of the Sith, as well as the Animated series Clone Wars. ... Lightsaber combat describes the fictional fighting styles employed by Jedi and Sith characters in the Star Wars multi-media franchise. ... Force lightning is an offensive technique in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... Darth Vader is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ... The Jedi Temple is a building in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... Mustafar is a volcanic planet in the Star Wars universe. ...


Palpatine initiates Order 66, which instructs the Republic's clone troopers to kill the Jedi, and he announces to the Senate that the Jedi were planning to overthrow the Republic. He then transforms the Republic as the Galactic Empire, naming himself Emperor for life. Jedi Master Yoda (Frank Oz) survives Order 66 and confronts Palpatine in his Senate office, but is eventually stalemated. Sensing his apprentice is in trouble, Palpatine travels to Mustafar, where he finds Vader maimed and burned to the point of death following his duel with Obi-Wan. Palpatine returns to Coruscant with Vader and provides him with a black armor suit and cyborg limbs. He then informs Vader that he (Vader) had killed Padmé. Palpatine is last seen examining the construction of the Death Star alongside Darth Vader.[5] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Clone troopers are soldiers in the fictional Star Wars universe. ... Yoda is a fictional character from the Star Wars universe, who appears in all of the franchises films except for Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. ... Frank Oz (born May 25, 1944) is an American film director, actor and puppeteer. ...


Original trilogy

The Emperor's first appearance on film is in the second installment of the original Star Wars trilogy, The Empire Strikes Back, where the Emperor is depicted as an ancient-looking man with a pale face. As Darth Vader (David Prowse) and the Imperial fleet pursue the Millennium Falcon after the Battle of Hoth, Vader is notified that the Emperor is attempting to contact him. A holographic image appears of the Emperor and Vader asks, "What is thy bidding, my Master?" The Emperor tells him that "there is a great disturbance in the Force." This refers to Luke Skywalker (Mark Hamill), the "offspring of Anakin Skywalker." The Emperor believes that the young Rebel could destroy the Sith: "The Force is strong with him. The son of Skywalker must not become a Jedi." Vader convinces the Emperor that if Luke turns to the dark side, he would become a powerful ally. He tells the Emperor, "He will join us or die, Master."[6] The Original trilogy (often OT) is: Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi See also Prequel trilogy Categories: Star Wars ... David Dave Prowse, MBE (born July 1, 1935 in Bristol, United Kingdom) is an English body-builder, weightlifter and actor, most widely known for his role as the physical form of Darth Vader. ... The Millennium Falcon is a fictional spacecraft in the Star Wars universe commanded by smuggler Han Solo (Harrison Ford) and his Wookiee firstmate, Chewbacca (Peter Mayhew). ... Combatants Galactic Empire Rebel Alliance Commanders Admiral Piett General Veers Darth Vader General Carlist Rieekan Princess Leia Luke Skywalker Strength 9 AT-AT walkers Several AT-ST walkers Several AT-AR walkers Several AT-PT walkers Snowtroopers E-Web Repeating blasters Death Squadron Imperial-class (Mark II) Star Destroyers Super... This article is about the photographic technique. ... The Force is a binding, ubiquitous power that is the object of the Jedi and Sith monastic orders in the Star Wars universe. ... Luke Skywalker is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe, portrayed by Mark Hamill in the films Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back, and Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi. ... Mark Richard Hamill (born September 25, 1951) is an American actor. ... In the fictional Star Wars universe, the Rebel Alliance, or more formally, the Alliance to Restore the Republic, is an interstellar terrorist force formed in direct military opposition to the Galactic Empire. ...


The Emperor makes his second film appearance in Return of the Jedi, the final episode of the original Star Wars trilogy (and chronologically the entire Star Wars saga). The Emperor arrives on the second Death Star, in orbit around the forest moon of Endor, to oversee the last stages of its construction. When a Rebel strike team that includes Han Solo (Harrison Ford), Princess Leia Organa (Carrie Fisher), and Luke Skywalker lands on Endor, Vader senses the presence of his son. Luke believes he can turn his father from the dark side, and the Emperor tells Vader, "His compassion for you will be his undoing. He will come to you, and you will bring him before me." The Emperor convinces Vader that only "together can we turn him to the dark side of the Force." Luke surrenders to Imperial forces on Endor and is delivered to the Emperor by Darth Vader. The Emperor attempts to convert him to the dark side after defeating his father in a lightsaber duel: "Good! Your hate has made you powerful. Now fulfill your destiny and take your father's place at my side!" Luke refuses, and Palpatine attacks him with Force lightning. At the last minute, Vader returns from the dark side and throws the Emperor into the Death Star's reactor shaft, where his body explodes in a fury of dark energy.[7] For other uses, see Death Star (disambiguation). ... The moon of Endor In the Star Wars fictional universe, the forest moon of Endor, also known as the sanctuary moon, or simply Endor, is a moon that is home to the Ewoks and above which the second Death Star was constructed in Return of the Jedi. ... Han Solo is a character in the Star Wars universe. ... For the silent film actor, see Harrison Ford (silent film actor). ... Leia and Princess Leia redirects here. ... Carrie Frances Fisher (born October 21, 1956) is an American actress, screenwriter and novelist. ... For other uses, see Destiny (disambiguation). ...


Clone Wars Mini-Series

Palpatine is a central character in Genndy Tartakovsky's Star Wars: Clone Wars, an animated miniseries set between Attack of the Clones and Revenge of the Sith that aired on Cartoon Network from 2003 to 2005. Palpatine and Darth Sidious are voiced by Nick Jameson.[8] In the series, Palpatine is busy on Coruscant running the government, and Darth Sidious appears as a hologram giving orders to Count Dooku, General Grievous, and other Separatist leaders. The character is based on McDiarmid's likeness in The Phantom Menace and Attack of the Clones. Genndy Tartakovsky (Russian: Геннадий Тартаковский (Gennadij Tartakovskij), born January 17, 1970) is an Emmy Award-winning Russian-born American animator. ... Star Wars: Clone Wars (November 7, 2003 - present) is an animated Star Wars television series that chronicles the Clone Wars between the Republic under Chancellor Palpatine and the Confederacy of Independent Systems under Count Dooku. ... For Cartoon Network outside of the United States, see Cartoon Network around the world. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Nick Jameson is an American character and voice actor. ... This article is about the photographic technique. ...

Palpatine in the Star Wars: Clone Wars miniseries
Palpatine in the Star Wars: Clone Wars miniseries

In the first chapter, Obi-Wan informs Palpatine that the Jedi have discovered that the InterGalactic Banking Clan has established battle droid factories on the planet Muunilinst. Palpatine agrees to send a strike force that includes Obi-Wan and Anakin, but Palpatine suggests that Anakin be given "special command" of Obi-Wan's fighters. Yoda and Obi-Wan initially speak against it, but reluctantly concede to the Chancellor.[9] In another chapter, Darth Sidious appears to Count Dooku as a holographic image shortly after Dooku trains Asajj Ventress, a Force-sensitive female alien adept in the dark side. Sidious orders her to track down and kill Anakin Skywalker. He remarks to Count Dooku that her failure is certain, but the point of her mission is to test Anakin.[10] Image File history File links PalpatineCloneWar. ... Image File history File links PalpatineCloneWar. ... Star Wars: Clone Wars (November 7, 2003 - present) is an animated Star Wars television series that chronicles the Clone Wars between the Republic under Chancellor Palpatine and the Confederacy of Independent Systems under Count Dooku. ... // M4-78 is the name given to a planet colonised by droids. ... Asajj Ventress is a fictional character from the Star Wars Expanded Universe. ...


Chapter 22 features the training of General Grievous by Count Dooku. Darth Sidious appears as a hologram and orders Grievous to begin the special mission: an assault on the galactic capital.[11] The Separatist invasion of Coruscant begins in the next episode, and Palpatine watches from the window in his private residence. He is protected by Jedi Shaak Ti, Roron Corobb, and Foul Moudama. Grievous breaks through the Chancellor's window and kidnaps him.[12] Roron and Foul are killed by Grievous as Palpatine is taken to the Invisible Hand, Grievous' flagship.[13][14] The following is a list of fictional Star Wars Jedi characters who attained a rank of Jedi Master. ... The following is a list of fictional Star Wars Jedi characters who attained a rank of Jedi Master. ... For other uses, see Invisible hand (disambiguation). ...


Star Wars literature

Star Wars Expanded Universe literature elaborates on Palpatine's role in Star Wars fiction outside of the Star Wars films. The first mention of Palpatine in Star Wars literature is in Alan Dean Foster's (writing as George Lucas)[15] novelization of the script of A New Hope, published as Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker (1976).[16] Foster characterizes Palpatine as a cunning but weak politician controlled by bureaucrats. Alan Dean Foster (born November 18, 1946) is a prolific American writer of science fiction and fantasy novels and movie novelizations. ...


Palpatine made his first major appearance in the Expanded Universe in 1991 and 1992 with the Dark Empire series of comic books written by Tom Veitch and illustrated by Cam Kennedy. In the series, set six years after Return of the Jedi, Palpatine is resurrected as the Emperor Reborn or Palpatine the Undying. His spirit returns from the netherworld of the Force with the aid of Sith Lord ghosts on Korriban and possesses the body of Jeng Droga, one of Palpatine's elite spies and assassins known as the Emperor's Hands. Droga flees to a secret Imperial base on the planet Byss, where the Emperor's advisor Sate Pestage exorcises Palpatine's spirit and channels it into one of many clones created by Palpatine before his death. Palpatine attempts to resume control of the galaxy, but his plans are sabotaged by Luke Skywalker, who is now a Jedi Master. He destroys most of Palpatine's cloning tanks, but is only able to defeat the Emperor with the aid of Princess Leia.[17] Dark Empire was a comic series produced by Dark Horse Comics set in the Star Wars universe. ... Tom Veitch is an American writer, best known for his contributions to the Dark Horse line of Star Wars comicbook titles, notably Dark Empire and Tales of the Jedi. ... Cam Kennedy is a Scottish comicbook artist. ... For other meanings of the word underworld see Underworld (disambiguation) In the study of mythology and religion, the underworld is a generic term approximately equivalent to the lay term afterlife, referring to any place to which newly-dead souls go. ... Korriban is a fictional planet in the Star Wars universe, the sole planet in the Horuset system, located across the galaxy from Koros Minor. ... In the Star Wars Expanded Universe, Jeng Droga (—23 ABY) was an Emperors Hand. ... Mara Jade and Kogo Vess, two Emperors Hands The Emperors Hands, in the Extended Universe of the fictional Star Wars galaxy, were Emperor Palpatines secret, private Force-sensitive agents and assassins throughout his reign. ... Byss is a planet in the Deep Core Region of the fictional Star Wars galaxy, that served as the personal resort world, sanctuary, and laboratory for the Emperor Palpatine. ... Sate Pestage is a fictional character from the Star Wars universe. ... Saint Francis exorcised demons in Arezzo, fresco of Giotto Exorcism (from Late Latin exorcismus, from Greek exorkizein - to adjure, correctly pronounced exercism) is the practice of evicting demons or other evil spiritual entities from a person or place which they are believed to have possessed (taken control of). ... For other uses, see clone. ...

The clone Palpatine, as depicted in the Dark Empire series by Tom Veitch and Cam Kennedy.
The clone Palpatine, as depicted in the Dark Empire series by Tom Veitch and Cam Kennedy.

Palpatine's ultimate fate is further chronicled in the Dark Empire II and Empire's End series of comics. The Dark Empire II series, published from 1994 to 1995, details how the Emperor is once again reborn on Byss into a clone body. Palpatine tries to rebuild the Empire as the Rebel Alliance grows weak.[18] In Empire's End (1995), a traitorous Imperial guard bribes Palpatine's cloning supervisor to tamper with the Emperor's stored DNA samples. This causes the clones to deteriorate at a rapid rate. Palpatine attempts to possess the body of Anakin Solo, the infant son of Princess Leia and Han Solo, before the clone body dies, but is thwarted once again by Luke Skywalker. Palpatine is killed by a blaster shot fired by Han, and his spirit is captured by a wounded Jedi named Empatojayos Brand, who uses his remaining strength to prevent Palpatine's spirit from escaping. When Brand dies, he takes Palpatine's spirit to the netherworld with him.[19] The resurrected Palpatine, from STAR WARS: Dark Empire. ... The resurrected Palpatine, from STAR WARS: Dark Empire. ... Dark Empire was a comic series produced by Dark Horse Comics set in the Star Wars Expanded Universe. ... Tom Veitch is an American writer, best known for his contributions to the Dark Horse line of Star Wars comicbook titles, notably Dark Empire and Tales of the Jedi. ... Cam Kennedy is a Scottish comicbook artist. ... Dark Empire was a comic series produced by Dark Horse Comics set in the Star Wars universe. ... Empires End is a trade paperback collecting a series of comic books written by Tom Veitch and illustrated by Jim Baikie, published in 1997. ... Fanatically loyal, the Guardsmen protect the Emperor and his personal residences unceasingly In the fictional Star Wars universe, the Emperors Royal Guard (a. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ... Anakin Solo (10 ABY – 27 ABY) is a fictional character from the Star Wars Expanded Universe, the youngest child born to Han Solo and Leia Organa Solo, and the brother to elder twin siblings, Jaina, and Jacen. ... Han Solo is a character in the Star Wars universe. ...


Novels and comics published before 1999 focus on Palpatine's role as Galactic Emperor. Shadows of the Empire (1996) by Steve Perry and The Mandalorian Armor (1998) by K. W. Jeter—all set between The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi—show how Palpatine uses crime lords such as Prince Xizor and bounty hunters like Boba Fett to fight his enemies.[20][21] Barbara Hambly's novel Children of the Jedi (1995), set eight years after Return of the Jedi, features a woman named Roganda Ismaren who claims that Palpatine fathered her son Irek.[22] The Jedi Prince series of novels introduces an insane, three-eyed mutant named Triclops as Palpatine's true son.[23] Star Wars: Shadows of the Empire was a multimedia project created by Lucasfilm in 1996. ... Steve Perry (born August 31, 1947) is a television writer and science fiction author. ... Description As the Rebellion gathers force, Black Sun crime lord Prince Xizor proposes a cunning plan to the Emperor and Darth Vader: smash the power of the Bounty Hunters Guild by turning its members against each other. ... Kevin Wayne Jeter (born 1950) is an American science fiction and horror author known for his literary writing style, dark themes, and paranoid, unsympathetic characters. ... Spoiler warning: Prince Xizor (Shee-zor) is a major villain in the novel Shadows Of The Empire. ... For other uses, see Bounty hunter (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Barbara Hambly (born August 28, 1951) is an award winning and prolific American novelist and screenwriter within the genres of fantasy, science fiction and historical fiction. ... Children of the Jedi is a 1995 bestselling fictional Star Wars novel written by Barbara Hambly. ... In the Star Wars Expanded Universe, Roganda Ismaren (—27 ABY) was a Dark Jedi, native to Alderaan. ... Irek Ismaren (3 BBY – 27 ABY) is a character in the Star Wars Expanded Universe. ... Jedi Prince is the name of a series of novels set in the Star Wars universe. ... Jedi Prince is the name of a series of novels set in the Star Wars universe. ...


Beginning in 1999 with Terry Brooks' novelization of The Phantom Menace, Star Wars writers chronicled the role of Palpatine prior to A New Hope as a politician and Sith Lord. The comic "Marked" by Rob Williams, printed in Star Wars Tales 24 (2005), and Michael Reaves's novel Darth Maul: Shadow Hunter (2001) explain Darth Sidious' relationship with his apprentice Darth Maul.[24][25] Cloak of Deception (2001) by James Luceno follows Reaves's novel and details how Darth Sidious encourages the Trade Federation to build an army of battle droids in preparation for the invasion of Naboo. Cloak of Deception also focuses on Palpatine's early political career. It is revealed how he becomes a confidante of Supreme Chancellor Finis Valorum and acquainted with Padmé Amidala, newly elected queen of Naboo.[26] Palpatine's role during the Clone Wars as Supreme Chancellor and Darth Sidious is explained in novels such as Matthew Stover's Shatterpoint (2003), Steven Barnes' The Cestus Deception (2004), Sean Stewart's Yoda: Dark Rendezvous (2004), and Luceno's Labyrinth of Evil (2005). Terence Dean Terry Brooks (born January 8, 1944) is a writer of fantasy fiction. ... Rob Williams is a British comicbook writer, working mainly for 2000 AD. His most well-known series is Cla$$ War, published by Com. ... Star Wars Tales #24 is the twenty-fourth issue in the Star Wars Tales series of comics. ... Michael Reaves (born 1950) is an American writer, known for his contributions as producer and story editor to a number of 1990s animated television series, including Disneys Gargoyles and Batman: The Animated Series. ... Cloak of Deception is a novel set in the Star Wars galaxy. ... James Luceno (born in 1947) is the New York Times bestselling author of three Star Wars: The New Jedi Order novels, Agents of Chaos: Heros Trial, Agents of Chaos: Jedi Eclipse and The Unifying Force. ... For the football player, see Matt Stover Matthew Woodring Stover (born 1962) is an American fantasy novelist. ... Shatterpoint is a science fiction novel by Matthew Stover set in the Star Wars galaxy during the Clone Wars. ... Steven Barnes photo by Beth Gwinn Steven Barnes (born March 1, 1952 in Los Angeles, CA) is a self-titled writer, lecturer, creative consultant, and human performance technician. ... The Cestus Deception:Summary Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi strides—and soars and plots and duels—again in this stirring new addition to the Star Wars saga. ... Sean Stewart (b. ... It has been suggested that 1st Battle of Tythe be merged into this article or section. ...


Following the theatrical release of Revenge of the Sith, Star Wars literature focused on Palpatine's role after the creation of the Empire. John Ostrander's comic Star Wars Republic 78: Loyalties (2005) chronicles how Emperor Palpatine sends Darth Vader to assassinate Sagoro Autem, an Imperial captain who wants nothing to do with the new government and plans to defect.[27] In Luceno's novel Dark Lord: The Rise of Darth Vader (2005), the Emperor sends Darth Vader to the planet Murkhana to discover why clone troopers there refused to carry out Order 66 against their Jedi generals. Palpatine hopes these early missions will teach Vader what it means to be a Sith and crush any remnants of Anakin Skywalker.[28] John Ostrander is an American writer of comics. ...


Characteristics

In Star Wars fiction, Palpatine is described as a manipulative and ambitious politician, a ruthless emperor, and an evil Sith Lord. The Star Wars Databank describes him as "the supreme ruler of the most powerful tyrannical regime the galaxy had ever witnessed"[1] and Stephen J. Sansweet's Star Wars Encyclopedia calls him "evil incarnate".[29] In A New Hope and The Empire Strikes Back, Darth Vader is depicted as the ultimate Star Wars villain, but as critic James Berardinelli notes, "With the arrival of the Emperor (a gaunt-looking Ian McDiarmid) [in Return of the Jedi], Vader has turned into a second fiddle."[30] Darth Vader himself reminds Moff Jerjerrod, "The Emperor is not as forgiving as I am."[7] Screenshot of the online Star Wars Databank in July 2006 The Star Wars Databank is the official Star Wars sites repository of information on characters, locations, and technology, sorted by category. ... Stephen J. Sansweet (born 1945) is the director of content management at Lucasfilm and the owner of worlds largest private collection of Star Wars items located at his house which he calls Rancho Obi-Wan. ... Star Wars Encyclopedia is a 1998 reference book written by Stephen J. Sansweet, the director of content management at Lucasfilm and science fiction author. ... James Berardinelli (born September 1967, New Brunswick, New Jersey) is an online film critic. ... Moff Jerjerrod was an Imperial officer from the fictional Star Wars universe. ...


As a Senator, Palpatine is portrayed as "unassuming yet ambitious".[1] According to James Luceno, he carefully guards his privacy and "others found his reclusiveness intriguing, as if he led a secret life."[31] Despite this, Palpatine has many allies in the government. Luceno writes, "What Palpatine lacked in charisma, he made up for in candor, and it was that directness that had led to his widespread appeal in the senate. ... For in his heart he judged the universe on his own terms, with a clear sense of right and wrong."[31] In Terry Brooks's novelization of The Phantom Menace, Senator Palpatine claims to embrace democratic principles. He tells Queen Amidala, "I promise, Your Majesty, if I am elected [Supreme Chancellor], I will restore democracy to the Republic. I will put an end to the corruption that has plagued the Senate."[32] A Visual Dictionary states that he is a self-proclaimed savior.[33] Terence Dean Terry Brooks (born January 8, 1944) is a writer of fantasy fiction. ...


As Emperor, Palpatine abandons any semblance of democracy. Sansweet states, "His Empire ... was based on tyranny, hatred of nonhumans, brutal and lethal force, and, above all else, constant fear."[29] In Matthew Stover's novelization of Revenge of the Sith, Count Dooku anticipates the coming of the new government: "A government clean, pure, direct: none of the messy scramble for the favor of ignorant rabble and subhuman creatures that made up the Republic he so despised. The government he would serve would be Authority personified. Human authority."[34] The Emperor enforces his will through clandestine, Force-sensitive agents known as the Emperor's Hands. The Star Wars Encyclopedia calls them "the Emperor's eyes and ears throughout the galaxy" who "communicate with him ... through the Force." Prominent Hands include Mara Jade and Palpatine's mistress, Roganda Ismaren.[35] // For the racing driver, see Will Power. ... Mara Jade and Kogo Vess, two Emperors Hands The Emperors Hands, in the Extended Universe of the fictional Star Wars galaxy, were Emperor Palpatines secret, private Force-sensitive agents and assassins throughout his reign. ... Mara Jade Skywalker is a fictional character in the Star Wars Expanded Universe. ...


The apprentice of Darth Plagueis,[36] Palpatine is "the most powerful practitioner of the Sith ways in modern times."[37] The comic "Sithisis" by Derek Thompson, printed in Star Wars: Visionaries (2005), reveals the extent of Darth Sidious' power as he performs a terrifying Sith ritual that manipulates people and places across the galaxy.[38] Palpatine is so powerful that he is able to mask his true identity from the Jedi. In Shatterpoint, Mace Windu remarks to Yoda, "A shame [Palpatine] can't touch the Force. He might have been a fine Jedi."[39]


The Databank explains that the Force "granted him inhuman dexterity and speed, agility enough to quickly kill three Jedi Masters" in seconds.[1] Palpatine is a master lightsaber combatant and skilled at using Force lightning to attack his opponents.[1] Stover elaborates on the duel between Palpatine and Yoda: "From the shadow of a black wing, a small weapon ... slid into a withered hand and spat a flame-colored blade[.] When the blades met it was more than Yoda against Palpatine, more the millennia of Sith against the legions of Jedi; this was the expression of the fundamental conflict of the universe itself. Light against dark. Winner take all."[40] During the duel, Yoda realizes, "He had lost before he started."[41] Lightsaber combat describes the fictional fighting styles employed by Jedi and Sith characters in the Star Wars multi-media franchise. ...


Thompson's "Sithisis" comic suggests that Palpatine is able to mask his appearance through the Force,[38] but other Star Wars sources point to his constant use of the dark side of the Force for disfiguring his body.[37] In Shadows of the Empire, Prince Xizor comments, "He looks like a walking corpse. ... Like a mummified body dead a thousand years. Amazing he is still alive, much less the most powerful man in the galaxy. He isn't even that old; it is more as if something is slowly eating him."[42]


Palpatine also has other talents. According to the Databank and New Essential Guide to Characters, Palpatine possesses great patience and his maneuverings are as a dejarik grandmaster moves pieces on a board.[43] He is a diabolical genius.[44][45] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A genius is a person of great intelligence. ...


Concept and creation

George Lucas's conceptualization of Palpatine and the role the character plays in Star Wars changed over time. Palpatine became the ultimate personification of evil in Star Wars, replacing Darth Vader as the central villain. The character was portrayed by Ian McDiarmid in the Star Wars films. George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Ian McDiarmid (born August 11, 1944) is a Tony Award-winning Scottish actor born in Carnoustie. ...


Character creation

In Lucas' early draft scripts of Star Wars, the Emperor was identified as Cos Dashit.[46] In one version of A New Hope he rules from the Imperial throne world of Alderaan,[46] while in a draft of Return of the Jedi the throne world is called Had Abbadon.[47] When the original Star Wars trilogy was filmed, the Emperor was unnamed and the throne world unidentified. Lucas' original conception of Palpatine was of a cunning but weak politician elevated into office and controlled by bureaucrats. It was not clear if Palpatine could use the Force. In the prologue of the 1976 A New Hope novelization, Foster writes that the Republic "rotted from within though the danger was not visible from the outside." He explains, In the fictional Star Wars universe, Alderaan is the home of Princess Leia, Bail Organa and also, in 4000 BBY, Ulic Qel Droma who fought in the Great Sith War. ...

Aided and abetted by restless, power-hungry individuals within the government, and the massive organs of commerce, the ambitious Senator Palpatine caused himself to be elected President of the Republic. He promised to reunite the disaffected among the people and to restore the remembered glory of the Republic. Once secure in office he declared himself Emperor, shutting himself away from the populace. Soon he was controlled by the very assistants and boot-lickers he had appointed to high office, and the cries of the people for justice did not reach his ears.[16]

Concept artwork of the Emperor for Return of the Jedi depicts a powerful figure adept in the dark side of the Force

The initial descriptions of Palpatine were replaced in Return of the Jedi by a powerful, dictatorial ruler adept in the dark side of the Force. The Emperor was inspired by the villain Ming the Merciless from the Flash Gordon comic books.[48] George Lucas explained in an interview that he also patterned the Emperor after several historical figures, including Julius Caesar, Napoleon Bonaparte, Adolf Hitler, and Richard Nixon. Lucas said, "The whole point of the movies, the underlying element that makes the movies work, is that you, whether you go backwards or forwards, you start out in a democracy, and democracy turns into a dictatorship, and then the rebels make it back into a democracy."[49] With the release of Revenge of the Sith in 2005, film critics and commentators pointed out similarities between the politics of Star Wars and the presidential administration of George W. Bush, specifically the war in Iraq. In response, Lucas told USA Today that "When I wrote this, Iraq didn't exist."[50] Image File history File links PalpatineConceptArt. ... Image File history File links PalpatineConceptArt. ... The Force is a binding, ubiquitous power that is the object of the Jedi and Sith monastic orders in the Star Wars universe. ... Max von Sydow as Emperor Ming in Flash Gordon (1980) Ming the Merciless is a fictional character appearing in the Flash Gordon comic strip. ... For other uses, see Flash Gordon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des... Hitler redirects here. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... There have been three conflicts in the late 20th century and early 21st century called Gulf War, all of which refer to conflicts in the Persian Gulf region: Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) (aka First Gulf War). ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ...


Film historian Laurent Bouzereau reports that Lucas and Leigh Brackett decided that "the Emperor and the Force had to be the two main concerns in the [Empire Strikes Back]; the Emperor had barely been dealt with in the first movie, and the intention in the sequel was to deal with him on a more concrete level."[51] Instead, Lucas decided to feature the Emperor in Return of the Jedi. Leigh Brackett (December 7, 1915 - March 18, 1978), was a writer of fantasy and science fiction, mystery novels and - best known to the general public - Hollywood screenplays, most notably The Big Sleep (1945), Rio Bravo (1959), The Long Goodbye (1973) and The Empire Strikes Back (1980). ...


Lucas wanted to establish the Emperor as the true source of evil in Star Wars. Script writer Lawrence Kasdan noted, "My sense of the relationship [between Darth Vader and the Emperor] is that the Emperor is much more powerful ... and that Vader is very much intimidated by him. Vader has dignity, but the Emperor in Jedi really has all the power." [52] He explained that the climax of the film is a confrontation between Darth Vader and his master. In the first scene that shows the Emperor, he arrives at the Death Star and is greeted by a host of stormtroopers, technicians, and other personnel. Lucas states he wanted it to look like the military parades on "May Day in Russia".[53] Lawrence Kasdan (born 14 January 1949, Miami, Florida) is an American movie producer, director and screenwriter. ... The climax (or turning point) of a narrative work is its point of highest tension or drama in which the solution is given. ... Stormtroopers have distinctive white armor and a helmet with a grimacing, skull-like visage. ... It has been suggested that Drill (military) be merged into this article or section. ... May Day is May 1, and refers to any of several holidays celebrated on this day. ...


Palpatine's role in The Phantom Menace is to explain "how Anakin Skywalker came to be [Palpatine's] apprentice" and the events that lead to his rise to power.[54] The true identity of Darth Sidious — the phantom menace — is left a mystery. His relationship to Palpatine is not clear. Film critic Jonathan L. Bowen remarks, "Debates raged on the Internet concerning the relationship between Darth Sidious and Senator Palpatine. Most fans believed the two characters are actually the same person with logic seeming to support their conclusion." Bowen notes that the debate was fueled by the fact that "suspiciously Darth Sidious does not appear in the credits."[55]


Ian McDiarmid

When the Emperor appeared on film for the first time in The Empire Strikes Back, he was portrayed by an unidentified old woman in prosthetic make-up. Chimpanzee eyes were superimposed into darkened eye sockets during post-production "in order to create a truly unsettling image". The character was voiced by Clive Revill.[46] In the 2004 DVD release of The Empire Strikes Back Special Edition, the old woman was replaced by McDiarmid and the dialogue between the Emperor and Darth Vader was revised. During production of Revenge of the Sith, George Lucas decided to shoot new footage for Empire Strikes Back to preserve continuity between the prequels and original trilogy.[56] Type species Simia troglodytes Blumenbach, 1775 distribution of Species Pan troglodytes Pan paniscus Chimpanzee, often shortened to chimp, is the common name for the two extant species of apes in the genus Pan. ... Clive Selsby Revill (born April 18, 1930 in Wellington, New Zealand) is an experienced character actor who has made more than 50 films and TV movies and whose work has ranged from theatrical blockbusters to stage classics. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ...


Lucas and Return of the Jedi director Richard Marquand cast British Shakespearean actor Ian McDiarmid to play Emperor Palpatine. He was in his mid-30s and had never played a leading role in a feature film, but he had made minor appearances in films like Dragonslayer (1981). Despite his inexperience with motion pictures, McDiarmid "create[d] a modern day icon of cinematic evil." After Return of the Jedi, he resumed stage acting in London.[57] Richard Marquand Richard Marquand (April 17, 1938 - September 4, 1987) was a Welsh film director. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Dragonslayer is a 1981 live action fantasy movie set in medieval Britain. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


In an interview with BackStage, McDiarmid revealed that he "never had his sights set on a film career and never even auditioned for the role of Palpatine." He elaborated, "I got called in for the interview after a Return of the Jedi casting director saw me perform in the Sam Shepard play Seduced at a studio theatre at the Royal Court. I was playing a dying Howard Hughes[.]"[58] Sam Shepard (born November 5, 1943) is a unique American artist whose talents have been expressed in many different areas. ... The Royal Court Theatre is a non-commercial theatre in Sloane Square, in the Chelsea area of London noted for its contributions to modern theatre. ... For the Welsh murderer, see Howard Hughes (murderer). ...


McDiarmid was surprised when Lucas approached him 16 years after Return of the Jedi to reprise the role of Palpatine. In an interview, he stated, "When we were doing Return of the Jedi there was a rumor that George Lucas had nine films in his head, and he'd clearly just completed three of them." McDiarmid added, "Someone said that, 'Oh, I think what he might do next is go back in time, and show how Vader came to be.' It never occurred to me in a million years that I would be involved in that, because I thought, 'oh well, then he'll get a much younger actor [to play Palpatine].' That would be obvious." However, "I was the right age, ironically, for the first prequel when it was made. ... So I was in the very strange and rather wonderful paradox of playing myself when young at my own age, having played myself previously when 100-and-I-don't-know-what."[59]


Recalling the initial days of shooting The Phantom Menace, McDiarmid stated, "Stepping onto the set of Episode I for the first time was like going back in time, due to my experience in Jedi. Palpatine's an interesting character; he's conventional on the outside, but demonic on the inside — he's on the edge, trying to go beyond what's possible."[60] McDiarmid added another layer to the character in Attack of the Clones. He noted, "[Palpatine] is a supreme actor. He has to be even more convincing than somebody who isn't behaving in a schizophrenic fashion, so he's extra charming, or extra professional — and for those who are looking for clues, that's almost where you can see them." McDiarmid illuminated on the scene where Padmé Amidala is almost assassinated: Schizophrenia (from the Greek word σχιζοφρένεια, or shjzofreneja, meaning split mind) is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a mental disorder characterized by impairments in the perception or expression of reality and by significant social or occupational dysfunction. ...

There's a moment in one scene of the new film where tears almost appear in his eye. These are crocodile tears, but for all those in the movie, and perhaps watching the movie itself, they'll see he is apparently moved — and of course, he is. He can just do it. He can, as it were, turn it on. And I suppose for him, it's also a bit of a turn-on — the pure exercise of power is what he's all about. That's the only thing he's interested in and the only thing that can satisfy him — which makes him completely fascinating to play, because it is an evil soul. He is more evil than the devil. At least Satan fell — he has a history, and it's one of revenge.[61] Crocodile tears is the false or insincere weeping, a hypocritical display of emotions. ... The Devil is the name given to a supernatural entity who, in most Western religions, is the central embodiment of evil. ... This article is about the concept of Satan. ...

In Revenge of the Sith, McDiarmid had to play a darker interpretation of the character. He explained that "[w]hen you're playing a character of solid blackness, that in itself is very interesting, in the sense that you have no other motivation other than the accumulation of power. It's not so much about not having a moral center, it's just that the only thing that mattered is increasing power." He admitted, "I've been trying to find a redeeming feature to Palpatine, and the only one I've got so far is that he's clearly a patron of the arts because he goes to the opera."[62] McDiarmid compared the character to Iago from the Shakespeare tragedy Othello: For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... Othello and Iago. ... For other uses, see Othello (disambiguation). ...

Everything he does is an act of pure hypocrisy, and that's interesting to play. I suppose it's rather like playing Iago. All the characters in the play — including Othello until the end — think that "Honest Iago" is a decent guy doing his job, and he's quite liked. But at the same time there's a tremendous evil subconscious in operation.[57] See also: Unconscious mind. ...

McDiarmid noticed that the script for Revenge of the Sith demanded more action from his character than in previous films. Lightsaber combat was a challenge to the 60-year-old actor, who took fencing lessons much like the other actors. The close-up shots of the duel between Palpatine and Mace Windu were performed by McDiarmid.[63] Advanced fencing and acrobatic stunts were executed by McDiarmid's doubles, Michael Byrne, Sebastian Dickins, and Bob Bowles.[64] This article is about the sport, which is distinguished from stage fencing and academic fencing (mensur). ...


McDiarmid's performance as Palpatine was generally well-received by critics. Todd McCarthy of Variety commented, "Entertaining from start to finish and even enthralling at times, 'Sith' has some acting worth writing home about, specifically McDiarmid's dominant turn as the mastermind of the evil empire."[65] A reviewer for The Village Voice wrote that "Ian McDiarmid's unctuous Emperor — who bears a strange resemblance to Pope Benedict XVI, sunken eyes and all — turns appropriately vampiric as he attempts to draw Anakin into the Sith fold with promises of eternal life."[66] Still, his performance was not without detractors; David Edelstein of Slate critiqued, "McDiarmid isn't the subtlest of satanic tempters. With his lisp and his clammy little leer, he looks like an old queen keen on trading an aging butt-boy (Count Dooku) for fresh meat — which leaves Anakin looking more and more like a 15-watt bulb."[67] Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... This article is about a New York newspaper. ... Papal Arms of Pope Benedict XVI. The papal tiara was replaced with a bishops mitre, and pallium of the Pope was added beneath the coat of arms. ... Philip Burne-Jones, The Vampire, 1897 Vampires are mythological or folkloric beings that subsist on human and/or animal lifeforce. ... David Edelstein is the chief film critic for New York Magazine, as well as the film critic for NPRs Fresh Air and CBS Sunday Morning. ... Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ...


Make-up and costumes

Ian McDiarmid required little make-up in The Phantom Menace and Attack of the Clones. He recalled, "I'm ... slightly aged [in Attack of the Clones]. In the last film, I had a fairly standard make-up on, but now, they're starting to crinkle my face."[68] Transforming McDiarmid into Emperor Palpatine in Return of the Jedi and Revenge of the Sith, however, required extensive make-up. McDiarmid remarked in an interview with Star Wars Insider magazine, "Yes — that was a four-hour job, initially, although we got it down to about two-and-a-half in the end. But this was just a little bit of latex here and there, a little bit of skin-scrunching."[68] He told the Homing Beacon newsletter, "When my face changes in the film, my mind went back to the early silent movie of The Phantom of the Opera with Lon Chaney."[62] Film critic Roger Ebert wrote that he "looks uncannily like Death in The Seventh Seal" (1957)[69] and film historian Robin Wood compares him to the witch from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937).[70] Star Wars Insider Star Wars Insider is the official magazine of Lucasfilm. ... This article is about the typesetting system. ... This article is about the comedy film. ... The 1925 silent film version of The Phantom of the Opera, directed by Rupert Julian, is a classic adaptation of Gaston Lerouxs novel The Phantom of the Opera, starring Lon Chaney in the title role as the masked and facially disfigured Phantom who haunts the Paris Opera House, causing... Lon Chaney (April 1, 1883 – August 26, 1930), nicknamed The Man of a Thousand Faces, was an American actor during the age of silent films. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... Grim Reaper redirects here. ... The Seventh Seal (Swedish: Det sjunde inseglet) is an existential 1957 Swedish film directed by Ingmar Bergman about the journey of a medieval knight (Max von Sydow) across a plague-ridden landscape. ... The Disney version The Brothers Grimm version The Queen is a fictional character in the Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs fairy tale and the Disney animated film based on it. ... Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 animated feature, the first produced by Walt Disney. ...


Palpatine's wardrobe, tailored by costume designer Trisha Biggar, played an important part in the development of the character throughout the films. In Attack of the Clones, explained McDiarmid, "The costumes ... have got much more edge to them, I think, than the mere Senator had [in The Phantom Menace]. So we see the trappings of power."[68] In the next episode, McDiarmid remarked, "To wear the costumes as the character I play is wonderfully empowering."[71] McDiarmid's favorite costume in Revenge of the Sith was a high-collared jacket that resembles snake or lizard skin. He stated that "it just feels reptilian, which is exactly right for [Palpatine]." According to Trisha Biggar, Palpatine's costumes proved the most daunting challenge. She said, "His six costumes get progressively darker and more ornately decorated throughout the movie. He wears grays and browns, almost going to black, taking him toward the dark side."[71]


Palpatine in popular culture

With the premiere of Return of Jedi and the prequel films and the accompanying merchandising campaign, Palpatine became an icon in American popular culture. Kenner/Hasbro produced and marketed a series of action figures of the character from 1983 to 2005.[72] According to John Shelton Lawrence and Robert Jewett, "These action figures allow children ('4 & up') to handle the symbols of the Force."[73] Popular culture, sometimes abbreviated to pop culture, consists of widespread cultural elements in any given society. ... Kenner Products was a toy company founded in 1947 by three brothers, Albert, Phillip, and Joseph L. Steiner, in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, and was named after the street where the original corporate offices were located. ... Hasbro (NYSE: HAS) is an American toy and game company. ... John Shelton Lawrence is an emeritus professor of philosophy at Morningside College in Sioux City, Iowa, United States. ...


Academics have debated the relationship of Palpatine to modern culture. Religion scholars Ross Shepard Kraemer, William Cassidy, and Susan Schwartz compare Palpatine and Star Wars heroes to the theological concept of dualism. They insist, "One can certainly picture the evil emperor in Star Wars as Satan, complete with his infernal powers, leading his faceless minions such as his red-robed Imperial Guards."[74] Lawrence and Jewett argue that the killing of Palpatine in Return of the Jedi represented "the permanent subduing of evil". They assert that the "notion that the Light Side must battle against the Dark Side is a hoary artifact of European- and American-style crusades against evil" and "antithetical to the democratic understanding of governance."[75] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Palpatine in mass media

Palpatine's role in popular culture extends beyond the Star Wars universe and its fans. Since the release of Return of the Jedi, Palpatine has become synonymous in American mass media with evil, deception, manipulation, and power.[76] The character is utilized as a literary device — either as a simile or metaphor — to emphasize these traits. For example, one of the characters from Orland Outland's novel Every Man for Himself (1999) is described as "rubbing his hands together in imitation of the emperor in Return of the Jedi." He says, "Everything is happening exactly as I have foreseen!"[77] A fictional universe is an imaginary world that serves as the setting or backdrop for one or (more commonly) multiple works of fiction or translatable non-fiction. ... Popular press redirects here; note that the University of Wisconsin Press publishes under the imprint The Popular Press. Mass media is a term used to denote a section of the media specifically envisioned and designed to reach a very large audience such as the population of a nation state. ... A simile is a comparison of two unlike things, typically marked by use of like, as, than, or resembles. Common examples are Curley was flopping like a fish on a line(extract of Mice and Men) etc. ... This article is about metaphor in literature and rhetoric. ...

Parody of Bush advisor Karl Rove as Palpatine in the television series American Dad!
Parody of Bush advisor Karl Rove as Palpatine in the television series American Dad!

In film and television, Palpatine's likeness is similarly used as a parody. Comedy series such as The Simpsons,[78] South Park,[79] American Dad!,[80] and Family Guy[81] have employed Palpatine's image to satirize characters and public figures. For instance, in the South Park episode "Best Friends Forever" that aired March 30, 2005, Satan sends his boyfriend Kevin, a parody of Emperor Palpatine, to secretly manipulate the Republican-controlled Congress into opposing human euthanasia to prevent a character from dying and going to Heaven.[79] Similarly, "Deacon Stan, Jesus Man," an episode of American Dad! portrays George W. Bush's former senior advisor Karl Rove as Palpatine from Revenge of the Sith. The main character, Stan Smith, uses Rove to help him become a deacon at his church through deceit.[80] He is also set to appear as the main villain In the new Kingdom Comedy series which will debut in 2008. Image File history File links Karl_Rove_Cartoon. ... Image File history File links Karl_Rove_Cartoon. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Karl Christian Rove (born December 25, 1950) is Deputy Chief of Staff to President George W. Bush until the end of August 2007. ... American Dad! is a satirical American animated television series produced by Underdog Productions and Fuzzy Door Productions for 20th Century Fox. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... This article is about the TV series. ... American Dad! is a satirical American animated television series produced by Underdog Productions and Fuzzy Door Productions for 20th Century Fox. ... Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ... Best Friends Forever (also known as Kennys PSP) is episode 904 of the Comedy Central series South Park paralleling the Terri Schiavo controversy. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Satan is an occasional character in the animated series South Park, based off of the religious demon of the same name, voiced by Trey Parker. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... For mercy killings not performed on humans, see animal euthanasia. ... For other uses, see Heaven (disambiguation). ... List of American Dad! episodes Deacon Stan, Jesus Man is an episode of American Dad!. In this episode, we are introduced to the White family. ... American Dad! is a satirical American animated television series produced by Underdog Productions and Fuzzy Door Productions for 20th Century Fox. ... Karl Christian Rove (born December 25, 1950) is Deputy Chief of Staff to President George W. Bush until the end of August 2007. ... Stanley Stan Smith is the main character of the animated television series American Dad! Stan is a Central Intelligence Agency agent and, later on in the series, the Deputy-Deputy Director, placing him on the third tier of importance in the C.I.A. under Deputy-Director Bullock. ...


Since Return of the Jedi and the prequels, Palpatine's name has been invoked as a caricature in politics. The liberal website BuzzFlash remarked in 2004, "When we saw ... [Senator] Zell Miller [of Georgia] giving his invective at the RNC, we knew it reminded us of someone. We just couldn't place it until we realized it was the hate in Zell's eyes, his skin and the way it looks like that hate is eating his soul. Then we remembered: he reminded us of the evil Emperor Palpatine from Star Wars. (We didn't know the Emperor had a name until this morning.)"[82] A Seattle Post-Intelligencer editorial noted that anti-pork bloggers were caricaturing West Virginia senator Robert Byrd as "the Emperor Palpatine of pork" with Senator Ted Stevens of Alaska having "clear aspirations to be his Darth Vader." The charge followed a report that linked a secret hold on the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 to the two senators.[83] Politicians have made comparisons as well. In 2005, Democratic Senator Frank Lautenberg of New Jersey compared Republican Majority Leader Bill Frist of Tennessee to Palpatine in a speech on the Senate floor, complete with a visual aid. [84] American liberalism—that is, liberalism in the United States of America—is a broad political and philosophical mindset, favoring individual liberty, and opposing restrictions on liberty, whether they come from established religion, from government regulation, from the existing class structure, or from multi-national corporations. ... Zell Bryan Miller (born February 24, 1932) is an American politician from the U.S. state of Georgia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The daily Seattle Post-Intelligencer is the second leading newspaper in Seattle, Washington, United States. ... A pork barrel, literally, is a barrel in which pork is kept. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Robert Carlyle Byrd (born November 20, 1917) is the senior United States Senator from West Virginia and a member of the Democratic Party. ... This article is about the senator. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... A secret hold is a parliamentary procedure within the Standing Rules of the Senate within the United States Senate that allows one or more Senators to anonymously prevent a motion from reaching a vote on the Senate floor. ... The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (S. 2590)[1] is bill that would require the full disclosure of all entities or organizations receiving federal funds beginning in fiscal year (FY) 2007 on a website maintained by the Office of Management and Budget. ... Frank Raleigh Lautenberg (born January 23, 1924) is a businessman and Democratic Party politician. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The Senate Majority and Minority Leaders (also called Senate Floor Leaders) are two... William Harrison Bill Frist, Sr. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ...


A Fox News editorial stated, "No cultural icon can exist without someone trying to stuff it into a political ideology. The Star Wars saga, the greatest pop culture icon of the last three decades, is no exception... Palpatine's dissolution of the Senate in favor of imperial rule has been compared to Julius Caesar's marginalization of the Roman Senate, Hitler's power-grab as chancellor, and FDR's court-packing scheme and creation of the imperial presidency."[85] Fox News redirects here. ... Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in a modern society. ... The Roman Senate (Latin: Senatus) was the main governing council of both the Roman Republic, which started in 509 BC, and the Roman Empire. ... The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler). ... FDR redirects here. ... The Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937, frequently called the Court-packing Bill, was a law proposed by United States President Franklin Roosevelt. ... The Imperial Presidency is a term used from the 1960s and made popular by the historian Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. ...


Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Palpatine, at the Star Wars Databank; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  2. ^ According to Leland Chee, Database Content Administrator at Lucas Licensing; see Tasty Taste [Chee], "Major Character Birth Years," September 13, 2005, at StarWars.com Blogs; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  3. ^ Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (DVD, 20th Century Fox, 1999), disc 1.
  4. ^ Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (DVD, 20th Century Fox, 2002), disc 1.
  5. ^ a b Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (DVD, 20th Century Fox, 2005), disc 1.
  6. ^ Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back, Special Edition (DVD, 20th Century Fox, 2004), disc 1.
  7. ^ a b Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, Special Edition (DVD, 20th Century Fox, 2004), disc 1.
  8. ^ Star Wars: Clone Wars, at the Internet Movie Database; last accessed September 3, 2006.
  9. ^ Chapter 1, Star Wars: Clone Wars, episode 101, aired November 7, 2003.
  10. ^ Chapter 7, Star Wars: Clone Wars, episode 107, aired November 17, 2003.
  11. ^ Chapter 22, Star Wars: Clone Wars, episode 202, aired March 22, 2005.
  12. ^ Chapter 23, Star Wars: Clone Wars, episode 203, aired March 23, 2005.
  13. ^ Chapter 24, Star Wars: Clone Wars, episode 204, aired March 24, 2005.
  14. ^ Chapter 25, Star Wars: Clone Wars, episode 205, aired March 25, 2005.
  15. ^ Novels, Novelizations, and Collections, at AlanDeanFoster.com; last accessed August 27, 2006.
  16. ^ a b George Lucas [Alan Dean Foster], Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker (paperback; New York: Del Rey, 1976), p. 1, ISBN 0-345-26079-1.
  17. ^ Tom Veitch, Dark Empire anthology (Dark Horse Comics, 1993), ISBN 1-56971-073-2.
  18. ^ Tom Veitch, Dark Empire II anthology (Dark Horse Comics, 1995), ISBN 1-56971-119-4.
  19. ^ Tom Veitch, Empire's End anthology (Dark Horse Comics, 1997), ISBN 1-56971-306-5.
  20. ^ Steve Perry, Shadows of the Empire (New York: Bantam Spectra, 1996), ISBN 0-553-57413-2.
  21. ^ K. W. Jeter, The Mandalorian Armor (paperback; New York: Bantam Spectra, 1998), p. 144, ISBN 0-553-57885-5.
  22. ^ Barbara Hambly, Children of the Jedi (paperback; New York: Bantam Spectra, 1996), ISBN 0-553-57293-8.
  23. ^ Paul and Hollace Davids, Mission from Mount Yoda (New York: Scholastic, 1993), ISBN 0-553-15890-2.
  24. ^ Rob Williams, "Marked," in Star Wars Tales 24 (Dark Horse Comics, July 2005).
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  26. ^ James Luceno, Cloak of Deception (paperback; New York: Del Rey, 2001), ISBN 0-345-44297-0.
  27. ^ John Ostrander, Star Wars Republic 78: Loyalties (Dark Horse Comics, October 2005).
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  30. ^ James Berardinelli, review of Return of the Jedi, at ReelViews; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  31. ^ a b Luceno, Cloak of Deception, p. 124.
  32. ^ Terry Brooks, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (paperback; New York: Del Rey, 1999), p. 238-239, ISBN 0-345-43411-0.
  33. ^ The Visual Dictionary of Star Wars, Episode III Revenge of the Sith, 2005. James Luceno, ISBN 0-7566-1128-8
  34. ^ Matthew Stover, Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (paperback; New York: Del Rey, 2005), p. 52, ISBN 0-345-42884-6.
  35. ^ "Emperor's Hand," in Sansweet, Star Wars Encyclopedia, p. 89.
  36. ^ Darth Sidious, at the Star Wars Databank; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  37. ^ a b Palpatine, Expanded Universe, at the Star Wars Databank; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  38. ^ a b Derek Thompson, "Sithisis," in Star Wars: Visionaries (Dark Horse Comics, March 2005), ISBN 1-59307-311-9.
  39. ^ Matthew Stover, Shatterpoint (paperback; New York: Del Rey, 2003), p. 10, ISBN 0-345-45574-6
  40. ^ Stover, Revenge of the Sith, p. 424.
  41. ^ Stover, Revenge of the Sith, p. 426.
  42. ^ Perry, Shadows of the Empire, p. 1.
  43. ^ The New Essential Guide to Characters, 1st edition, 2002. Daniel Wallace, Michael Sutfin, ISBN 0-345-44900-2
  44. ^ Revised Core Rulebook (Star Wars Roleplaying Game), 1st edition, 2002. Bill Slavicsek, Andy Collins, J.D. Wiker, Steve Sansweet, ISBN 0-7869-2876-X
  45. ^ http://www.sideshowtoy.com/behindtheshow/?page_id=1389
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  47. ^ Laurent Bouzereau, Star Wars: The Annotated Screenplays (New York: Del Rey, 1997), p. 236, ISBN 0-345-40981-7.
  48. ^ Dale Pollock, Skywalking: The Life and Films of George Lucas (New York: Da Capo Press, 1999), p. 142, ISBN 0-306-80904-4.
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  50. ^ Harlan Jacobson, "Lucas: 'Star Wars' isn't Iraq wars," USA Today, May 15, 2005, available here; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  51. ^ Bouzereau, Annotated Screenplays, p. 173.
  52. ^ Lawrence Kasdan, quoted in Bouzereau, Annotated Screenplays, p. 265.
  53. ^ George Lucas, commentary, Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, Special Edition (DVD, 20th Century Fox, 2004), disc 1.
  54. ^ Jonathan L. Bowen, Anticipation: The Real Life Story of Star Wars: Episode I-The Phantom Menace (Lincoln, Neb.: iUniverse, 2005), p. 4, ISBN 0-595-34732-0.
  55. ^ Bowen, Anticipation, pp. 93-94.
  56. ^ Douglas Hyde, "Five major changes in the 'Star Wars' DVD," September 23, 2004, at CNN; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  57. ^ a b "The Man of Mystery," in "Ian McDiarmid: Dark Force Rising," at StarWars.com; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  58. ^ Simi Horwitz, "The Emperor's New Role" , BackStage, May 25, 2006, available here; last accessed September 5, 2006.
  59. ^ "Palpatine Speaks," in Homing Beacon 134, April 14, 2005, at StarWars.com; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  60. ^ "Actors and Characters - Part II," in "Star Wars Episode I: Production Notes," at StarWars.com; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  61. ^ "The Exercise of Power," in "Ian McDiarmid: Dark Force Rising," at StarWars.com; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  62. ^ a b "Palpatine's Point of View," in Homing Beacon 137, May 26, 2005, StarWars.com; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  63. ^ "Becoming Sidious," Web Documentary, Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith, Bonus Materials (DVD, 20th Century Fox, 2005), disc 2; also available at StarWars.com; last accessed August 17, 2006.
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  67. ^ David Edelstein, "The Passion of the Sith: I dream of Jedi," Slate, May 17, 2005, available here; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  68. ^ a b c "A Return in Episode II," in "Ian McDiarmid: Dark Force Rising," at StarWars.com; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  69. ^ Roger Ebert, review of Return of the Jedi, Special Edition, in Chicago Sun-Times, March 14, 1997, available here; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  70. ^ Robin Wood, Hollywood from Vietnam to Reagan...and Beyond: A Revised and Expanded Edition of the Classic Text (New York: Columbia University Press, 2003), p. 154, ISBN 0-231-12966-1.
  71. ^ a b "Crafting Revenge", in "An Introduction to Episode III," at StarWars.com; last accessed August 17, 2006.
  72. ^ Geoffrey T Carlton, Star Wars Super Collector's Wish Book: Identification & Values (Paducah, Ky.: Collector Books, 2003), passim, ISBN 1-57432-334-2.
  73. ^ John Shelton Lawrence and Robert Jewett, The Myth of the American Superhero (Cambridge: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2002), p. 266, ISBN 0-8028-4911-3.
  74. ^ Ross Shepard Kraemer, William Cassidy, and Susan Schwartz, Religions of Star Trek (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 2003), p. 69, ISBN 0-8133-4115-9.
  75. ^ Lawrence and Jewett, Myth of the American Superhero, p. 278.
  76. ^ Koenraad Kuiper, "Star Wars: An Imperial Myth," Journal of Popular Culture 21 (No. 4, Spring 1988): p. 81.
  77. ^ Orland Outland, Every Man for Himself (New York: Kensington Books, 1999), p. 188, ISBN 1-57566-553-0; The Emperor actually tells Darth Vader in Return of the Jedi: "Everything is proceeding as I have foreseen it."
  78. ^ "Hungry, Hungry Homer," The Simpsons, episode 262, aired March 4, 2001.
  79. ^ a b "Best Friends Forever," South Park, episode 129, aired March 30, 2005.
  80. ^ a b "Deacon Stan, Jesus Man," American Dad!, episode 7, aired June 19, 2005.
  81. ^ "The Cleveland-Loretta Quagmire," Family Guy, episode 55, aired June 12, 2005.
  82. ^ "Is Zell Miller the Evil Emperor from Star Wars?," September 2, 2004, at BuzzFlash; last accessed August 17, 2006.
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is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lucasfilm Ltd. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hungry, Hungry Homer is the fifteenth episode of the twelfth season of The Simpsons. ... The Cleveland-Loretta Quagmire is an episode of Family Guy. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Anderson, Kevin J., and Daniel Wallace. The Essential Chronology. New York: Del Rey, 2000. ISBN 0-345-43439-0.
  • Bortolin, Matthew. The Dharma of Star Wars. Somerville, Mass.: Wisdom Publications, 2005. ISBN 0-86171-497-0.
  • Feeney, Mark. Nixon at the Movies: A Book about Belief. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004. ISBN 0-226-23968-3.
  • Hanson, Michael J., and Max S. Kay. Star Wars: The New Myth. Philadelphia: Xlibris, 2002. ISBN 1-4010-3989-8.
  • Horne, Michael Allen. Dark Empire Sourcebook. Honesdale, Penn.: West End Games, 1993. ISBN 0-87431-194-2.
  • Jensen, Hans, and Richard Chasemore. Star Wars: Complete Locations. New York: DK Publishing, 2005. ISBN 0-7566-1419-8.
  • Luceno, James. Revenge of the Sith: The Visual Dictionary. New York: DK Publishing, 2005. ISBN 0-7566-1128-8.
  • Lyden, John. "The Apocalyptic Cosmology of Star Wars." Journal of Religion and Film 4 (No. 1, April 2000): online.
  • Peña, Abel G. "Evil Never Dies: The Sith Dynasties." Star Wars Insider 88 (June 2006).
  • Reynolds, David West. Episode I: The Visual Dictionary New York: DK Publishing, 1999. ISBN 0-7894-4701-0.
  • Reynolds, David West. Star Wars: Attack of the Clones: The Visual Dictionary. New York: DK Publishing, 2002. ISBN 0-7894-8588-5.
  • Smith, Jeffrey A. "Hollywood Theology: The Commodification of Religion in Twentieth-Century Films." Religion and American Culture 11 (No. 2, Summer 2001): pp. 191–231.
  • Velasco, Raymond L. A Guide to the Star Wars Universe. New York: Del Rey, 1984. ISBN 0-345-31920-6.
  • Wallace, Daniel. The New Essential Guide to Characters. New York: Del Rey, 2002. ISBN 0-345-44900-2.
  • Wallace, Daniel, and Kevin J. Anderson. The New Essential Chronology. New York: Del Rey, 2005. ISBN 0-345-44901-0.

The Dharma of Star Wars is a book by Matthew Bortolin. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:

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Star Wars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6434 words)
Sidious concurrently maintains his public identity as Palpatine, a senator in the Galactic Republic, and uses the crisis to convince the Senate to elect him as Chancellor of the Galactic Republic.
The reference to the historical past can be seen with Lucas's use of 'stormtroopers', commonly associated with the stormtroopers of World War I Germany and Nazi Germany, and also associated with the SS under Hitler in World War 2.
The rise of Palpatine mirrors Hitler in that a democracy becomes an empire.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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