FACTOID # 12: It's not the government they hate: Washington DC has the highest number of hate crimes per capita in the US.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Palnadu

Palnadu is the northern region of Guntur District in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Also known as Pallava Nadu, it occupies an important place in Telugu history. It is said that the Satavahanas defeated the Pallavas and settled in this region. The war of Palnadu in the 12th century is marked in legend and literature as 'Andhra Kurukshetra War'. Map showing guntur district This is an article about Guntur District; see also Guntur (disambiguation). ... Andhra Pradesh : (Telugu: ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్, Urdu: آندھرا پردیش, Hindi: आंध्र प्रदेश; Āndhra Prādesh), is a state in South India but is also debated as Central India as well. ... Approximate extent of the Satavahana Empire, circa 150 CE. The Sātavāhanas, also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled in Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates... Pallava, were a South Indian dynasty who established their capital at Kanchipuram in the 4th cent. ... Combatants Pandavas led by Dhristadyumna Kauravas led by Bhishma Commanders Arjuna Bhima Yudhishthira Nakula Sahadeva Bhishma Duryodhana Karna The Kurukshetra war forms an essential component of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ...


The battle of Palnadu

(1176-1182) The battle is narrated in the Palnati Vira Charita of Srinath. It was a battle between two factions of the Kalachuris (Haihaya).


Nalagama was the son of Alugu Bhupathi of the Patanati Kalachuris. His step brother was Malideva who was married to a princess of the Kalyani branch of Kalachuris. Dodda Naidu and Brahma Naidu were vassals of the Velanti Chodas (Vassals of the Chola-Chalukyas and responsible for the administration of their Andhra territories) and tried to usher in a new era in which caste distinctions would be abolished. Nalagama was against this and tried to check their progress. He was supported by Nagamma, a female statesperson who became his chief adviser. The differences in ideology led to Brahma Naidu leaving with his supporters, including Nalagama's half brother Malideva and set up an independent court in Macherla. Naidu or Nayudu or Naidoo is a common title used by various caste groups of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu. ... Many Telugu Chola kingdoms held sway over regions to the south of the Krishna River in the period between the seventh and the thirteenth century C.E. Some of them claimed descent from the legendary Karikala Chola (c 100 C.E.). It is not known much about these families or...


Mutual suspicion and rivalry reached a high pitch between the two courts and Nagamma under the pretext of Malideva's defeat in a cock-fight, exiled them for 7 years from Palnadu. After 7 years Brahma Naidu sent Alaraja, the son of Kalachuri Kommaraja of Kalyani, and the brother-in-law of Malideva to claim Malideva's share. The demand was turned down and Alaraja was poisoned to death under the orders of Nagamma. The enraged Kalyani Kalachuris and Brahma Naidu declared war on Velanadu. The fierce battle was fought in Karempudi on the banks of the river Naguleru. The Kakatiyas, Kota Vamsa, Parichedas and Hoysalas supported Nalagama and the Vengi Kalachuris. The Velanti Chodas and Malideva were supported by the Kalyani Kalachuris. Kalachuri of Chedi Kalli (Long moustache) + Churi (Sharp knife). ... The Kakatiya Dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that ruled parts of what is now Andhra Pradesh, India from 1083 to 1323. ... Kota Vamsa Kota Vamsas ruled Andhra with Dharanikota as thier capital. ... The Hoysala Empire ruled part of southern India from 1000 to 1346. ...


Nalagama was victorious. The civil war shook the Velanadu kingdom to its foundation. A whole generation of the greatest warriors of Andhra perished. The tragedy hastened the end of the Chalukyan rule in Vengi. It exposed their weaknesses and allowed the Hoysalas, Kalachuris, Eastern Gangas, and the Kakatiyas to eventually overrun them.


The Andhra Abhimanyu

Brahma Naidu did not have any progeny for many years until he reached middle age. But Brahma Naidu's and his wife's dreams were all shattered as his astrologers predicted that his new born son will attain greatness and then die at a very young age at 17. He will wreak havoc in a great war in the coming years and his exploits on the battlefield will be the reason for orphaned children, childless elderly people and many widows in the country. Brahma Naidu decided that the child should die immediately. But then his wife reasoned that the coming war could not be stopped, those who have to die will die and those who have to win will win. The child was named "Balachandra" and sent to forests with their men with strict instructions not to train the child in warfare.


After attaining marriageable age, Balachandra came back to his home. He always understood that his father cared more about the people than himself and never had any grudge on his father. But soon it was known that he was adept in warfare which he inherited from Brahma Naidu. So the elders came to another plan to make him an alcoholic and to divert his attention from the burning political issues in the state, lest he challenges Nagamma's faction.


He was soon married off and at this time Ala Raja has been viciously killed by Nagamma's faction. Ala Raja’s wife Peramma, decided to kill herself on her husband's funeral pyre (Sati). Before dying she asked her brothers and other royal knights, that at least one of them should promise her to bring the head of the treacherous man who killed her husband. Everyone lowered their heads because Brahma Naidu had already warned them not make any oaths and make the issue bigger. Here, the heroic Balachandra took the oath. In front of everyone, he went to Peramma and told her that he is there to seek her vengeance. Peramma died on a happy note. Ceremony of Burning a Hindu Widow with the Body of her Late Husband, from Pictorial History of China and India, 1851. ...


Everyone tried their best to stop Balachandra from the war. Because he was the apple of everyone's eye in Brahma Naidu’s household. But his wife sent him to the battlefield in order to ensure their victory. Balachandra fulfilled his oath and died heroically in the battlefield. He attained what is called in Sanskrit "Veeraswargam": The hero's heaven.


He died at a tender age but even to this day even after 1000 years Andhrites remember him for his heroic exploits.


Back


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Hindu : Andhra Pradesh / Guntur News : Government seeks additional CRPF forces for Palnadu (269 words)
GUNTUR: The State Government has requisitioned additional central forces for combing and security operations in the Palnadu region part of which falls in Guntur district.
The security for all the 35 police stations in the Palnadu region has been enhanced following imposition of ban on CPI(Maoist).
The District Superintendent of Police, V.C. Sajjanar, on Thursday told The Hindu that one battalion of Central Reserve Police Force had arrived in the district and one of them had already been deployed in Piduguralla and would conduct combing operations in the Guthikonda and Bellamkonda regions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m