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Encyclopedia > Palmeral of Elche
Panoramic view of Elx, showing the.
Panoramic view of Elx, showing the.
View of the palm trees in the Parque Municipal.
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View of the palm trees in the Parque Municipal.
The "Imperial Palm" in the Huerto del Cura.
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The "Imperial Palm" in the Huerto del Cura.

The Palmeral of Elche (Spanish: Palmeral de Elche, Valencian: Palmerar d'Elx) is a plantation of palm trees in the Spanish province of Alicante. It is the largest palmeral (palm plantation) in Europe, surpassed only by some in Arab countries. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This page deals with language. ... Look up Palm in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Location of Alicante province in Spain. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are an ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ...


The palmeral includes the Parque Municipal and many other orchards (huertos), covering over 3.5 square kilometres, including 1.5 km² within the city of Elche (Elx). It contains more than 200,000 palm trees, mostly date palms, with individual specimens up to 300 years old. The dates are harvested in December. The largest palm is the "Imperial Palm" (Palmera Imperial), with 7 stems in the shape of a candelabra, named after Elisabeth, Empress consort Franz Joseph, (known as Sissi) who visited the plantation in 1894. An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... View of Elche Elche (in Spanish) or Elx (in Catalan) is a city in the Alicante province in Valencia, Spain, near the city of Alicante. ... Binomial name Phoenix dactylifera L. The Date Palm Phoenix dactylifera is a palm, extensively cultivated for its edible fruit. ... Datateknologerna vid Ã…bo Akademi r. ... Candelabra is a nickname in the USA for radio masts and radio towers with multiple tops. ... Empress Elisabeth Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Duchess in Bavaria and Princess of Bavaria (December 24, 1837 – September 10, 1898), of the House of Wittelsbach, was the Empress consort of Austria and Queen consort of Hungary due to her marriage to Emperor Franz Joseph. ... Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). ... Franz Joseph I Franz Joseph I (in English also Francis Joseph) ( August 18, 1830 – November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916. ...


It is thought that palms were originally planted in this location as early as the 5th century BC by Carthaginians who settled in south-east Spain. The plantation survived under the Romans and the Moors. The irrigation system was extended in the times of Abd ar-Rahman I and remains in use. The formal landscape of the palmeral that still exists today was created when the city was under Moorish control in the 10th century. Laws were passed to protect the plantation after the Reconquista. Ruins of Carthage Carthaginian settlements in the western Mediterranean in the early 3rd century BC. The term Carthage refers both to an ancient city in North Africa — located on the eastern side of Lake Tunis across from the center of modern Tunis in Tunisia — and to the civilization which developed... History - Ancient history - Ancient Rome This is a List of Ancient Rome-related topics, that aims to include aspects of both the Ancient Roman Republic and Roman Empire. ... It has been suggested that Moor religion be merged into this article or section. ... High-altitude aerial view of irrigation in the Heart of the Sahara (, ) Irrigation (in agriculture) is the replacement or supplementation of rainfall with water from another source in order to grow crops. ... Abd ar-Rahman I (Arabic: عبد الرحمان) (ruled 756-788) was the founder of a Muslim dynasty that ruled Spain for nearly three centuries. ... The Reconquista (Reconquest) refers to the process for which the Christian Kingdoms of northern Hispania, defeated and conquered the southern Muslim and moorish states of the Iberian Peninsula, existing since the Arab invasion of 711. ...


In 2005, it was discovered that the larvae of the red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) had infested some trees, laying its eggs inside the stems. A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ...


External links

  • Palmeral de Elche from UNESCO
  • El Palmeral de Elche (Spanish)
  • Information on the picudo rojo (red palm weevil) (Spanish)

 
 

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