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Encyclopedia > Palm trees
Arecaceae (palm family)

Manila dwarf coconut palm
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae

Many; see list of Arecaceae genera

Arecaceae (also known as Palmae or Palmaceae), the palm family, is a family of flowering plants, belonging to the monocot order Arecales. There are 202 currently known genera with around 2,600 species. The type member of this family is the areca palm, the fruit of which is chewed with the betel leaf and often confused with it. The Date Palm, Rattan and Coconut also belong to this family. Palm sap is sometimes fermented to produce palm wine. Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil produced by the oil palms in the genus Elaeis.

Economically important genera include:

See list of Arecaceae genera for a complete listing.

Coconut Palm on Martinique


  • C. H. Schultz-Schultzenstein (1832). Natürliches System des Pflanzenreichs..., 317. Berlin, Germany.
  • N. W. Uhl, J. Dransfield (1987). Genera palmarum: a classification of palms based on the work of Harold E. Moore, Jr. (Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas)

External links

  • Kew Botanic Garden's Palm Genera list (http://www.kew.org/cgi-bin/web.dbs/genlist.pl?PALMAE) A list of the currently acknowledged genera by Kew Royal Botanic Gardens in London, England.
  • PACSOA (http://www.pacsoa.org.au/palms/) Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia palm species listing with images.
  • Plant a Palm (http://www.plantapalm.com/vpe/photos/vpe_photos.htm) A website with a large amount of information on palms, their cultivation and uses. This link goes to the photo gallery via species listing.

  Results from FactBites:
Palm Tree Care (cold hardy) and Pictures of Palms from Sun Palm Trees (1824 words)
Palm Trees are identified as cold tolerent to a certain temperature and the Palm Tree Zone tables will show you what zones the cold hardy Palm Trees fall into.
Palm Trees successful growth in colder winter areas depend on the cold hardiness of the particular types of Palms, the growing micro-environment and of course your care.
Palm Trees are widely adaptable when it comes to the soil type and environment depending on the proper care taken, and all Palms are highly drought resistant.
  More results at FactBites »



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