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Encyclopedia > Palinka
A bottle of apricot Hungarian Pálinka.
A bottle of apricot Hungarian Pálinka.

Pálinka is a traditional type of brandy that is produced in Hungary and Romania (mostly in Transylvania, a region of Romania; in Romanian it is spelled pălincă). The origin of the word is Slavic stemming from the word páliť (in Slovak) which means to distill. Pálinka is almost always drunk in shot glasses straight up. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 260 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Palinka ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 260 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Palinka ... Binomial name Prunus armeniaca L. For other uses, see Apricot (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Brandy (disambiguation). ... Map of Romania with Transylvania in yellow Transylvania (Romanian: or ; Hungarian: ; German: ; Bulgarian: ; Serbian: / or / ) is a historical region in central and western Romania. ...

It is usually made from plums (Hungarian: "szilva", Romanian: "prune"), apples (Hungarian: "alma", Romanian: "mere"), pears (Hungarian: "körte", Romanian: "pere"), apricots (Hungarian: "barack", Romanian: "caise") and sometimes cherries (Hungarian: "cseresznye", Romanian: "cireşe"), and is double-distilled. The alcohol content varies, with 40% or less being the norm, as required by law, for stamped bottles available in stores. Another version (around 40% alcohol) is called ţuică in Romania. The most powerful kinds of pálinka are referred to as "kerítésszaggató" in Hungarian, which literally means "fence-tearer" and refers to a drunkard's loss of balance. These potent home-made, "házi (house) pálinkák", are not commercially available, but are none-the-less very common. In Hungary, one can ferment a batch of fruit mash at home, then take the fermented mash to distiller, who can then legally distill the mash to the desired strength, although home distillers exist. Species See text. ... Binomial name Borkh. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Prunus armeniaca L. For other uses, see Apricot (disambiguation). ... A cherry is both a tree and its fleshy fruit, a type known as a drupe with a single hard pit enclosing the seed. ... Å¢uică (in Romanian , sometimes spelled Tzvika), is a traditional Romanian alcoholic beverage, usually made from plums. ...

Traditionally, pálinka was an important part of village peoples' diet. Their agricultural work in the fields was physically demanding and their meals consisted mainly of bread, lard, fatty bacon and onions. A shot of pálinka with its high alcohol content helped digest such an unhealthy diet. However, alcohol abuse was also common, such that a shepherd could boast of his ability to master one liter of palinka and still be able to tend his flock. Pálinka is still made in significant quantities, but alcoholics have since switched to the cheapest wines, or inexpensive "szeszesital" - fruit juice with ethanol added, due to the premium price tag that pálinka commands. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... This article is about the fat. ... Look up bacon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... Maintaining a healthy diet is the practice of making choices about what to eat with the intent of improving or maintaining good health. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Shepherd in FăgăraÅŸ Mountains, Romania. ... The liter (spelled liter in American English and litre in Commonwealth English) is a unit of volume. ... Categories: Animal stubs | Animal behaviour | Social psychology ...

There is some confusion in Hungary whether some products could actually be called pálinka according to EU laws. As a consequence, a whole family of extremely popular products by Zwack was rebranded as párlat (generic distillate) for internal markets. Traditional pálinkas mixed with honey were rebranded as párlat as well, even if there was no unorthodox step in the process of distillation. Hungarian people's rule of thumb in this matter is that genuine pálinka's alcohol content should be over 37% and it should be made of fruits or herbs indigenous to the Carpathian Basin. Hungarian law requires that szeszesital be labeled as such, and not be referred to as pálinka. Zwack is a Hungarian company producing a variety of traditional Hungarian liquors and wine since 1840, founded by József Zwack. ... Distillation is a means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points. ... A rule of thumb is an easily learned and easily applied procedure for approximately calculating or recalling some value, or for making some determination. ... Alcohol by volume (ABV) is an indication of how much alcohol (expressed as a percentage) is included in an alcoholic beverage. ... The Pannonian plain is a large plain in central/south-eastern Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. ...

Pálenka (Slovakia)

Pálenka denotes any kind of distillate, but especially fruit distillate, in Slovakia. It is also often used as a generic word for all kinds of liquors, including vodka, gin, borovička, etc. The origin of the word is Slavic and originates from the stem "páliť", to distil. Vodka bottling machine, Shatskaya Vodka Shatsk, Russia Vodka (Polish: wódka, Russian: водка) is one of the worlds most popular distilled beverages. ... Gin and tonic. ... Borovička (Boh-roh-witch-kah; IPA: ) (a) A family name. ...

Most traditional types of pálenka in Slovakia are slivovica (plum spirit), ražná (grain spirit), borovička (a special kind of liquor distilled from the berries of Juniperus communis), hruškovica (pear spirit), jablkovica (apple spirit). Popular are also čerešňovica (cherry spirit) and marhuľovica (apricot spirit). Very expensive is pálenka distilled from fermented forest berries, including raspberries, blueberries, and cranberries. Drienkovica (a spirit distilled from Cornelian cherries (Cornus mas), drienky in Slovak) was popularized by Slovak ex-president R. Schuster. Slivovitz (Serbo-Croatian: šljivovica, Polish: śliwowica, both pronounced roughly like shlee-vo-vee-tsah; Romanian: ţuică, pălincă or şliboviţă) is a strong aromatic alcoholic beverage made of distilled fermented plum juice which is bright yellow in color. ...

The word pálenka was borrowed by Hungarians (pálinka) and Romanians (palincă). Its meaning remains very similar.

See also

  • Slivovitz
  • Rakia, a brandy made throughout the Balkans
  • Ţuică, a similar drink in Romania.

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