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Encyclopedia > Palestinian music

Palestinian music ;Arabic,موسيقى فلسطينية is one of many regional sub-genres of Arabic music. While it shares much in common with Arabic music, both structurally and instrumentally, there are musical forms and subject matter that are distinctively Palestinian. [1] Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Arabic music includes several genres and styles of music ranging from Arab classical to Arabic pop music and from secular to sacred music. ... Palestinian people, Palestinians, or Palestinian Arabs are terms used today to refer mainly to Arabic-speaking people with family origins in Palestine. ...

Contents

Historical Development

Palestinians
Palestinian family in early 1900s
Demographics & Geographical distribution

Definitions of Palestine and Palestinian · Palestine
Villages depopulated in 1948 and 1967
Palestinian territories · Refugee camps
Geography of the Gaza Strip ·
Geography of the West Bank
Electoral Districts · Governorates ·
Cities in the West Bank & Gaza Strip
East Jerusalem · Arab localities in Israel
See also: Template:Arab citizens of Israel The Palestinian flag, adopted in 1948, is a widely recognized modern symbol of the Palestinian people. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 786 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 781 pixel, file size: 159 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ramallah, Jerusalem Sanjac (district), Damascus region, Ottoman Empire. ... Palestinian people, Palestinians, or Palestinian Arabs are terms used today to refer mainly to Arabic-speaking people with family origins in Palestine. ... The term Palestine and the related term Palestinian have several overlapping (and occasionally contradictory) definitions. ... The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi... // Below is a list of villages depopulated during the Arab-Israeli conflict, many of them during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. ... This article is about the Palestinian territories as a geopolitical phenomenon. ... List of Palestinian refugee camps with current population and year they were established: Gaza, 8 camps, 478,854 refugees 1948, Beach camp (Shati), 76,109 1949, Bureij, 30,059 1948, Deir el-Balah, 20,188 1948, Jabalia (Jabalyia, Abalyia), 103,646 1949, Khan Yunis, 60,662 1949, Maghazi, 22,536... The 16 Governorates of the West Bank and Gaza Strip are divided into 16 districts (Aqdya, singular - qadaa). ... Map showing governorates and areas of formal Palestinian control (green) After the signing of the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian territories were divided into three areas and 16 governorates under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority. ... Map of the West Bank Map of Gaza Strip This is a list of cities and towns in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, the two territories that make up the Palestinian territories. ... East Jerusalem is that part of Jerusalem which was held by Jordan from the 1948 Arab-Israeli War until the Six-Day War in 1967. ... The list of Arab localities in Israel includes all mostly Arab populated towns in the State of Israel. ...

Politics

PLO · PNC · PLO EC · PLC · PFLP
PNA · PNA political parties
Flag of Palestinians
The Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) (Arabic: ;   or Munazzamat al-Tahrir al-Filastiniyyah) is a political and paramilitary organization regarded by the Arab League since October 1974 as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. ... The Palestinian National Council (PNC) is the parliament in exile of the Palestinian people. ... The Executive Committee (PLO EC) is the highest executive body of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). ... The Palestinian Legislative Council, (sometimes referred to to as the Palestinan Parliament) the legislature of the Palestinian Authority, is a unicameral body with 88 members, elected from 16 electoral districts in the West Bank and Gaza. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Anthem: Biladi Capital Ramallah and Gaza de facto, as the current location of government institutions. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections. ... Proportions 1:2 The Palestinian flag has been in use by Palestinians to represent their national aspirations since the middle of the 20th century. ...

See also: Israeli-Palestinian conflict timeline
See also: Template:Israeli-Palestinian conflict
See also: Template:Politics of Palestine
Religion & religious sites

Christianity
Al-Aqsa Mosque · Dome of the Rock ·
Church of the Nativity · Rachel's Tomb ·
Church of the Holy Sepulchre ·
Church of the Annunciation
This is an incomplete timeline of events in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. ... Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... The Palestinian Christians are Palestinians who follow Christianity. ... For other uses, see Al-aqsa (disambiguation). ... The Dome of the Rock in the center of the Temple Mount, or Mount Moriah The Dome of the Rock (Arabic: مسجد قبة الصخرة, translit. ... View of The Church of the Nativity from Manger Square The Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem is one of the oldest continuously operating churches in the world. ... Rachels Tomb is a holy site of high significance to Judaism and is located in Northern Judea (Southern West Bank) just outside of the Jerusalem neighborhood of Gilo at the northern entrance to Bethlehem along what was once the Biblical Bethlehem-Ephrath road. ... The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, called the Church of the Resurrection (Greek: Ναός της Αναστάσεως, Naos tis Anastaseos; Georgian: აგდგომის ტადზარი Agdgomis Tadzari; Armenian: Surp Harutyun) by Eastern Christians, is a Christian church within the walled Old City of Jerusalem. ... The Church of the Annunciation is a church in Nazareth that was established in the place in which, according to the Christian tradition, was the house of Mary, the mother of Jesus and in which the angel Gabriel told Mary the Annunciation. ...

See also: Template:History of the Levant
Culture

Art · Costume & embroidery · Cuisine ·
Dance · Language · Music
Palestinian flag Palestinian culture is most closely related to the cultures of the nearby Levantine countries such as Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan and of the Arab World. ... Palestinian art is a term used to refer to paintings, posters, installation art and other visual media produced by Palestinian artists. ... Palestinian Costumes Foreign travelers to Palestine often commented on the rich variety of costumes among the Palestinian people, especially among the village women. ... Palestinian cuisine or foods from or commonly eaten in the Palestinian territories and the Arab population of Israel. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Notable personalities

Hany Abu-Assad· Ibrahim Abu-Lughod
Yasser Arafat · Hanan Ashrawi
Mohammed Bakri · Rim Banna
Mahmoud Darwish · Emile Habibi
Nathalie Handal · Mohammed Amin al-Husseini
Faisal Husseini · Abd al-Qader al-Husseini
Ghassan Kanafani · Ghada Karmi·
Leila Khaled · Rashid Khalidi ·
Walid Khalidi · Samih al-Qasim ·
Edward Said · Khalil al-Sakakini ·
Elia Suleiman · May Ziade ·
The following is a list of prominent Palestinians, both from Palestine and from the Palestinian diaspora. ... Hany Abu-Assad (Arabic: ‎, born 11 October 1961) is a Dutch-Palestinian film director. ... Ibrahim Abu-Lughod (February 15, 1929 — May 23, 2001) was a Palestinian (later American) academic, characterised by Edward Said as Palestines foremost academic and intellectual[1] and by Rashid Khalidi as one of the first Arab-American scholars to have a really serious effect on the way the Middle... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... Hanan Ashrawi Dr. Hanan Daoud Khalil Ashrawi (born 8 October 1946 in Ramallah, Palestine) is a Palestinian Anglican scholar and political activist. ... Mohammad Bakri (Arabic: , Hebrew: ; also spelled Mohammed or Muhammad) is an Israeli Arab actor, film producer and film director. ... Rim Banna is a Palestinian singer, composer and arranger, well-known for her modern interpretations of traditional folk songs. ... Mahmoud Darwish Mahmoud Darwish (Arabic: ; born 1941 in Al-Birwah, British Mandate of Palestine) is a contemporary Palestinian poet and writer of prose. ... Emile Habibi (August, 1921 - May 3, 1996) was a Palestinian-Israeli writer and politician. ... Nathalie Handal (born July 29, 1969) is a Palestinian poet, writer and playwright and a literary researcher. ... Mohammad Amin al-Husayni Mohammad Amin al-Husayni (ca. ... Faisal Husseini Faisal Abdel Qader Al-Husseini (Arabic: فيصل عبدالقادر الحسيني) (July 17, 1940 - May 31, 2001) was a Palestinian politician who was considered a possible future leader of the Palestinian people. ... Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni (alternatively spelt Abd al Qadir al Husseini) (1907-1948) was a Palestinian nationalist and fighter who in late 1933 founded the secret military group known as the Organization for Holy Struggle, (Munazzamat al-Jihad al-Muqaddas),[1] [2] which he... Ghassan Kanafani Ghassan Kanafani (غسان كنفاني, born April 9, 1936 in Acre, Palestine - died July 8, 1972 in Beirut, Lebanon) was a Palestinian writer and a spokesman for the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. ... —Ghada Karmi (1939- ) (Arabic: ‎) is a Palestinian doctor of medicine, author and academic. ... Leila Khaled in the 1970s Leila Khaled (Arabic: ‎ ; born April 9, 1944) is a former member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), part of the secular, leftwing Palestinian rejectionist front. ... Rashid Khalidi (1950 - ) is the Edward Said Professor of Arab Studies at Columbia University, and the head of Columbias Middle East Institute. ... Walid Khalidi (1925- ) is a Palestinian historian who had written extensively on the Palestinian exodus and the 1948 Israeli-Arab War. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Edward Wadie Saïd (Arabic: , transliteration: ; 1 November 1935 – 25 September 2003) was a Palestinian-American literary theorist and outspoken Palestinian activist. ... Khalil Sakakini Khalil al-Sakakini (خليل السكاكيني) (January 23, 1878 - August 13, 1953) was a distinguished Palestinian Jerusalemite educator, scholar, and poet. ... Elia Suleiman (born July 28, 1960 in Nazareth) is a Palestinian film director and actor. ... May Ziade (1886 - 1941) was born in Palestine (of the Ottoman Empire) in 1886. ...

Portal:Palestine

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Pre-1948

In the areas now controlled by Israel and Palestinian National Authority, multiple ethnic groups, races and religions have long held on to a diverse culture. Palestinians (including Druze and Bedouin) constituted the largest group, followed by Jews (including Sephardim and Ashkenazim), Egyptians, Cypriots, Samaritans, Armenians, Domari, and others. Anthem: Biladi Capital Ramallah and Gaza de facto, as the current location of government institutions. ... For other uses, see Race (disambiguation). ... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... Religions Druzism Scriptures Languages Arabic, Hebrew The Druze (Arabic: درزي, derzī or durzī, plural دروز, durūz; Hebrew: , Druzim; also transliterated Druz or Druse) are a Middle Eastern religious community whose traditional religion began as an offshoot of the Ismaili sect of Islam, but is unique in its incorporation of Gnostic, neo... A Bedouin man on a hillside at Mount Sinai Bedouin, derived from the Arabic ( ), a generic name for a desert-dweller, is a term generally applied to Arab nomadic pastoralist groups, who are found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the... Sephardim (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Sfaradim, Tiberian Hebrew ) are a subgroup of Jews, generally defined in contrast to Ashkenazim and/or . ... Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכֲּנָזִי אַשְׁכֲּנָזִים Standard Hebrew, Aškanazi,Aškanazim, Tiberian Hebrew, ʾAškănāzî, ʾAškănāzîm, pronounced sing. ... For other senses of this word, see Samaritan (disambiguation). ... Domari is an Indo-Aryan language closely related to Romani, Rajasthani and eastern Punjabi. ...


Early in the 20th century, most Palestinians lived in rural areas, either as farmers or as nomads. The farmers (fellahin) sang a variety of work songs, used for tasks like fishing, shepherding, harvesting and making olive oil. Travelling storytellers and musicians called zajaleen were also common, known for their epic tales. Weddings were also home to distinctive music, especially the dabke, a complex dance performed by linked groups of dancers. Popular songs were in widely-varying forms, especially meyjana and dalauna. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... Shepherd in Făgăraş Mountains, Romania. ... Look up Harvest in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Olive oil is a fruit oil obtained from the olive (Olea europaea), a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin. ... Nuptial is the adjective of wedding. It is used for example in zoology to denote plumage, coloration, behavior, etc related to or occurring in the mating season. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Post-1948

After the creation of Israel in 1948, most Arab Palestinians fled to, or were forced into, refugee camps in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The most popular recorded musicians at the time were the superstars of Arab classical music, especially Umm Kulthum and Sayed Darwish. The centers for Palestinian music were in the Israeli towns of Nazareth and Haifa, where performers composed in the classical styles of Cairo and Damascus. The shared Palestinian identity first arose during this period, and a new wave of performers emerged with distinctively Palestinian themes, relating to the dreams of statehood and the burgeoning nationalist sentiment. Refugee camp for Rwandans located in what is now the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo following the Rwandan Genocide A refugee camp is a temporary camp built up by governments or NGOs (such as the ICRC) to receive refugees. ... Arab music is the music of Arabic-speaking people or countries, especially those centered around the Arabian Peninsula, though Peter van der Merwe (1989, p. ... Umm Kulthum (Arabic: أم كلثوم other English spellings include: Om Kalthoum, Oum Kalsoum, Oum Kalthum, Omm Kolsoum, Umm Kolthoum, Um Kalthoom) (c. ... Sayed Darwish was an Egyptian singer and composer who was considered the father of Arab popular music. ... Hebrew נָצְרַת (Natzrat) (Standard) Náẓərat Arabic الناصرة (an-Nāṣira) Name Meaning Ancient word in Hebrew Government City District North Population 64,800[1] (2006) Jurisdiction 14 200 dunams (14. ... Hebrew חֵיפָה Arabic حَيْفَا Founded in 3rd century CE Government City District Haifa Population 267,000 1,039,000 (metropolitan area) Jurisdiction 63,666 dunams (63. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Damascus ( transliteration: , also commonly known as الشام ash-Shām) is the largest city of Syria and is also the capital. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


The Israeli government exerted considerable control over Palestinian music recordings[citation needed], and many of the most popular cassettes were distributed through the black market. Late in the 1970s, a new wave of popular Palestinian stars emerged, including Sabreen and Al Ashiqeen. After the 1987 Intifada, a more hard-edged group of performers and songwriters emerged, led by El Funoun, songwriter Suhail Khoury, Thaer Barghouti's Doleh and Sabreen's Mawt a'nabi. Typical 60-minute Compact Cassette. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into underground economy. ... Intifada (also Intefadah or Intifadah; from shaking off) is an Arabic term for uprising. It came into common usage in English as the popularized name for two recent Palestinian campaigns directed at Israel. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ...


In the 1990s, the Palestinian National Authority was formed, and Palestinian cultural expression began to stabilize. Wedding bands, having long since disappeared during the fighting, reappeared and played popular Egyptian and Lebanese songs. Tania Nasser soon emerged as a major star, and became well-known for her support of feminism among Palestinian women. Other performers to emerge later in the 90s included Yuad, Washem, Adel Salameh, Issa Boulos and Samir Joubran. Reem Kelani currently performs Palestinian folk songs. Anthem: Biladi Capital Ramallah and Gaza de facto, as the current location of government institutions. ... Nuptial is the adjective of wedding. It is used for example in zoology to denote plumage, coloration, behavior, etc related to or occurring in the mating season. ... Feminism comprises a number of social, cultural and political movements, theories and moral philosophies that are concerned with cultural, political and economic practices and inequalities that discriminate against women. ... Samir Joubran was born in Nazareth in 1973 to a renowned oud maker and to a singer mother. ... Reem Kelani is a Diaspora Palestinian, born in Manchester and brought up in Kuwait. ...


Palestinian hip hop

See also: Arabic hip hop Cover of sampler CD (2003) Arabic hip hop is hip hop music and culture originating in the Arabic-speaking world. ...


Beginning in the late 1990s, Palestinian youth forged a new Palestinian musical sub-genre - Palestinian rap or hip hop - which blends Arabic melodies and Western beats, with lyrics in Arabic, English and even Hebrew. Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ...


Borrowing from traditional rap music that first emerged in the ghettos of Los Angeles and New York in the 1970s, “young Palestinian musicians have tailored the style to express their own grievances with the social and political climate in which they live and work” [2]


DAM were pioneers in forging this blend. As Arab citizens of Israel, they rap in Arabic, Hebrew, and English often challenging stereotypes about Palestinians and Arabs head-on in songs like "Meen Erhabe?" ("Who's a terrorist?") The current version of the article or section is written like a magazine article instead of the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia. ... Arab citizens of Israel, Arabs of Israel or Arab population of Israel are terms used by Israeli authorities and Israeli Hebrew-speaking media to refer to non-Jewish Arabs who are citizens of the State of Israel. ...


Patriarch is a Palestinian Greek Orthodox rapper based in California. Most of his raps are related to the struggle of the Palestinian people and loss of a homeland. o his most famous are, Son of a Refugee and Aywah. Greek Orthodox Church can refer to any of several hierarchical churches within the larger group of mutually recognizing Eastern Orthodox churches: the Orthodox Church of Constantinople, headed by the Patriarch of Constantinople, who is also the first among equals of the Eastern Orthodox Communion. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


Other Palestinian hip hop artists include members of The Philistines, MWR, and the Palestinian Rapperz. Jaffa Phonix is a Palestinian band based in Egypt. Their style combines electronic music with hip hop elements.Aswell as Pali female artist. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

References

  1. ^ Rima Tarazi (April 2007). The Palestinian National Song:A Personal Testimony. This Week in Palestine.
  2. ^ Amelia Thomas. Israeli-Arab rap: an outlet for youth protest. Christian Science Monitor.

Books

  • Morgan, Andy and Mu'tasem Adileh. "The Sounds of Struggle". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 1: Africa, Europe and the Middle East, pp 385-390. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0

Further reading

  • Cohen, Dalia and Ruth Katz (2005). Palestinian Arab Music : A Maqam Tradition in Practice. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-11298-5. 
  • Mashmalon, Micah (1988). Palestinian Folk Songs (Morris Moore Series in Musicology, 4). Shazco. ISBN 9998300916. 

See also

The following is a list of prominent Palestinians, both from Palestine and from the Palestinian diaspora. ...

External links

Links to singer profiles at http://www.worldmusiccentral.org:

  • Rim Banna
  • Issa Boulos
  • The Chéhadé brothers
  • Karloma
  • Reem Kelani
  • Hani Naser
  • Simon Shaheen
  • "This Side Of Paradise", Nigel Parry, 2001. Music about the Palestinian West Bank

  Results from FactBites:
 
Palestinian music - definition of Palestinian music in Encyclopedia (422 words)
The centers for Palestinian music were in the Israeli towns of Nazareth and Haifa, where performers composed in the classical styles of Cairo and Damascus.
The shared Palestinian identity first arose during this period, and a new wave of performers emerged with distinctively Palestinian themes, relating to the dreams of statehood and the burgeoning nationalist sentiment.
In the 1990s, the Palestinian National Authority was formed, and Palestinian cultural expression began to stabilize.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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