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Encyclopedia > Palestinian Jew

A Palestinian Jew is a Jewish inhabitant of Palestine throughout certain periods of Middle East history. This article describes some ethnic, historic, and cultural aspects of the Jewish identity; for a consideration of the Jewish religion, refer to the article Judaism. ... Palestine (from Latin: ; Hebrew: Pleshet, פלשתינה Palestina; Arabic: ‎ Filastīn, Falastīn) is one of several names for the geographic region between the Mediterranean Sea and the banks of the Jordan River with various adjoining lands. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...

After the modern State of Israel was born, nearly all native Palestinian Jews became citizens of Israel, and the term "Palestinian Jews" largely fell into disuse. It is still used in contexts where it is necessary to distinguish from Muslim, Christian or Druze Palestinians who are together termed "Palestinian Arabs". (See also Arab Israelis). Jews from Arab lands are today typically not termed Arab Jews, so "Palestinian Arab" today also implies the exclusion of Palestinian Jews. Arab citizens of Israel are Arabs who are citizens of the State of Israel. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ...

The Palestinian National Covenant in 1968 defined a Jew as a Palestinian if their family (through the male line) had resided in Palestine until the beginning of the Zionist migrations (considered to have started in 1917). While a number of Jews fall into this category, the vast majority tend to identify as Israelis. The Palestinian National Covenant or Palestinian National Charter (Arabic: al-Mithaq al-Watani al-Filastini) is the charter or constitution of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). ...

Palestinians themselves may be either Muslim, Christian, Jewish, Druze, or other. The Palestinian flag, adopted in 1948, is a widely recognized modern symbol of the Palestinian people. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Christianity. ... Druze star Druze The Druze (also known as Druse; Arabic: darazī درزي, pl. ...

Disputes over terminology

Part of the difficulty of describing the Jews of Palestine is the wave of renaming over the past few decades. Some advocates want to blur or emphasize distinctions.

Today Palestinians are regarded to fall into 2 groups that are for the most part assumed to be mutually exclusive: Jews and Arabs. Arabs, however, may be of any religion, including most numerously Arab Muslims, then Arab Christians, and various others, including Arab Jews. Likewise, Israelis are also regarded to fall into the same 2 categories. Israeli Jews who comprise the majority of the country, however, hail from dozens of countries around the world and may be of any of the many Jewish ethnic backgrounds, including German Jews, Palestinian Jews, Iraqi Jews, Yemenite Jews, Indian Jews, Chinese Jews, Ethiopian Jews. Only the minority of Israelis that are both Arab and non-Jewish are deemed Israeli Arabs. The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are an ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ... Arab Christians are people who are ethnically Arab or culturally and linguistically Arabized and who follow the religion of Christianity. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Jewish ethnic divisions refers to a number of distinct Jewish communities within the worlds ethnically Jewish population. ... German Jews have lived in Germany for over 1700 years, through both periods of tolerance and spasms of anti-Semitic violence, culminating in the Holocaust and the near-destruction of the Jewish community in Germany and much of Europe. ... Iraqi Jews constitute one of the worlds oldest, and historically most important, Jewish communities. ... Yemenite Jews (תֵּימָנִי, Standard Hebrew Temani, Tiberian Hebrew Têmānî; plural תֵּימָנִים, Standard Hebrew Temanim, Tiberian Hebrew Têmānîm) are those Jews who live, or whose recent ancestors... // Indian Jews are a religious minority, living among Indias predominantly Hindu populace. ... For information about Chinese Jews, see: History of the Jews in China Kaifeng Jews Category: ... The Beta Israel (or House of Israel), known by outsiders by the term Falasha or Falash Mura (exiles or strangers), a term that they consider to be pejorative, are Jews of Ethiopian origin. ... The Israeli Arabs, or 1948 Palestinians, are those Arabs who remained inside the borders of what would become Israel after 1948, when most Arabs fled the country in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War (see also Nakba). They make up roughly 20% of Israels population. ...

In the same fashion, many advocates wish the term "Palestinian" to be used exclusively for non-Jewish Palestinians, and then give Palestinian synonimity with Arab (that is, Arab as understood to the exclusion of Jews from Arab countries).

This creates a dichotomy between "Israelis" (excluding Arabs, and the term "Arab" itself exluding Arab Jews) vs. "Palestinians" (excluding Palestinian Jews). The best known usage is the "Israeli-Palestinian conflict". Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip are at the center of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. ...

See also



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