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Encyclopedia > Palermo

Coordinates: 38°07′00″N, 13°22′00″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Palermo

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Location of the city of Palermo (red dot) within Italy.
Location of the city of Palermo (red dot) within Italy.
Coordinates: 38°07′N 13°22′E / 38.117, 13.367
Region Sicily
Province Province of Palermo
Founded 734 BC
Government
 - Mayor Diego Cammarata
Area
 - City 158 km² (61 sq mi)
Population (January 2006)
 - City 675,018 (5th)
 - Density 4,275/km² (11,072.2/sq mi)
 - Metro 1,241,241
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Postal codes 90100
Area code(s) 091
Patron saints Saint Rosalia
Website: http://www.comune.palermo.it

Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Greek: Panormus) is a historic city in southern Italy, the capital of the autonomous region Sicily and the province of Palermo. The city is noted for its rich history, culture, architecture and gastronomy, playing an important role throughout much of its existence; it is over 2,700 years old. Palermo is located in the north-west of the island of Sicily, right by the Gulf of Palermo in the Tyrrhenian Sea. Image File history File links Palermo_stemma. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Palermo (It. ... Centuries: 9th century BC - 8th century BC - 7th century BC Decades: 780s BC 770s BC 760s BC 750s BC 740s BC - 730s BC - 720s BC 710s BC 700s BC 690s BC 680s BC Events and Trends 739 BC - Hiram II becomes king of Tyre 738 BC - King Tiglath-Pileser III... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Santa Rosalia is the patron saint of Palermo, Sicily. ... Sicilian (, Italian: ) is a Romance language. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Southern Italy, often referred to in Italian as the Mezzogiorno (a term first used in 19th century in comparison with French Midi ) encompasses six of the countrys 20 regions: Basilicata Campania Calabria Puglia Sicilia Sardinia Sicilia although it is geographically and administratively included in Insular Italy, it has a... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Palermo (It. ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... This article is about building architecture. ... Gastronomy is the study of relationship between culture and food. ... Tyrrhenian Sea. ...


The city was founded by the Phoenicians, but named by the Ancient Greeks as Panormus meaning all port. Palermo became part of the Roman Republic and eventually part of the Byzantine Empire, for over a thousand years. For a brief period it was under Muslim rule where it first became a capital. Following the Norman reconquest, Palermo would become capital of a new kingdom from 1130 to 1816 the Kingdom of Sicily. Eventually it would be united with the Kingdom of Naples to form the Two Sicilies until the Italian unification of 1860. Phoenicia (or Phenicia ,[1] from Biblical Phenice [1]) was an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coast of modern day Lebanon and Syria. ... Ancient Greece is the term used to describe the Greek_speaking world in ancient times. ... This article is about the state which existed from the 6th century BC to the 1st century BC. For the state which existed in the 18th century, see Roman Republic (18th century). ... Byzantine redirects here. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... The Kingdom of Sicily (in green) in 1154, representing the extent of Norman conquest in Italy. ... Flag The Kingdom of Sicily as it existed at the death of its founder, Roger II of Sicily, in 1154. ... Capital Naples Government Monarchy King  - 1285-1309 Charles II  - 1815-1816 Ferdinand I History  - Established 1285  - Union with Sicily 1816 The Kingdom of Naples was an informal name of the polity officially known as the Kingdom of Sicily which existed on the mainland of southern Italy after of the secession... The Two Sicilies The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Italian: il Regno delle Due Sicilie) was the new name that the Bourbon King Ferdinand IV of Naples bestowed upon his domain (including Southern Italy and the island of Sicily) after the end of the Napoleonic Era and the full restoration... Italian Unification (Italian: il Risorgimento, or The Resurgence) was the political and social movement that unified different states of the Italian peninsula into the single nation of Italy. ...


The metropolitan area of Palermo is the fifth most populated in Italy and in the top eighty of the largest in all of Europe with around 1.2 million people. In the central area, the city itself has a population of around 670 thousand people, the inhabitants are known as Palermitans or poetically panormiti, the language spoke by its inhabitants is the Sicilian language. This is a list of the largest metropolitan areas of Europe. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Sicilian (, Italian: ) is a Romance language. ...


The religion of Roman Catholicism is highly important in Palermitan culture, the patron saint of the city is Saint Rosalia, her feast day on July 15 is perhaps the biggest social event in the city. The area attracts significant amounts of tourists each year and is widely known for its colourful fruit, vegetable and fish market at the heart of Palermo known as the Vucciria.[1] Catholic Church redirects here. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... Santa Rosalia is the patron saint of Palermo, Sicily. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ... Look up Market in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

History

Villa Bonanno park.
Villa Bonanno park.
Panorama of Palermo.
Piazza Pretoria.
The Cathedral of Palermo.
The Porta Nuova ("New Gate") is the monumental access to the centre of the city.
Baroque interior of the Church of the Jesus.
Palazzo dei Normanni.
Roger II's Cappella Palatina combines French-Norman, Byzantine, and Arabic influences.
Teatro Massimo.
Teatro Politeama.
Zisa.
San Giovanni degli Eremiti.
Façade of the Church of the Magione.
Fontana Pretoria.
Harbour with Monte Pellegrino.
Main article: History of Palermo

Palermo was founded in the 8th century BC by Phoenician tradesmen around a natural harbour on the north-western coast of Sicily. The Phoenician name for the city may have been Zîz, but Greeks called it Panormus (see also List of traditional Greek place names), meaning all-port, because of its fine natural harbour. It should be noted however that the city was never a Greek city-state, but was later part of the Greek speaking Eastern Roman Empire. Palermo is widely considered to be one of the most conquered cities in the world. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x1536, 535 KB) Palazzo dei Normanni, Palermo View from the park of Villa Bonanno Photographer Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Bjs Date August 2004 Permission photographed by myself Camera Canon EOS 300V with Canon Zoom Lens EF 28-90mm Scan from the... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x1536, 535 KB) Palazzo dei Normanni, Palermo View from the park of Villa Bonanno Photographer Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Bjs Date August 2004 Permission photographed by myself Camera Canon EOS 300V with Canon Zoom Lens EF 28-90mm Scan from the... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 731 KB) Palermo, panorama File links The following pages link to this file: Palermo ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 731 KB) Palermo, panorama File links The following pages link to this file: Palermo ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 341 KB) Author : Urban Description : Piazza Pretoria in Palermo, Sicilia Body : Canon Powershot A80 Date : August, 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Sicilian Baroque ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 341 KB) Author : Urban Description : Piazza Pretoria in Palermo, Sicilia Body : Canon Powershot A80 Date : August, 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Sicilian Baroque ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2016x1512, 1260 KB) Summary Personal picture by Valentina Funel, september 2005 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2016x1512, 1260 KB) Summary Personal picture by Valentina Funel, september 2005 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1512x2016, 766 KB) Summary Personal photo by Valentina Funel, september 2005 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1512x2016, 766 KB) Summary Personal photo by Valentina Funel, september 2005 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 692 KB) Beskrivelse 2005, Niels Elgaard Larsen Gesu church, Palermo. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 692 KB) Beskrivelse 2005, Niels Elgaard Larsen Gesu church, Palermo. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1984x1488, 644 KB) Summary Palermo view of Palazzo Normanni Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Palermo Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1984x1488, 644 KB) Summary Palermo view of Palazzo Normanni Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Palermo Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (768x1024, 280 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (768x1024, 280 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Saracene arches and Byzantine mosaics complement each other within the Palatine Chapel. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (1500 × 1000 pixel, file size: 412 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Teatro Massimo, Palermo Main facade File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (1500 × 1000 pixel, file size: 412 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Teatro Massimo, Palermo Main facade File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x1028, 472 KB) Teatro Politeama, Palermo Exterior view from Piazza Castelnuovo Photographer Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Bjs Date August 2004 Permission photographed by myself Camera Canon EOS 300V with Canon Zoom Lens EF 28-90mm Scan from the film negative File... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x1028, 472 KB) Teatro Politeama, Palermo Exterior view from Piazza Castelnuovo Photographer Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Bjs Date August 2004 Permission photographed by myself Camera Canon EOS 300V with Canon Zoom Lens EF 28-90mm Scan from the film negative File... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x1028, 452 KB) Zisa, Palermo Main facade Photographer Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Bjs Date August 2004 Permission photographed by myself Camera Canon EOS 300V with Canon Zoom Lens EF 28-90mm Scan from the film negative File links The following pages... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x1028, 452 KB) Zisa, Palermo Main facade Photographer Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Bjs Date August 2004 Permission photographed by myself Camera Canon EOS 300V with Canon Zoom Lens EF 28-90mm Scan from the film negative File links The following pages... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x1028, 505 KB) San Giovanni degli Eremiti, Palermo The cupolas in Arabian style Photographer Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Bjs Date August 2004 Permission photographed by myself Camera Canon EOS 300V with Canon Zoom Lens EF 28-90mm Scan from the film... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x1028, 505 KB) San Giovanni degli Eremiti, Palermo The cupolas in Arabian style Photographer Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Bjs Date August 2004 Permission photographed by myself Camera Canon EOS 300V with Canon Zoom Lens EF 28-90mm Scan from the film... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x1536, 477 KB) La Magione, Palermo (Chiesa della SS Trinità) Front facade Photographer Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Bjs Date August 2004 Permission photographed by myself Camera Canon EOS 300V with Canon Zoom Lens EF 28-90mm Scan from the film negative... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x1536, 477 KB) La Magione, Palermo (Chiesa della SS Trinità) Front facade Photographer Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Bjs Date August 2004 Permission photographed by myself Camera Canon EOS 300V with Canon Zoom Lens EF 28-90mm Scan from the film negative... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1984x1488, 626 KB) Palermo Piazza Pretoria Detail of fountain (Martin Teetz, July 2005) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Palermo Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1984x1488, 626 KB) Palermo Piazza Pretoria Detail of fountain (Martin Teetz, July 2005) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Palermo Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x1028, 467 KB) Harbour of Palermo Sailing vessels in front of Monte Pellegrino Photographer Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Bjs Date August 2004 Permission photographed by myself Camera Canon EOS 300V with Canon Zoom Lens EF 28-90mm Scan from the film... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1536x1028, 467 KB) Harbour of Palermo Sailing vessels in front of Monte Pellegrino Photographer Bernhard J. Scheuvens aka Bjs Date August 2004 Permission photographed by myself Camera Canon EOS 300V with Canon Zoom Lens EF 28-90mm Scan from the film... Palermo is one of the major cities of Italy and the capital of Sicily. ... Phoenicia (or Phenicia ,[1] from Biblical Phenice [1]) was an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coast of modern day Lebanon and Syria. ... This is a list of traditional Greek place names. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Byzantine Empire. ...


Palermo remained a Carthaginian city until the First Punic War (264-241 BC), when Sicily fell under Roman rule. The Roman period was one of comparative calm, Palermo coming under the provincial administration in Syracuse. When the Roman Empire was split, Sicily and Palermo came under the rule of the Eastern Byzantine Empire. Osama was here and he doesnt enjoy this site???? the red sox won and i am one happy camper. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC - 260s BC - 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC Years: 269 BC 268 BC 267 BC 266 BC 265 BC - 264 BC - 263 BC 262 BC... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC - 240s BC - 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 246 BC 245 BC 244 BC 243 BC 242 BC - 241 BC - 240 BC 239 BC 238... This article is about the state which existed from the 6th century BC to the 1st century BC. For the state which existed in the 18th century, see Roman Republic (18th century). ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Syracuse (Italian, Siracusa, ancient Syracusa - see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a city on the eastern coast of Sicily and the capital of the province of Syracuse, Italy. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Byzantine redirects here. ...


In the 9th century, Sicily was divided into two prefectures by the Byzantines. The two prefects went to war with each other, and Euphimius, the winner, dreamt of reuniting the Roman empire. However, he lacked an army, so he asked the Arab Aghlabids rulers of North Africa, at the time the up-and-coming power in the Mediterranean, to lend him theirs. Within a week of the Arabs' arrival in Palermo in 827, Euphimius died mysteriously, and they declined to leave. By 878 all of Sicily, except for a few Byzantine enclaves near Taormina, was controlled by the Saracens. In 905 they captured those too. The Arab rulers moved Sicily's capital to Palermo where it has been ever since. As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was the century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... The Aghlabid dynasty of emirs ruled Ifriqiya (northern Africa), nominally on behalf of the Abbasid Caliph, for about a century, until overthrown by the new power of the Fatimids. ... Isola Bella from the North Isola Bella Bay from the south Greek theatre in Taormina Taormina is a small town in the island of Sicily in Italy. ...


Under Muslim dominion Palermo became an important commercial and cultural center, a flourishing city broadly known in the whole Arab world - it is said that it had more than 300 mosques. But they were also years of tolerance: Christians and Jews were permitted to follow their own credo. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... Languages Historical Jewish languages Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino, others Liturgical languages: Hebrew and Aramaic Predominant spoken languages: The vernacular language of the home nation in the Diaspora, significantly including English, Hebrew, Yiddish, and Russian Religions Judaism Related ethnic groups Arabs and other Semitic groups For the Jewish religion, see Judaism. ...


In 1060 the Normans launched a crusade against the Muslim emirate of Sicily, taking Palermo on January 10, 1072 and the whole island by 1091. The resulting blend of Norman and Arab culture fostered a unique hybrid style of architecture as can be seen[1] in the Palatine Chapel, the church San Giovanni degli Eremiti and the Zisa. May — The Norman leader Robert Guiscard conquers Taranto. ... Norman conquests in red. ... This article is about the medieval crusades. ... Italy in 1000. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events William I of England invades Scotland, and also receives the submission of Hereward the Wake. ... Henry, son of William I attempted a coup against his brothers but failed to seize the English throne. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... This article is about building architecture. ...


Sicily in 1194 fell under the control of the Holy Roman Empire. Palermo was the preferred city of the Emperor Frederick II. After an interval of Angevin rule (1266-1282), Sicily came under the house of Aragon and later, in (1479), the kingdom of Spain. Events November 20 - Palermo falls to Henry VI, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire December 25 - Henry VI is crowned king of Sicily. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was a pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. ... Angevin (IPA: ) is the name applied to the residents of Anjou, a former province of the Kingdom of France, as well as to the residents of Angers. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Coat of arms of Aragon, 15th century The Crown of Aragon is a term used to refer to the permanent union of multiple titles and states in the hands of the King of Aragon. ... Year 1479 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ...


Sicily's unification (1734) with the Bourbon-ruled kingdom of Naples as the kingdom of the Two Sicilies inflicted a devastating blow on the elite of Palermo, as the city was reduced to just another provincial city, the royal court residing in Naples. Palermo rebelled in 1848 and held out against the Neapolitan crown until May 1849. Events January 8 - Premiere of George Frideric Handels opera Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. ... This article or section should include material from France: Wars of Religion _ Bourbon Dynasty The House of Bourbon dates from at least the beginning of the 13th century, when the estate of Bourbon was ruled by a Lord, vassal of France. ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... The Two Sicilies The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Italian: il Regno delle Due Sicilie) was the new name that the Bourbon King Ferdinand IV of Naples bestowed upon his domain (including Southern Italy and the island of Sicily) after the end of the Napoleonic Era and the full restoration... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... Year 1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The Italian Risorgimento and Sicily's annexation (1860) to the kingdom of Italy gave Palermo a second chance. It was once again the administrative centre of Sicily, and there was a certain economic and industrial development. In the second half of the 19th century Palermo expanded beyond the historical centre, especially towards Via della Libertá. Monumental public buildings were erected and a new thoroughfare was cut into the dense old town, called Via Roma. The city was one of the main centres of Art Nouveau style in Italy. Italian unification, also known as Risorgimento (resurrection), was a historical process by which the Kingdom of Sardinia (ruled by the Savoy dynasty with Turin as its capital) gradually conquered the Italian peninsula, including the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the Duchy of Modena, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, the Duchy... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... The House of Savoy or in Italian, La Casa di Savoia, or simply Casa Savoia, (or Savoie, French) is a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy, a region that includes present-day Piemonte, other parts of Northern Italy, and a smaller region in France. ... Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ...


Palermo survived almost the entire fascist period unscathed, but during the Allied invasion of Sicily in July 1943 it suffered heavy damage. Fascist redirects here. ... Combatants  United States  United Kingdom  Canada  Free French  Nazi Germany Italy Commanders Dwight D. Eisenhower Harold Alexander Bernard Montgomery George S. Patton Albert Kesselring Alfredo Guzzoni Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin Strength 160,000 men 14,000 vehicles 600 tanks 1,800 guns 365,000 Italians 40,000 Germans Casualties... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The importance of Palermo got another boost when Sicily became (1947) an autonomous region with extended self-rule. But any improvement was thwarted by the rising power of the Mafia, which still today is a dramatic feature of the city, as well as the whole Southern Italy. Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the criminal society. ...


Palermo is a city with monumental problems, but is also a city of almost three millennia of history, beautiful palaces and churches, colourful markets, marvelous food and a distinctive cultural identity.


Main sights

Palermo has a noteworthy architectural heritage and is notable for its many Norman buildings. The nave of Durham Cathedral demonstrates the characteristic round arched style, though use of shallow pointed arches above the nave is a forerunner of the Gothic style. ...


Churches

  • The Cathedral of Palermo (1185).
  • San Giovanni dei Lebbrosi (1071)
  • San Giovanni degli Eremiti (1132)
  • Martorana (Santa Maria dell'Ammiragliato, 1143)
  • San Cataldo (12th century)
  • Santa Maria della Gancia
  • Santa Maria della Catena
  • San Giuseppe dei Teatini
  • Oratorio di San Lorenzo
  • Oratorio del Rosario
  • Santa Teresa alla Kalsa derives its name from Al-Khalisa, an arab term meaning elected. The church, constructed in 1686-1706 over the former emir's residence, is one of the most outstanding examples of Sicilian Baroque. It has a single, airy nave, with stucco decorations from the early 18th century.
  • Santa Maria dello Spasimo was built in 1506 and later turned into a hospital. For this temple Raphael painted his famous Sicilia's Spasimo, now in the Museo del Prado of Madrid. The church today is a fascinating air-open ruin, which occasionally houses exhibitions and musical shows.
  • the Church of the Jesus (Chiesa del Gesù) was built by the Jesuits in the centre of the city from 1564, over a pre-existing convent of Basilian monks. The edifice was further enlarged starting from 1591, becoming one of the most relevant examples of Sicilian Baroque, though retaining some severe late Renaissance fashion. The church was heavily damaged after the 1943 bombings, which destroyed most of the frescoes. The interior has a Latin cross plan with a nave and two aisles, characterized by a particularly rich decoration of marbles, tarsias and stuccoes, especially in the St. Anne chapel. At the right is the Casa Professa, with a 1685 portal and a precious 18th century cloister. The Church of the Jesus is home to the Municipal Library, placede here in 1775.
  • The church of St. Francis of Assisi, erected in what was once the market district of the city. It was built between 1255 and 1277 in the site of two pre-existing churches, and was largely renovated in the 15th, 16th, 18th and 19th centuries, the latter after an earthquake. After the 1943 bombings, the church was restored to its Mediaeval appearance, which now includes part of the original building such as part of the right side, the apses and the Gothic portal in the façade. The interior has a typical Gothic flavour, with a nave and two aisles separated by two rows of cylindrical pilasters. Some of the chapels are in Renaissance style, as well as the late 16th century side portals. The church includes precious sculptures by Antonio and Giacomo Gagini, and Francesco Laurana, plus a noteworthy wooden choir dating from the 16th century. Of note are also the allegorical statues by Giacomo Serpotta (1723), also author of the stucco decoration.
  • The church of the Magione (officially church of the Holy Trinity), an ancient example of Norman architecture. The church was founded in 1191 by Matteo d'Ajello, who donated it to the Cistercian monks.

The dome and part of the apse of the Cathedral of Palermo. ... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Naval battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ... Events Byzantine Empire loses Battle of Manzikert to Turkish army under Alp Arslan. ... San Giovanni degli Eremiti. ... Events Diarmaid Mac Murrough has the abbey of Kildare in Ireland burned and the abbess raped. ... The Baroque façade with the Romanesque campanile. ... Events Manuel I Comnenus becomes Byzantine Emperor. ... The church of San Cataldo in Palermo with its typical red domes. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... San Giuseppe dei Teatini is a church in the Sicilian city of Palermo. ... Košice-okolie District in the Kosice Region Kalša is a village and municipality in Košice-okolie District in the Kosice Region of eastern Slovakia. ... Khalisa, Palermo Al-Khalisa the districts Arabic name, meaning the purest was centre of the city of Balharm (Palermo) conquered by the Normans during a battle early in 1072. ... Arabic is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... 1686 (MDCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... Illustration 1: Sicilian Baroque. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... 1506 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Renaissance artist. ... The Christ Falling on the Way to Calvary, also known as Sicilias Spasimo, is a painting of the Italian High Renaissance master Raphael, circa 1516-1517. ... Bold text The Museo del Prado is a famous museum and art gallery located in Madrid; the capital of Spain. ... Illustration 1: Sicilian Baroque. ... Saint Francis of Assisi, St. ... Antonio Gagini (1504-153?) was a 16th century Italian sculptor. ... Francesco Laurana [de la Vrana], (born in Vrana, near Zara [now Zadar, Croatia]; died Marseille, before 12 March 1502), was an Italian sculptor and medallist. ... This article concerns the holy Trinity of Christianity. ...

Palaces and museums

  • Palazzo dei Normanni, one of the most beautiful Italian palaces and a notable example of Norman architecture, probably built over an Arab fortress. It houses the famous Cappella Palatina.
  • Zisa (1160) and Cuba, magnificient castles/houses used by the kings of Palermo for hunting. Similar buildings were common in northern Africa, but today these two are the only ones remaining. The Zisa houses the Islamic museum. The Cuba was once encircled by water.
  • Palazzo Chiaramonte
  • Palazzo Abatellis, with the Regional Gallery. It was built at the end of the 15th century for the prefect of the city, Francesco Abatellis. It is a lassive though elegant construction, in typical Catalan Gothic style, with Renaissance influences. The Gallery houses an Elenora of Aragon bust by Francesco Laurana (1471) and the Malvagna Triptych (c. 1510), by Jan Gossaert and the famous Annunziata by Antonello da Messina. The exposition in the museum has been designed by the famous architect Carlo Scarpa.
  • The Museo Archeologico Regionale is one the main museums of Italy: it includes numerous remains from Etruscan, Carthaginian, Roman and Hellenistic civilizations. It houses all the decorative parts from the Sicilian temples of Segesta and Selinunte.

Renaissance façade of the palace. ... The nave of Durham Cathedral demonstrates the characteristic round arched style, though use of shallow pointed arches above the nave is a forerunner of the Gothic style. ... Saracene arches and Byzantine mosaics complement each other within the Palatine Chapel. ... The Zisa of Palermo. ... Events Eric IX of Sweden is succeeded by Karl Sverkersson. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Francesco Laurana [de la Vrana], (born in Vrana, near Zara [now Zadar, Croatia]; died Marseille, before 12 March 1502), was an Italian sculptor and medallist. ... This article is about the year 1471, not the BT caller ID service accessible by dialling 1-4-7-1. ... St Luke Painting the Madonna by Jan Mabuse (1520-25) Wood, 109,5 x 82 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna Jan Mabuse (d. ... Portrait, called the Condottiero, dated 1475 (Louvre). ... Brion-Vega Cemetery, 1968-1978. ... Extent of Etruscan civilization and the twelve Etruscan League cities. ... For other uses, see Carthage (disambiguation). ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... The term Hellenistic (established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen) in the history of the ancient world is used to refer to the shift from a culture dominated by ethnic Greeks, however scattered geographically, to a culture dominated by Greek-speakers of whatever ethnicity, and from the political dominance... Segesta was the political center of the Elymian people. ... Temple E, the so-called Temple of Hera, at Selinus Selinunte is an ancient Greek archaeological site situated on the south coast of Sicily between the valleys of the rivers Belice and Modione in the province of Trapani. ...

Theatres

  • The Teatro Massimo ("Greatest Theatre") was opened in 1897. Closed for renovation from 1974 until 1997, it is now carefully restored and has an active schedule. Enrico Caruso sang in a performance of La Gioconda during the opening season, returning for Rigoletto at the very end of his career. It is the largest theater in Italy (8000 sm).
  • The Teatro Politeama was built between 1867 and 1874. Nowadays, the town's Gallery of Modern Art is accommodated here.

Teatro Massimo The Teatro Massimo Vittorio Emanuele is an opera house and opera company located on the Piazza Verdi in Palermo, Sicily. ... For the song Caruso by Lucio Dalla, see Caruso (song). ... La Gioconda can refer to: A famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci, better known as Mona Lisa; An opera by Amilcare Ponchielli. ... Giuseppe Verdi, by Giovanni Boldini, 1886 (National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome) Rigoletto is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi. ...

Places

  • Quattro Canti is a small place at the crossing of the ancient main roads (now: Corso Vittorio Emanuele and Via Maqueda) dividing the town into its quarters ('mandamenti'). The palaces at the corner have diagonal baroque facades so that the place gets an almost octagonal form.
  • Piazza Pretoria was planified in the 16th century near der Quattro Canti as a place for a manieristic fountain by Francesco Camilliani, the Fontana Pretoria.

Quattro Canti. ... Officially a mandamento is the part of Italian territory under the jurisdiction of a pretore which is a kind of magistrate. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ...

Other sights

The Cathedral has a heliometer (solar "observatory") of 1690, one of a number[2] built in Italy in the 17th and 18th centuries. The device itself is quite simple: a tiny hole in one of the minor domes acts as Pinhole camera, projecting an image of the sun onto the floor at solar noon (12:00 in winter, 13:00 in summer). There is a bronze line, la Meridiana on the floor, running precisely N/S. The ends of the line mark the positions as at the summer and winter solstices; signs of the zodiac show the various other dates throughout the year. Heliometer (from Greek sun and measure) is an instrument originally designed for measuring the variation of the suns diameter at different seasons of the year, but applied now to the modern form of the instrument which is capable of much wider use. ... Principle of a pinhole camera. ... This article is about the astronomical concept. ...


The purpose of the instrument was to standardise the measurement of time and the calendar. The convention in Sicily had been that the(24 hour) day was measured from the moment of sun-rise, which of course meant that no two locations had the same time and, more importantly, did not have the same time as in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. It was also important to know when the Vernal Equinox occurred, to provide the correct date for Easter. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For the calendar of religious holidays and periods, see liturgical year. ... This article is about the famous building in Rome. ... Illumination of Earth by Sun on the day of equinox The vernal equinox (or spring equinox) marks the beginning of astronomical spring. ... This article is about the Christian festival. ...


The Orto botanico di Palermo, founded in 1785, is the largest in Italy with a surface of 10 ha. The Orto botanico di Palermo (Palermo Botanical Garden) is an institution of the Botanique Department of the University of Palermo. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


One site of interest is the Capuchin Catacombs, with many mummified corpses in varying degrees of preservation. The Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (OFM Cap) is an order of friars in the Roman Catholic Church, among the chief offshoots of the Franciscans. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Mummy (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Body (disambiguation). ...


Close to the city is 600-metre (1,970 ft) high Monte Pellegrino, with spectacular views of the city, its surrounding mountains and the ocean. .


Sports

Palermo has its own football team, U.S. Città di Palermo, playing in Italian Serie A and in UEFA Cup first round of the 2007-2008 season. The chairman is Maurizio Zamparini and the coach is Francesco Guidolin. The Targa Florio was an open road endurance car race held near Palermo. Founded in 1906, it used to be one of the oldest sports car racing events until it was discontinued in 1977 due to safety concerns but has since run as a rallying event. Unione Sportiva Città di Palermo is an Italian football club from Palermo, Sicily which currently plays in Serie A, the top level of Italian football. ... This article is about the Italian football league. ... For the current season, see UEFA Cup 2007-08. ... Maurizio Zamparini (born June 9, 1941 in Sevegliano, Udine) is an Italian businessman and the current owner and chairman of Serie A club U.S. Città di Palermo. ... Francesco Guidolin (born October 3, 1955 in Castelfranco Veneto) is an Italian football manager and former player. ... The Targa Florio was an open road endurance automobile race held near Palermo, Sicily. ...


Home to the grand depart of the 2008 Giro d'Italia. The initial stage will be a 28.5 km long TTT (Team Time Trial) held on May 10th. The Giro dItalia, also simply known as the Giro, is a long distance road bicycle racing stage race for professional cyclists held over three weeks in May or early June in and around Italy. ...


Patron saints

The patron saint of Palermo is Santa Rosalia, who is still widely venerated. On the 14th of July, people in Palermo celebrate the "Festino", which is the most important religious event of the year. The Festino is a procession in the main street of Palermo to remember the miracle attributed to Santa Rosalia who, it is believed, freed the city from the Black Death in 1624. The cave where the bones of Santa Rosalia were discovered is on Monte Pellegrino (see above): when her relics were carried around the city three times, the plague was lifted. There is a Santuario marking the spot and can be reached via a scenic bus ride from the city below. A statue of St. ... This article concerns the mid fourteenth century pandemic. ...


Before 1624 Palermo had four patron saints, one for each of the four major parts of the city. They were Saint Agatha, Saint Christina, Saint Ninfa and Saint Olivia. Events January 24 - Alfonso Mendez, appointed by Pope Gregory XV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... Saint Agatha (died 251) is a Christian saint. ... This article is about the Persian saint. ... Saint Ninfa was a virgin martyr of the 5th century, her name day is November 10 She is one of the four patron saints of Palermo in Sicily, the other three are Saint Agata, Saint Christina, and Saint Olivia. ... Saint Olivia, whose feast day is June 10, was the beautiful daughter of a noble Sicilian family. ...


Saint Lucy is also honoured with a peculiar celebration, during which inhabitants of Palermo don't eat anything made with flour, but boil wheat in its natural state and use it to prepare a special dish called cuccìa. This commemorates the saving of the city from famine through the intercession of St Lucia. A ship full of grain mysteriously arrived in the city's harbour and the population was so hungry that they did not waste time in making flour but ate the grain as it had arrived.


Climate

Climate Table
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Mean daily maximum temperature (°C) 15 15 16 18 22 25 28 28 26 23 19 16
Mean daily minimum temperature (°C) 10 10 11 13 16 19 23 23 21 18 14 11
Mean total rainfall (mm) 71.1 66.0 58.4 43.2 25.4 12.7 5.1 12.7 40.6 99.1 94.0 81.3
Source: Weather Channel

For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...

Transport

Palermo International Airport, also known as Falcone-Borsellino Airport, Punta Raisi Airport: dedicated to Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino, two anti-mafia judges killed by the mafia in early 1990s, is located 32 km (19 miles) west of Palermo (Punta Raisi). Buses depart roughly every 30 minutes from the central railway station to the airport Palermo International Airport (IATA: PMO, ICAO: LICJ), also known as Falcone-Borsellino Airport and Punta Raisi Airport is located at Punta Raisi, 32km (19 miles) west of Palermo, the capital city of the Italian island of Sicily. ... Palermo International Airport, also known as Falcone-Borsellino Airport and Punta Raisi Airport is located at Punta Raisi, 32km (19 miles) west of Palermo, the capital city of the Italian island of Sicily. ... Palermo International Airport, also known as Falcone-Borsellino Airport and Punta Raisi Airport is located at Punta Raisi, 32km (19 miles) west of Palermo, the capital city of the Italian island of Sicily. ... Giovanni Falcone during the Maxi Trial Giovanni Falcone, (May 18, 1939 – May 23, 1992) was an Italian magistrate who specialised in prosecuting Cosa Nostra crimes. ... Paolo Borsellino (January 19, 1940 - July 19, 1992) was an Italian anti-Mafia magistrate. ...


The airport can also be reached by trains departing from Centrale, Notarbartolo and Francia stations.


Twin cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Bizerte or Bizerta (Arabic: بنزرت; transliterated: Binzart) is a capital city of Bizerte Governorate in Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Bukavu is a city in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, lying at the southern end of Lake Kivu, west of Cyangugu in Rwanda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Not to be confused with Chengde. ... The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) comprises most of the cultural, historic, and geographic area known as China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... For other uses of TimiÅŸ, see TimiÅŸ (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... For alternative meanings of GdaÅ„sk and Danzig, see GdaÅ„sk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (No rashness, no timidness) Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina GdaÅ„sk Established 10th century City Rights 1263 Government  - Mayor PaweÅ‚ Adamowicz Area  - City 262 km²  (101. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palestine. ... Khan Yunis (Arabic: خان يونس) is a city/refugee camp in the southern part of the Gaza Strip. ... A 2003 satellite image of the region. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Location of Monterey Park in Calgary Monterey Park is a residential neighbourhood in the north-east quadrant of Calgary, Alberta. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Santiago de Cuba is the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in the south-eastern area of the island nation of Cuba, some 540 miles (869 km) east south-east of the Cuban capital of Havana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia. ... View of Tiflis from the Grounds of Saint David Church, ca. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Yaroslavl (Russian: ) is a city in Russia, the administrative center of Yaroslavl Oblast, located 250 km north-east of Moscow at . ...

References

  • Fabbri, Patrizia (2005). Palermo e Monreale. Florence: Bonechi. 
  • Almsaodi, Aymn. The Desert Race. 

See also

Find more about Palermo on Wikipedia's sister projects:
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This is an alphabetical list of mayors of Palermo. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

External links

  1. ^ "In Palermo, Life Vibrates in a Fading Market", NYTimes.com, 8 January 2008. 
  2. ^ A paper from University of Bologna describing Heliometers in Italian Cathedrals

Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

Internal links

The Sack Of Palermo


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