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Encyclopedia > Paleo Balkan languages

The Paleo-Balkan languages were the Indo-European languages which were spoken in the Balkans in ancient times: Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies Indo-European is originally a linguistic term, referring to the Indo-European language family. ... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ... The span of recorded history is roughly 5,000-5,500 years, with cuneiform possibly being the oldest form of writing. ...

Because of the fragmentary evidence that has survived, it is unknown how closely related these languages were, i.e. whether they belonged to a common language family or merely a Sprachbund. The only modern language descending from them is Albanian, but it is still disputed which language was its ancestor. Many substratum words of Paleo-Balkan origin are also found in Romanian, and some in South Slavic and Greek. The Dacian language was an Indo-European language spoken by the ancient people of Dacia. ... The Thracian language was the Indo-European language spoken in ancient times by the Thracians. ... The Illyrian languages are a group of Indo-European languages that were spoken in the western part of the Balkans in pre-Roman times. ... The Paionian language is the poorly attested language of the ancient Paionians, whose kingdom once stretched north of Macedon into Thrace. ... The Pella katadesmos: from History of the Greek Language, Greek Literary and Historical Archive, Athens 1999, ISBN 960-201-122-X The Ancient Macedonian language (provisional ISO-DIS 639-3. ... A Sprachbund (German for language union) (also known as linguistic area, convergence area, diffusion area) is a group of languages that have become similar in some way because of geographical proximity. ... In linguistics, a substratum is a language which influences another one while that second language supplants it. ... This article or section should be merged with List of South Slavic languages South Slavic languages is one of the three groups of Slavic languages (besides West and East Slavic). ...


The Greek language, the Phrygian language and the Armenian language probably all derive from the same group. It is known that the Hellenes migrated to the Greek mainland from the Balkans in several waves between 2000 BC and 1000 BC, and also the Phrygians are known to have moved to Anatolia from Thrace, in around 1200 BC. The Armenians, in turn, according to Herodotus were colonists of the Phrygians, probably separating in ca. the 8th century BC. Greek (Greek Ελληνικά, IPA – Hellenic) constitutes its own branch of the Indo-European languages. ... The Phrygian language was the Indo-European language of the Phrygians, a people who probably migrated from Thrace to Asia Minor in the Bronze Age. ... Armenian is an Indo-European language spoken in the Caucasus mountains (particularly in the Armenian Republic) and also used by the Armenian Diaspora. ... This article or section should include material from Greeks According to Thucydides, Hellenes were the people of Hellas. ... Main Article: History of Greece. ... (Redirected from 2000 BC) (21st century BC - 20th century BC - 19th century BC - other centuries) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 2064 - 1986 BC -- Twin Dynasty wars in Egypt 2000 BC -- Farmers and herders travel south from Ethiopia and settle in Kenya. ... (Redirected from 1000 BC) Centuries: 12th century BC - 11th century BC - 10th century BC Decades: 1050s BC 1040s BC 1030s BC 1020s BC 1010s BC - 1000s BC - 990s BC 980s BC 970s BC 960s BC 950s BC Events and Trends 1006 BC - David becomes king of the ancient Israelites (traditional... Thrace is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe spread over southern Bulgaria, northeastern Greece, and European Turkey. ... (Redirected from 1200 BC) Centuries: 14th century BC - 13th century BC - 12th century BC Decades: 1250s BC 1240s BC 1230s BC 1220s BC 1210s BC - 1200s BC - 1190s BC 1180s BC 1170s BC 1160s BC 1150s BC Events and Trends 1204 BC - Theseus, legendary King of Athens is deposed after... Bust of Herodotus Herodotus (Greek: ΗΡΟΔΟΤΟΣ, Herodotos) was an ancient historian who lived in the 5th century BC (484 BC - c. ... (9th century BC - 8th century BC - 7th century BC - other centuries) (800s BC - 790s BC - 780s BC - 770s BC - 760s BC - 750s BC - 740s BC - 730s BC - 720s BC - 710s BC - 700s BC - other decades) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events Golden age in Armenia Assyria...


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