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Encyclopedia > Palearctic

The Palearctic or Palaearctic is one of the eight ecozones dividing the Earth surface (see map (http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/where_we_work/ecoregions/global200/pages/mainmap.htm)). Ecozone is a classification system of the world first proposed by Miklos Udvardy under the name biogeographical realms for conservation purposes. ...


Physically, the Palearctic is the largest ecozone. It includes the terrestrial ecoregions of Europe, Asia north of the Himalaya foothills, northern Africa, and the northern and central parts of the Arabian Peninsula. Ecoregions are defined by the World Wildlife Fund as relatively large units of land or water containing a distinct assemblage of natural communities and species, with boundaries that approximate the original extent of natural communities prior to major land-use change. Terrestrial ecoregions are land ecoregions, as distinct from freshwater... World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... A satellite composite image of Asia Asia is the central and eastern part of the continent of Eurasia, defined by subtracting the European peninsula from Eurasia. ... The Himalaya is a mountain range in Asia, separating the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... Arabia redirects here. ...

The Palearctic

The Palearctic ecozone includes mostly boreal and temperate climate ecoregions, which run across Eurasia from western Europe to the Bering Sea. This boreal and temperate European-Siberian region is the Palearctic's largest biogeographic region, which transitions from Tundra in the northern reaches of Russia and Scandinavia to the vast Taiga, the boreal coniferous forests which run across the continent. South of the taiga are a belt of Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests and Temperate coniferous forests. This vast European-Siberian region is characterized by many shared plant and animal species, and has many affinities with the temperate and boreal regions of the Nearctic ecoregion of North America. Eurasia and North America were often connected by the Bering land bridge, and have very similar mammal and bird fauna, with many Eurasian species having moved into North America, and fewer North American species having moved into Eurasia. Many zoologists consider the Palearctic and Nearctic to be a single Holarctic ecozone. The Palearctic and Nearctic also share many plant species, which botanists call the Arcto-Tertiary flora. Download high resolution version (1096x744, 25 KB)Palearctic map. ... Download high resolution version (1096x744, 25 KB)Palearctic map. ... Boreal means northern from the eponymous Boreas, god of the North Wind in Greek mythology. ... In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... African-Eurasian aspect of Earth Eurasia is the landmass composed of the continents of Europe and Asia. ... World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... The Bering Sea or Imarpik Sea is a body of water in the far northern Pacific Ocean covering over two million square kilometres. ... Biogeography is the science which deals with questions of the distribution of species usually at regional to continental scales. ... In physical geography, tundra is an area where tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. ... Scandinavia, Fennoscandia, and the Kola Peninsula. ... Taiga (pronounced , from Russian тайга́) is a biome characterized by its coniferous forests. ... Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests are a temperate and humid biome. ... Temperate coniferous forests are a terrestrial biome found in temperate regions of the world with warm summers and cool winters and adequate rainfall to sustain a forest. ... The Nearctic is one of the eight terrestrial ecozones dividing the Earths land surface. ... World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is the third largest continent in area and fourth in population after Asia and Africa in area and population and Europe in population. ... Orders Subclass Monotremata Monotremata Subclass Marsupialia Didelphimorphia Paucituberculata Microbiotheria Dasyuromorphia Peramelemorphia Notoryctemorphia Diprotodontia Subclass Placentalia Xenarthra Dermoptera Desmostylia Scandentia Primates Rodentia Lagomorpha Insectivora Chiroptera Pholidota Carnivora Perissodactyla Artiodactyla Cetacea Afrosoricida Macroscelidea Tubulidentata Hyracoidea Proboscidea Sirenia The mammals are the class of vertebrate animals primarily characterized by the presence of mammary... Orders Many - see section below. ...


The lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea in southern Europe, north Africa, and western Asia are home to the Mediterranean basin ecoregions, which together constitute world's largest and most diverse mediterranean climate region of the world, with generally mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The Mediterranean basin's mosaic of Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub are home to 13,000 endemic species. The Mediterranean basin is also one of the world's most endangered biogeographic regions; only 4% of the region's original vegetation remains, and human activities, including overgrazing, deforestation, and conversion of lands for pasture, agriculture, or urbanization, have degraded much of the region. Formerly the region was mostly covered with forests and woodlands, but heavy human use has reduced much of the region to the sclerophyll shrublands known as chaparral, matorral, maquis, or garrigue. Conservation International has designated the Mediterranean basin as one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. The Mediterranean Sea is a part of the Atlantic Ocean almost completely enclosed by land, on the north by Europe, on the south by Africa, and on the east by Asia. ... A Mediterranean climate is one that resembles those of the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea. ... Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Shrub is a temperate biome, characterized by hot-dry summers and mild and rainy winters. ... This article is about the ecological meaning of endemic. See also endemic (epidemiology). ... Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forest. ... Arid, largely treeless areas aside, most Australian bushland is sclerophyll forest. ... Chapparal can also mean a US Army surface to air missile system based on the Sidewinder air-to-air missile system. ... A Biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. ...


A great belt of deserts, including the Atlantic coastal desert, Sahara desert, and Arabian desert, separates the Palearctic and Afrotropic ecoregions. This scheme includes these desert ecoregions in the palearctic ecozone; other biogeographers identify the ecozone boundary as the transition zone between the desert ecoregions and the Mediterranean basin ecoregions to the north, which places the deserts in the Afrotropic, while others place the boundary through the middle of the desert. The Sahara is the worlds second largest desert (second to Antarctica), over 9,000,000 km² (3,500,000 mi²), located in northern Africa and is 2. ... The template of this page is being worked at Wikipedia:WikiProject Ecoregions/Template. ... The Afrotropic Ecozone is Africa south of the Sahara Desert. ...


The Caucasus mountains, which run between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, are a particularly rich mix of coniferous, broadleaf, and mixed forests, and include the temperate rain forests of the Euxine-Colchic deciduous forests ecoregion. The Caucasus , a region boardering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... Satellite view of the Black Sea, taken by NASA MODIS Cities of the Black Sea The Black Sea (known as the Euxine Sea in antiquity) is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Asia Minor. ... Caspian Sea viewed from orbit The Caspian Sea or Mazandaran Sea is a landlocked sea between Asia and Europe (European Russia). ... Temperate rain forests are coniferous or broadleaf forests that occur in the mid-latitudes in areas of high rainfall. ...


Central Asia and the Iranian plateau are home to dry steppe grasslands and desert basins, with montane forests, woodlands, and grasslands in the region's high mountains and plateaux. In southern Asia the boundary of the Palearctic is largely altitudinal. The middle altitude foothills of the Himalaya between about 2000-2500 m form the boundary between the Palearctic and Indomalaya ecoregions, and further east in eastern Asia, high mountain ranges form tongues of Palearctic flora and fauna in northern Myanmar and southern China. Isolated small outposts (sky islands) occur as far south as central Myanmar (on Mt. Victoria, 3050 m), northernmost Vietnam (on Fan Si Pan, 3140 m) and the high mountains of Taiwan. Map of Central Asia outlined in orange showing one set of possible borders Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... The Iranian plateau covers much of Iran and Afghanistan. ... The steppe of Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, steppe (from Slavic step) is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally reckoned as being dominated by tall grasses, while short grasses are said... An Inner Mongolia Grassland. ... A dune in the Egyptian desert Desert in California In geography, a desert is a landscape form or region that receives little precipitation. ... The Himalaya is a mountain range in Asia, separating the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. ... The Indomalaya Ecozone was previously called the Oriental region. ... The most general definition of mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands. ... For the fantasy novel by L. Frank Baum, see Sky Island Sky islands are mountains in ranges isolated by valleys in which other ecosystems are located. ...


China and Japan are more humid and temperate than adjacent Siberia and Central Asia, and are home to rich temperate coniferous, broadleaf, and mixed forests, which are now mostly limited to mountainous areas, as the densely populated lowlands and river basins have been converted to intensive agricultural and urban use. East Asia was not much affected by glaciation in the ice ages, and retained 96 percent of Pliocene tree genera, while Europe retained only 27 percent. In the subtropical southern parts of China and Japan, the Palearctic temperate forests transition to the subtropical and tropical forests of Indomalaya, creating a rich and diverse mix of plant and animal species. The mountains of southwest China are also designated as a biodiversity hotspot. Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... The Indomalaya Ecozone was previously called the Oriental region. ... A Biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. ...


The ecozone contains several important freshwater ecoregions as well, including the heavily developed Rivers of Europe, the Rivers of Russia, which flow into the Arctic, Baltic, Black, and Caspian seas, Siberia's Lake Baikal, the oldest and deepest lake on the planet, and Japan's ancient Lake Biwa. Ecoregions are defined by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) as relatively large units of land or water containing a distinct assemblage of natural communities and species, with boundaries that approximate the original extent of natural communities prior to major land-use change. Freshwater ecoregions represents the freshwater habitats of a... These are the main rivers of Europe (ecologically, the extreme west of the Palearctic ecozone - which includes Russia in the east). ... Notable rivers of Russia in Europe are the Volga, Don, Kama, Oka and the Northern Dvina, while several other rivers originate in Russia but flow into other countries, such as the Dniepr and the Western Dvina. ... Lake Baikal The Yenisei River basin, Lake Baikal, and the cities of Dikson, Dudinka, Turukhansk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk Lake Baikal (Russian: О́зеро Байка́л (Ozero Baykal)), a lake in southern Siberia, Russia, between Irkutsk Oblast on the northwest and Buryatia on the southeast, near Irkutsk. ... Reeds on the shore of Lake Biwa Lake Biwa, or Biwa-ko (琵琶湖), is the largest fresh water lake in Japan, located in Shiga Prefecture, northeast of the former capital city of Kyoto. ...


One bird family, the accentors (Prunellidae) is endemic to the Palearctic region. The Holarctic has four other endemic bird families: the divers or loons (Gaviidae), grouse (Tetraoninae), auks (Alcidae), and waxwings (Bombycillidae). Orders Many - see section below. ... Genus Prunella (Vieillot, 1816) The accentors are in the only bird family, Prunellidae, which is completely endemic to the Palearctic. ... Species Gavia stellata Gavia arctica Gavia pacifica Gavia immer Gavia adamsii For other meanings of diver, also see diving. ... Genera Tetrao Lagopus Falcipennis Centrocercus Bonasa Dendrapagus Tympanuchus Grouse are from the order Galliformes which inhabit temperate and subarctic regions of the northern hemisphere. ... Genera Alle Uria Alca Pinguinus Cepphus Brachyramphus Synthliboramphus Ptychoramphus Cyclorrhynchus Aethia Cerorhinca Fratercula Auks are birds of the family Alcidae in the order Charadriiformes. ... Species Bohemian Waxwing - Japanese Waxwing - Cedar Waxwing - The waxwings are a group of passerine birds characterised by soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. ...


Several mammal species originated in the Palearctic, and spread to the Nearctic during the ice ages, including the Brown Bear (Ursus arctos, known in North America as the Grizzly), Red Deer (Cervus elaphus, known in North America as the Wapiti or Elk), American Bison (Bison bison), and Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus, known in North America as the Caribou). Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Binomial name Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758 The Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) is a species of bear that can reach weights of 130–700 kg (300–1500 pounds). ... This article is about red deer. ... Binomial name Bison bison Linnaeus, 1758 The American Bison (Bison bison), also called Buffalo, is a bovine mammal that is the largest terrestrial mammal in North America. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus The reindeer, known as caribou in North America, is an Arctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ...


Palearctic Terrestrial Ecoregions

Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests

Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests (China)
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests (China)
Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests are a biome located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ...

Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests

Appenine deciduous montane forests (Italy)
Atlantic mixed forests (Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany. Netherlands)
Azores temperate mixed forests (Portugal)
Balkan mixed forests (Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Turkey)
Baltic mixed forests (Denmark, Germany, Poland, Sweden)
Cantabrian mixed forests (Portugal, Spain)
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests (Azerbaijan, Iran)
Caucasus mixed forests (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia Turkey)
Celtic broadleaf forests (Ireland, United Kingdom)
Central Anatolian deciduous forests (Turkey)
Central China loess plateau mixed forests (China)
Central European mixed forests (Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland
Central Korean deciduous forests (North Korea, South Korea)
Changbai Mountains mixed forests (China, North Korea)
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests (China)
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex (Russia, Ukraine)
Daba Mountains evergreen forests (China)
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia)
East European forest steppe (Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine)
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests (Turkey)
English Lowlands beech forests (United Kingdom)
Euxine-Colchic deciduous forests (Georgia, Turkey)
Hokkaido deciduous forests (Japan)
Huang He Plain mixed forests (China)
Madeira evergreen forests (Portugal)
Manchurian mixed forests (China, North Korea, Russia, South Korea)
Nihonkai evergreen forests (Japan)
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests (Japan)
North Atlantic moist mixed forests (Ireland, United Kingdom)
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests (China)
Pannonian mixed forests (Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine)
Po Basin mixed forests (Italy)
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests (Andorra, France, Spain)
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests (China)
Rodope montane mixed forests (Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Serbia)
Sarmatic mixed forests (Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden)
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests (China)
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests (Russia)
Southern Korea evergreen forests (South Korea)
Taiheiyo evergreen forests (Japan)
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests (Japan)
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe (China)
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests (Russia)
West Siberian broadleaf and mixed forests (Russia)
Western European broadleaf forests (Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Switzerland)
Zagros Mountains forest steppe (Iran)
Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests are a temperate and humid biome. ... Serbia and Montenegro  – Serbia    – Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    – Vojvodina  – Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Area  – Total  – % water  88,361 km²  n/a Population  – Total (2002)     (without Kosovo)  – Density  7. ... Serbia and Montenegro  – Serbia    – Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    – Vojvodina  – Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  – Total  – % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  – Total (2003)  – Density  616,258  48. ... Serbia and Montenegro  – Serbia    – Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    – Vojvodina  – Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Area  – Total  – % water  88,361 km²  n/a Population  – Total (2002)     (without Kosovo)  – Density  7. ... Serbia and Montenegro  – Serbia    – Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    – Vojvodina  – Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Area  – Total  – % water  88,361 km²  n/a Population  – Total (2002)     (without Kosovo)  – Density  7. ... Serbia and Montenegro  – Serbia    – Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    – Vojvodina  – Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Area  – Total  – % water  88,361 km²  n/a Population  – Total (2002)     (without Kosovo)  – Density  7. ... This palaearctic ecoregion covers a large area in Western Europe (France, Austria and Germany), with in particular Central Massive, Jura, Central German Uplands, Bavarian Plateau and Bohemian Massive. ...

Temperate coniferous forests

Alps conifer and mixed forests (France, Italy, Slovenia, Switzerland)
Altai montane forest and forest steppe (China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia)
Balkan montane conifer forests (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro)
Caledonian conifer forests (United Kingdom)
Carpathian montane conifer forests (Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine)
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests (China, Russia)
East Afghan montane conifer forests (Afghanistan, Pakistan)
Elburz Range forest steppe (Iran)
Helanshan montane conifer forests (China)
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests (China)
Hokkaido montane conifer forests (Japan)
Honshu alpine conifer forests (Japan)
Khangai Mountains conifer forests (Mongolia, Russia)
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia)
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests (China, India, Bhutan)
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests (Armenia, Georgia, Turkey)
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests (China)
Qilian Mountains conifer forests (China)
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests (China)
Sayan montane conifer forests (Mongolia, Russia)
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests (Norway)
Tian Shan montane conifer forests (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan)
Temperate coniferous forests are a terrestrial biome found in temperate regions of the world with warm summers and cool winters and adequate rainfall to sustain a forest. ...

Boreal forests/taiga

East Siberian taiga (Russia)
Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra (Iceland)
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests (Russia)
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga (Russia)
Northeast Siberian taiga (Russia)
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga (Russia)
Sakhalin Island taiga (Russia)
Scandinavian and Russian taiga (Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden)
Trans-Baikal conifer forests (Mongolia, Russia)
Urals montane tundra and taiga (Russia)
West Siberian taiga (Russia)
Taiga (SAMPA /taIg@/, from Russian тайга́) is a biome characterized by its coniferous forests. ...

Temperate grasslands, savannas and shrublands

Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe (Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan)
Altai steppe and semi-desert (Kazakhstan)
Central Anatolian steppe (Turkey)
Daurian forest steppe (China, Mongolia, Russia)
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe (Armenia, Iran, Turkey)
Emin Valley steppe (China, Kazakhstan)
Faroe Islands boreal grasslands(Faroe Islands, part of Denmark)
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
Kazakh forest steppe (Kazakhstan, Russia)
Kazakh steppe (Kazakhstan, Russia)
Kazakh upland (Kazakhstan)
Middle East steppe (Iraq, Syria)
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland (China, Mongolia, Russia)
Pontic steppe (Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine)
Sayan Intermontane steppe (Russia)
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe (Mongolia, Russia)
South Siberian forest steppe (Russia)
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan)
Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands is a group of biomes in which the climate is temperate to semi-arid. ...

Flooded grasslands and savannas

Amur meadow steppe (China, Russia)
Bohai Sea saline meadow (China)
Nenjiang River grassland (China)
Nile Delta flooded savanna (Egypt)
Saharan halophytics (Algeria Egypt, Mauritania, Tunisia, Western Sahara)
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh (Iraq, Iran)
Ussuri-Wusuli meadow and forest meadow (China, Russia)
Yellow Sea saline meadow (China)
Flooded grasslands and savannas are a biome, generally located at subtropical and tropical latitudes, where flooding is very frequent. ... ecoregion : Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh (Ref PA0906). ...

Montane grasslands and shrublands

Altai alpine meadow and tundra (China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia)
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe (China)
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows (Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal)
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow (Afghanistan)
Hindu Kush alpine meadow (Afghanistan, Pakistan)
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe (Afghanistan, China, India, Pakistan)
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow (Mongolia)
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe (Iran, Turkmenistan)
Kuhrud-Kohbanan Mountains forest steppe (Iran)
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe (Morocco)
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert (China)
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows (China, India, Pakistan)
Ordos Plateau steppe (China)
Pamir alpine desert and tundra (Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan)
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows (China)
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra (Mongolia, Russia)
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows (China)
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows (Afghanistan, Pakistan)
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan)
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows (China)
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows (India, Nepal)
Yarlung Zambo arid steppe (China)
Montane grasslands and shrublands is biome defined by the World Wildlife Fund. ...

Tundra

Arctic desert (Russia)
Bering tundra (Russia)
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra (Russia)
Chukchi Peninsula tundra (Russia)
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra (Russia)
Kola Peninsula tundra (Norway, Russia)
Northeast Siberian coastal tundra (Russia)
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra (Russia)
Novosibirsk Islands arctic desert (Russia)
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands (Finland, Norway, Sweden)
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra (Russia)
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra (Russia)
Wrangel Island arctic desert (Russia)
Yamalagydanskaja tundra (Russia)
In physical geography, tundra is an area where tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. ... New Siberian Islands (Russian: Новосиби́рские острова́), an archipelago, located to the North of the East Siberian coast between the Laptev Sea and the East Siberian Sea north of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ... Wrangel Island (Russian: Остров Врангеля Ostrov Vrangelya) is an island in the Arctic Ocean, between the Chukchi and East Siberian Seas, and belonging to the Russian Federation. ...

Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub

Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests (Greece, Macedonia, Turkey)
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests (Turkey)
Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests (Spain)
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests (France)
Crete Mediterranean forests (Greece)
Cyprus Mediterranean forests (Cyprus)
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests (Israel, Jordan, Syria, Turkey)
Iberian conifer forests (Portugal, Spain)
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Illyrian deciduous forests (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Slovenia)
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests (France, Italy)
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets (Morocco, Canary Islands (Spain))
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia)
Mediterranean woodlands and forests (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia)
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests (France, Spain)
Northwest Iberian montane forests (Portugal, Spain)
Pindus Mountains mixed forests (Albania, Greece, Macedonia)
South Appenine mixed montane forests (Italy)
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands (Spain)
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests (Israel, Jordan, Syria, Turkey)
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests (France, Italy, Morocco, Portugal, Spain)
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests (France, Spain)
Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Shrub is a temperate biome, characterized by hot-dry summers and mild and rainy winters. ... Capital Ajaccio Area 8,680 km² Regional President Camille de Rocca-Serra Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 272,000 260,196 30/km² Arrondissements 5 Cantons 52 Communes 360 Départements Corse-du-Sud Haute-Corse Corsica (Corsican: Corsica; French: Corse) is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea... Crete, sometimes spelled Krete (Greek Κρήτη / Kriti) is the largest of the Greek islands and the fifth largest in the Mediterranean Sea. ... Canaries Capitals Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Santa Cruz de Tenerife Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 13th  7 447 km²  1,5% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 8th  1 843 755  4,4%  247,58/km² Demonym  – English  – Spanish  Canary Islander  canario/a Statute of Autonomy August 16...

Deserts and xeric shrublands

Afghan Mountains semi-desert (Afghanistan)
Alashan Plateau semi-desert (China, Mongolia)
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands (Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen)
Atlantic coastal desert (Mauritania, Western Sahara)
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran)
Badkhiz-Karabil semi-desert (Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)
Baluchistan xeric woodlands (Afghanistan, Pakistan)
Caspian lowland desert (Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan)
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands (Afghanistan)
Central Asian northern desert (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan)
Central Asian riparian woodlands (Kazakhstan)
Central Asian southern desert (Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)
Central Persian desert basins (Afghanistan, Iran)
Eastern Gobi desert steppe (China, Mongolia)
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe (Mongolia)
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe (Mongolia, Russia)
Junggar Basin semi-desert (China, Mongolia)
Kazakh semi-desert (Kazakhstan)
Kopet Dag semi-desert (Iran, Turkmenistan)
Mesopotamian shrub desert (Iraq, Jordan, Syria)
North Saharan steppe and woodlands (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco Tunisia, Western Sahara)
Paropamisus xeric woodlands (Afghanistan)
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert (Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates)
Qaidam Basin semi-desert (China)
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert (Iraq, Jordan, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen)
Rigestan-North Pakistan sandy desert (Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan)
Sahara desert (Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia)
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert (Iran, Iraq, Pakistan)
South Saharan steppe and woodlands (Algeria, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan)
Taklimakan desert (China)
Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat montane xeric woodlands (Chad, Egypt, Libya, Sudan)
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands (Algeria, Mali, Mauritania, Niger)
Deserts and xeric shrublands is a biome characterized by a dry climate. ... The template of this page is being worked at Wikipedia:WikiProject Ecoregions/Template. ... The Gobi is a large desert region in northern China and southern Mongolia. ... The Sahara is the worlds second largest desert (second to Antarctica), over 9,000,000 km² (3,500,000 mi²), located in northern Africa and is 2. ... The Taklamakan is a desert of Central Asia, in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The West Saharan montane xeric woodlands is an ecoregion covering part of the Sahara. ...

Ecozones
Afrotropic | Antarctic | Australasia | Indomalaya | Nearctic | Neotropic | Oceania | Palearctic
Terrestrial biomes
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests | Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests | Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests | Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests | Temperate coniferous forests | Boreal forests/taiga | Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands | Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands | Flooded grasslands and savannas | Montane grasslands and shrublands | Tundra | Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub | Deserts and xeric shrublands | Mangrove

Ecozone is a classification system of the world first proposed by Miklos Udvardy under the name biogeographical realms for conservation purposes. ... The Afrotropic Ecozone is Africa south of the Sahara Desert. ... Antarctica is one of eight terrestrial ecozones. ... The Australasian ecozone includes Australia, the island of New Guinea (including Papua New Guinea and the Indonesian province of Papua), and the eastern part of the Indonesian archipelago, including the island of Sulawesi, the Moluccan islands (the Indonesian provinces of Maluku and North Maluku) and islands of Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba... The Indomalaya Ecozone was previously called the Oriental region. ... The Nearctic is one of the eight terrestrial ecozones dividing the Earths land surface. ... The Neotropic ecozone is a terrestrial ecoregion which includes South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. ... Oceania is the smallest of the worlds terrestrial ecozones, and unique in not including any continental land mass. ... In ecology, a biome is a major regional group of distinctive plant and animal communities well adapted to the regions physical environment. ... Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, also known as tropical rain forests, are a tropical and subtropical biome. ... Introduction Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests is a biome located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ... Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests are a biome located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ... Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests are a temperate and humid biome. ... Temperate coniferous forests are a terrestrial biome found in temperate regions of the world with warm summers and cool winters and adequate rainfall to sustain a forest. ... Taiga (SAMPA /taIg@/, from Russian тайга́) is a biome characterized by its coniferous forests. ... Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands are a biome, generally located at subtropical and tropical latitudes. ... Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands is a group of biomes in which the climate is temperate to semi-arid. ... Flooded grasslands and savannas are a biome, generally located at subtropical and tropical latitudes, where flooding is very frequent. ... Montane grasslands and shrublands is biome defined by the World Wildlife Fund. ... In physical geography, tundra is an area where tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. ... Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Shrub is a temperate biome, characterized by hot-dry summers and mild and rainy winters. ... Deserts and xeric shrublands is a biome characterized by a dry climate. ... Above and below water view at the edge of the mangal Mangrove are woody trees or shrubs that grow in coastal habitats or mangal (Hogarth, 1999), for which the term mangrove swamp also would apply. ...

See also

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests PA0101 : Gizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests PA0102 : Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests PA0401 : Appenine deciduous montane forests PA0402 : Atlantic mixed forests PA0403 : Azores temperate mixed forests PA0404 : Balkan mixed forests PA0405 : Baltic mixed forests PA0406 : Cantabrian mixed forests...

External links

  • Map of the ecozones (http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/where_we_work/ecoregions/global200/pages/mainmap.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Palearctic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1351 words)
This boreal and temperate European-Siberian region is the Palearctic's largest biogeographic region, which transitions from Tundra in the northern reaches of Russia and Scandinavia to the vast Taiga, the boreal coniferous forests which run across the continent.
This scheme includes these desert ecoregions in the palearctic ecozone; other biogeographers identify the ecozone boundary as the transition zone between the desert ecoregions and the Mediterranean basin ecoregions to the north, which places the deserts in the Afrotropic, while others place the boundary through the middle of the desert.
The middle altitude foothills of the Himalaya between about 2000-2500 m form the boundary between the Palearctic and Indomalaya ecoregions, and further east in eastern Asia, high mountain ranges form tongues of Palearctic flora and fauna in northern Myanmar and southern China.
Buteo Books: Bird Books, Ornithology Texts, Birding Gear - Palearctic (1505 words)
Palearctic Birds: A Checklist of the Birds of Europe, North Africa and Asia North of the Foothills of the Himalayas, Harrier Publications, 1994.
The Handbook of Bird Identification for Europe and the Western Palearctic.
The Birds of the Western Palearctic: Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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