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Encyclopedia > Pale

A pale is a territory or jurisdiction (possibly non-territorial) under a given authority, or the limits of such a jurisdiction. The term was often used in cases where the territory or jurisdiction outside the pale was considered hostile. Types of administrative and/or political territories include: A legally administered territory, which is a non-sovereign geographic area that has come under the authority of another government. ... In law, jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning law and dicere meaning to speak) is the practical authority granted to a formally constituted legal body or to a political leader to deal with and make pronouncements on legal matters and, by implication, to administer justice within a defined area...


The most famous pale was in Ireland in the 14th and 15th centuries, and was known simply as the Pale, or as the English Pale. This was a region in a radius of twenty miles around Dublin which the English gradually fortified against incursion from Gaelic Ireland. The Pale refers to at least two geographic areas: The Pale of Settlement in which imperial Russia allowed Jews to live. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Leinster County: Dáil Éireann: Dublin Central, Dublin North Central, Dublin North East, Dublin North West, Dublin South Central, Dublin South East European Parliament: Dublin Dialling Code: 01, +353 1 Postal District(s): D1-24, D6W Area: 114. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the Queen England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 967 AD  Area  -  Total 130,395 km²  50,346 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 50... The Gaels are an ethno-linguistic group which spread from Ireland to Scotland and the Isle of Man. ...


Other pales include:

The word can also be used to describe the (limits of) jurisdiction of non-territorial authorities, for example, "the Church claims no authority over unbaptized persons, as they are entirely without her pale".[1] Calais (Kales in Dutch) is a town in northern France, located at 50°57N 1°52E. It is in the département of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... The Pale of Settlement (Russian: Черта оседлости - cherta osedlosti) was a western border region of Imperial Russia in which permanent residence of Jews was allowed, extending from the pale or demarcation line, to near the border with eastern/central Europe. ... Росси́йская Импе́рия, (also Imperial Russia) covers the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great into the Russian Empire stretching from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to... Baptism in early Christian art. ...


Etymology

The word pale derives ultimately from the Latin word palus, meaning stake. (Palisade is derived from the same root.) From this came the figurative meaning of 'boundary', and the concept of a pale as an area within which local laws were valid.[2] Palisade and Moat A palisade is a Medieval wooden fence or wall of variable height, used as a defensive structure. ...


Beyond the pale

The phrase "beyond the pale", meaning to go beyond the limits of law or decency, was in use by the mid-17th century. The reasoning for this was that civilization ended outside of the boundaries of the pale. It can also mean beyond sympathy, beyond protection, or having crossed a (figurative) line. Lady Justice or Justitia is a personification of the moral force that underlies the legal system (particularly in Western art). ... A dictionary definition of Indecent not conforming with accepted standards of behaviour or morality. ...


The phrase is possibly a reference to the general sense of boundary, not to any of the particular pales that bore that name,[3] although in the British Isles it is popularly understood to be a reference to the Pale in Ireland.


References

  1. ^ Fanning, William H.W. (1907). Baptism. The Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved on 2006-08-27.
  2. ^ Wilton, David. Etymologies & Word Origins. Wordorigins.org. Retrieved on 2006-08-27.
  3. ^ Freeman, John (1963). Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. New York: Harper & Row. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pale - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (360 words)
The Pale or the English Pale comprised a region in a radius of 20 miles around Dublin which the English in Ireland gradually fortified against incursion from Gaels.
As well as the Pale in Ireland, the term was applied to various other English colonial settlements, and the Pale of Settlement, the area in the west of Imperial Russia where Jews were permitted to reside.
The Pale boundary essentially consisted of a fortified ditch and rampart built around parts of the medieval counties of Louth, Meath, Dublin and Kildare, actually leaving half of Meath and Kildare on the other side.
Pale - definition of Pale in Encyclopedia (371 words)
The Pale or the English Pale comprised a region in a radius of 20 miles around Dublin which the English in Ireland gradually fortified against incursion from Gaelic Ireland.
In heraldry, a pale is a vertical ordinary and per pale a vertical division of the field.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Pale (two syllables) is a small town on the outskirts of Sarajevo that is the official capital of the Republika Srpska, although in practice this distinction belongs to the city of Banja Luka
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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