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Encyclopedia > Palawan

Palawan is an island province of the Philippines located in the Mimaropa region. Its capital is Puerto Princesa City and it is the largest province in terms of land area. The islands of Palawan stretches from Mindoro to Borneo in the southwest. It lies between the South China Sea in the northwest and Sulu Sea in the southeast. Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... MIMAROPA, also known as Region IV-B, is a region of the Philippines located in Luzon. ... A region (Filipino: Rehiyon) is an administrative subdivision in the Philippines. ... The City of Puerto Princesa is a first class city in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Beach in Northern Mindoro Mindoro is the seventh-largest island in the Philippines. ... Borneo (left) and Sulawesi. ... The South China Sea, showing surrounding countries and neighbouring seas and oceans The South China Sea is a marginal sea south of China. ... The Sulu Sea is a large sea in the southwestern area of the Philippines. ...


The province is named after its largest island, Palawan Island. Palawan is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ...

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Province of Palawan
Region: Mimaropa (Region IV-B)
Founded: March 10, 1917
Population:
2000 census—755,412 (31st largest)
Density—51 per km² (3rd lowest)
Area: 14,896.3 km² (largest)
Languages: Tagalog, Ilonggo, Tausug, Batak, Tagbanua, Palawanun, Cuyunon
Governor: Mario Joel T. Reyes (2004-2007)
Image:Ph_locator_map_palawan.png

Contents

Image:Ph seal palawan. ... A region (Filipino: Rehiyon) is an administrative subdivision in the Philippines. ... MIMAROPA, also known as Region IV-B, is a region of the Philippines located in Luzon. ... The City of Puerto Princesa is a first class city in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (70th in leap years). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino or Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines. ... A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino or Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines. ... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ... The House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan in Filipino) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Hiligaynon or Ilonggo is an Austronesian language spoken in Western Visayas in the Philippines. ... Tausug is spoken in Sulu province in the Philippines It is a member of the Visayan language family. ... Batak designates two distinct peoples, one living in Indonesia, the other in the Philippines. ... Tagbanua tribes can be found in the central and northern Palawan, Philippines. ... The term refers to a group of people populating most parts of Palawan and their native dialect. ... Image:Ph locator map palawan. ...

People and culture

Palawan is a melting pot of 87 different cultural groups and races. Basically, the people are of Malay origin, with sprinkling of Chinese and Spanish bloodlines. Its culture has a strong influence from Borneo, China and the Middle East. Influx of migrants from other parts of the Philippines accounts for the high population growth rate of 3.98% annually. Eighteen percent of the population is composed of cultural minority groups such as Tagbanua, Pinalawan, Batak, Ken-uy (Tau't Batu), Calamian, Jama-Mapuns, Molbog, Tausug and Samal-Bangingi.


Economy

Taytay was the former capital
Taytay was the former capital

Image File history File links Tayshaun Prince bouncing a ball This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Image File history File links Tayshaun Prince bouncing a ball This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...

Geography

Ecotourism

Palawan is considered to be the Philippines' "last frontier". The province boasts of many splendid beaches and has two World Heritage Sites: Tubbataha Reef National Marine Park and the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Tubbataha Reef is a atoll coral reef located in the Sulu Sea, 98 nautical miles southeast of Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Political

Palawan is subdivided into 23 municipalities and 1 city. A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino or Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines. ...


The Philippine government claims most of the Spratly Islands, locally called the Kalayaan Group of Islands, in the South China Sea Islands to be under the jurisdiction of Palawan. The South China Sea Islands (or Nanhai Islands, simplified: 南海诸岛, traditional: 南海諸島, pinyin: Nánhǎi Zhūdǎo) is an archipelago of over 250 around 1-km² islands, atolls, cays, shoals, reefs, and sandbars in the South China Sea, most of which have no indigenous people. ...


Religion

Mormon Church on Malvar St. in Puerto Princesa
Mormon Church on Malvar St. in Puerto Princesa

The predominant religion in Palawan is Roman Catholicism. Pockets of Muslims can be found in the southern municipalities with Muslims making up the majority of the population in some municipalities in the far south like Balabac and Bataraza. Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as the Mormons or LDS) have a strong presence on Palawan, as well as the Seventh-day Adventists, Iglesia ni Cristo, Jesus Miracle Crusade and Protestant religions. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1818x1228, 1198 KB) Summary Mormon Church in Puerto Princesa (Taken by Aaron Molen, 2003) Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Palawan ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1818x1228, 1198 KB) Summary Mormon Church in Puerto Princesa (Taken by Aaron Molen, 2003) Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Palawan ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the most-recognized architectural symbol of Mormonism For other uses, see Mormon (disambiguation). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... Balabac is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Bataraza is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... This is the current Mormon collaboration of the month! Please help improve it to meet the ideal article standard. ... The term Mormon is a colloquial name, most-often used to refer to members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). ... The Seventh-day Adventist Church (SDA), colloquially referred to as the Adventists, is an evangelical Protestant Christian denomination that grew out of the prophetic Millerite movement in the United States during the middle part of the 19th century. ... Iglesia ni Cristos first chapel The Iglesia ni Cristo (IPA: ) (also known as INC, Iglesia ni Manalo, or Iglesya ni Kristo ; Filipino for Church of Christ) is a nontrinitarian independent religious organization which originated in the Philippines. ... The Jesus Miracle Crusade International Ministry (JMCIM) is one of the largest and most successful apostolic churches based in the Philippines with millions of followers nationwide and still growing. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...


City

The City of Puerto Princesa is a first class city in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ...

Municipalities

Aborlan is a municipality in the province of Palawan in the Philippines. ... Agutaya is a 5th class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Araceli is a 5th class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Balabac is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Bataraza is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Brookes Point is a 1st class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Busuanga is a municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Cagayancillo is a 6th class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Coron from the sea Coron is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Cuyo is a 4th class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Dumaran is a 4th class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... El Nido from the air El Nido is a fourth class municipality and marine reserve park in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Kalayaan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Linapacan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Magsaysay is a 5th class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Narra is a 1st class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Quezon is a 1st class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Rizal is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Roxas is a 1st class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... San Vicente is a 1st class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Sofronio Española is a 4th class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Taytay is a 1st class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ...

Physical

Palawan is the Philippine's largest province in terms of total land area. It consists of the long and narrow Palawan Island, plus a number of other smaller islands surrounding the main island. The Calamian Group of Islands, to the northwest consists of Busuanga Island, Culion Island, and Coron Island. Durangan Island almost touches the westernmost part of Palawan Island, while Balabac Island is located off the southern tip, separated from Borneo by the Balabac Strait. In addition, Palawan covers the Cuyo Islands and Cagayan Island in the Sulu Sea. The disputed Spratly Islands, located a few hundred kilometers to the west is considered part of Palawan by the Philippines, and is locally called the Kalayaan Group of Islands. Palawan is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Busuanga Island is the largest island in the Calamian Group in the province of Palawan in the Philippines. ... Culion is a 4th class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. ... Coron Island in the Philippines is known for several Japanese shipwrecks that sank here during World War II. The wrecks make for excellent dives with reasonable visibililty and depths ranging from 50+m to easy snorkeling accessibility. ... Balabac Island is an island in the Philippines, at . ... Borneo (left) and Sulawesi. ... Balabac Strait is a strait in the South China Sea, at . ... The Sulu Sea is a large sea in the southwestern area of the Philippines. ...


Palawan's almost 2,000 kilometers of irregular coastline are dotted with 1,780 islands and islets, rocky coves, and sugar-white sandy beaches. It also harbors a vast stretch of virgin forests that carpet its mountain ranges.


Region

Palawan was originally part of the Southern Tagalog Region (Region IV). When the region was split, it became a part of the former MIMAROPA (now MIMARO). Southern Tagalog, or Region IV, was a region of the Philippines that is now comprised of Region IV-A (CALABARZON) and Region IV-B (MIMAROPA). ... MIMARO, also known as Region IV-B, is a region of the Philippines located in Luzon. ...


Palawan on 2001 rejected by virtue of a referendum to be a part of Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM; Rehiyong Awtonomo ng Muslim Mindanao) of the Philippines is composed of five provinces and one city namely: Basilan, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi and the Marawi City. ...


President Gloria Arroyo included Palawan by virtue of Executive Order No. 103, dated May 17, 2002, as part of MIMAROPA (Region IV-B). May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Palawan was moved to Region VI (Western Visayas) on May 23, 2005 by virtue of Executive Order 429. However, Palaweños have criticized the move, especially due to a lack of consultation, with most residents in every municipality except one and Puerto Princesa City preferring to stay with Region IV-B than transfer to Region VI. Western Visayas, one of the regions of the Philippines, is designated as Region VI. It consists of seven provinces, namely, Aklan, Antique, Negros Occidental, Capiz, Guimaras, Iloilo and Palawan and 17 cities making it the region with the most number of cities. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Administrative Order No. 129 was issued on August 19, 2005, to "resolve" the negative backlash and as part of the supervision of the transfer process of Palawan from MIMAROPA to Western Visayas. August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Palawan is still part of MIMAROPA.


History

Pre-colonial Era

Ancient Chinese traders and waves of migrants arrived in the Philippines by way of land bridges between Borneo and Palawan. A Chinese author referred to these islands as Kla-ma-yan (Calamian), Palau-ye (Palawan), and Paki-nung (Busuanga). Pottery, china and other artifacts recovered from caves and waters of Palawan attest to trade relations that existed between Chinese and Malay merchants.


In the 12th century, Malay settlers began to populate the island. Most of the settlements were ruled by Malay chieftains. These people grew palay, ginger, coconuts, camote, sugar and bananas. They also raised pigs, goats and chickens. Most of their economic activities were fishing, farming, and hunting by the use of bamboo traps and blowguns. The local people had a dialect consisting of 18 syllables.


Spanish Rule

The northern Calamianes Islands were the first to come under Spanish authority, and were later declared a province separate from the Palawan mainland. In the early 17th century, Spanish friars sent out missions in Cuyo, Agutaya, Taytay and Cagayancillo but they met resistance from Moro communities. Before 18th century, Spain began to build churches enclosed by garrisons for protection against Moro raids in the town of Cuyo, Taytay, Linapacan and Balabac. In 1749, the Sultanate of Borneo ceded southern Palawan to Spain.


At first, the territory of Palawan (or Paragua as it was called) was organized as a single province named Calamianes, with its capital in Taytay. Later, it was divided into three provinces: Castilla covering the northern section of the province with Taytay as capital, Asturias in the southern mainland with Puerto Princesa as capital, and Balabac Island with its capital in the town of Principe Alfonso.


American Rule

When the Spaniards left after the 1898 revolution, a civil government was established by the Americans. Provincial boundaries were revised in 1903, the name of the province was changed to Palawan, and Puerto Princesa declared as its capital.


Many reforms and projects were later introduced in the province. Construction of school buildings, promotion of agriculture, and bringing people closer to the government were among the priority plans during this era.


Palawan Massacre

During World War II, in order to prevent the rescue of prisoners of war by the advancing allies, on 14 December 1944, the Japanese herded the remaining 150 POWs at Puerto Princesa into three covered trenches which were then set on fire using barrels of gasoline. As prisoners tried to escape the flames they were shot down. Some escaped by going over a cliff that ran along one side of the trenches, but were later hunted down and killed. Only 11 men escaped the slaughter and between 133 to 141 were killed. The site of the massacre can still be visited. The massacre is the premise of the recently published book "Last Man Out: Glenn McDole, USMC, Survivor of the Palawan Massacre in World War II" by Bob Wilbanks, and the opening scenes of the 2005 Miramax movie, "The Great Raid".


Honda Bay Kidnappings

In May 2001 Palawan hit the headlines when the militant Islamic group Abu Sayyaf abducted 20 guests from the Dos Palmas Resort, located in Honda Bay outside of Puerto Princesa City. The kidnapping raid led to a massive U.S.-backed security operation, and unfortunately two hostages were later killed. Significantly, there have been no repeat incidents of this kind in Palawan, and the combination of a beefed-up military presence and radar surveillance has considerably boosted security. Basically, Palawan is a safe place to visit. The Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) (Arabic: جماعة أبو سياف), or simply Abu Sayyaf, also known as Al Harakat Al Islamiyya, is an Islamist terrorist separatist group of based in and around the southern islands of the Philippines, primarily Jolo, Basilan, and Mindanao. ...

Image:Honda Bay.jpg
A View of the Palawan Coastline from Snake Island in Honda Bay

Is Famous For

Calauit Game Preserve & Wildlife Sanctuary.

  • It is a unique game reserve and wildlife sanctuary of exotic African animals and endangered endemic animals of Palawan.
  • Established on August 31,1976 by virtue of Presidential Decree No.1578, this was initiated in response to the appeal of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature to help save African wildlife when former President Ferdinand Marcos attended the 3rd world Conference in Kenya. By virtue of RA 7611 (SEP), administrative jurisdiction of DENR was given to the local government of Palawan, effective December 31,1993. Management of the area is the responsibility of the PCSDO (Palawan Council of Sustainable Development Office). It is located in Calauit Island, Busuanga, Palawan.

Coron Reefs, Coron Bay, Busuanga.

  • Seven enchanting lakes surrounded by craggy limestone cliffs attract hundreds of nature lovers to Coron Reefs in Northern Palawan, near the town of Coron.
  • Busuanga Island, whose main town is Coron, is the jump-off point for numerous dive operators. The principal dive sites are 12 WWII Japanese shipwrecks sunk on September 24, 1944 by US Navy action. They range in depth from the surface to 40M. This large variety offers exciting wreck exploration for enthusiasts, from novice divers and snorkelers and recreational divers to experienced TEC divers. Dive operators offer PADI dive courses ranging from Discover Scuba to Assistant Instructor, Technical and Enriched Air Diving, as well as other specialty courses. Dive operators offer day diving, snorkeling trips, and overnight dive safaris. Live-aboard and charter boats also offer diving in the area.

El Nido Marine Reserve Park


UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES:


Puerto-Princesa Subterranean River National Park 1999


This park features a spectacular limestone karst landscape with an underground river. One of the river's distinguishing features is that it emerges directly into the sea, and its lower portion is subject to tidal influences. The area also represents a significant habitat for biodiversity conservation. The site contains a full 'mountain-to-sea' ecosystem and has some of the most important forests in Asia. -UNESCO


Tubbataha Reef Marine Park 1993


The Tubbataha Reef Marine Park covers 332 km², including the North and South Reefs. It is a unique example of an atoll reef with a very high density of marine species; the North Islet serving as a nesting site for birds and marine turtles. The site is an excellent example of a pristine coral reef with a spectacular 100 m perpendicular wall, extensive lagoons and two coral islands. -UNESCO


External links

  • Palawenos' Interactive Website
  • Palawan at the Open Directory Project
  • Port Barton Marine Park
  • Pioneer Expeditions website
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