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Encyclopedia > Palaeogeography

Paleogeography (sometimes spelled palaeogeography) is the study of the ancient geologic environments of the Earth's surface as preserved in the stratigraphic record. Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... Earth (often referred to as the earth) is the third planet in the solar system in terms of distance from the Sun, and the fifth largest. ... Stratigraphy, a branch of geology, is basically the study of rock layers and layering (stratification). ...


Paleogeographic analysis is used in the detailed study of sedimentary basins in petroleum geology. Peleogeographers also study the sedimentary environment associated with fossils to aid in the understanding of evolutionary development of extinct species. The reconstructions of prehistoric continents and oceans depends on paleogeographic evidence. Thus paleogeography provided critical evidence for the development of continental drift and current plate tectonic theories. For example, knowledge of the shape and latitudinal location of supercontinents such as Pangaea and ancient oceans such as Panthalassa result from paleogeographic studies. The term sedimentary basin is used to refer to any geographical feature exhibiting subsidence and consequent infilling by sedimentation. ... Petroleum geology is a term used to refer to the specific set of geological disciplines that are applied to the search for hydrocarbons (oil exploration). ... A fossil Ammonite Fossils are the mineralized remains of animals or plants or other traces such as footprints. ... A hypothetical phylogenetic tree of all extant organisms, based on 16S rRNA gene sequence data, showing the evolutionary history of the three domains of life, bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes. ... The concept of continental drift was first proposed by Alfred Wegener. ... Bridge across the Álfagjá rift valley in southwest Iceland, the boundary of the Eurasian and North American continental tectonic plates. ... In geology, a supercontinent is a land mass comprising more than one continental core, or craton. ... Map of Pangaea Pangaea separation animation Pangaea or Pangea (derived from Παγγαία, Greek for all earth) is the name given to the supercontinent that existed during the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras, before the process of plate tectonics separated each of the component continents into their current configuration. ... Panthalassa (Greek for all seas) was the vast ocean that surrounded the supercontinent Pangaea during the late Paleozoic era and the early Mesozoic era. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
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Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 249, 180-215 (B. S´nchez-Hernández, MJB and D. Naish.
Palaeoenvironments of vertebrates on the southern shore of Tethys: The nonmarine Early Cretaceous of Tunisia.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 214, 181-194 (Kriwet, J. and MJB).
Palaeogeography - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (201 words)
Paleogeography (sometimes spelled palaeogeography) is the study of the ancient geologic environments of the Earth's surface as preserved in the stratigraphic record.
Paleogeographic analysis is used in the detailed study of sedimentary basins in petroleum geology.
Palaeogeography, See also, Historical geology, Paleogeography and Physical geography.
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