Paleogeography (sometimes spelled palaeogeography) is the study of the ancient geologic environments of the Earth's surface as preserved in the stratigraphic record. Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... Earth (often referred to as the earth) is the third planet in the solar system in terms of distance from the Sun, and the fifth largest. ... Stratigraphy, a branch of geology, is basically the study of rock layers and layering (stratification). ...
Paleogeographic analysis is used in the detailed study of sedimentary basins in petroleum geology. Peleogeographers also study the sedimentary environment associated with fossils to aid in the understanding of evolutionary development of extinct species. The reconstructions of prehistoric continents and oceans depends on paleogeographic evidence. Thus paleogeography provided critical evidence for the development of continental drift and current plate tectonic theories. For example, knowledge of the shape and latitudinal location of supercontinents such as Pangaea and ancient oceans such as Panthalassa result from paleogeographic studies. The term sedimentary basin is used to refer to any geographical feature exhibiting subsidence and consequent infilling by sedimentation. ... Petroleum geology is a term used to refer to the specific set of geological disciplines that are applied to the search for hydrocarbons (oil exploration). ... A fossil Ammonite Fossils are the mineralized remains of animals or plants or other traces such as footprints. ... A hypothetical phylogenetic tree of all extant organisms, based on 16S rRNA gene sequence data, showing the evolutionary history of the three domains of life, bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes. ... The concept of continental drift was first proposed by Alfred Wegener. ... Bridge across the ÃlfagjÃ¡ rift valley in southwest Iceland, the boundary of the Eurasian and North American continental tectonic plates. ... In geology, a supercontinent is a land mass comprising more than one continental core, or craton. ... Map of Pangaea Pangaea separation animation Pangaea or Pangea (derived from Î Î±Î³Î³Î±Î¯Î±, Greek for all earth) is the name given to the supercontinent that existed during the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras, before the process of plate tectonics separated each of the component continents into their current configuration. ... Panthalassa (Greek for all seas) was the vast ocean that surrounded the supercontinent Pangaea during the late Paleozoic era and the early Mesozoic era. ...
Categories: Geology stubs | Historical geology | Paleogeography Bridge across the ÃlfagjÃ¡ rift valley in southwest Iceland, the boundary of the Eurasian and North American continental tectonic plates. ... Earth (often referred to as the earth) is the third planet in the solar system in terms of distance from the Sun, and the fifth largest. ... A paleontologist carefully chips rock from a column of dinosaur vertebrae. ... It has been suggested that Fossil record be merged into this article or section. ... Pollen under microscope Palynology is the science that studies contemporary and fossil palynomorphs, including pollen, spores, dinoflagellate cysts, acritarchs, chitinozoans and scolecodonts, together with particulate organic matter (POM) and kerogen found in sedimentary rocks and sediments. ... Paleoclimatology is the study of climate change taken on the scale of the entire history of the Earth. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x512, 222 KB) Land surface, ocean color, sea ice and clouds. ... Physical geography or physiogeography is a subfield of geography that focuses on the systematic study of patterns and processes within the hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere. ... Biogeography is the science which deals with patterns of species distribution and the processes that result in such patterns. ... Climatology is the study of climate, and is a branch of the atmospheric sciences. ... Paleoclimatology is the study of climate change taken on the scale of the entire history of the Earth. ... Coastal geography is the study of the dynamic interface between the ocean and the land, incorporating both the physical geography(i. ... It has been suggested that geodetic system be merged into this article or section. ... Surface of the Earth Geomorphology is the study of landforms, including their origin and evolution, and the processes that shape them. ... Lateral moraine on a glacier joining the Gorner Glacier, Zermatt, Switzerland. ... Water covers 70% of the Earths surface. ... Hydrography focuses on the measurement of physical characteristics of waters and marginal land. ... Landscape ecology is a subdiscipline of ecology and geography that is the study of spatial variation in interested in the of elements in the landscape (such as fields, hedgerows, woodlots, rivers or towns) and how their distribution affects the distribution and flow of energy and individuals in the environment (which... Limnology is a discipline that concerns the study of in-land waters (both saline and fresh), specifically lakes, ponds and rivers (both natural and manmade), including their biological, physical, chemical, and hydrological aspects. ... Thermohaline circulation Oceanography (from Ocean + Greek Î³ÏÎ¬ÏÎµÎ¹Î½ = write), also called oceanology or marine science is the study of the Earths oceans and seas. ... Pedology (pÄdÇlÅgy), (from Russian: pedologiya, from the Greek pedon = soil, earth), is the study of soils and soil formation. ...
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