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Encyclopedia > Palace of Charles V
The Palace of Charles V: exterior view
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The Palace of Charles V: exterior view

The Palace of Charles V, in Granada, Spain, is a Renacentist construction, located on the top of the hill of the Assabica, inside the Nasrid fortification of the Alhambra. It was commanded by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, in order to establish his residence close to the Alhambra palaces. The Catholic Monarchs had already reformed some rooms after the conquest of the city in 1492, but Charles V intended to construct a stable residence that would fit to an Emperor. The project was commanded to Pedro Machuca, an inscrutable figure whose biography and influences are not already clear. At his time, Spain was inmersed in Plateresque style, still with traces of Gothic origin. Machuca built a palace corresponding to the Mannerism, a still beginning style in Italy. Even if we accept the versions that place Machuca in the atelier of Michelangelo, at the time of the construction of the palace (1527) the Tuscan architect hadn´t designed the majority of his architectural works. Granada (Arabic: غرناطة) is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in the autonomous region of Andalusia, Spain. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... Nasrid is the name referring to the royal dynasty that ruled the kingdom of Granada in southern Spain from the mid 13th century to the 15th century, which is considered to be one of the longest Islamic dynasties in the history of Islamic Spain. ... View of the Alhambra from the Mirador St Nicolas in the Albaycin of Granada. ... Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Aragon and Castile. ... Madonna of the Catholic Monarchs, painted ca 1490–95; Ferdinand and the infante Juan are at the Madonnas right hand (with the Inquisitor), Isabella at the left The Catholic Monarchs (Spanish: Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Lisabella I of Castile and King... 1492 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... Plateresque refers to the 15th and 16th century art form in Spain, characterized by an ornate style of architecture. ... Besides its original meaning, of or relating to the Goths (Gothos, Getas), a Germanic tribe and thus the Gothic language and the Gothic alphabet, the word Gothic has been used to refer to distinctly different things: From a Renaissance perspective (originally Italian, gotico, with connotations of rough, barbarous), it conveyed... Mannerism is the term used to describe the artistic style that arose in mid-16th century. ... Chalk portrait of Michelangelo by Daniele da Volterra Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (March 6, 1475 – February 18, 1564), commonly known as Michelangelo, was an Italian Renaissance sculptor, painter, Renaissance architect and poet. ...

View of the patio
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View of the patio

The plan of the building is generated by a 63-meters-long square, with a circular patio in it. this structure, the main Mannerist characteristic of the palace, has no precedents in the Renaissance architecture, and places the building in the avant-garde of its time. The building has two floors: The lower is of a padded tuscan order. The upper floor is of ionic order, alternating pilasters and pedimented windows. both of the two main façades boast portals made of stone from the Sierra Elvira. A square as a geometric shape is described and illustrated at square (geometry). ... A patio garden is an outdoor garden space generally used for dining or recreation that often adjoins a residence and is typically paved. ... Renaissance Architecture: The cultural movement called the Renaissance (which literally means re-birth) was just that in architecture, a rebirth of the Roman traditions of design recognized by contemporaries in the term allAntica, in the Antique manner. It was expressed in a new emphasis on rational clarity and regularity... The Tuscan order in Andrea Palladio, Quattro Libri di Architettura, 1570 Among the classical orders of architecture, the Tuscan order is the newcomer, a stocky simplified variant of the Doric order that was introduced into the canon of classical architecture by Italian architectural theorists of the 16th century. ... Architects first real look at the Greek Ionic order: Julien David LeRoy, Les ruines plus beaux des monuments de la Grèce Paris, 1758 (Plate XX) The Ionic order forms one of the three orders or organizational systems of classical architecture, the other two canonic orders being the Doric and...


The circular patio has also two levels: the lower is formed by a doric colonnade made of conglomerate stone, with an orthodoxally classic entablature, formed by triglyphs and metopes. The upper floor is formed by a stylized ionic colonnade. Its entablature has no decoration. This organisation of the patio shows clearly a deep knowledge of the arquitecture of the Roman Empire, and it would be framed in the purest Renaissance but for its curve shape. This curve puzzles the espectator when coming from its main façades. The interior spaces and the staircases are also determined by the general idea of the square and the circle. This kind of aesthetical resorts will be develloped in the following decades under the classification of Mannerism Triglyph is an architectural term for the vertically channelled tablets of the Doric frieze, so called because of the angular channels in them, two perfect and one divided, the two chamfered angles or hemiglyphs being reckoned as one. ... Metope from the Parthenon marbles depicting a Centaur and a Lapith fighting In classical architecture, a metope is the space between two triglyphs of a Doric frieze. ... Enormous colonnade of the Kazan Cathedral in St Petersburg. ... An entablature is a classical architectural element, the superstructure which lies horizontally above the columns, resting on their capitals. ... The Roman Empire was a phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by an autocratic form of government. ...

Panoramic view 180º
Panoramic view 180º
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