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Encyclopedia > Pakistan administered Kashmir
Pakistan Administered Kashmir
Flag of Azad Kashmir
Flag of Azad Kashmir
Azad Kashmir
Pakistan Administered Kashmir
Capital Muzaffarabad
Status Disputed Territory
Azad Kashmir in Pakistan
Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. The dark-brown region represents Indian-controlled Jammu and Kashmir while the Aksai Chin is under Chinese occupation

Azad Jammu and Kashmir (Urdu: آزاد کشمیر), is part of the Pakistani-administered part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas. The name Azad Kashmir means "Free Kashmir" in Urdu. India does not recognize Azad Kashmir as a part of Pakistan and refers to the region encompassing Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas as Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. It covers an area of 13,300 km² (5,135 mi²), with its capital at Muzaffarabad, and it has an estimated population of over three million people. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Azad Kashmir Categories: GFDL images ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Muzaffarabad is the capital of the State of Azad Kashmir, located in the north of the state, which is part of the Pakistani-controlled part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas. ... The Disputed Territory : Shown in green is Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most state of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its summer capital and Jammu as its winter capital. ... Aksai Chin (Simplified Chinese: 阿克赛钦; Traditional Chinese: 阿克賽欽; pinyin: ) is a region located at the junction of the Peoples Republic of China, Pakistan, and India. ... Urdu (اردو) is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family which developed under Persian, Turkish, and Arabic influence in the South Asia during the time of the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200-1800). ... Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most state of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its summer capital and Jammu as its winter capital. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Urdu (اردو) is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family which developed under Persian, Turkish, and Arabic influence in the South Asia during the time of the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200-1800). ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is the area equal to a square with sides each 1 mile long. ... Muzaffarabad is the capital of the State of Azad Kashmir, located in the north of the state, which is part of the Pakistani-controlled part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas. ...

Contents


General Information and Recent History

The region is extremely mountainous and includes a significant part of the Himalayas, but does not include Nanga Parbat, the world's seventh highest mountain, which falls within the "Northern Areas". The Himalaya is a mountain range in Asia, separating the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. ... Nanga Parbat (also known as Nangaparbat Peak or Diamir) is the ninth highest mountain on Earth. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ...


After the partition of India in 1947 and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, Pakistan obtained possession of parts of Kashmir. Pakistan divided the areas of Kashmir it occupied after 1947 into three parts: The Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 sometimes known as the First Kashmir War was a war fought between India and Pakistan over the region of Kashmir from 1947 to 1949. ...

  1. Azad Kashmir, 250 miles (400 km)in length with width varying from 10 to 40 miles (15 to 65 km), 13,300 km² (5,135 mi²),
  2. Northern Areas, a much larger area, 72,496 km² (27,991 mi²), incorporated into Pakistan and administered as a de facto dependency, and
  3. A small part, the Trans-Karakoram Tract, of the Northern Areas that was ceded to China by Pakistan in 1963.

Parts of Azad Kashmir was lost to Indian forces in the 1971 war before it was returned by India as part of the Simla Accord, in 1972. Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Trans-Karakoram Tract is occupied by China now, having been part of Pakistan occupied Kashmir until 1963 when Pakistan had handed over it to China according to the border agreement. ... The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a military conflict between India and Pakistan. ... Shimla Accord (named after Shimla) is a treaty signed between India (Prime Minister Indira Gandhi) and Pakistan (Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto) after their 1972 war. ...


The Azad Kashmir is nominally autonomous, with its own elected President, Prime Minister, Legislature, High Court etc. Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister A prime minister may be either: chief or leading member of the cabinet of the top-level government in a country having a parliamentary system of government; or the official, in countries with a semi-presidential system of government, appointed to manage the...


Demography

Although a proper census has not been taken in recent years, the best estimates conclude that the Azad Kashmir region has approximately 3.1 million inhabitants. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


The population of Azad Kashmir includes Kashmiris and also comprises Hindko-speaking Pathans, the Potwari (whose language includes the Mirpuri dialect) and the nomadic Gujjars, who largely inhabit the upper hills and slopes. Tribes or clans (biraderi) are important for some groups in the region and include: the Sudhan(Sadozai) , Rajputs, Mirpuri Jats, and Gujjars. Kashmiri is an Dardic Indo-Aryan language spoken in parts of India and Pakistan. ... Hindko is an ancient language spoken in the Indian subcontinent. ... The Pashtuns (also Pushtun, Pakhtun, or ethnic Afghan; in referring to the period of the British Raj or earlier, sometimes Pathan) are an ethnic/religious group of people, living primarily in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India who follow Pashtunwali, their indigenous religion. ... The Pothohari language otherwise known as Mirpuri or Potwari is an Indo-European language spoken from the Potwar district around Rawalpindi, Pakistan to the Indian-Kashmiri border in the Mirpur district in Azad Jammu Kashmir. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gujar. ... Sudhans are those from the tribe sadozai ... This article needs cleanup. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Jats are a prominent people caste/jati settled in and occupying a prominent position in Punjab, Western Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan in India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gujar. ...


The Hindko and Potwari languages are both related to Punjabi, but have distinct separate features. Potwari is spoken in the United Kingdom by the Mirpuri community; Mirpuri is a local dialect of Potwari spoken in and around the Mirpur and Kotli districts. About 700,000 Mirpuris live in the United Kingdom today. Mirpur is a city of Azad Kashmir. ... The Kotli district was carved out of the Mirpur district in 1975. ...


Azad Kashmir is predominantly Muslim, although over 100,000 Hindus and Sikhs lived there until 1947. A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also pronounced Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ...


Geography

Azad Kashmir is a more mountainous and cold region than the rest of Kashmir. It boasts some of the most scenic mountain tops and river valleys.


See also

Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most state of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its summer capital and Jammu as its winter capital. ... Kashmiri is an Dardic Indo-Aryan language spoken in parts of India and Pakistan. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

External links

  • Official website of the Government of Azad Kashmir
  • Official tourism site
  • Hindu sites in the region [1]


Subdivisions of Pakistan Flag of Pakistan
Balochistan | North-West Frontier Province | Punjab | Sindh
Islamabad Capital Territory | Federally Administered Tribal Areas | Azad Kashmir | Northern Areas

 
 

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