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Encyclopedia > Pakistan Navy
Military of Pakistan

Joint Services Parade in 2005
Service branches Pakistan Army

Pakistan Air Force
Pakistan Navy
Pakistan Coast Guard
Pakistan Paramilitary Forces
Pakistan Strategic Nuclear Command Image File history File links Naval_Jack_of_Pakistan. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Pakistan Army (Urdu: پاک فوج) is the largest branch of the Pakistan military, and is mainly responsible for protection of the state borders, the security of administered territories and defending the national interests of Pakistan within the framework of its international obligations. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Pakistan Air Force (Urdu: پاک فضائیہ, Pak Fazaya) is the Aviation branch of the Pakistan armed forces and is responsible for defending Pakistani air-space from intrusions. ... Image File history File links Pakistani_Air_Force_Ensign. ... Image File history File links Naval_Jack_of_Pakistan. ... Military manpower Military age 16 years of age Availability 39,028,014 (2005) Males ages 16-49 Reaching military age males: 1,969,055 (2005) Active troops 620,000 (Ranked 7th) Military expenditures Dollar figure $3. ... Military manpower Military age 16 years of age Availability 39,028,014 (2005) Males ages 16-49 Reaching military age males: 1,969,055 (2005) Active troops 620,000 (Ranked 7th) Military expenditures Dollar figure $3. ... National Command Authority (NCA) of Pakistan. ...

Headquarters Rawalpindi
Leadership
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Tariq Majid
Secretary of Defense Kamran Rasool
Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Musharraf
Manpower
Military age 16-49 years old [13]
Available for
military service
39,028,014 males, age 16-49 (2007 est.),
36,779,584 females, age 16-49 (2007 est.)
Fit for
military service
29,428,747 males, age 16-49 (2007 est.),
28,391,887 females, age 16-49 (2007 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
1,969,055 males (2007 est.),
1,849,254 females (2007 est.)
Active personnel 619,000 (ranked 7th)
Reserve personnel 528,500
Expenditures
Budget $4.26 billion (ranked 39th)
Percent of GDP 4.5 (2006 est.)
Related articles
History Military history of Pakistan
UN Peacekeeping missions
Weapons of mass destruction
Ranks Awards and decorations of the Pakistan military

Pakistan Navy (Urdu: پاک بحریہ) is the naval wing of the Pakistan military. Though not as significant as their other military divisions, it does play a vital role given the regional rivalry of Pakistan with India. September 8 is the National Navy day of Pakistan.   (Urdu: راولپنڈی) is a city in the Potwar Plateau near Pakistans capital city of Islamabad, in the province of Punjab. ... General Tariq Majid or Tariq Majeed (born August 1950) is a Pakistani general and chairman-designate Joint Chiefs of Staff who will take over once the out-going General Ehsan ul Haq retires on October 7, 2007. ... (PA – 6920) General Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ‎; born August 11, 1943) is currently the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ... Number of active troops per country This is a list of countries sorted by the total number of active troops where the military manpower of a country is measured by the total amount of active troops within the command of that country. ... Billion may mean: 1,000,000,000 (one thousand million; ), used by most English-speaking countries (American and usual modern British meaning) 1,000,000,000,000 (one million million; ), used by most other countries outside Asia (older British meaning). ... Military spending in 2005 Military spending This is a list of countries by military expenditures using the latest information available. ... Branches of Service Pakistan Army Pakistan Air Force Pakistan Navy Pakistan Coast Guard Pakistan Paramilitary Forces Leadership Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff General Ehsan ul Haq Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Musharraf Chief of Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Tanvir Ahmed Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Afzal Tahir... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Pakistan started focusing on nuclear development in January 1972 under the leadership of Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. ... Awards and decorations of the Pakistan military are military decorations which recognize a service members service and personal accomplishments while a member of the Pakistan armed forces. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

History

The birth of the Royal Pakistan Navy came with the creation of Pakistan on 14 August 1947. The Armed Forces Reconstitution Committee (AFRC) divided the Royal Indian Navy between both countries India and Pakistan. The Pakistan Navy secured two sloops, two frigates, four minesweepers, two trawlers, four harbour launches and some 3580 personnel (180 officers and 3400 ratings) and given the high percentage of delta areas on the Pakistan coast the Navy was given a number of Harbour Defence Motor Launches. is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bharatiya Nau Sena:-The Indian Navy is one of the worlds largest navies. ... A sloop-rigged J-24 sailboat A sloop (From Dutch sloep) in sailing, is a vessel with a fore-and-aft rig. ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ... A modern Icelandic trawler A trawler is a fishing vessel designed for the purpose of operating a trawl, a type of fishing net that is dragged along the bottom of the sea (or sometimes above the bottom at a specified depth). ... The term rating or rate carries different meanings depending on which navy is being discussed. ... Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


At the time of independence following Royal Indian Navy officers opted for Royal Pakistan Navy. These officers from the list of 180 officers and ranks of these officers in this list are their ranks upon the retirement from the Navy.

  • Vice Admiral H M S Chaudri (Late)
  • Vice Admiral A R Khan (Late)
  • Vice Admiral S M Ahsan (Late)
  • Vice Admiral Muzaffar Hussain P. No 73
  • Vice Admiral H H Ahmed (Late)
  • Admiral Muhammad Shareef, P. No 138
  • Commodore Khalid Jamil (Late)
  • Commodore S M Anwar (Late)
  • Captain C S Ahmed (Late)
  • Commander Sultan Mahmood Malik (Late) P. No 156
  • Lieutenant Commander Badaruddin Ahmed (Late)
  • Lieutenant Commander Shaikh Abdul Qadir (Late)
  • Lieutenant Commander Maqbool Ahmed Ansari (Late) P. No 137
  • Lieutenant Commander M N Khan (Late)

The Royal Pakistan Navy saw no action during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 as all the fighting was restricted to Kashmir. In 1956 the Islamic Republic of Pakistan was proclaimed under the 1956 constitution. The prefix Royal was dropped and the service re-designated as Pakistan Navy short title PN. PN Jack and Pakistan flag replaced the Queen's colour and the white ensign respectively. The order of precedence of the three services changed from Navy, Army, Air force to Army, Navy, Air Force. In February 1956, the British government announced supplying of several major surface combatants to Pakistan. These Warships, a cruiser and four destroyers were purchased with funds made available under the US Military Assistance Program. The acquisition of a few additional warships that is two destroyers, eight coastal minesweepers and an oiler (between 1956-63) was the direct result of Pakistan's participation in the anti-Communist defence pacts of SEATO and CENTO. Combatants India Pakistan Commanders General K M Cariappa, Lt Gen S M Shrinagesh, Maj Gen K S Thimayya, Maj Gen Kalwant Singh Maj Gen Akbar Khan Casualties 1,104 killed[1](Indian army) 684 KIA(State Forces)[2] [3] 3,152 wounded [1] 1,500 killed[4] (Pakistan army) The... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... An Islamic republic, in its modern context, has come to mean several different things, some contradictory to others. ... // Origins The practice of carrying standards, to act both as a rallying point for troops, and to mark the location of the commander, is thought to have originated in Egypt some 5,000 years ago. ... Naval redirects here. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... For a particular Air Force, see List of air forces. ... The United Kingdom is a unitary state and a democratic constitutional monarchy. ... The Mutual Defense Assistance Act commonly known as the Battle Act was a 1949 law passed by the United States. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... External links kamouflage. ... The Central Treaty Organization (also referred to as CENTO, the successor to the Middle East Treaty Organization or METO, also known as the Baghdad Pact) was adopted in 1955 by Iraq, Turkey, Iran, as well as United States chose not to initially participate as to avoid alienating Arab states with...


During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 the navy was involved in a conflict for the first time. Apart from carrying out a limited bombardment of the coastal town of Dwaraka - codenamed Operation Dwarka, the navy's submarine PNS Ghazi was deployed against Indian Navy's western fleet at Bombay (Mumbai) port. [1] Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri Harbakhsh Singh Ayub Khan Musa Khan Casualties 3,264 killed[1] 8,623 wounded[1] (From July to ceasefire) 3,800 killed[2] (September 6 - 22) 4,000 - 8,000 killed/ captured[3][4][5] (July to September 6) The Indo-Pakistani War... Dwarka is a city in Gujarat, India. ... Operation Dwarka also known as Operation Somnath was the popular name given to Pakistan Navys attack on the Indian coastal town of Dwarka on 7 September 1965. ... PNS Ghazi, the flagship submarine of Pakistan Navy until it was sunk in 1971. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ...


The Navy's role changed in Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 when the military was caught in the thick of the battle. With East Pakistan having been surrounded on all three sides by the Indian Army, the Navy was under immense pressure to protect the coast. Despite the isolated incident, the sinking of an Indian frigate INS Khukri by the submarine PNS Hangor, the Navy was largely overrun. The major threat from the much dreaded PNS Ghazi - the only long range submarine - was nullified when it was sunk in the Bay of Bengal in an accident when one of the mines which it was deploying accidentally exploded, thus enabling an easy blockade on East Pakistan.[1] The damage inflicted by both Indian Navy and Indian Air Force on Pakistan Navy stood at 7 Gunboats, one submarine, 1minesweeper, 2 Destroyers, 3 patrol crafts belonging to the coast guard, 18 Cargo, supply and communication vessels, with some more crafts damaged, and Large scale destruction inflicted on the naval base and Docks in the coastal town of Karachi. 3 merchant navy ships Anwar Baksh, Pasni, Madhumathi[2] and ten smaller vessels were captured.[3] The total number of personnel losses came to about 1900 and 1413 servicemen were captured by Indian forces in Dhaka(Official Pakistan losses).[4] In contrast the Indian Navy lost 212 personnel, a frigate (another frigate damaged) and a naval plane Breguet Alizé to the Pakistan Air Force (PAF).[4] According to one Pakistan scholar, Tariq Ali, Pakistan Navy lost a third of its force in the war.[5] The primary reason for this loss has been attributed to the central command's failure in defining a role for the Navy - or the military in general, in East Pakistan. Since then the Navy has sought to improve the structure and fleet by putting special emphasis on sub-surface warfare capability as it allows for the most efficient way to deny the control of Pakistani sea lanes to the adversary. Combatants India Mukti Bahini Pakistan Commanders Sam Manekshaw J.S. Aurora A. A. K. Niazi # Strength 500,000+ troops 400,000+ troops Casualties 3,843 killed[1] 9,851 wounded[1] c. ... East Pakistan was a former province of Pakistan which existed between 1955 and 1971. ... This article is about the post-independence Indian Army. ... INS Khukri was an old Type 14 ASW (Anti-submarine Warfare) frigate in the Indian Navy. ... The PNS Hangor was a Pakistani Daphne class submarine, which during the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War sank the Indian frigate INS Khukri. ... PNS Ghazi, the flagship submarine of Pakistan Navy until it was sunk in 1971. ... For other uses, see Submarine (disambiguation). ... Look up Bay of Bengal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of India. ... The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... A gunboat is literally a boat carrying one or more guns. ... USS Pivot (AM 276) World War II United States Admirable Class Minesweeper shown in the Gulf of Mexico on sea trials 12 July 1944 Image:Hameln Class. ... USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ... A coast guard is a national organization responsible for various services at sea. ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ... The Breguet Br. ... Pakistan Air Force (Urdu: پاک فضائیہ, Pak Fazaya) is the Aviation branch of the Pakistan armed forces and is responsible for defending Pakistani air-space from intrusions. ... Tariq Ali Tariq Ali (Urdu: طارق علی) (born October 21, 1943) is a British-Pakistani writer and filmmaker [1]. He is a member of the editorial committee of the New Left Review, and regularly contributes to The Guardian, Counterpunch, and the London Review of Books, He is the author of Pirates Of...

PNS Nazim which previously took part in the Vietnam and Korean wars with the USN
PNS Nazim which previously took part in the Vietnam and Korean wars with the USN

Following the breakup of Pakistan, the Navy sought to diversify its purchases instead of depending solely on the US, which had placed an arms embargo on both India and Pakistan. It sought more vessels from France and China. The Pakistan Navy thus became the first navy in South Asia to acquire land based missile capable long range reconnaissance aircraft.[6] During the 1980s the Pakistan Navy enjoyed un-preceded growth. It doubled its surface fleet from 8 to 16 surface combatants in 1989. In 1982, the Reagan administration approved US$ 3.2 billions military and economic aid to Pakistan. Pakistan acquired eight Brooke and Garcia-class frigates from US Navy on a five year lease in 1988. A depot for repairs, EX-USS HECTOR followed the lease of these ships in April 1989. However after the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan in 1989 US President George Bush was advised to no longer certify that Pakistan was not involved in the development of nuclear weapons and the Pressler’s Amendment was invoked on 1 October 1990. The lease of the first Brooke class frigate expired in March 1993, the remaining in early 1994. This seriously impaired the Pakistan Navy, which was composed almost entirely of former US origin ships. Pakistan began to concentrate on self-reliance for its defense production. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 561 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (624 × 667 pixel, file size: 45 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 561 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (624 × 667 pixel, file size: 45 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Reagan, an Irish surname, may refer to: // Ronald Reagan, the 40th President of The United States Nancy Reagan, the wife of Ronald Reagan and influential First Lady Ron Reagan, President Reagans son and liberal journalist Michael Reagan, President Reagans son and conservative talk show host Maureen Reagan, President... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by and/or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...


The Atlantique Incident was a major international incident on 10 August 1999 where a Pakistan Navy plane (Breguet Atlantic) with 16 on board was shot down in the border area of the Kutch region when it was well within Pakistani Airspace by Indian Air Force jets. It resulted in escalated tensions between the two neighboring countries. The Atlantique Incident was a major event in which a Pakistan Navy plane was shot down by the Indian Air Force citing border violation. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Breguet Atlantic (Breguet 1150 Atlantique) is a Long-distance Reconnaissance airplane, primarily designed for use over open Sea. ... Rann of Kutch on the Top Left. ... The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ...


The Navy has been involved in some peacetime operations, most notably during the tsunami tragedy that struck on December 26, 2004. Pakistan sent vessels to Sri Lanka and the Maldives to help in rescue and relief work. For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Personnel

The Pakistan Navy has some 24,000 personnel. The force includes a small Naval Air Arm and the approximately 2,000 member paramilitary Maritime Security Agency, charged primarily with protecting Pakistan's exclusive economic zone(EEZ). The naval reserve consists of about 5,000 personnel. Included in this is the Naval arm of the Special Services Group, a marine commando unit stationed at Karachi. The SSG(N) as it is known is believed to number around 1,000 in troop strength. Pakistan Navy recently began inducting women for combat positions[2] apart from the existing administrative posts, becoming one of the few Islamic Republics to do so. Naval redirects here. ... Paramilitary designates forces whose function and organization are similar to those of a professional military force, but which are not regarded as having the same status. ... In international maritime law, an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a seazone extending from a states coast over which the state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources. ... Military manpower Military age 16 years of age Availability 39,028,014 (2005) Males ages 16-49 Reaching military age males: 1,969,055 (2005) Active troops 620,000 (Ranked 9th) Military expenditures Dollar figure $3. ... For other uses, see Commando (disambiguation). ... An Islamic republic, in its modern context, has come to mean several different things, some contradictory to others. ...


Naval General Staff

  • Admiral Muhammad Afzal Tahir NI(M) — Chief of Naval Staff)(present)
  • Vice Admiral Asif Humayun - Vice Chief of Naval Staff
  • Vice Admiral Noman Bashir — Commander of Pakistan Fleet
  • Rear Admiral Bakhtiar Mohsin — Commander Karachi.
  • Vice Admiral Mahmood Ahmed Khan — Commander of Coastal Areas
  • Rear Admiral Mohammed Shafi — Commander Logistics
  • Commodore Khalid Saeed — Commander of North Navy
  • Rear Admiral Shahid Iqbal — Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Operations)
  • Vice Admiral Nayyar Iqbal — Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Material)
  • Rear Admiral R U Khan — Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Supply)
  • Rear Admiral Asif Sandela — Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Projects)
  • Vice Admiral Saleem Menai — Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (Projects-II)

Admiral Muhammad Afzal Tahir (born 4 January, 1949) is the current chief of naval staff of the Pakistan Navy since October 2005. ...

Organization

The supreme commander of the Navy is the Chief of the Naval Staff. Admiral Afzal Tahir NI(M)is the current Chief of the Navy.


The navy has five commands:

  • COMKAR - Naval headquarters and the only major base at Karachi. (COMmander KARachi)
  • COMPAK - The fleet; (COMmander PAKistan Fleet)
  • COMCOAST - COMmander COAST; The special command of SSG(N), Marines and Coastal stations (COMmader COAST) at Karachi, newly raised
  • COMLOG - The logistics; (COMmander LOGistics)
  • COMNOR - Naval installations in the north of Pakistan; (COMmander NORth)
  • COMNAV - COMmander Naval AViation

Other naval bases are Ormara, Pasni, Gwadar and Jiwani. Ormara is a port city located in Balochistan province of Pakistan. ... Pasni is a fishing port and major town in Balochistan, Pakistan. ... Gwadar is located on the southwestern coast of Pakistan, close to the Strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf. ... Jiwani is the most southwesterly city of Pakistan, on the Makran coast near the Iranian border. ...


Ranks

PN Officer Ranks
Rank Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Sub Lieutenant Midshipman
Uniform insignia
PN Sailor Ranks
Rank Master Chief Petty Officer Fleet Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty Officer Leading Seaman
Uniform insignia

Training Institutions

Pakistan Navy has an academy of its own called the Pakistan Naval Academy (also known as PNS RAHBAR), it is the home of initial training of officers of Pakistan Navy. The academy also has provided basic training to the officers of Allied Navies. The Chief of Naval Staff of Qatar Emiri Navy and many high ranking officers of Royal Saudi Navy as well as other navies in the Gulf were graduates of the PNA. The academy is a full fledged training institution catering to the needs to Pakistani junior Naval officers. The Navy also has its own navy war college called the Pakistan Navy War College [3] specializing in imparting Naval Warfare techniques to officers of the Pakistan marine forces. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Other worthwhile training institutions are:


PNS Bahadur: conducts specialist courses.


PNS Himalaya: for basic training of sailors.


PNS Karsaz: for technical training of sailors.


PNS Jauhar: for technical training of officers.


PNS Jauhar has been absorbed by the National University of Sciences and Technology as Pakistan Navy Engineering College, where officers and civilian students are offered degrees in Electrical, Mechanical and Electronics Engineering.


Special Forces

Main article: Special Services Group Navy

Special Service Group Navy (SSGN) is an independent commando division of the Pakistan Navy. It is an elite special operations force similar to the Royal Navy's Special Boat Service and United States Navy SEALS. Official numbers place the strength between 700 to 1,000, in 1 Company; however the actual strength is classified. Special Service Group Navy (SSGN) is an independent commando division of the Pakistan Navy. ...


The fleet

PNS Shahjahan & PNS Tippu Sultan with USS Rueben James during Exercise Inspired Siren in 2002.
PNS Shahjahan & PNS Tippu Sultan with USS Rueben James during Exercise Inspired Siren in 2002.
PNS Shahjahan
PNS Shahjahan

Classification of ships with respect to their classes[7][8][9] [10] Image File history File links Pakistan_Navy_Ship_(PNS)_Shahjahan_&_Tippi_Sultan. ... Image File history File links Pakistan_Navy_Ship_(PNS)_Shahjahan_&_Tippi_Sultan. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 571 pixelsFull resolution (2100 × 1500 pixel, file size: 693 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Released to Public ID: DN-SD-06-09494 Service Depicted: 050625-N-5526M-005 Port side view of the Pakistan Navy Tariq Class Frigate PNS... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 571 pixelsFull resolution (2100 × 1500 pixel, file size: 693 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Released to Public ID: DN-SD-06-09494 Service Depicted: 050625-N-5526M-005 Port side view of the Pakistan Navy Tariq Class Frigate PNS...

  • 6 Ex-UK Type 21 Frigates
    • F181 Tariq 1975/93 Ex-Ambuscade
    • F182 Babur 1974/93 Ex-Amazon
    • F183 Khaibar 1976/94 Ex-Arrow
    • F184 Badr 1977/94 Ex-Alacrity
    • F185 Shah Jehan 1977/94 Ex-Active
    • F186 Tippu Sultan 1978/94 Ex-Onslow
  • 3 French Eridan Class Mine Hunter vessels
    • M166 Munsif 1989/95 Ex-Sagittaire
    • M167 Muhafiz 1996
    • M168 Mahmood 1997
  • 4+ Jalalat Class Missile Boats
    • P1023 Jurrat 2006
    • P1028 Quwwat 2006
    • P1022 Jalalat 1997
    • P1024 Shujaat 1999
    • P1029 ? ?
    • P1030 ? ?
  • ? Sabqat (Huangfeng) Class Missile Boats - (Possibly Inactive)
    • P1025 Azmat 1984
    • P1026 Deshat 1984
    • P1027 Himmat 1984
  • ? Hegu Class Missile Boats - (Possibly Inactive)
    • P1021 Haibat 1981
  • 1 Larkana Class Patrol GunBoat
    • P157 Larkana 1994
  • 2 Shanghai II Class Patrol GunBoats
    • P145 Pishin 1972
    • P149 Bahawalpur 1976
  • 1 Town Class Patrol GunBoat - (Possibly Inactive)
    • P140 Rajshahi 1966
  • 2 MRTP 15 Fast Patrol Boats
    • P01 ? 2004
    • P02 ? 2004
  • 1 Fuqing Class AOR
    • A47 Nasr 1987
  • 1 Poolster Class AOR
    • A20 Moawin 1964/94 Ex-Poolster
  • 2 Coastal Tankers
    • A49 Gwadar 1984
    • A21 Kalmat 1991
  • 4 Griffon Ambhibious Assault Ships
  • 1 Hydrographic Survey Vessel, SV Behr Paima
    • -- Behr Paima 1982
  • 1 Ex-UK Leander Class Training vessel[11]
    • F262 Zulfiquar 1972/88 Ex-Apollo

The Type 21 frigate or Amazon class frigate was a Royal Navy general-purpose escort designed in the late 1960s, built in the 1970s and that served throughout the 1980s into the 1990s. ... The Céphée The Tripartite class minehunter is a type of minesweeper used by the navies of Belgium, France and the Netherlands, as well as Pakistan and Indonesia. ... The Leander class, informally known as the Type 12M, comprising twenty-six frigates, was arguably the most successful and popular class of frigates in the Royal Navys modern history. ...

Submarines

A total of 5 active diesel electric submarines plus 3 midget submarines, MG110 are in the Naval inventory.[12] These include:

Daphne class submarine Ghazi (S-134)
Daphne class submarine Ghazi (S-134)
  • 3 Agosta-90B class (PNS/M Khalid, PNS/M Saad & PNS/M Hamza)
  • 2 Agosta 70 class (PNS/M Hashmat & PNS/M Hurmat)
  • 4 (Decommissioned) Daphne class (PNS/M Hangor, PNS/M Ghazi 2, PNS/M Mangro & PNS/M Shushuk)

All of the Pakistani SSKs have been equipped with AshMs which can be fired while submerged. The 3 Khalid class boats are capable of firing Exocet AshM, while the older Agostas and Daphnes have been equipped with US Harpoon AshMs. PNS/M Hamza (third Agosta-90B) is equipped with the MESMA Air Independent Propulsion system, PNS/M Khalid and PNS/M Saad will be upgraded with the same MESMA AIP system in the near future. The Pakistan Navy also plans to integrate the Boeing Harpoon Block II on to its Agosta-90Bs; and currently the Agosta-90Bs are capable of firing Blackshark torpedoes. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2770x1870, 2655 KB) A port view of the Pakistani Daphane class submarine GHAZI (S-134) underway. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2770x1870, 2655 KB) A port view of the Pakistani Daphane class submarine GHAZI (S-134) underway. ... Agosta class submarine Agosta 90B class submarines are French attack submarines (SSKs) used by France, Spain, and Pakistan. ... Agosta class submarine Agosta 90B class submarines are French attack submarines (SSKs) used by France, Spain, and Pakistan. ... [[Image:PNS Ghazi 134 DN-SC-92-03633. ... The PNS Hangor was a Pakistani Daphne class submarine, which during the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War sank the Indian frigate INS Khukri. ...


In mid-2006 the Pakistan Navy announced its requirement of three new SSK attack submarines to replace the two Agosta-70 submarines and rebuild its fleet - after retiring the 4 Daphne Class. French naval firm DCN offered its latest export design - the Marlin SSK - which is based off the Scorpene SSK, but also uses technology from the Barracuda nuclear attack submarine. The German firm HDW offered the U-214 SSK. The News, a Pakistani newspaper, has reported that PN officials have entered into negotiations with Germany for the possible acquisition of U-214 submarines. As of April 2007 the PN announced that it will procure four new submarines to replace the decommissioned Daphne Class; the TKMS U214 and DCN Marlin as well as Scorpene are the main contenders. The Type 214 is a diesel-electric submarine developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft GmbH (HDW). ...


Pakistan is also seeking to enhance its strategic strike capability by developing naval variants of the Babur land attack cruise missile (LACM). The Babur LACM has a range of 700 km and is capable of using both conventional and nuclear warheads. Future developments of LACM include capability of being launched from submarines, surface combatants and aircraft.


Frigates

PNS Badr (F184) steams along side USS Tarawa (LHA-1) in November of 2005
PNS Badr (F184) steams along side USS Tarawa (LHA-1) in November of 2005

The Navy's six frigates include six ex-British Amazon class (PNS Babur) ships. These are expected to retire between 2010 and 2020. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x518, 121 KB)051108-N-0716S-002 Persian Gulf (November 8, 2005) - The Pakistani Navy frigate PNS Badr (D 184) steams alongside the amphibious assault ship USS Tarawa (LHA-1) in the Northern Persian Gulf. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x518, 121 KB)051108-N-0716S-002 Persian Gulf (November 8, 2005) - The Pakistani Navy frigate PNS Badr (D 184) steams alongside the amphibious assault ship USS Tarawa (LHA-1) in the Northern Persian Gulf. ... USS Tarawa (LHA-1), nicknamed Eagle of the Sea, is a United States Navy amphibious assault ship, the lead ship of her class, and the second ship to be named for Tarawa Atoll, site of a Marine landing during World War II. The first Tarawa was the USS Tarawa (CV... HMS Amazon (F169) was the first Type 21 frigate of the Royal Navy. ...


In 2005 Pakistan ordered four F-22P light frigates from China in a deal worth $600mn. The first is expected to be commissioned 2009[4] and the remainder by 2013. One of the F-22Ps will be built in the Karachi Shipyard. The F-22P is an improved version of the Type 053H3 Jiangwei II class light frigate, it has a displacement of at least 2500 tons. The first F-22P will be called PNS Zulfiqar, and thus become the Zulfiqar Class. The F-22P is an improved version of the Chinese Type 053H3 frigate currently on order by the Pakistan Navy (PN). ...


According to Janes the Pakistan Navy is expected to place a formal request to the U.S for six Oliver Hazard Perry class frigates to augment its surface fleet. These may replace the Type-21s and act as stop-gaps until new-built frigates and corvettes are commissioned. The weapons and systems on the PN FFG-7 have not yet been disclosed, but they could include the Mk 41 Vertical Launch System for the Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM) as well as Mk 32 torpedo tubes for Mk 46 Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) torpedoes. The USS McInerney (FFG 8), an Oliver Hazard Perry class frigate. ... Categories: Stub ... Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile The Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM) is a development of the Sea Sparrow missile used to protect ships from attacking missiles and aircraft. ... Mark 32 Surface Vessel Torpedo Tubes (SVTT). ... A French Lynx helicopter carrying a mk46 torpedo Designed to attack high-performance submarines, the Mark 46 torpedo is the backbone of the U.S. Navys lightweight ASW torpedo inventory, and is the current NATO standard. ...


According to Janes' IDEAS2004 interview with former Pakistan Navy Chief ex-Admiral Karimullah at least 4 additional new-built frigates will be acquired by the navy. The new frigate will be larger and superior to the F-22P; it will likely have a better air defence system and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capability; and use more advanced sensors, radar and electronics. Kanwa recently reported that the Pakistan Navy has shown recent interest in the Chinese Type 054 frigate. Another potential option could be the TKMS MEKO A-200 frigate. In late 2002 China began construction of a new frigate, the Type 054 (NATO Codename JIANGKAI I). ... Bold textIn shipbuilding, MEKO refers to a family of warships developed by the German company Blohm + Voss. ...


Corvettes & Missile Boats

A hover boat
A hover boat

In a recent interview with the Pakistan Naval Chief of Staff, Admiral Tahir, the Pakistan Navy is considering the purchase of at least four new corvettes; expected displacement range is 1,500 tons to 2000+ tons. According to the Admiral these would also be built in Pakistan alongside the F-22P frigate and three new SSK attack submarines in the Karachi Shipyard. The Navy reportedly expressed interest in the Turkish Milgem corvette project. According to Turkish Press, negotiations for a minimum of four Milgem-class corvettes would begin in April 2007. The deal reportedly involves one Milgem being built in Turkey while the remainder in Pakistan. DCN of France is pitching the Gowind 120 corvette for the PN's requirement, and TKMS of Germany may offer the MEKO A-100. Image File history File linksMetadata Naval_patrol. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Naval_patrol. ... Turkish President Ahmet Necdet Sezer inaugurates the construction of TCG Heybeliada Rendering of Milgem Rendering of Milgem Model of Milgem Technical specifications Main systems used on Milgem Milgem, from the Turkish words Milli Gemi (National Ship), is the name of the Turkish corvette program; the purpose of which is to... Bold textIn shipbuilding, MEKO refers to a family of warships developed by the German company Blohm + Voss. ...


The Pakistan Navy operates four Jalalat class 200 ton missile boats each armed with 4 Chinese C-802 anti-ship missiles. The Jalalat II Class were locally produced using a German design. In November 2006 the Pakistan Navy ordered two MRTP-33 missile boats from Turkey - the first to be delivered in 2008. The Navy has an overall requirement of eight MRTP-33s. The Yingji-82 or YJ-82 (Chinese: 鹰击-82, literally Eagle Strike; NATO reporting name: CSS-N-8 Saccade) is a Chinese anti-ship missile first unveiled in 1989 by the China Haiying Electro-Mechanical Technology Academy (CHETA), also known as the Third Academy. ... Image:RBS-15 missile launch. ...


Aviation

The Pakistan Navy Aviation wing is quite small compared to the Pakistan Army Aviation, but despite its size it has a potent fleet which is continuously advancing in offensive and defensive warfare. Currently the PN Aviation Force consists of:

The Pakistan Navy ordered six (6) Chinese Z-9EC Anti-Ship/Anti-Submarine/Transport Helicopters. Eight (8) P-3C Orion Surveillance/Anti-Submarine Warfare Aircraft were also ordered (and two delivered) to replace the ageing Fokker and Atlantique aircraft. In December 2006 the U.S State Department notified U.S Congress about a possible sale of another three P-3 Orions to the Pakistan Navy, but equipped with the Hawkeye 2000 AEW&C system. The Westland Lynx is a helicopter designed by Westland and built at Westlands factory in Yeovil, first flying on 21 March 1971 as the Westland WG.13. ... For the original Viking use of the name, see Sea-King. ... It has been suggested that IAR 316 be merged into this article or section. ... The Lockheed SR-71 was remarkably advanced for its time and remains unsurpassed in many areas of performance. ... The Lockheed P-3 Orion is a patrol aircraft of the United States military used primarily for anti-submarine warfare. ... The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner designed and built by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker. ... The Breguet Atlantic (Breguet 1150 Atlantique) is a Long-distance Reconnaissance airplane, primarily designed for use over open Sea. ... The Dassault Mirage 5 is a supersonic fighter aircraft designed in France by Dassault Aviation during the 1960s, and manufactured both in France and a number of other countries. ...


Future acquisitions include:

  • At least 6 new helicopters to replace the Westland Seaking Mk45.
  • At least 8 new helicopters to replace the Aerospatiale SA-319B Alouette III
  • Induction of one fighter squadron by 2009.

Others

The Pakistan Navy has one Poolster Class AOR and one Fuqing Class AOR auxiliary tankers as well as two Gwadar class coastal tankers. Three Eridan Class mine hunters are also in service with the PN; plans for additional mine hunters are underway.


The Navy plans to procure a single replenishment tanker as well as up to two mine countermeasure vessels.


Conclusion

Pakistan has always relied on stealth and prides itself on its submarines. However, the financial crunch and the Pressler Amendment has hindered its ability to match the growing military capability of its neighbour, India. Since the late 1990s, Pakistan stepped up its efforts to modernize its navy's surface, submerged, and aerial fleet, as well as weapons inventory of various missiles, torpedoes, etc. For other uses, see Submarine (disambiguation). ...


See also

Bahria University (Urdu: بحریہ یونیورسٹی) is a multi-campus university, with its headquarter in Islamabad, Pakistan. ... Military manpower Military age 16 years of age Availability 39,028,014 (2005) Males ages 16-49 Reaching military age males: 1,969,055 (2005) Active troops 620,000 (Ranked 7th) Military expenditures Dollar figure $3. ... This is a list of navies, present and historical. ... PNS Ghazi, the flagship submarine of Pakistan Navy until it was sunk in 1971. ... Behr Paima is a hydrographic-cum-oceanographic survey and Research vessel of Pakistan. ... Admiral Mansoor-ul-Haq (Urdu: امیر البحر منصور الحق) is a former head of Pakistan Navy. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Maritime Awareness and Pakistan Navy. Defence Notes by Commander (Retd) Muhammad Azam Khan. Retrieved on May 16, 2005.
  2. ^ Utilisation of Pakistan merchant ships seized during the 1971 war
  3. ^ DAMAGE ASSESMENT - 1971 INDO-PAK NAVAL WAR. B. Harry. Retrieved on May 16, 2005.
  4. ^ a b Military Losses in the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War. Venik. Retrieved on May 30, 2005.
  5. ^ Tariq Ali (1983). Can Pakistan Survive? The Death of a State. Penguin Books Ltd. ISBN 0-14-022401-7. 
  6. ^ South Asia's Nuclear Security Dilemma: India, Pakistan, and China By Lowell Dittmer, pp 77
  7. ^ Official Website - Frigates
  8. ^ PakDef - Patrol Craft
  9. ^ Official Website - Missile Boats
  10. ^ Globalsecurity.org
  11. ^ Orbat.com
  12. ^ Anon. (14 April,2007) Pakistan Navy. Pakistan Navy website.

References

  • Orbat. Naval and Maritime Security Agency Warship Names 1947-2005. Retrieved on June 22, 2005.

External links



Tariq Ali Tariq Ali (Urdu: طارق علی) (born October 21, 1943) is a British-Pakistani writer and filmmaker [1]. He is a member of the editorial committee of the New Left Review, and regularly contributes to The Guardian, Counterpunch, and the London Review of Books, He is the author of Pirates Of...

 
Military of Pakistan
Pakistan Army | Pakistan Navy | Pakistan Air Force

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