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Encyclopedia > Pakeha Maori

Pākehā Māori is a term used to describe some early European settlers in New Zealand (known as Pākehā in the Māori Language) who lived among the Māori. Some, the Māori kept as slaves, but others settled in Māori communities by choice. Among these, many were runaway seamen and escaped convicts. They were often welcomed by the Māori and took wives and were treated as Māori. Some even received the moko or facial tattoo. Some even achieved a degree of prestige among the Māori and fought in battle with their adopted tribe in the Māori Wars, sometimes even against European soldiers.

The early settler Frederick Edward Maning published two books under the pseudonym Pakeha Māori.


  • Pakeha Maori: The extraordinary story of the Europeans who lived as Maori in early New Zealand by Trevor Bentley; published 1999 ISBN 0-14-028540-7

  Results from FactBites:
Pakeha, its origin and meaning (2119 words)
In 1960, The Fern and the Tiki (Ausubel, 1960, glossary) defined Maori as "the indigenous Polynesian inhabitant of New Zealand".
The Maori used the word to describe themselves, as opposed to the ‘different’, European settlers, during the nineteenth century, and the Europeans in turn adopted it.
Pakeha is not an ethnicity but rather a way to differentiate between the historical origins of our settlers, the Polynesians and the Europeans, the Maori and the other.
MAORI CULTURE (5466 words)
Maori thinking is quite opposite to pakeha (Maori for European New Zealanders) thinking, in that they tend to go outwards and understand something holistically, and this includes their own identity.
Maori do not normally seek "self-actualization" or to become self-directed and relying only on themselves to find solutions within, they are a social people and tend to perceive their identity as part of a group/tribe.
Maori, often referred to the sovereignty they wished to retain as the ‘mana of the land’, began to ask more searching questions about the power and authority that could be exercised by chiefs and government...A new dimension developed as the colony moved towards self government.
  More results at FactBites »



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