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Encyclopedia > Painting
The Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizable artistic paintings in the Western world.
The Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizable artistic paintings in the Western world.

Painting, meant literally, is the practice of applying color to a surface (support) such as paper, canvas, wood, glass, lacquer or concrete. However, when used in an artistic sense, the term "painting" means the use of this activity in combination with drawing, composition and other aesthetic considerations in order to manifest the expressive and conceptual intention of the practitioner. Painting is most likely to refer to the artistic process of painting Painting may also refer to: The computer graphics program Corel Painter Building painting: painter and decorator For additional information go to: Western painting and History of painting. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (560x864, 45 KB) MONA LISA 1509 Subject: The Mona Lisa Source: [1] File links The following pages link to this file: Painting Mona Lisa Talk:Mona Lisa Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/August Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/August 22 Talk:August 22 Wikipedia:Selected... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (560x864, 45 KB) MONA LISA 1509 Subject: The Mona Lisa Source: [1] File links The following pages link to this file: Painting Mona Lisa Talk:Mona Lisa Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/August Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/August 22 Talk:August 22 Wikipedia:Selected... For other uses, see Mona Lisa (disambiguation). ... Occident redirects here. ... Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... An open surface with X-, Y-, and Z-contours shown. ... For other uses, see Paper (disambiguation). ... Look up Canvas in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... This article is about the material. ... In a general sense, lacquer is a clear or coloured coating, that dries by solvent evaporation only and that produces a hard, durable finish that can be polished to a very high gloss, and gives the illusion of depth. ... For scale drawings or plans, see Plans (drawings). ... Composition is the plan, placement or arrangement of the elements of art in a work. ...


Painting is used as a mode of representing, documenting and expressing all the varied intents and subjects that are as numerous as there are practitioners of the craft. Paintings can be naturalistic and representational (as in a still life or landscape painting), photographic, abstract, be loaded with narrative content, symbolism, emotion or be political in nature. A large portion of the history of painting is dominated by spiritual motifs and ideas; sites of this kind of painting range from artwork depicting mythological figures on pottery to biblical scenes rendered on the interior walls and ceiling of The Sistine Chapel to depictions of the human body itself as a spiritual subject. A still life is a work of art which represents a subject composed of inanimate objects. ... Landscape art depicts scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests. ... Photography [fәtɑgrәfi:],[foʊtɑgrәfi:] is the process of recording pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium, such as a film or electronic sensor. ... Kazimir Malevich, Black square 1915 Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational way. ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ... For other uses, see Mythology (disambiguation). ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... The Sistine Chapel (Italian: ) is a chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope, in the Vatican City. ...

Contents

Overview

For additional information go to: Western painting and History of painting. See also Western art, History of painting, History of art, Art history, Painting, Outline of painting history Jan Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring, known as the Mona Lisa of the North 1665-1667 Édouard Manet, The Balcony 1868 The history of Western painting represents a continuous, though disrupted, tradition... // The history of painting reaches back in time to artifacts from pre-historic humans, and spans all cultures. ...

Portrait of the Chinese Zen Buddhist Wuzhun Shifan, painted in 1238 AD, Song Dynasty.
Portrait of the Chinese Zen Buddhist Wuzhun Shifan, painted in 1238 AD, Song Dynasty.

What enables painting is the perception and representation of intensity. Every point in space has different intensity, which can be represented in painting by black and white and all the gray shades between. In practice, painters can articulate shapes by juxtaposing surfaces of different intensity; by using just color (of the same intensity) one can only represent symbolic shapes. Thus, the basic means of painting are distinct from ideological means, such as geometrical figures, various points of view and organization (perspective), and symbols. For example, a painter perceives that a particular white wall has different intensity at each point, due to shades and reflections from nearby objects, but ideally, a white wall is still a white wall in pitch darkness. In technical drawing, thickness of line is also ideal, demarcating ideal outlines of an object within a perceptual frame different from the one used by painters. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x1937, 272 KB) Description: Title: de: Porträt des Chan-Meisters Wu-chun Technique: de: Tusche und Farben auf Seide Dimensions: Country of origin: de: China Current location (city): de: Kyoto Current location (gallery): de: Tofukuji Other notes: de: Detail... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x1937, 272 KB) Description: Title: de: Porträt des Chan-Meisters Wu-chun Technique: de: Tusche und Farben auf Seide Dimensions: Country of origin: de: China Current location (city): de: Kyoto Current location (gallery): de: Tofukuji Other notes: de: Detail... For other uses, see Zen (disambiguation). ... Portrait of Zen master Wuzhun Shifan, painted in 1238 AD, Song Dynasty. ... Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Bianjing (汴京) (960–1127) Linan (臨安) (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960–976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... For other uses, see Geometry (disambiguation). ... A cube in two-point perspective. ... Platonic idealism is the theory that the substantive reality around us is only a reflection of a higher truth. ...


Color and tone are the essence of painting as pitch and rhythm are of music. Color is highly subjective, but has observable psychological effects, although these can differ from one culture to the next. Black is associated with mourning in the West, but in the East, white is. Some painters, theoreticians, writers and scientists, including Goethe, Kandinsky, Newton, have written their own color theory. Moreover the use of language is only a generalisation for a color equivalent. The word "red", for example, can cover a wide range of variations on the pure red of the visible spectrum of light. There is not a formalized register of different colors in the way that there is agreement on different notes in music, such as C or C# in music, although the Pantone system is widely used in the commercial printing and graphic design industry for this purpose. Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... Pitch is the perceived fundamental frequency of a sound. ... For the popular Tamil film, see Rhythm (film). ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Johann Wolfgang Goethe  , IPA: , later von Goethe, (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German polymath: he was a poet, novelist, dramatist, humanist, scientist, theorist, painter, and for ten years chief minister of state for the duchy of Weimar. ... Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name pronounced as [vassi:li]) (December 16 [O.S. December 4] 1866 – December 13, 1944) was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist. ... Sir Isaac Newton FRS (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727) [ OS: 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727][1] was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, and alchemist. ... In the arts of painting, graphic design, and photography, color theory is a body of practical guidance to color mixing and the visual impact of specific color combinations. ... For other uses, see Red (disambiguation). ... Visible light redirects here. ... Look up C, c in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up C, c in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the record label, see Pantone Music. ... For other uses, see Print. ... Graphics are often utilitarian and anonymous,[1] as these pictographs from the US National Park Service illustrate. ...


For a painter, color is not simply divided into basic and derived (complementary or mixed) colors (like, red, blue, green, brown, etc.). Painters deal practically with pigments, so "blue" for a painter can be any of the blues: phtalocyan, Paris blue, indigo, cobalt, ultramarine, and so on. Psychological, symbolical meanings of color are not strictly speaking means of painting. Colors only add to the potential, derived context of meanings, and because of this the perception of a painting is highly subjective. The analogy with music is quite clear - tones in music (like "C") are analogous to "shades" in painting, and coloration in painting is the same as the specific color of certain instrument - these do not form a melody, but can add different contexts to it.


Rhythm is important in painting as well as in music. Rhythm is basically a pause incorporated into a body (sequence). This pause allows creative force to intervene and add new creations - form, melody, coloration. The distribution of form, or any kind of information is of crucial importance in the given work of art and it directly affects the esthetical value of that work. This is because the esthetical value is functionality dependent, i.e. the freedom (of movement) of perception is perceived as beauty. Free flow of energy, in art as well as in other forms of "techne", directly contributes to the esthetical value.


Modern artists have extended the practice of painting considerably to include, for example, collage, which began with Cubism and is not painting in the strict sense. Some modern painters incorporate different materials such as sand, cement, straw or wood for their texture. Examples of this are the works of Jean Dubuffet and Anselm Kiefer. (There is a growing community of artists who use computers to literally paint color onto a digital canvas using programs such as Photoshop, Painter, and many others. These images can be printed onto traditional canvas if required.) For other uses, see Collage (disambiguation). ... Pablo Picasso, Le guitariste, 1910 Juan Gris, Portrait of Picasso, 1912, oil on canvas Georges BraqueWoman with a guitar, 1913 Juan Gris, Still Life with Fruit Dish and Mandolin, 1919, oil on canvas Cubist villa in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist House of the Black Madonna, Prague, Czech Republic, 1912 Cubism... For other uses, see Sand (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cement (disambiguation). ... Bales of straw bundles of rice straw Pile of straw bales, sheltered under a tarpaulin Straw is an agricultural byproduct, the dry stalk of a cereal plant, after the nutrient grain or seed has been removed. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Texture in a painting is the feel of the canvas based on the paint used and its method of application. ... Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (July 31, 1901 - May 12, 1985) was one of the most famous French painters and sculptors of the second half of the 20th century. ... This article should be translated from material at de:Anselm Kiefer. ...


In 1829, the first photograph was produced. From the mid to late 19th century, photographic processes improved and, as it became more widespread, painting lost much of its historic purpose to provide an accurate record of the observable world. There began a series of art movements into the 20th century where the Renaissance view of the world was steadily eroded, through Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism and Dadaism. Eastern and African painting, however, continued a long history of stylization and did not undergo an equivalent transformation at the same time. For other uses, see Photograph (disambiguation). ... Photography [fәtɑgrәfi:],[foʊtɑgrәfi:] is the process of recording pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium, such as a film or electronic sensor. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... This article is about the art movement. ... Self-Portrait with sister, by Victor Borisov-Musatov 1898 Post-Impressionism is the term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1914, to describe the development of European art since Monet (Impressionism). ... Henri Matisse, Portrait of Madame Matisse (The green line), 1905, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark Henri Matisse, La Danse (second version), 1909 Hermitage Museum, St. ... The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) which inspired 20th century Expressionists Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc Elbe Bridge I by Rolf Nesch On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ... Pablo Picasso, Le guitariste, 1910 Juan Gris, Portrait of Picasso, 1912, oil on canvas Georges BraqueWoman with a guitar, 1913 Juan Gris, Still Life with Fruit Dish and Mandolin, 1919, oil on canvas Cubist villa in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist House of the Black Madonna, Prague, Czech Republic, 1912 Cubism... DaDa is a concept album by Alice Cooper, released in 1983. ...


Modern and Contemporary Art has moved away from the historic value of craft and documentation in favour of concept; this has led some to say that painting, as a serious art form, is dead, although this has not deterred the majority of artists from continuing to practise it either as whole or part of their work. Dejeuner sur lHerbe by Pablo Picasso At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892 The Scream by Edvard Munch, 1893 I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911 Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917 Campbells Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... For other uses, see Concept (disambiguation). ...


Recently, painting has been used in paint-on-glass animation. Aleksandr Petrovs 1999 The Old Man and the Sea (Academy Award for Animated Short Film) Paint-on-glass animation is a technique for making animated films by manipulating slow-drying oil paints on sheets of glass. ...


History of painting

Main article: History of painting

The oldest known paintings are at the Grotte Chauvet in France, claimed by some historians to be about 32,000 years old. They are engraved and painted using red ochre and black pigment and show horses, rhinoceros, lions, buffalo, mammoth or humans often hunting. There are examples of cave paintings all over the world—in France, Spain, Portugal, China, Australia, etc. // The history of painting reaches back in time to artifacts from pre-historic humans, and spans all cultures. ... The Chauvet Cave or Chauvet-Pont-dArc Cave is a cave located near Vallon-Pont-dArc, in the Ardèche département, in southern France. ... Red ochre and yellow ochre (pronounced //, from the Greek ochros, yellow) are pigments made from naturally tinted clay. ... Cave or Rock Paintings are paintings on cave or rock walls and ceilings, usually dating to prehistoric times. ...


In Western cultures oil painting and watercolor painting are the best known media, with rich and complex traditions in style and subject matter. In the East, ink and color ink historical predominated the choice of media with equally rich and complex traditions. Mona Lisa, Oil on wood panel painting by Leonardo da Vinci. ... Watercolor is a painting technique making use of water-soluble pigments that are either transparent or opaque and are formulated with gum to bond the pigment to the paper. ...


Aesthetics and theory of painting

Apelles or the Art of painting (detail), relief of the Giotto's Belltower in Florence, Italy, Nino Pisano, 1334-1336
Apelles or the Art of painting (detail), relief of the Giotto's Belltower in Florence, Italy, Nino Pisano, 1334-1336

Aesthetics tries to be the "science of beauty" and it was an important issue for such 18th and 19th century philosophers as Kant or Hegel. Classical philosophers like Plato and Aristotle also theorized about art and painting in particular; Plato disregarded painters (as well as sculptors) in his philosophical system; he maintained that painting cannot depict the truth—it is a copy of reality (a shadow of the world of ideas) and is nothing but a craft, similar to shoemaking or iron casting. Leonardo Da Vinci, on the contrary, said that "Pittura est cousa mentale" (painting is an intellectual thing). Kant distinguished between Beauty and the Sublime, in terms that clearly gave priority to the former. Although he did not refer particularly to painting, this concept was taken up by painters such as Turner and Caspar David Friedrich. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 981 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 981 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Giottos bell tower seen from the top of the Duomo. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... Euclid, panel from Giottos Bell Tower, now in the Museo dellOpera del Duomo of Florence. ... Events Births January 4 - Amadeus VI of Savoy, Count of Savoy (died 1383) January 13 - King Henry II of Castile (died 1379) May 25 - Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders (died 1398) August 30 - King Peter I of Castile (died 1369) James I of Cyprus (died... Events End of the Kemmu restoration and beginning of the Muromachi period in Japan. ... The Parthenons facade showing an interpretation of golden rectangles in its proportions. ... For beauty as a characteristic of a persons appearance, see Physical attractiveness. ... Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant (April 22, 1724 – February 12, 1804) was a Prussian philosopher, generally regarded as one of Europes most influential thinkers and the last major philosopher of the Enlightenment. ... Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (August 27, 1770 - November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher born in Stuttgart, Württemberg, in present-day southwest Germany. ... For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Aristotle (disambiguation). ... Time Saving Truth from Falsehood and Envy, François Lemoyne, 1737 For other uses, see Truth (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Craft (disambiguation). ... “Da Vinci” redirects here. ... For beauty as a characteristic of a persons appearance, see Physical attractiveness. ... In aesthetics, the sublime (from the Latin sublimis (exalted)) is the quality of transcendent greatness, whether physical, moral, intellectual or artistic. ... J. M. W. Turner, English landscape painter The fighting Temeraire tugged to her last berth to be broken up, painted 1839. ... Self-portrait in chalk, 1810 by fellow artist Georg Friedrich Kersting, 1812 Caspar David Friedrich (September 5, 1774 – May 7, 1840) was a 19th century German romantic painter, considered by many critics to be one of the finest representatives of the movement. ...


Hegel recognized the failure of attaining a universal concept of beauty and in his aesthetic essay wrote that Painting is one of the three "romantic" arts, along with Poetry and Music for its symbolic, highly intellectual purpose. Painters who have written theoretical works on painting include Kandinsky and Paul Klee. Kandinsky in his essay maintains that painting has a spiritual value, and he attaches primary colors to essential feelings or concepts, something that Goethe and other writers had already tried to do. This article is about the art form. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... On White II (Kandinsky 1923) Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name sometimes spelled as Vasily, Vassily or Vasilii) (December 16, 1866 - December 13, 1944) was a Russian-born painter and art theorist. ... “Klee” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Essay (disambiguation). ... This article is about the book. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (pronounced [gø tə]) (August 28, 1749–March 22, 1832) was a German writer, politician, humanist, scientist, and philosopher. ...


Iconography has also something to say about painting. The creator of this discipline, Erwin Panofsky, tries to analyse visual symbols in their cultural, religious, social and philosophical depth to attain a better comprehension of mankind's symbolic activity. Look up Iconography in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Erwin Panofsky (1892-1968) was a German art historian and essayist often credited with the founding of the academic iconography. ...


Beauty, however, a concept to which painting is essentially linked, cannot be defined as an objective matter, purpose or idea. Much aesthetics and theory of art is connected with painting. For other uses of objectivity, see objectivity (disambiguation). ...


In 1890, the Parisian painter Maurice Denis famously asserted: "Remember that a painting – before being a warhorse, a naked woman or some story or other – is essentially a flat surface covered with colors assembled in a certain order." Thus, many twentieth century developments in painting, such as Cubism, were reflections on the means of painting rather than on the external world, nature, which had previously been its core subject. Maurice Denis (November 25, 1870 – November 1943) was a French painter and writer and a member of the Symbolist and Les Nabis movements. ... Pablo Picasso, Le guitariste, 1910 Juan Gris, Portrait of Picasso, 1912, oil on canvas Georges BraqueWoman with a guitar, 1913 Juan Gris, Still Life with Fruit Dish and Mandolin, 1919, oil on canvas Cubist villa in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist House of the Black Madonna, Prague, Czech Republic, 1912 Cubism... This article is about the physical universe. ...


Julian Bell (1908-37), a painter himself, examines in his book What is Painting? the historical development of the notion that paintings can express feelings and ideas: Julian Heward Bell (February 4, 1908 – July 18, 1937) was an English poet, and the son of Clive and Vanessa Bell. ...

"Let us be brutal: expression is a joke. Your painting expresses – for you; but it does not communicate to me. You had something in mind, something you wanted to ‘bring out’; but looking at what you have done, I have no certainty that I know what it was...."

Painting media

Different types of paint are usually identified by the medium that the pigment is suspended or embedded in, which determines the general working characteristics of the paint, such as viscosity, miscibility, solubility, drying time, etc. For other uses, see Viscosity (disambiguation). ... Miscibility is the ability of two or more substances to mix, and form a single homogeneous phase. ... Solubility is a chemical property referring to the ability for a given substance, the solute, to dissolve in a solvent. ...


Examples include:

A Bigger Splash, 1967. ... Encaustic painting, also called hot wax painting, involves using heated beeswax to which colored pigments are added. ... For other uses, see Fresco (disambiguation). ... Corridor in the Asylum, black chalk and gouache on pink paper by Van Gogh Gouache (from the Italian guazzo, water paint, splash) or Bodycolour (or Bodycolor, the terms preferred by Art historians) is a type of paint consisting of pigment suspended in water. ... For other uses, see Ink (disambiguation). ... Mona Lisa, Oil on wood panel painting by Leonardo da Vinci. ... Water miscible oil paint (also called water soluble or water-mixable) is a modern variety of oil paint which is engineered to be thinned and cleaned up with water, rather than having to use chemicals such as turpentine. ... Pastel is an art medium in the form of a stick, consisting of pure powdered pigment and a binder. ... Oil pastel (also called wax oil crayon) is a painting and drawing medium with characteristics similar to pastels and wax crayons. ... Spray painting is painting using a device that sprays the paint. ... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... A 1367 tempera on wood by Niccolò Semitecolo. ... Watercolor is a painting technique making use of water-soluble pigments that are either transparent or opaque and are formulated with gum to bond the pigment to the paper. ...

Painting styles

Main article: Painting style
The Painter at His Easel, an oil painting by Honoré Daumier.
The Painter at His Easel, an oil painting by Honoré Daumier.

'Style' is used in two senses: It can refer to the distinctive visual elements, techniques and methods that typify an individual artist's work. It can also refer to the movement or school that an artist is associated with. This can stem from an actual group that the artist was consciously involved with or it can be a category in which art historians have placed the painter. The word 'style' in the latter sense has fallen out of favour in academic discussions about contemporary painting, though it continues to be used in popular contexts. In art and painting, a style can refer to either the aesthetic values that are followed in the process of choosing what to paint (and how) or to the actual physical techniques that the artist uses in order to produce the painting. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 452 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2024 × 2686 pixel, file size: 642 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 452 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2024 × 2686 pixel, file size: 642 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Honoré Daumier (portrait by Nadar). ... An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, or, at least, with the heyday of the movement more or less strictly so restricted (usually a few months, years or...

Kazimir Malevich, Black square 1915 Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational way. ... Jackson Pollock, No. ... Adolf W lflis Irren-Anstalt Band-Hain, 1910 Outsider Art was a term coined by art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for Art Brut, a term created by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art created by people well outside the boundaries of official art... Asheville City Hall. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Egyptian Cobra, Naga haje This article is about snakes. ... Color Field is an art movement characterized by canvases being covered entirely by large fields of solid color. ... Tatlin Tower. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Pablo Picasso, Le guitariste, 1910 Juan Gris, Portrait of Picasso, 1912, oil on canvas Georges BraqueWoman with a guitar, 1913 Juan Gris, Still Life with Fruit Dish and Mandolin, 1919, oil on canvas Cubist villa in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist House of the Black Madonna, Prague, Czech Republic, 1912 Cubism... The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) which inspired 20th century Expressionists Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc Elbe Bridge I by Rolf Nesch On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ... Henri Matisse, Portrait of Madame Matisse (The green line), 1905, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark Henri Matisse, La Danse (second version), 1909 Hermitage Museum, St. ... The “Figuration Libre” is an artistic movement of the beginning of the years 1980, appeared in a context of “serious” art, minimalist and conceptual. ... Fingerpaint is a kind of paint intended to be applied with the fingers; it typically comes in pots and is used by small children, though it has very occasionally been used by adults either to teach art to children, or for their own independent use (As in Farrah Fawcetts... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... Hard-edge is a painting style that uses very straight and clean linear patterns and/or lines to create a 3-D effect on a 2-D surface. ... This article is about the art movement. ... Lyrical Abstraction is an important American abstract art movement that emerged in New York City, Los Angeles, Washington DC and then Toronto and London during the 1960s - 1970s. ... In Parmigianinos Madonna with the Long Neck (1534-40), Mannerism makes itself known by elongated proportions, affected poses, and unclear perspective. ... For other uses, see Minimalism (disambiguation). ... For Christian theological modernism, see Liberal Christianity and Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ... Example of Henri Rousseaus work: The Repast of the Lion, circa 1907 Naïve art is created by untrained artists. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... Op art is a term used to described certain paintings made primarily in the 1960s which exploit the fallibilty of the eye through the use of optical illusions. ... For the book by Edward Said, see Orientalism (book). ... Orphism or Orphic cubism, is a term coined in 1912 France by the poet Guillaume Apollinaire. ... Adolf Wölflis Irren-Anstalt Band-Hain, 1910 The term Outsider Art was coined by art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for Art Brut (which literally translates as Raw Art or Rough Art), a label created by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art created... Painterly is a literal translation of German Mälerisch, hence malerisch, one of the opposed categories popularized by the art historian Heinrich Wölfflin (1864 - 1945) in order to help focus, enrich and standardize the terms being used by art historians of his time to characterize works of art. ... This article is about the artistic movement. ... Pluralism is used, often in different ways, across a wide range of topics: In science, the concept often describes the view that several methods, theories or points of view are legitimate or plausible, see Scientific pluralism. ... Detail from Seurats La Parade (1889), showing the contrasting dots of paint used in pointillism. ... Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? (1956) is one of the earliest works to be considered pop art. ... Postmodern art is a term used to describe art which is thought to be in contradiction to some aspect of modernism, or to have emerged or developed in its aftermath. ... Post-painterly Abstraction is a term created by art critic, Clement Greenberg in the 1960s to distinguish his idea of pure art from the Abstract Expressionism movement of about the same time. ... Naïve art is a term that is usually applied to the work of untrained painters; it presumes the existence of an academy and of a generally accepted educated manner of painting. ... For other uses, see Realism (disambiguation). ... Romantics redirects here. ... Romantic Realism is an aesthetic term that usually refers to art that deals with the themes of volition and value while also acknowledging objective reality and the importance of technique. ... Roses for Stalin, Boris Vladimirski, 1949 For other meanings of the term realism, see realism (disambiguation). ... The logo on the Stuckism International web site Stuckism is an art movement that was founded in 1999 in Britain by Billy Childish and Charles Thomson to promote figurative painting in opposition to conceptual art. ... Max Ernst. ... Tachisme (alternative spelling: Tachism, derived from the French word tache - stain) was a French style of abstract painting in the 1940s and 1950s. ...

Common painting idioms

Painting idioms include:

Some other painting terms are: Altarpiece, Broken Color, Cartoon, Chiaroscuro, Composition, Drybrush, Easel Picture, Foreshortening, Genre, Halo, Highlights, History painting, Imprimatura, Landscape, Madonna, Maulstick, Miniature, Mural Painting, Palette, Panel Painting, Perspective, Pietá, Plein Air, Portrait, Sfumato, Stippling, Technique, Trompe l'oeil, Underpainting, Varnish, Wet-on-wet and Four-dimensional painting. Allegory of Music by Filippino Lippi. ... In fine art painting, The term Bodegon has two meanings. ... Body art by Youri Messen-Jaschin Face Painter redirects here. ... Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ... Sitting nude (1993) oil on canvas by Frans Koppelaar Figure painting is a form of the visual arts in which the artist uses a live model as the subject matter of a two-dimensional piece of artwork using paint as the medium. ... Illustration by Jessie Willcox Smith. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see Portrait (disambiguation). ... A still life is a work of art which represents a subject composed of inanimate objects. ... The River Thames from Somerset House: a classic veduta by Canaletto, 1747. ... The Annunciation Triptych is an altarpiece, ca. ... For other uses, see Cartoon (disambiguation). ... For other use of the term, see Chiaroscuro (disambiguation). ... Composition is the plan, placement or arrangement of the elements of art in a work. ... An example of the drybrush technique using black acrylic paint on illustration board. ... Two examples of H-frame easels. ... Foreshortening refers to the visual effect or optical illusion that an object or distance is shorter than it actually is because it is angled toward the viewer. ... A genre [], (French: kind or sort from Greek: γένος (genos)) is a loose set of criteria for a category of literary composition; the term is also used for any other form of art or utterance. ... It has been suggested that Moon dog be merged into this article or section. ... Highlights for Children is an American childrens magazine. ... Categories: Art stubs | Painting ... Imprimatura is a term used in painting, meaning an initial stain of color painted on a ground. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... See also Mary (mother of Jesus) Andrey Rublevs Virgin of Vladimir, 1410(?). Madonna is a medieval Italian term for a noble or otherwise important woman. ... This painting by Adriaen van Ostade shows a maulstick in use in the artists studio A maulstick, or mahlstick, is a stick with a soft leather or padded head, used by painters to support the hand that holds the brush. ... Look up miniature in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Salle des illustres, ceiling painting, by Jean André Rixens. ... An artists palette A palette is: A thin board that a painter holds and mixes colour pigments on. ... The Ghent Altarpiece: The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb, interior view, 1432. ... A cube in two-point perspective. ... This article is about a form of art. ... Plein air is French for outdoors or outside, open air and is a term applied to painting outside, transfer to a picture of all riches of changes of the color caused by influence of a sunlight and the surrounding atmosphere. ... For other uses, see Portrait (disambiguation). ... Detail of the face of Mona Lisa showing the use of sfumato, particularly in the shading around the eyes. ... An example of stippling in a biological illustration. ... [[: Le Image:Mural de Narbonne. ... In art, an underpainting is an initial layer of paint applied to a ground, which serves as a base for subsequent layers of paint. ... Varnish is a transparent, hard, protective finish or film primarily used in wood finishing but also for other materials. ... Wet-on-wet is a painting technique that is well-known as being the primary method of painting used by Bob Ross. ... Four-dimensional painting is a theoretical type of painting proposed by Joan Mir and others in which painting would transcend its two-dimensionality and even the three-dimensionality of sculpture. ...


See also

For a more comprehensive list, see the List of painting topics. ... // The history of painting reaches back in time to artifacts from pre-historic humans, and spans all cultures. ... The following list is an incomplete list of painters. ... Portrait painting is a genre in painting, where the intent is to depict the visual appearance of the subject, mostly a person, whereas the portrait is expected to show the essence of the subject. ... Mona Lisa, Oil on wood panel painting by Leonardo da Vinci. ... Watercolor (watercolour in the UK and aquarelle in France) designates a painting method, the medium, or the resulting artwork, in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in a water soluble vehicle. ... A Bigger Splash, 1967. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Painting. ... See also Western art, History of painting, History of art, Art history, Painting, Outline of painting history Jan Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring, known as the Mona Lisa of the North 1665-1667 Édouard Manet, The Balcony 1868 The history of Western painting represents a continuous, though disrupted, tradition...

Notes

Bibliography

Late statue of Leon Battista Alberti. ...

External links

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Paintings
Look up painting in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Painting - MSN Encarta (636 words)
Painting, branch of the visual arts in which color, derived from any of numerous organic or synthetic substances, is applied to various surfaces to create a representational or abstract picture or design.
Oil painting, which largely supplanted the use of fresco and tempera during the Renaissance, was traditionally thought to have been developed in the late Middle Ages by the Flemish brothers Jan van Eyck and Hubert van Eyck; it is now believed to have been invented much earlier.
In a cave painting at Lascaux, France, for example, a man is depicted among the animals, and several dark dots are included; the purpose of the design remains obscure, but shows the cave dwellers' ability to record their thoughts with images, signs, and symbols.
Painting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4004 words)
Painting taken literally is the practice of applying pigment suspended in a carrier (or medium) and a binding agent (a glue) to a surface (support) such as paper, canvas or a wall.
Caravaggio is an heir of the humanist painting of the Renaissance.
Mughal painting is a particular style of Indian painting, generally confined to illustrations on the book and done in miniatures, and which emerged, developed and took shape during the period of the Mughal Empire 16th -19th centuries).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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