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Encyclopedia > Paint (software)
Paint

Paint in Windows Vista
Developed by Microsoft
Latest release 6.0.6001 / February 4, 2008
OS Microsoft Windows
Genre Graphics software
License Proprietary software
Website Windows Vista Help: Using Paint

Paint (formerly Paintbrush for Windows) is a simple graphics painting program that has been included with almost all versions of Microsoft Windows since its first release. It is often referred to as MS Paint or Microsoft Paint. The program opens and saves files as Windows bitmap (24-bit, 256 color, 16 color, and monochrome, all with the .bmp extension), JPEG, GIF (without animation or transparency, although the Windows 98 version and a Windows 95 upgrade did support the latter), PNG (without alpha channel), and TIFF (without the multiple pages). The program can be in color mode or two-color black-and-white, but there is no grayscale mode. For its simplicity, it rapidly became one of the most used applications in the early versions of Windows -- introducing many to painting on a computer for the first time -- and still has strong associations with the immediate usability of the old Windows workspace. Image File history File links Paint_Vista. ... Windows Vista (pronounced ) is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... For other uses, see Software developer (disambiguation). ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Code complete redirects here. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... An operating system (OS) is a software that manages computer resources and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... Windows redirects here. ... In computer graphics, graphics software or image editing software is a program or collection of programs that enable a person to manipulate visual images on a computer. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... Proprietary software is software with restrictions on copying and modifying as enforced by the proprietor. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... This article is about the scientific discipline of computer graphics. ... Windows redirects here. ... DIB redirects here. ... A photograph of a sign in grayscale The same photograph in black and white Monochrome comes from the two Greek words mono (μωνο, meaning one), and chroma (χρωμα, meaning surface or the color of the skin). A monochromatic object has a single color. ... JPG redirects here. ... GIF redirects here. ... PNG (Portable Network Graphics), sometimes pronounced as ping, is a relatively new bitmap image format that is becoming popular on the World Wide Web and elsewhere. ... In computer graphics, alpha compositing is often useful to render image elements in separate passes, and then combine the resulting multiple 2D images into a single, final image in a process called compositing. ... This article is about TIFF, the computer image format. ... Black-and-white or black and white) can refer to a general term used in photography, film, and other media (see black-and-white). ... A typical grayscale image. ...

Contents

History

The first version of Paint was introduced with the first version of Windows, Windows 1.0. It was later renamed to Paintbrush in Windows 3.0, but the name was changed back to Paint in Windows 95 and later. This version only supported the MSP and BMP file formats. The former is no longer supported by newer versions of Paint, along with PCX and RLE. Older versions cannot open or edit PNG files, and can only open GIF, JPEG, and TIFF files with a graphics filter for the specific file type. Windows 1. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... The BMP file format, sometimes called bitmap or DIB file format (for device-independent bitmap), is an image file format used to store bitmap digital images, especially on Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems. ... PCX is an image file format that uses a simple form of run-length encoding (a type of lossless compression algorithm). ... Run-length encoding (RLE) is a very simple form of data compression in which runs of data (that is, sequences in which the same data value occurs in many consecutive data elements) are stored as a single data value and count, rather than as the original run. ...


In Windows 95, a new version of Paint was introduced. The same icons and color palette continued to be used through Windows XP. The version of Paint included in Windows 95 and Windows NT 4.0 allowed saving and loading a custom set of color wells as color palette files (*.PAL) using Save colors and Get colors functions from the Colors menu. [1] This functionality worked correctly only if the color depth of images was 16-bits per pixel (bpp) or higher (65,536 (64k) colors [High Color]). Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Color depth is a computer graphics term describing the number of bits used to represent the color of a single pixel in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer. ...


In the Windows 98, Windows 2000 or Windows Me versions of Paint, images could be saved in JPEG and GIF formats if the necessary Microsoft graphics filters were installed, usually by another Microsoft application such as Microsoft Office or Microsoft PhotoDraw. In Windows Me onwards, the canvas size expands automatically when larger images are opened or pasted. Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptive, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor computers. ... Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows Me (IPA pronunciation: [miː], [ɛm iː]), is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit graphical operating system released on September 14, 2000 by Microsoft. ... Microsoft Office is an office suite from Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS X operating systems. ... Microsoft PhotoDraw version 2 box Microsoft PhotoDraw 2000 is a vector graphics and raster imaging software package developed by Microsoft. ... Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows Me (IPA pronunciation: [miː], [ɛm iː]), is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit graphical operating system released on September 14, 2000 by Microsoft. ...


In Windows XP and later versions, Paint is based on GDI+ and therefore,[2] images can be natively saved as JPEG, GIF, TIFF and PNG without requiring additional graphics filters (in addition to BMP). However, alpha channel transparency is still not supported because the GDI+ version of Paint can only handle up to 24-bit depth images. Also, since another accessory, Imaging, was discontinued in Windows XP, support for acquiring images from a scanner or a digital camera was also added to Paint. However, the tertiary color function, used for creating GIF files with a transparent background, was removed. Also, the ability to save and load palette colors to and from .pal files was removed. Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In computer architecture, 24-bit is an adjective used to describe integers, memory addresses or other data units that are at most 24 bits (3 octets) wide, or to describe CPU and ALU architectures based on registers, address buses, or data buses of that size. ...


In Windows Vista, the toolbar icons and default color palette have been changed. Also, an increased number of undo levels, a zoom slider, and a crop function have been added. Windows Vista (pronounced ) is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ...


Features

Recent versions of Paint allow the user to pick up to three colors at a time: the primary color (left mouse click), secondary color (right mouse click), and tertiary color (control key + any mouse click). Ctrl redirects here. ...


The program comes with the following options in its Tool Box (from left to right in image):

  • Free-Form Select
  • Select
  • Eraser/Color Eraser
  • Fill With Color
  • Pick Color
  • Magnifier

The Image menu offers the following options: Flip/Rotate, Stretch/Skew, Invert Colors, Image Attributes, Clear Image, and Draw Opaque. The "Colors" menu allows the user to Edit Colors (only menu option under Colors). The Edit Colors dialog box shows the standard Windows color picker which includes a 48-color palette and 12 custom color slots that can be edited. Clicking "Define Custom Colors" displays a square version of the color wheel that can select a custom color either with a crosshair cursor (like a "+"), by Hue/Saturation/Luminance, or by Red/Green/Blue values. Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... This article is about the television series. ... This article is about the handwriting instrument. ... For other uses, see Brush (disambiguation). ... Paasche F#1 Single Action External Mix Airbrush An airbrush is a small, air-operated tool that sprays various media including ink and dye, but most often paint by a process of atomization. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Line redirects here. ... Cubic Bézier curve In the mathematical field of numerical analysis, a Bézier curve is a parametric curve important in computer graphics. ... A 5 by 4 rectangle In geometry, a rectangle is defined as a quadrilateral where all four of its angles are right angles. ... Look up polygon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Elliptical redirects here. ... A drawing of different reticles used in telescopic sights. ...


There are 28 color wells in the workspace. The default colors in the Color Box are the following: Black, White, Gray, Silver, Maroon, Red, Olive, Yellow, Dark Green, Green, Teal, Cyan, Navy blue, Blue, Purple, Magenta, Old Gold, Lemon Yellow, Slate gray, Kelly green, Dark Carolina blue, Aquamarine, Midnight blue, Periwinkle, Violet-blue, Coral, Brown, and Pumpkin orange. A color palette is also available. This article is about the color. ... This article is about the color. ... Gray or grey is a color seen commonly in nature. ... For other uses, see Silver (disambiguation). ... Maroon is a color related to dark red. ... For other uses, see Red (disambiguation). ... Olive is a dulled, darker yellowish-green color typically seen on green olives. ... This article is about the color. ... For other uses, see Green (disambiguation). ... Teal, also called teal green, is a medium to dark greenish blue color of low saturation; a dark cyan. ... Cyan (from Greek κυανοs, meaning blue) may be used as the name of any of a number of a range of colors in the blue/green part of the spectrum. ... Navy blue is an especially dark shade of the color blue. ... This article is about the colour. ... This article is about the color. ... Magenta is a color made up of equal parts of red and blue light. ... Old Gold is a dark yellow, which varies from light olive or olive brown to deep or strong yellow. ... ... For other uses, see Slate (disambiguation). ... Aquamarine is a color, a shade between green and cyan. ... Midnight Blue is a dark shade of blue that was named for its darkness. ... Periwinkle is a desaturated color in the blue/indigo/violet family. ... Coral (#FF7F50) The various shades of the color coral are representations of the wide range of colors of the class of cnidarians also called corals. ... For other uses, see Brown (disambiguation). ... Pumpkin is a color that resembles pumpkins. ...

Paint also has a few hidden functions not mentioned in the help file: a stamp mode, trail mode, 10x zoom, regular shapes, and a strange brush.[citation needed] For the stamp mode, the user can select part of the image, hold the control key, and move it to another part of the canvas. This, instead of cutting the piece out, creates a copy of it. The process can be repeated as many times as desired, as long as the control key is held down. The trail mode works exactly the same, but it uses the shift key instead of the control key. 10x zoom can be accessed by clicking on a horizontal line of about 2 pixels right below the 8x zoom button. To access the strange brush, you can simply click just to the right of the smallest brush size, which will then give you a weird brush, which, when applied, makes strange lines. However, it has been found to throw up a memory exception on Windows XP Service Pack 2. Mt. ... Mt. ... Ctrl redirects here. ... The shift key on a modern Windows keyboard The shift key is a modifier key on a keyboard, used to type capital letters and other alternate upper characters. ...


The user may also draw straight horizontal, vertical, or diagonal lines with the pencil tool, without the need of the straight line tool, by holding the shift key and dragging the tool. Moreover, it is also possible to thicken (control key + +) or thin (control key + −) a line simultaneously while it is being drawn. To crop whitespace or eliminate parts of a graphic, the blue handle in the lower right corner can be clicked and dragged to increase canvas size or crop a graphic. The colors in the image can be inverted by pressing Ctrl+ I. Users can also draw perfect shapes using the Rounded Rectangle, the Circle, and the Rectangle Tool. To draw a perfect shape, you simply press the Shift key while dragging. The shift key on a modern Windows keyboard The shift key is a modifier key on a keyboard, used to type capital letters and other alternate upper characters. ... Ctrl redirects here. ... The plus and minus signs (+ and −) are used universally to represent the notions of positive and negative as well as the operations of addition and subtraction. ... Ctrl redirects here. ... The plus (+) and minus (−) signs are used universally to represent the notions of positive and negative as well as the operations of addition and subtraction. ... The shift key on a modern Windows keyboard The shift key is a modifier key on a keyboard, used to type capital letters and other alternate upper characters. ...


Older versions of Paint, such as the one bundled with Windows 3.1, allowed controlling the drawing cursor with the use of arrow keys as well as a color-replace brush, which replaced a single color underneath the brush with another without affecting the rest of the image. In later versions of Paint, the color erase brush may be simulated by selecting the color to be replaced as the primary color, and the one it will be replaced with as the secondary color, and then right-click dragging the erase tool. The drawing cursor can also be controlled with arrow keys in current versions of Paint if Mouse keys under Accessibility options is enabled and configured appropriately. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Arrow keys Arrow keys are buttons on a computer keyboard that move the cursor in a specified direction. ...


Paint's exclusive availability on the Windows platform has led to the creation of clones by users of other operating systems, such as Kolourpaint for users of Linux, BSD and Solaris.[3] Windows redirects here. ... KolourPaint is a free, easy-to-use raster graphics editor for the K Desktop Environment. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... BSD redirects here; for other uses see BSD (disambiguation). ... The Solaris Operating System, usually known simply as Solaris, is a free Unix-based operating system introduced by Sun Microsystems in 1992 as the successor to SunOS. Solaris is known for its scalability, especially on SPARC systems, as well for being the origin for many innovative features such as DTrace...


Support for indexed palettes

By default, almost all versions of Paint create 24-bit images and are generally unable to properly downgrade them to indexed palettes using less than 24 bits per pixel. This means that when saving images in any of the supported formats specifying a format that uses indexed palettes with less than 24 bits per pixel instead of true color formats, a warning message is displayed about possible loss of quality. In fact, Paint does not normally utilize binary, color or gray scale dithering or palette optimization, and the image will be saved with usually irreversibly scrambled colors, potentially ruining one's work. For example, a typical Windows screen will change the buttons and menu bar from grey to khaki green when saved as an 8-bit BMP format. Saving to a monochrome BMP or a GIF format does invoke dithering processes; however, even these use a fixed black-and-white (in the case of monochrome BMP) or standard 256-color (in the case of GIF) palette. In computer architecture, 24-bit is an adjective used to describe integers, memory addresses or other data units that are at most 24 bits (3 octets) wide, or to describe CPU and ALU architectures based on registers, address buses, or data buses of that size. ... This article or section should be merged with Dither An illustration of dithering. ... The BMP file format, sometimes called bitmap or DIB file format (for device-independent bitmap), is an image file format used to store bitmap digital images, especially on Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems. ...


Paint is nonetheless able to correctly load and save indexed palettes in any of the supported formats if an image is opened as an 8-bit or otherwise indexed palette image. In that case, the image's palette will be preserved when saving. However, there is no way to see the actual palette, and color choices for brushes, text and erasers as well as user-defined colors will be limited to the closest available color in the indexed palette. −


Version comparison

See also

This is a comparison of raster graphics editors sorted by availability. ... Paint. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... Windows redirects here. ... Pocket Paint on Windows CE Pocket Paint is a pocket-size version of Microsoft Paint. ... Windows CE (sometimes abbreviated WinCE) is a variation of Microsofts Windows operating system for minimalistic computers and embedded systems. ... This monster (The Gunk) is an example of pixel art drawn using Microsoft Paint. ...

Notes and references

External links

The following is a list of Microsoft Windows components. ... Windows Aero is the graphical user interface for Windows Vista, an operating system released by Microsoft in November 2006. ... ClearType is a registered trademark for a technology developed by Microsoft Corporation to improve the appearance of text on certain types of computer display screens, especially flat-panel displays. ... Desktop Window Manager (DWM) is currently the name for the new windowing system that will be available in all versions of Windows Vista, except Starter Edition, to enable the new Aero user interface. ... Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms. ... Windows Explorer running on Windows Vista Windows Explorer running on Windows XP Windows Explorer is an application that is part of modern versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system that provides a graphical user interface for accessing the file systems. ... In computing, the taskbar is a term for the application desktop bar which is used to launch and monitor applications in Microsoft Windows 95 and later operating systems. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In computing, Windows Shell is the most visible aspect of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Special Folders. ... On Microsoft Windows operating systems, Special Folders are folders which are presented to the user through an interface as an abstract concept, instead of an absolute folder path. ... File associations are what the Microsoft Windows operating system uses to open a file with the correct program. ... Windows Desktop Search (or WDS) is an indexed search platform released by Microsoft for the Windows operating system. ... In computing, a virtual folder generally denotes an organizing principle for files that is not dependent on their physical location in a folder. ... IFilters are plugins that allow the Windows Indexing Service and the newer Windows Desktop Search to index different various file formats so that they become searchable. ... The Graphics Device Interface (GDI, sometimes called Graphical Device Interface) is one of the three core components or subsystems, together with the kernel and the Windows API for the user interface (GDI window manager) of Microsoft Windows. ... The Windows Imaging Format (WIM) is a file-based disk image format. ... Windows Vista contains a brand new networking stack, which brings large improvements in all areas of network-related functionality[1]. It includes native implementation of IPv6, as well as complete overhaul of IPv4. ... In computer networking, Server Message Block (SMB) operates as an application-level network protocol mainly applied to shared access to files, printers, serial ports, and miscellaneous communications between nodes on a network. ... Microsoft . ... Windows Vista (formerly codenamed Windows Longhorn) has many significant new features compared with previous Microsoft Windows versions, covering most aspects of the operating system. ... Windows Vista (formerly codenamed Windows Longhorn) has many significant new features compared with previous Microsoft Windows versions, covering most aspects of the operating system. ... The XML Paper Specification (XPS), formerly codenamed Metro, is a specification for a page description language and a fixed-document format developed by Microsoft. ... Active Scripting (formerly known as ActiveX Scripting) is the technology used in Windows to implement component-based scripting support. ... The Microsoft Windows Script Host (originally called Windows Scripting Host, but renamed for the second release) is distributed and installed by default on Windows 98 and later versions of Microsoft Windows. ... VBScript (short for Visual Basic Scripting Edition) is an Active Scripting language developed by Microsoft. ... JScript is the Microsoft implementation of the ECMAScript scripting programming language specification. ... Component Object Model (COM) is a platform for software componentry introduced by Microsoft in 1993. ... Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) is a technology that allows embedding and linking to documents and other objects, developed by Microsoft. ... OLE Automation is a late-binding extension to COM and IUnknown. ... Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM) is a Microsoft proprietary technology for software components distributed across several networked computers to communicate with each other. ... ActiveX is Microsoft technology used for developing reusable object oriented software components. ... Structured storage (variously also known as COM structured storage or OLE structured storage) is a technology developed by Microsoft as part of its Windows operating system for storing hierarchical data within a single file. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Shadow Copy in Windows Vista Shadow Copy (also called Volume Snapshot Service or VSS) is a feature in recent versions of Microsoft Windows that allows taking manual or automatic backup copies or snapshots of a file or folder on a specific volume at a specific point in time. ... Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) is the new graphic driver model for video cards running under Windows Vista. ... Universal Audio Architecture (UAA) is an initiative unveiled in 2002 by Microsoft to standardize the hardware and class driver architecture for audio devices in modern Microsoft Windows operating systems. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into cmd. ... Backup and Restore Center in Windows Vista Ultimate Backup and Restore Center is a component included in Windows Vista that allows users to access file backup utilities built into the operating system. ... COMMAND.COM is the name for the default operating system shell (or command line interpreter) for DOS and 16/32bits versions of Windows (95/98/98 SE/Me). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Control Panel in Windows Vista Control Panel in Windows XP Classic View of the Control Panel in Windows XP Default View of the Control Panel in Windows Me Control Panel is a part of the Microsoft Windows graphical user interface which allows users to view and manipulate basic system settings... The applets listed below are components of the Microsoft Windows control panel, which allows user to define a range of settings for their computer, monitor the status of devices such as printers and modems, and set up new hardware, programs and network connections. ... The Device Manager is a tool included with Microsoft Windows operating systems that allows the user to display and control the hardware attached to the computer. ... Disk Cleanup application running on Windows XP Disk Cleanup application running on Windows Vista The Disk Cleanup is a computer program tool included in Microsoft Windows designed to help free up space on the computer users hard drive. ... Windows Disk Defragmenter is a computer program included in Microsoft Windows designed to increase access speed (and sometimes increase the amount of usable space) by rearranging files stored on a disk to occupy contiguous storage locations, or defragmenting. ... Event Viewer in Windows XP. Event Viewer in Windows Vista. ... MMC on Windows Server 2003, running Computer Management snap-in The Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is a component of modern Microsoft Windows operating systems that provides system administrators and advanced users with a flexible interface through which they may configure and monitor the system. ... In software, netsh, or network shell, is a utility provided with Microsofts Windows XP. It allows local or remote configuration of network settings. ... Problem Reports and Solutions in Windows Vista Problem Reports and Solutions is a component included in Windows Vista that keeps track of system problems. ... Sysprep is Microsofts System Preparation Utility for Windows deployment and is used to prepare the operating system for disk cloning. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A screenshot of Windows Task Manager in Windows Vista. ... System File Checker is a utility in Microsoft Windows that allows users to scan for and restore corruptions in Windows system files. ... System Restore is a component of Microsofts Windows Me, Windows XP and Windows Vista operating systems that allows for the rolling back of system files, registry keys, installed programs, etc. ... Nero software setup is using Windows Installer program The Windows Installer (previously known as Microsoft Installer, codename Darwin) is an engine for the installation, maintenance, and removal of software on modern Microsoft Windows systems. ... Windows PowerShell is an administration focused extensible command line interface (CLI) shell and scripting language product developed by Microsoft. ... Windows Update version 5 through Netscape Browser 8. ... Windows Experience Index in Windows Vista Windows System Assessment Tool (WinSAT) is the codename for the automatic system optimizer/tweaker built into Microsofts most recent operating system, Windows Vista, as well as the upcoming Windows Server 2008. ... Microsoft Calculator is a calculation application included with all Microsoft Windows operating systems. ... Windows Calendar is a calendar application that is included in Microsoft Windows Vista. ... Character Map (charmap. ... Windows Contacts is a address book management system, which replaces Windows Address Book. ... Windows DVD Maker is an application included in premium editions (Home Premium and Ultimate) of Windows Vista that is designed to enable the creation of DVD movies in Windows. ... Windows Fax and Scan (WFS) is an integrated faxing and scanning application scheduled to be included with the Windows Vista operating system. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... Windows Mail is an e-mail and newsgroup client included exclusively in Windows Vista. ... Microsoft Magnifier is a magnification tool for the visually impaired to use Microsoft Windows. ... Windows Media Center is an application designed to serve as a home-entertainment hub. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Windows Mobile Device Center 6 for Windows Vista is the successor for ActiveSync mobile synchronization software, that is only supported for Windows Vista, as ActiveSync is not compatible with this version of Windows. ... The Windows Mobility Center is a component of Microsoft Windows,first introduced with Vista, that centralizes the most relevant information related to mobile computing. ... “Movie maker” redirects here. ... Narrator in Windows XP Narrator is a light-duty screen reader utility packaged with Microsoft Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Vista. ... For the item of stationery, see notebook. ... Windows Photo Gallery (WPG) is an application included with Microsofts Windows Vista operating system that provides photo management and basic editing facilities. ... Microsoft Private Character Editor (Eudcedit. ... Remote Assistance is a feature of Windows XP that allows a user to temporarily take over a remote Windows XP computer over a network or the internet to resolve issues. ... An example group of Gadgets, each attached to the sidebar Add Gadgets window The Windows Sidebar is a panel for Desktop Gadgets that is anchored to the side of the Windows Vista desktop. ... Snipping Tool is an application included in premium editions of Windows Vista and Experience Pack for Windows XP Tablet PC Edition 2005. ... Sound Recorder is an audio recording program included in Microsoft Windows. ... Windows Media Player (WMP) is a digital media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices. ... Windows Media Player (WMP) is a proprietary software digital media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices. ... Windows Speech Recognition in Sleep mode Windows Speech Recognition is a speech recognition application included in Windows Vista. ... WordPad is a simple word processor that is included with almost all versions of Microsoft Windows from Windows 95 upwards. ... Chess Titans is a computer game, developed by Oberon Games, included with Microsofts Windows Vista operating system. ... Hearts is a card game that is included in Microsoft Windows. ... Hold Em is a card game developed by Mobicore that is available to owners of Windows Vista Ultimate as an additional downloadable game through Windows Ultimate Extras. ... InkBall is a computer game included in recent versions of Microsoft Windows. ... Mahjong Titans is a computer game, developed by Oberon Games, included with Microsofts Windows Vista operating system. ... Minesweeper is a computer game of minesweeper included in Microsoft Windows. ... Purble Place is a computer game developed by Oberon Games and included in Windows Vista. ... Solitaire is a card game that is included in most versions of Microsoft Windows. ... Spider Solitaire is a card game that is included in recent versions of Microsoft Windows. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... ntoskrnl. ... Hal. ... Windows Task Manager with System idle process selected In Windows NT-based operating systems, the System Idle Process is the system idle task: it tracks how much of the CPUs time is being utilized and issues the HLT instruction to cut the processors power usage. ... In software Svchost. ... The Windows registry is a directory which stores settings and options for the operating system for Microsoft Windows 32-bit versions, 64-bit versions and Windows Mobile. ... A Windows service is an application that starts when the Microsoft Windows operating system is booted and runs in the background as long as Windows is running. ... The Windows Service Control Manager (SCM) is a remote procedure call (RPC) server that manages creating, deleting, starting and stopping of Windows services. ... This article is about dynamic libraries implemented by Microsoft. ... The Portable Executable (PE) format is a file format for executables, object code, and DLLs, used in 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Windows operating systems. ... An NTLDR boot menu. ... The Windows Boot Manager is Microsofts new boot manager for Windows Vista and Windows Server Longhorn. It reads the Boot Configuration Data, and displays an operating system selection menu[1], and is thus functionally equivalent to the boot selection menu functionality of NTLDR in prior versions of Windows NT... Winlogon is the Windows NT component responsible for handling the default secure attention key, loading the user profile on logon, and optionally locking the computer when a screensaver is running (requiring another authentication step). ... The Windows 2000 Recovery Console selection, login, and command prompts. ... Microsofts latest Windows operating system, Windows Vista, includes a number of new I/O technologies and enhancements that are intended to shorten the time taken to boot the system, improve the responsiveness of the system, and improve the reliability of data storage. ... Windows Vistas System Recovery menu Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) is a set of tools included in the Windows Vista operating system to help diagnose and recover from serious errors which may be preventing Windows from booting successfully. ... Windows PE beginning to boot under Microsoft Virtual PC. It uses the same, minimal version of NTLDR(SETUPLDR.BIN) as Windows NT/2000/XP Setup. ... Kernel Patch Protection, informally known as PatchGuard, is a feature of x64 editions of Microsoft Windows that prevents patching the kernel. ... A Windows service is an application that starts when the Microsoft Windows operating system is booted and runs in the background as long as Windows is running. ... Autorun or autoplay (sometimes spelled in CamelCase as AutoRun or AutoPlay) is the ability of many modern computer operating systems to automatically take some action upon the inserting of removable media such as a CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, or flash media. ... Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) is a component of modern Microsoft Windows operating systems that facilitates prioritized, throttled, and asynchronous transfer of files between machines using idle network bandwidth. ... This article is about the scheduled tasks component in Windows. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Shadow Copy in Windows Vista Shadow Copy (also called Volume Snapshot Service or VSS) is a feature in recent versions of Microsoft Windows that allows taking manual or automatic backup copies or snapshots of a file or folder on a specific volume at a specific point in time. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Dr. Watson (debugger). ... Multimedia Class Scheduler Service (MMCSS) is a Windows service that boosts the CPU as well as I/O priority of a thread. ... Common Log File System (CLFS) is a general-purpose logging subsystem that is accessible to both kernel-mode as well as user-mode applications for building high-performance transaction logs. ... For library and office filing systems, see Library classification. ... NTFS is the standard file system of Windows NT, including its later versions Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista. ... In computing, a hard link is a reference, or pointer, to physical data on a storage volume. ... An NTFS junction point (JP) is a feature of the NTFS file system version 3. ... Volume Mount Points are specialized NTFS filesystem objects which are used to mount and provide an entry point to other partitions. ... An NTFS reparse point (JP) is a type of NTFS file system object. ... In computing, an NTFS symbolic link (symlink) is a file-system object that points to another file system object. ... Microsofts latest Windows operating system, Windows Vista, includes a number of new I/O technologies and enhancements that are intended to shorten the time taken to boot the system, improve the responsiveness of the system, and improve the reliability of data storage. ... The Encrypting File System (EFS) is a file system with filesystem-level encryption available in Microsofts Windows 2000 and later operating systems. ... File Allocation Table (FAT) is a partially patented file system developed by Microsoft for MS-DOS and was the primary file system for consumer versions of Microsoft Windows up to and including Windows Me. ... exFAT (Extended File Allocation Table, aka FAT64) is a proprietary file system suited especially for flash drives, introduced by Microsoft in Windows Embedded CE 6. ... ISO 9660, a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization, defines a file system for CD-ROM media. ... The Universal Disk Format (UDF) is a format specification of a file system for storing files on optical media. ... The Microsoft Distributed File System, or DFS, is a set of client and server services that allow a large enterprise to organize many distributed SMB file shares into a distributed file system. ... The Installable File System (IFS) is a Filesystem API in IBM OS/2 and Microsoft Windows NT that enables the operating system to recognize and load drivers for filesystems. ... In information technology, a server is an application or device that performs services for connected clients as part of a client-server architecture. ... A Windows Server domain or Windows NT Domain is a logical group of computers running versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system that share a central directory database. ... Typically Active Directory is managed using the graphical Microsoft Management Console. ... The DNS support in Microsoft Windows NT (and thus its derivatives Microsoft Windows 2000, Microsoft Windows XP, and Microsoft Windows Server 2003) comprises two clients and a server. ... Local Group Policy Editor in Windows XP Media Center Edition Group policy is a feature of Microsoft Windows NT family of operating systems that provides centralized management and configuration of computers and remote users in an Active Directory environment. ... A roaming user profile is a concept in the Microsoft Windows NT family of operating systems that allows a user with a computer joined to a Windows Server domain to log on to any computer on the same network and access his local files and settings. ... In computing, and specifically in the context of Microsoft Windows operating systems, Microsoft refers to folder redirection when automatically re-routing I/O to/from standard folders (directories) to use storage elsewhere on a network. ... In software application development, structuring into independent components can create the problem of managing each component. ... Microsoft Message Queuing or MSMQ is a technology developed by Microsoft and deployed in its Windows Server operating systems since Windows NT 4 and Windows 95. ... Windows SharePoint Services (WSS), or Windows SharePoint, is a free add-on (value-add) to Windows Server 2003 made available by Microsoft, which offers basic web portal and intranet functionality. ... Windows Media Services (WMS) is a software component of Microsoft Windows Server that allows an administrator to generate streaming media (audio/video). ... Windows Rights Management Services (also called Rights Management Services or RMS) is a Microsoft Windows technology that is a form of digital rights management used for protecting documents such as corporate e-mail, Word documents, and web pages. ... Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS, formerly called Internet Information Server) is a set of Internet-based services for servers using Microsoft Windows. ... Terminal Services is a component of Microsoft Windows (both server and client versions) that allows a user to access applications and data stored on a remote computer over a network. ... Screenshot of a Windows Server Update Services administration console Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) provides a software update service for Microsoft Windows operating systems and other Microsoft software. ... Network Access Protection (NAP) is a Microsoft technology for controlling network access of a computer host based on the system health of the host, first utilized in Windows XP Service Pack 3, Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008. ... File Replication Service is a Microsoft service for distributing folders stored in the SYSVOL shared folder on domain controllers and Microsoft Distributed File System (DFS) shared folders. ... Remote Differential Compression (RDC) is a client-server synchroniztion protocol that allows the contents of two files to be synchronized, by communicating only the difference between them. ... A Microsoft supplied server that provides Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE) BIOS enabled computers to remotely execute boot environment variables. ... Windows System Resource Manager (WSRM) is a component of Microsofts Windows Server 2008 operating systems that provides resource management and enables the allocation of resources, including processor and memory resources, among multiple applications based on business priorities. ... The software architecture of a program or computing system is the structure or structures of the system, which comprise software components, the externally visible properties of those components, and the relationships between them. ... The Windows NT operating system familys architecture consists of two layers (user mode and kernel mode), with many different modules within both of these layers. ... Object Manager in Windows, categorized hierarchically using namespaces Object Manager (internally called Ob) is a special subsystem implemented as part of Windows Executive which manages Windows resources. ... The Windows NT Startup Process is the process by which Microsofts Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 operating systems initialize. ... This refers to the boot components for Windows Vista and Windows Server Longhorn. The Windows Vista Startup Process is the process by which Microsofts Windows Vista operating system initializes. ... I/O request packets (IRPs) are structures that are used by Windows Driver Model (WDM) and Windows NT device drivers to communicate with each other and the operating system. ... Kernel Transaction Manager (KTM) is a component of the Windows Vista kernel that enables applications to use atomic transactions on resources. ... The Logical Disk Manager (LDM) is an implementation of a logical volume manager for Windows, developed by Microsoft and Veritas Software. ... The Security Accounts Manager (SAM) is a database stored as a registry file in Windows NT, Windows 2000, and later versions of Windows. ... Windows File Protection (WFP) is a technology included in all Microsoft Windows operating systems beginning with Windows 2000 to prevent programs from replacing critical Windows system files. ... Local Security Authority Subsystem Service (LSASS), is a process in Microsoft Windows operating systems that is responsible for enforcing the security policy on the system. ... Client/Server Runtime Subsystem, or csrss. ... Session Manager Subsystem, or smss. ... UAC confirmation dialog UAC credentials dialog User Account Control (UAC) is a technology and security infrastructure introduced with Microsofts Windows Vista operating system. ... BitLocker Drive Encryption is a data protection feature integrated into Microsofts Windows Vista operating system that provides encryption for the entire OS volume. ... Windows Defender, previously known as Microsoft AntiSpyware, is a software product from Microsoft designed to prevent, remove and quarantine spyware on Microsofts Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Vista operating systems. ... DEP controls in Windows Vista DEP causing Windows XP to end a program Data Execution Prevention (DEP) is a security feature included in modern Microsoft Windows operating systems that is intended to prevent an application or service from executing code from a non-executable memory region. ... The Protected Media Path is a set of technologies creating a Protected Environment, first included in Microsofts Windows Vista operating system, that are used to enforce digital rights management (or DRM) protections on content. ... Mandatory Integrity Control (MIC, also called Integrity levels)[1] is a new security feature in Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008, which adds Integrity Levels (IL) to processes running in a login session. ... User Interface Privilege Isolation (UIPI) is a security feature introduced in Windows Vista to combat code injection exploits. ... Windows Firewall icon in Windows Vista Windows Firewall is a personal firewall, included with Microsofts Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Vista operating systems. ... Screenshot of Windows Security Center in Windows Vista. ... Windows Services for UNIX Microsoft Windows Services for UNIX (SFU) is a software package produced by Microsoft which provides a Unix subsystem and other parts of a full Unix environment on Windows NT and its successors. ... Interix is the name of an optional, full-featured POSIX and Unix environment subsystem for Microsofts Windows NT-based operating systems. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Windows on Windows, commonly referred to as WOW or WoW, is a name of two abstraction subsystems of Microsoft Windows operating system. ... WoW64 (Windows-on-Windows 64-bit) is a subsystem of the Windows operating system that is capable of running 32-bit applications and is included on all 64-bit versions of Windows â€” including Windows XP 64-bit Editions, Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition and Windows Vista 64-bit Editions. ...

 
 

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