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Encyclopedia > Pagoda
Myanmar's Shwedagon Pagoda is one of the most recognizable and revered pagodas in the Buddhist World
Myanmar's Shwedagon Pagoda is one of the most recognizable and revered pagodas in the Buddhist World

A pagoda is the general term in the English language for a tiered tower with multiple eaves common in Nepal, China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, and other parts of Asia. Most pagodas were built to have a religious function, most commonly Buddhist, and were often located in or near temples. This term may refer to other religious structures in some countries. In Myanmar and Thailand, "pagoda" usually means the same as stupa or chatiya, while in Vietnam, "pagoda" is a more generic term referring to a place of worship. The modern pagoda is an evolution of the Ancient Indian stupa, a tomb-like structure where sacred relics could be kept safe and venerated.[1] The architectural structure of the stupa has spread across Asia, taking on many diverse forms as details specific to different regions are incorporated into the overall design. Shwedagon Paya The Shwedagon Paya is a 98 meter gilded stupa located in Yangon, Myanmar. ... Image of a pagoda by Alex Z.N. Ling; at Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia. ... Image of a pagoda by Alex Z.N. Ling; at Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia. ... Rajang River, Sibu Sibu is a town, and the capital of Sibu District (2,229. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An eave is the edge of a roof. ... This article is about the Korean civilization. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Buddhism is a variety of teachings described as a religion[1] or way of life. ... Temple of Hephaestus, an Doric Greek temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule... The Great Stupa at Sanchi. ... A place of worship is a building or other locations where religious persons may worship their deity, regularly or not. ... Ancient India may refer to: The Ancient India, which generally includes the ancient history of the whole Indian subcontinent (South Asia) Indus Valley Civilization — during the Bronze Age Vedic period — the period of Vedic Sanskrit, spanning the late Bronze Age and the earlier Iron Age Mahajanapadas — during the later Iron... The Great Stupa at Sanchi. ...

Contents

Terms

The word is first attested for in English in the period c. 1625–35; introduced from the Portuguese pagode, temple, from the Persian butkada (but idol + kada temple, dwelling.) [2] Another etymology, found in many English language dictionaries, is modern English pagoda from Portuguese (via Dravidian), from Sanskrit bhagavati, feminine of bhagavat "blessed" < bhaga "good fortune."


History of the Pagoda

A pagoda in Japan
A pagoda in Japan

The pagoda's original purpose was to house relics and sacred writings. [3] This purpose was popularized due to the efforts of Buddhist missionaries, pilgrims, rulers, and ordinary devotees to seek out, distribute, and extol Buddhist relics.[4] For other uses, see Missionary (disambiguation). ...


Symbolism

Seokgatap pagoda at Bulguksa, South Korea

Chinese iconography is noticeable in Chinese pagoda as well as other East Asian pagoda architectures. The image of the Shakyamuni Buddha in the abhaya mudra is also noticeable in some Pagodas. Buddhist iconography can be observed throughout the pagoda symbolism.[5] Bulguksa is a Buddhist temple in the North Gyeongsang province in South Korea. ... Look up Iconography in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Chinese Pagoda is a landmark in Birmingham. ... This article is about the geographical region. ... Standing Buddha, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE. Gautama Buddha was a South Asian spiritual leader who lived between approximately 563 BCE and 483 BCE. Born Siddhartha Gautama in Sanskrit, a name meaning descendant of Gotama whose aims are achieved/who is efficacious in achieving aims, he... A mudrā (Sanskrit, मुद्रा, literally seal) is a symbolic gesture usually made with the hand or fingers. ...


In an article on Buddhist elements in Han art, Wu Hung suggests that in these tombs, Buddhist iconography was so well incorporated into native Chinese traditions that a unique system of symbolism had been developed.[6] A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by...


Architecture

One Pillar Pagoda, Hanoi, Vietnam
One Pillar Pagoda, Hanoi, Vietnam

Pagodas attract lightning strikes because of their height. This tendency may have played a role in their perception as spiritually charged places. Many pagodas have a decorated finial at the top of the structure. The finial is designed in such a way as to have symbolic meaning within Buddhism; for example, it may include designs representing a lotus. The finial also functions as a lightning rod, and thus helps to both attract lightning and protect the pagoda from lightning damage. Early pagodas were constructed out of wood, but steadily progressed to sturdier materials, which helped protect against fires and rot. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 243 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 243 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... Not to be confused with lighting. ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ... Finial at Aachen town hall Illustration by Viollet-le-Duc, 1856 The finial is an architectural device, typically carved in stone and employed to decoratively emphasise the apex of a gable, or any of various distinctive ornaments at the top, end, or corner of a building or structure. ... Binomial name Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. ... An example of a standard, pointed-tip air terminal The term lightning rod is also used as a metaphorical term to describe those who attract controversy. ...


Pagodas traditionally have an odd number of floors, a famous exception being the eighteenth century pagoda "folly" designed by Sir William Chambers at Kew Gardens in London.


Land of Pagodas

Myanmar, also known as Burma, is famous for its pagoda-studded landscape, and is thus called as the Land of Pagodas. The Shwedagon Pagoda and the Pagodas of Bagan are amongst the most famous and reverred pagodas in the world. Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule...


Some famous pagodas

The Iron Pagoda of Kaifeng, China, built in 1049 AD.
The Iron Pagoda of Kaifeng, China, built in 1049 AD.

Modern skyscrapers that evoke pagoda architecture: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Iron Pagoda of Kaifeng, China, built in 1049 AD during the Song Dynasty. ... Kaifeng (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: KāifÄ“ng; Wade-Giles: Kai-feng), formerly known as Bianliang (汴梁; Wade-Giles: Pien-liang), is a prefecture-level city in eastern Henan province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (750 × 1000 pixel, file size: 245 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taipei 101 at dusk. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (750 × 1000 pixel, file size: 245 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taipei 101 at dusk. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Alternative meaning: Taipei County City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ... Shwedagon Paya The Shwedagon Paya is a 98 meter gilded stupa located in Yangon, Myanmar. ... Yangon (also known as Rangoon) is the largest city of Burma. ... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule... Peacock Window View of a typical square A street of Bhaktapur Bhaktapur (27. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Xumi Pagoda The Xumi Pagoda (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: XÅ«mí tÇŽ; Wade-Giles: Hsümi Ta) or Sumeru Pagoda, also known as Summer Pagoda is a Chinese pagoda of the Buddhist Kaiyuan Monastery west of Zhengding, Hebei province, China. ... Zhengding (Chinese: 正定; pinyin: ) is a county in Hebei Province approximately 260 kilometers south of Beijing, China. ... Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Miruksa Temple Pagoda The site of Miruksa temple, the largest in Paekche, was excavated in 1980 at Iksan of Chollabuk-do province. ... Baekje (October 18 BCE–August 660 BCE), originally Sipje, was a kingdom in the southwest of the Korean Peninsula. ... Há»™i An   (Hui An: 會安) is a small city on the coast of the South China Sea in central Vietnam. ... Quảng Nam is a province of Vietnam with a population estimated to be 1,402,700 and an area of 10,408 km². ... Saigon redirects here. ... For other uses, see Dharma (disambiguation). ... Remnants of the pagoda Daqin Pagoda (大秦塔) in Zhouzhi, Shaanxi Province, China is the remnant of the earliest surviving Christian church in China. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Xian, China The Giant Wild Goose Pagoda or Big Wild Goose Pagoda (Chinese: 大雁塔; pinyin: ), is located in southern Xian, China. ... Xian redirects here. ... Small Wild Goose Pagoda in Xian, China The Small Wild Goose Pagoda, sometimes Little Goose Pagoda (Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ), is one of two significant pagodas in the city of Xian, China. ... Xian redirects here. ... The Lingxiao Pagoda of Zhengding, Hebei Province, a half-brick half-wooden pagoda built in 1045 AD, with little change in renovations since. ... Zhengding (Chinese: 正定; pinyin: ) is a county in Hebei Province approximately 260 kilometers south of Beijing, China. ... Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Beisi Pagoda. ... This article is about the city in Jiangsu. ...   (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal map spelling: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... Five-story pagoda of Tōji Tōji (東寺; とうじ) is a Buddhist temple of the Shingon sect in Kyoto, Japan. ... The Porcelain Tower of Nanjing, (Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as Baoensi - the Temple of Gratitude, is on the south bank of the Yangtze in Nanjing, China. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ... Pha That Luang Pha That Luang (Paa T-had Lu-uang) (Great Stupa in Laos) is a Buddhist temple in Vientiane, Laos. ... This article is about the Southeast Asian temple. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Iron Pagoda of Kaifeng, China, built in 1049 AD during the Song Dynasty. ... Kaifeng (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: KāifÄ“ng; Wade-Giles: Kai-feng), formerly known as Bianliang (汴梁; Wade-Giles: Pien-liang), is a prefecture-level city in eastern Henan province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Bianjing (汴京) (960–1127) Linan (臨安) (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960–976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... Liuhe Pagoda (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Liùhé TÇŽ), literally Six Harmonies Pagoda or Six Harmonies Tower, is multi-storied pagoda in southern Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the Peoples Republic of China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Bianjing (汴京) (960–1127) Linan (臨安) (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960–976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... Phra Pathom Chedi Phra Pathom Chedi (Thai พระปฐมเจดีย์) is the highest stupa of the world with a height of 127 m. ... Phra Pathom Chedi Nakhon Pathom is a town in central Thailand, capital of the Nakhon Pathom Province. ... The Global Pagoda is a monument being built near the city of Mumbai, India. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... Songyue Pagoda commemorated on a Chinese postage stamp Songyue Pagoda, constructed in 523 CE, is at the Songyue Monastery on Mount Song, in Henan province, China. ... Mount Song, known in Chinese as Songshan, is one of the five sacred mountains of China and is located in Henan province. ... Henan (Chinese: 河南; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ... One or more images would improve this articles quality. ... This article is about the city in Jiangsu. ... Shanxi (Chinese: 山西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shansi) is a province in the northern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ...

The Petronas Twin Towers (also known as the Petronas Towers or Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are the worlds tallest twin buildings. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ...

See also

The Liuhe Pagoda, or Six Harmonies Pagoda, in Hangzhou, erected in 1156 and fully constructed in 1165 AD. The architecture of the Song Dynasty was based upon the accomplishments of its predecessors, much like every subsequent dynastic period of China. ... The Liuhe Pagoda of Hangzhou, China, built in 1165 AD. Chinese architecture refers to a style of architecture that has taken shape in Asia over the centuries. ...

Notes

  1. ^ The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press
  2. ^ Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Second Edition. Random House, New York, 1993.
  3. ^ A World History of Architecture By Michael W. Fazio, Marian Moffett, Lawrence Wodehouse. Published 2003. McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0071417516.
  4. ^ The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture By John Kieschnick. Published 2003. Princeton University Press . ISBN 0691096767.
  5. ^ The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture By John Kieschnick. Published 2003. Princeton University Press . ISBN 0691096767. page 83
  6. ^ The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture By John Kieschnick. Published 2003. Princeton University Press . ISBN 0691096767. page 84

References

  • The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture By John Kieschnick. Published 2003. Princeton University Press . ISBN 0691096767.
  • A World History of Architecture By Michael W. Fazio, Marian Moffett, Lawrence Wodehouse. Published 2003. McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0071417516.
  • Psycho-cosmic symbolism of the Buddhist stupa, AB Govinda, 1976, Emeryville, California. Dharma Publications.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Pagodas
  • http://www.orientalarchitecture.com/kyongju/bulguksaindex.htm
  • http://www.orientalarchitecture.com/ Tiger Hill Pagoda (Suzhou)

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pagoda - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (860 words)
A pagoda is the general term in the English language for a tiered tower with multiple eaves common in China, Japan, Korea, and other parts of Asia.
The modern pagoda is an evolution of the Indian stupa, a tomb-like structure where sacred relics could be kept safe and venerated.
Miruksa Temple Pagoda at Iksan of Chollabuk-do province in the Republic of Korea, a Baekje pagoda mid 5th century.
pagoda - definition of pagoda in Encyclopedia (226 words)
Pagoda is the general English term for a tower-shaped building, often religious in purpose, common in China and other parts of Asia.
Pagodas are usually found in association with Temples (often Buddhist) and are believed to offer protection to the temple.
An example of this, the pagoda in Kew Gardens, England was completed in 1762 as a gift for Princess Augusta, the mother of George III.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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