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Encyclopedia > Paediatrics

Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants and children. Most pediatricians are members of a national body, such as the Canadian Paediatric Society, the British Association of Paediatric Surgeons or the American Academy of Pediatrics.


One of the major challenges facing pediatricians is that the range of body sizes (and weights) that they face in pediatrics is much greater than in adult medicine. For example, a preterm neonate can be less than 2kg in weight while an obese adolescent may be larger than the typical adult.


Childhood is the period of greatest growth, development and maturation of the various organ systems in the body. Years of training and experience (above and beyond basic medical training) goes into recognizing the difference between normal variants and what is actually pathological.


Another major difference between pediatrics and adult medicine is that children are minors and, in most jurisdictions, cannot make decisions for themselves. The issue of guardianship, legal responsibility and informed consent must always be considered in every pediatric procedure. In a sense, pediatricians often have to treat the parents (and sometimes, the family), not just the child.


Abraham Jacobi is considered the father of pediatrics.



Health science - Medicine
Anesthesiology - Dermatology - Emergency Medicine - General practice - Intensive care medicine - Internal medicine - Neurology - Obstetrics & Gynecology - Pediatrics - Podiatry - Public Health & Occupational Medicine - Psychiatry - Radiology - Surgery
Branches of Internal medicine
Cardiology - Endocrinology - Gastroenterology - Hematology - Infectious diseases - Nephrology - Oncology - Pulmonology - Rheumatology
Branches of Surgery
General surgery - Cardiothoracic surgery - Neurosurgery - Ophthalmology - Orthopedic surgery - Otolaryngology (ENT) - Plastic surgery - Podiatric surgery - Urology - Vascular surgery

  Results from FactBites:
 
Community Paediatrics (875 words)
Community paediatrics is a system of care that works to assure the attainment and maintenance of optimal health and development for children and young people within a defined population.
In terms of the medical workforce, Auckland has a Professor of Community Paediatrics; a few regions have dedicated tenths to community paediatrics and the chief advisor in child health to the minister is a community paediatrician.
Community paediatrics at a local level will be performed by general paediatricians who will have dedicated and funded time to perform this.
Paediatrics -- Diwakar et al. 318 (7195): 2 -- BMJ (1616 words)
This has given rise to the concept of "ambulatory paediatrics,"1 in which the care of sick children and their families is coordinated as much as possible out of the hospital setting with the involvement of primary, secondary, and tertiary staff.
Paediatric training may begin in the preregistration year with a four month post combined with adult medicine and surgery, from general practice vocational training schemes, from general professional training in accident and emergency (where over 25% of attendees are children), and from general professional training in general paediatrics, community paediatrics, neonatal medicine, and specialties.
In paediatrics, 66% of trainees are women, 20% of women in all training grades work flexibly; 7% of consultant paediatricians currently work flexibly, and the forecast is for the proportion to rise.
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