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Encyclopedia > Padraic Colum
Padraic Colum, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1959.
Padraic Colum, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1959.
Padraic Colum
Padraic Colum

Padraic Colum (8 December 188111 January 1972) was an Irish poet, novelist, dramatist, biographer and collector of folklore. He was one of the leading figures of the Celtic Revival. Padraic Colum photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1959 June 23. ... Padraic Colum photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1959 June 23. ... Carl Van Vechten (June 17, 1880 – December 21, 1964) was an American writer and photographer who was a patron of the Harlem Renaissance and the literary executor of Gertrude Stein. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sappho and Alcaeus of Mytilene, by Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1881). ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... A dramatist is an author of dramatic compositions, usually plays. ... This article needs cleanup. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Celtic Revival, also known as the Irish Literary Revival, was begun by Lady Gregory, Edward Martyn and William Butler Yeats in Ireland in 1896. ...


Early life

Colum was born Padraic Columb in a County Longford workhouse, where his father worked. He was the first of eight children. When the father lost his job in 1889, he moved to the United States to participate in the Colorado gold rush. Padraic and his mother and siblings remained in Ireland. When the father returned in 1892, the family moved to Glasthule, outside Dublin where his father was employed as Assistant Manager at Sandycove and Glasthule railway station. His son attended the local national school. Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Longford Code: LD Area: 1,091 km² Population (2006) 34,361 Website: www. ... Miners at Pikes Peak The Colorado Gold Rush was the boom in the prospecting and mining of gold in present-day Colorado in the United States that began in 1859 (when the land was still in the Kansas Territory) and lasted throughout the early 1860s. ... Glasthule is a small village located along Dublins East Coast, between Dún Laoghaire and Dalkey. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Sandycove and Glasthule railway station Serves the towns of Sandycove and Glasthule in County Dublin Category: ... A national school is a particular type of primary school in Ireland that is not directly financed or administered by the State. ...

When Colum's mother died in 1897, the family were temporarily split up. Padraic and one brother remained in Dublin while the father and remaining children moved back to Longford. Colum finished school the following year and at the age of seventeen, he passed an exam for and was awarded a clerkship in the Irish Railway Clearing House. He stayed in this job until 1903.

During this period, Colum started to write and met a number of the leading Irish writers of the time, including W. B. Yeats, Lady Gregory and Æ. He also joined the Gaelic League and was a member of the first board of the Abbey Theatre. It was at this time that he dropped the 'b' from his surname. He became a regular user of the National Library of Ireland. Here he met James Joyce and the two became lifelong friends. William Butler Yeats, 1933 photograph, author unknown. ... A photograph of Lady Gregory from her 1913 book Our Irish Theatre Isabella Augusta, Lady Gregory (15 March 1852–22 May 1932), née Isabella Augusta Persse, was an Irish dramatist and folklorist. ... George William Russell, a. ... Conradh na Gaeilge (The Gaelic League) is an organization for the purpose of keeping the Irish language spoken in Ireland. ... This article is about the Abbey Theatre, Dublin. ... National Library of Ireland is a national library located in Dublin, Ireland. ... This article is about the writer and poet. ...

He was awarded a five year scholarship to University College Dublin by a wealthy American benefactor Thomas Kelly. University College Dublin - National University of Ireland, Dublin - more commonly University College Dublin - is the Republic of Irelands largest university, with over 1,300 faculty and 22,000 students. ...

Early poetry and plays

He was awarded a prize by Cumann na nGaedhael for his anti-enlistment play "The Saxon Shillin'". Through his plays he became involved with the National Theatre Society and became involved in the founding of the Abbey Theatre, writing several of its early productions. His play, Broken Sail (1903) was performed by the Irish Literary Theatre. The Land (1905), was one of that theatre's first great public successes. Cumann na nGaedhael (IPA: ; Society of the Gaels), sometimes spelt Cumann na nGaedheal,[1] was an Irish language name given to two Irish political parties, the second of which had the greater impact. ... This article is about the Abbey Theatre, Dublin. ... The Irish Literary Theatre was a precursor to the Abbey Theatre. ...

Colum's earliest published poems appeared in The United Irishman, a paper edited by Arthur Griffith. His first book, Wild Earth (1907) collected many of these poems and was dedicated to Æ. He published several poems in Arthur Griffiths' paper The United Irishman this time, with The Poor Scholar bringing him to the attention of WB Yeats. He became a friend of Yeats and Lady Gregory. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Yeats redirects here. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...

In 1911, with Mary Gunning Maguire, a fellow student from UCD, and David Houston and Thomas MacDonagh, he founded the short-lived literary journal The Irish Review, which published work by Yeats, George Moore, Oliver St John Gogarty, and many other leading Revival figures. A portrait of George Moore by Édouard Manet George Augustus Moore (February 24, 1852 - January 21, 1933) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, poet, art critic, memoirist and dramatist. ... Oliver St John Gogarty (August 17, 1878-September 22, 1957) was an Irish physician and surgeon, who was also a poet and writer, one of the most prominent Dublin wits, and for some time a political figure of the Irish Free State. ...

In 1912 he married Maguire, who was working at Patrick Pearse's experimental school, St Enda's, Rathfarnam, County Dublin. At first the couple lived in the Dublin suburb of Donnybrook, where they held a regular Tuesday literary salon. They then moved to Howth, a small fishing village just to the north of the capital. In 1914, they traveled to the USA for what was intended to be a visit of a few months but lasted eight years. Patrick Henry Pearse (also known as Pádraig Pearse; Irish: ; 10 November 1879 – 3 May 1916) was a teacher, barrister, poet, writer, nationalist and political activist who was one of the leaders of the Easter Rising in 1916. ... Donnybrook (Irish Domhnach Broc, meaning Church of [Saint] Broc) is a district of Dublin, Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O283393 Statistics County: Elevation: sea level Population (2002)  - Town:  - Rural:   8706  n/a Howth (pronounced to rhyme with both; known as Binn Éadair in Irish) is a generally affluent residential area in the Fingal County Council administrative area of County Dublin, Ireland. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...

Later life and work

In America, Colum took up children's writing and published a number of collections of stories for children, beginning with The King of lreland's Son (1916). Three of his books for children were awarded retrospective citations for the Newbery Honor. A contract for children's literature with Macmillan Publishers made him financially secure for the rest of his life. The Newbery Honor is a citation given by the Association for Library Service to Children of the American Library Association (ALA). ... Macmillan Publishers Ltd, also known as The Macmillan Group, is a privately-held international publishing company owned by Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group. ...

In 1922 he was commissioned to write versions of Hawaiian folklore for young people. This resulted in the publication of three volumes of his versions of tales from the island. He also started writing novels. These include Castle Conquer (1923) and The Flying Swans (1937). The Colums spent the years from 1930 to 1933 living in Paris and Nice, where Padraic renewed his friendship with James Joyce and became involved in the transcription of Finnegans Wake. Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Alpes-Maritimes (06) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration Nice Côte dAzur Mayor Jacques Peyrat (UMP) (since 1995) Statistics Land area¹ 71. ... This article is about the writer and poet. ... For the street ballad which the novel is named after, see Finnegans Wake. ...

After their time in France, the couple moved to New York City, where they both did some teaching at Columbia University and [C.C.N.Y]. Colum was a prolific author and published a total of 61 books, not counting his plays. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Alma Mater Columbia University is a private university in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. ...

He adopted the form of Noh drama in his later plays. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Molly died in 1957 and Pádraic finished Our Friend James Joyce, which they had worked on together before her death. It was published in 1958. Colum divided his later years between the United States and Ireland. In 1961 the Catholic Library Association awarded him the Regina Medal. He died in Enfield, Connecticut, aged 90, and was buried in St. Fintan's Cemetery, Sutton. Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Jan. ... The Regina Medal award is an American Literary award of the Catholic Library Association. ... Enfield (CT) Shaker Village Enfield is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. ... St. ...

Asked how to say his name, he told The Literary Digest the last name was the same as the word column. "In my first name, the first a has the sound of au. The ordinary pronunciation in Irish is pau'drig." (Charles Earle Funk, What's the Name, Please?, Funk & Wagnalls, 1936.) The Literary Digest was an influential general-interest magazine in the early 20th century United States. ...

Selected works

  • (1902) The Saxon Shillin' (Play)
  • (1903) Broken Sail (Play)
  • (1905) The Land (Play)
  • (1907) Wild Earth (Book)
  • (1907) The Fiddlers' House (Play)
  • (1910) Thomas Muskerry (Play)
  • (1917) Mogu the Wanderer (Play)
  • (1918) The Children's Homer (Novel)
  • (1918) Adventures of Odysseus and the Tale of Troy [1]
  • (1920) The Boy Apprenticed to an Enchanter (Novel) [2]
  • (1920) Children of Odin: Nordic Gods and Heroes
  • (1921) The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Who Lived Before Achilles (Novel), Ill. by Willy Pogany [3]
  • (1916) The King of Ireland's Son (Compilation of Stories)
  • (1923) The Six Who Were Left in a Shoe (Children's Story)
  • (1923) Castle Conquer (Novel)
  • (1937) The Flying Swans (Novel)
  • (1937) The Story of Lowry Maen (Epic Poem)
  • (1929) The Strindbergian Balloon (Play)
  • (1958) Our Friend James Joyce (Memoir) (With Molly Colum)

As editor: William Andrew (Willy) Pogany (1882-1955), prolific illustrator of childrens and adult books. ... Editing is the process of preparing language, images, or sound for presentation through correction, condensation, organization, and other modifications. ...

  • (1922) Anthology of Irish Verse [4]



  • Bleiler, Everett (1948). The Checklist of Fantastic Literature. Chicago: Shasta Publishers, 82. 
  • Igoe, Vivien. A Literary Guide to Dublin. ISBN 0-413-69120-9

Online Everett Franklin Bleiler (born 1920) is an editor and bibliographer of science fiction and Fantasy. ...

External links

  • Cregan Library page on Colum
Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Padraic Colum Criticism (844 words)
Padraic Colum was the first of the peasant dramatists, in the strict sense of the word; he was, that is to say, the first to dramatise the realities of rural life in Ireland.
Colum purports to show that a man's acts are significant only as they are expressions of his own inner being, and that a world where action becomes a value in itself is a ludicrous and empty show.
Padraic Colum has been acknowledged as a master of the Irish faerie: the quaint and leprechaunish peasants have been celebrated by him in prose and verse.
Padraic Colum (250 words)
Padraic Colum, one of the best known poets of the Irish Literary Revival throughout his long life faithfully recorded the landscape and colourful idiom of his native place.
Colum was a respected man of letters, honoured by many Universities, who continued to bring the art of poetry to American students while he himself was then eighty years of age.
Padraic Colum was born in Longford Workhouse in 1881, where his father was Master.
  More results at FactBites »



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