FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
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Encyclopedia > Pacte civil de solidarité
Also for straight couples. A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing... Civil union
Recognised nationwide in:
Civil unions were introduced in Denmark by law of 7 June 1989, the worlds first such law. It has the form of a registered partnership (Danish: registreret partnerskab), but has almost all the same qualities as marriage. All legal and fiscal rights and obligations are as for a heterosexual... Denmark (1989)
Registered Partnership 1993. Grants full range of protections, responsibilities and benefits as marriage, including arrangements for the breakdown of the relationship. Only available to same-sex couples. Categories: LGBT stubs ... Norway (1993)
Marriage discussion on opening marriage to same-sex partners started by government/parliament. Registered Partnership 1995. Grants full range of protections, responsibilities and benefits as marriage, including arrangements for the breakdown of the relationship. Only available to same-sex couples. Same-sex registered partners can adopt jointly. Categories: LGBT stubs... Sweden (1995)
Greenland adopted Danish law on same sex Partnership in 1994, and take efect in 1996. Categories: LGBT stubs ... Greenland (1996)
Hungary Unregistered Cohabitation 1996. Law applies to couples living together in an economic and sexual relationship (common-law marriage) including same-sex couples. No official registration required. The law gives some specified rights and benefits to two persons living together. These rights and benefits are not automatically given - they must... Hungary (1996)
Registered Partnership 1996. Grants full range of protections, responsibilities and benefits as marriage. Joint custody of children is permitted, where one partner already has custody of the child. Only available to same-sex couples. Registered partner can adopt the other partner’s child, unless the child is adopted from... Iceland (1996)
This politics article needs to be wikified. Please format this article according to the guidelines laid out at Wikipedia:How to edit a page, then remove this notice. Registered Partnership 1998. Registered partnerships for same-sex and opposite sex partners. All the same rights and responsibilities as married partners. Exception... Netherlands1 (1998)
France (1999)
South Africa now granted Unregistered Cohabitation since 1999. Five decisions of the Constitutional Court recognising same-sex partnerships in immigration (1999), granting same-sex couples the same financial status to married heterosexual partners (2002), allowing adoption by same-sex couples (2002), entitling same-sex couples to the same financial benefits... South Africa (1999)
Registered Partnership 2000. Same rights and responsibilities as opposite-sex married partners. Now both partners not must be Belgian citizen. Exception: Belgian law does not provide for presumed paternity for the female spouse of a married woman who gives birth during their marriage; no provision for joint parental responsibility, nor... Belgium1 (2000)
Same-sex marriage is widely anticipated to be legalized across Canada by Bill C-38, introduced by Paul Martins Liberal government in the federal Parliament on February 1, 2005. At present, seven provinces (including the three most populous) and one territory issue marriage licences to same-sex couples; in... Canada (federal)2 (2000)
Germany doesnt recognize outright same-sex marriage. However, since August 1, 2001, Germany recognizes a kind of civil union of same-sex couples. This so-called be given entirely equal status in Germany. However, despite this possibility, both unions are not currently of equal status there (see above). External... Germany (2001)
Unregistered Cohabitation, 15 March 2001. Legislation extends to same-sex couples the same rights as heterosexual couples living in a de facto union for more than two years (common economy); housing arrangements, same property regime as married partners, civil servants and work benefits, fiscal status, welfare benefits. Very limited rights... Portugal (2001)
This politics article needs to be wikified. Please format this article according to the guidelines laid out at Wikipedia:How to edit a page, then remove this notice. Registered Partnership 2002. Grants similar rights and responsibilities as married partners. Registration and dissolution undertaken in a similar manner to marriage. Joint... Finland (2002)
In December 2001 the FLay (local organisation) and a local political party have worked on a draft for a same-sex partnership law. The paper was accepted by the Liechtenstein parliament and given to the government to give a statement about it. Note, the law is not in effect at... Liechtenstein (2002)
Unregistered Cohabitation 2003. Following the decision of the European Court of Human Rights in case of Karner v Austria [2003], cohabiting same-sex partners are entitled to the same rights as unmarried cohabiting opposite-sex partners. In December 2004 The Austrian Social Democratic Party on its biannual Federal Party Convention... Austria (2003)
Croatia Unregistered Cohabitation 2003. The law on same-sex civil unions grants same-sex partners of at least of 3 years the same rights as enjoyed by unmarried cohabiting opposite sex partners (inheritance, financial support). Croatia now consider to prepares full Civil Unions with the same rights, as marriage. Categories... Croatia (2003)
This politics article needs to be wikified. Please format this article according to the guidelines laid out at Wikipedia:How to edit a page, then remove this notice. Israel now granted Unregistered Cohabitation since 1994. Following law suits same-sex couples enjoy several spousal benefits (1994 –1996), right of... Israel (2004)
Switzerland Federal - Registered Partnership 2004. Legislation adopted on 10 June 2004. Same-sex couples can register their partnerships. They get the same rights as heterosexual couples in terms of pension, insurance and taxation. The law does not confer rights to marry, take the same name, adopt or undergo fertility treatments... Switzerland (federal) (2004)
This politics article needs to be wikified. Please format this article according to the guidelines laid out at Wikipedia:How to edit a page, then remove this notice. Registered partnership 2004. Applies to same sex and opposite sex couple. Same rights as married couples in relation to access to welfare... Luxembourg (2004)
On 9 December 2004 New Zealand Parliament passed the Civil Union Bill, establishing the new institution of civil union, available to same-sex and de facto couples. The Civil Union Act has been described as a copy of the Marriage Act with marriage replaced by civil union. Its companion bill... New Zealand (2005)
There are currently no plans to introduce same-sex marriage in the United Kingdom. However, a bill to introduce civil partnerships virtually identical to marriage was announced in the 2003 Queens Speech and introduced into Parliament. On November 17, 2004 the bill was passed by the House of Lords... United Kingdom (2005)
Andorra recognized same-sex couples since March 2005. Both coprinces of Andorra already have signed the law of the new Penal Code, after the controversy by the abortion, and thus they have notified it officially to Sindicature. This means that as soon as it is published in the Government reporter... Andorra (2005)
Recognised in some regions in:
Civil unions in Buenos Aires, Rio Negro - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ Civil unions in Buenos Aires, Rio Negro From Wikipedia Buenos Aires City and Rio Negro Province (both 2003) offer Civil Unions. Open to same-sex and opposite... Argentina (Buenos Aires, Rio Negro) (2003)
From 1 January 2004 Civil Union Bill is in force in Tasmania. It gives virtual equality to a wide range of different relationships including same-sex relationships and institutes a relationships registry. It also includes step-parent adoption for same-sex couples, and institutes Australias first ever registry for... Australia (Tasmania) (2004)
Marriage bill was approved by government. Unregistered Cohabitation 1994. Same-sex partners enjoy tenancy rights on federal level. Registered Cohabitation since 1998. Kinship, inheritance, property rights in 11 out of 17 Spanish autonomous communities. (Catalonia 1998, Aragon 1999, Navarra 2000, Valencia 2001, Madrid 2001, Baleary Island 2001, Andalucia 2002, Asturias... Spain (Catalonia and 10 other regions) (1998)
From July 2004 some Italians regions recognized coppie di fatto, both same sex and opposite sex couples, giving tham some legal benefits. Many other regions consider or recognize such relationships. In 2004 a Civil Pact of Solidarity was proposed, as in France (PACS), at the national level. In late... Italy (Toscania, Umbria, Emilia Romagna) (2004)
The Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul legalizated civil unions after a court decision in March 2004. The national parliament passed legislation giving recognition to lesbian and gay couples late 2004. Since 1998 many rights have been given to same-sex couples as a result of court decisions. These... Brazil (Rio Grande de Sul) (2004)
The status of legal recognition of same-sex couples in the United States is a matter of intense debate. Presently legal recognition of same-sex couples has taken four forms: civil unions, marriages, reciprocal benefits, and domestic partnerships. Forty states have passed laws or constitutional amendments banning marriages between those... United States: Example of California domestic partnership certificate. Overview Domestic partnership is a legal status similar to marriage that has been available to same-sex couples (and certain opposite-sex couples) in California since 2000. California domestic partnership was the first registry for same-sex couples in the United States to be... CA (1999), The Connecticut General Assembly passed a bill to adopt civil unions in Connecticut, insuring that same-sex couples get the same civil rights as heterosexual couples. It was signed into law by the Governor on April 20, 2005. (Civil unions provide same sex couples with many of the same rights... CT (2005), The District of Columbia has recognised civil unions since 2002. All registered couples as domestic partners are entitled to the same rights as legal family members to visit their domestic partners in hospital and make decisions concerning the treatment of a domestic partner’s remains after the partner’... DC (2002),

Hawaii state recognize Reciprocal Beneficiaries since 1997. It included same-sex partners, who cannot get married. Thay have access to a range of rights and benefits on the state level – inheritance rights, workers’ compensation, the rights to sue for wrongful death, health and pension benefits for state employees... HI (1997), Overview Domestic partnerships in Maine are a legal unions created by P.L. 2003, c. 672, signed into law April 28, 2004 and effective July 30, 2004. Full text of law. The law defines domestic partners as “unmarried adults who are domiciled together under long-term arrangements that evidence... ME (2004), MD (2005), New Jersey offer Domestic partnership for same-sex couples and opposite-sex partners over 62 since 2004. They must share a common residence, be in committed caring relationships, support each other. May claim joint tax status for state tax purposes, may claim mandatory insurance cover and pension benefits if partner... NJ (2004), Overview Civil unions in Vermont are legal unions of same-sex couples in accordance with a law that went into effect in 2000. Parties to a civil union are given all the same benefits, protections and responsibilities under Vermont law, whether they derive from statute, administrative or court rule, policy... VT (2000)

Other countries:
The Czech Republic failed to pass a civil partnership bill in 12 February 2005, but started work on a new one. The original bill was backed by 82 out of the 165 deputies present - most voting Social Democrats, Communists, the Freedom Union members and some deputies for the opposition Civic... Czech Republic
A quasi Government agency has told the Greek government to create a civil unions registry. The National Human Rights Committee proposed a registry that would cover both same-sex couples and unmarried heterosexual ones. The recommendations, however, are expected to face stiff opposition from the powerful Greek Orthodox Church. Categories... Greece
The Republic of Ireland does not recognize same sex marriage or civil unions and neither is there currently any kind of provision for unmarried cohabiting couples, homosexual or indeed heterosexual. Precisely that absence of legal protection for cohabiting couples of any sexual orientation has recently (as of 2004) been suggested... Ireland
On 3 December 2004 the Senate (higher chamber of Polish parliament) allowed gay and lesbian people to register their relationships as Civil unions. Parties to a civil union shall be given a great range of benefits, protections and responsibilities (e.g. pension funds, joint tax and death-related benefits), granted... Poland
Registered Partnership Bill passed first reading in parliament in July 2004, second reading is in March 2005.The Bill provides for all rights inherent to marriage apart from joint adoption rights. Registered Partnership Bill was rejected by parliament during the second reading in March 2005. On 31 March 2005, the... Slovenia
Taiwan 2003. Draft Human Rights Basic Law provides legalisation of same-sex marriage and joint adoption by same-sex couples. Categories: LGBT stubs ... Taiwan
1 - Country subsequently legalized Same-sex marriage (also called gay marriage, and—less frequently—homosexual marriage) refers to marriage between partners of the same gender (for other forms of same-sex unions that are different from marriages, see the articles linked in that section). Terminology The terms gay marriage and homosexual marriage... same-sex marriage.
2 - Explicitly referred to as "civil unions" in Civil unions in Quebec: Pursuant to a range of activism and to the decision, the province of Quebecs legislature voted unanimously to create a status of civil union, available to both opposite-sex and same-sex couples and largely having the same rights as marriage, by modifying the Civil... Quebec and
Nova Scotia, There are two classes of interpersonal status known today as common-law (or common law) marriage. The first is lawful marriage as it existed under the common law of England prior to Lord Hardwickes Act (1753), as well as elsewhere in Europe before abolished by statute or, in the... common-law marriage extended to same-sex
partners nationwide.
See also
Same-sex marriage (also called gay marriage, and—less frequently—homosexual marriage) refers to marriage between partners of the same gender (for other forms of same-sex unions that are different from marriages, see the articles linked in that section). Terminology The terms gay marriage and homosexual marriage... Same-sex marriage
Domestic partner or domestic partnership identifies the personal relationship between individuals who are living together and sharing a common domestic life together but are not joined in any type of legal partnership, marriage or civil union. Some legal jurisdictions recognize that individuals who live together after a long period of... Domestic partnership

In The French Republic or France ( French: Official language French1 Capital Paris Largest City Paris President: Jacques Chirac Prime Minister: Jean-Pierre Raffarin Area  - Total2  - Metropolitan France3  - % water Ranked 42nd 674,843 km² (260,558 sq. mi.) Ranked 47th 551,695 km²4 (213,011 sq... France, a pacte civil de solidarité ( The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. It is the third most common first language (native speakers), with around 402 million people in 2002. English has lingua franca status in many parts of the world, due to the military, economic, scientific, political and cultural influence... English: "civil pact of solidarity") commonly known as a PACS, is a form of Also for straight couples. A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing... civil union between two adults (of the same or opposite sex) for organising their joint life. It brings rights and responsibilities, but less so than Marriage is a relationship that plays a key role in the definition of many families. Precise definitions vary historically and between and within cultures, but it has been an important concept as a socially sanctioned bond between people who (usually) are in a sexual relationship. Globally, societies that sanction polygyny... marriage.

The Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. Of the two words, in the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is in... acronym has generated the French (), perhaps fewer than 200 words with a Celtic etymology remain in French today (largely place and plant names and words dealing with rural life and the earth). In the reverse direction, some words for Gallic objects which were new to the Romans (like clothing items) and for which there... French A verb is a part of speech that usually denotes action (bring, read), occurrence (to decompose (itself), to glitter), or a state of being (exist, live, soak, stand). Depending on the language, a verb may vary in form according to many factors, possibly including its tense, aspect, mood and voice... verb pacser.

It was introduced by the government of The Prime Minister of France (); that is, measures of a general character, either issued in support of statutes, either issued autonomously, depending on the area. Other ministers may only issue secondary regulations in the form of decisions (). Some decrees may only be taken after advice from the , short : List of... Prime Minister Lionel Jospin (born 12 July 1937) is a French statesman. Lionel Jospin was educated at the École nationale dadministration. Entering the French Socialist Party in 1971, he became the leader of the party when François Mitterrand was elected president in 1981, then minister of education between 1988 and... Lionel Jospin in 1998 to be a marked improvement and alternative over the previous certificat de Concubinage is either the state of a couple living together as lovers with no obligation created by vows, legal marriage, or religious ceremony, or the state of a woman supported by a male lover who is married to, and usually living with, someone else. In societies which permit slavery, it... concubinage notoire, which had been restricted to Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love or sexual desire exclusively for members of the opposite sex or gender, contrasted with homosexuality and distinguished from bisexuality and asexuality. In addition to referring to a sexual orientation, the terms (that is, a sexual orientation or behavior). However... heterosexual couples and had been seen as having pejorative overtones. The situation of concubinage only made certain benefits extend to the other partner in a union, and did not settle any issue regarding property, taxes, etc...

Initially, PACS offered the right to file joint Income tax is a direct tax which is levied on the income of private individuals. Various income tax systems exist, ranging from a flat tax to an extensive progressive tax system. Tax levied on the income of companies is often called corporate income tax or corporation tax, although some jurisdictions... income taxes only after 3 years. As of 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January Iraqi police officers hold up their index fingers marked with purple indelible ink, a security measure to prevent double voting. Worldwide aid effort continues to develop in response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. January 3... 2005, all PACS couples file joint taxes, in the same manner as married couples. Due to the way that the progressive tax is applied in France, a couple filing joint income taxes, in almost all cases, pays less tax than they would filing separately if one of the partners earns substantially more than the other.

On June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. Events 1783 - The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their , is launched. 1829 - HMS or, , airs. 1956 - Elvis Presley introduces his new single, . 1989 - The Unknown Rebel halts the progress of... 5 June 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated the: ) lands on Mars. January 8 - Queen Elizabeth II christens the ) lands on Mars. January 27 - The British government narrowly wins a House of Commons vote on the proposed introduction of tutition top-up fees... 2004 Noël Mamère, Mayor of Begles and a Les verts (the Greens) is one Green Party of France. In the 2002 presidential election, the Green Party candidate for President was Noël Mamère. He received 5.25% of the vote in the first round of voting. Les Verts have entered an alliance with the French Socialist Party... Green The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly ( French: ). The National Assembly consists of 577 members known as députés ( deputies), each elected by a single-member constituency. It is presided over by a President (currently Jean-Louis Debré). The term of the National Assembly is... member of parliament, performed a wedding ceremony for Bertrand Charpentier and Stephane Chapin, purporting to unite them in marriage, not merely in civil union. The ceremony took place despite being forbidden by Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin (born August 3, 1948;  French pronunciation?) is a French conservative politician. He is the current Prime Minister of France. He was born in Poitiers. He studied law at the University of Paris II Panthéon-Assas and later graduated from the Ecole Supérieure... Jean-Pierre Raffarin, and warnings by Interior Minister Dominique de Villepin photo: José Cruz/ABr Dominique Galouzeau de Villepin (born November 14, 1953) is a French civil servant and politician. General secretary of the Élysée Palace during Jacques Chiracs first term as president of France (1995-2002), he became famous for advising the president to hold... Dominique de Villepin that the mayor would face legal action, including possible suspension from office. It remains to be seen if the marriage would be recognized as a marriage.



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